Philip of Navarre

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Philip of Navarre (* 1336 ; † August 29, 1363 in Vernon ) was a Count of Longueville from the House of Évreux . He was a younger son of Count Philip von Evreux (Philip III of Navarre) and Queen Joan II of Navarre . He was of Capetian descent from both parents .

He was married since 1353 to Jolande von Dampierre († 1395), a daughter of Count Robert von Marle-Cassel and widow of Count Heinrich IV. Von Bar . The marriage remained childless.


Coat of arms of Philip of Navarre, Count of Longueville

Together with his older brother, King Charles II of Navarre , Philip shared a hostile attitude towards her cousin, King John II of France , and his connectable Charles de la Cerda . On January 8, 1354, Philip was responsible for the murder on the Connétable, which he began on behalf of his brother. After the capture of his brother, as well as his own wife, by the King of France in 1356, Philip took over the leadership of the House of Navarra-Évreux and organized several rebellion movements in Normandy . After Évreux was taken by the French king's troops, Philip allied himself with England. Together with the Duke of Lancaster and Robert Knolles , he led a swift raid ( Chevauchée ) through Normandy, which ended with the capture of Verneuil on July 8, 1356. A reconquest of Évreux failed, however.

He then traveled to England where he met King Edward III. and by whom he was appointed lieutenant for Normandy. After the capture of the King of France in the Battle of Maupertuis (September 1356), Philip returned to Normandy where he conquered the entire Cotentin by December , only Saint-Lô remained in the hands of the Dauphin Charles . In the spring of 1357 he undertook another raid to the gates of Paris . In November 1357, Charles the Evil Man managed to escape from his prison in Paris to Normandy, Philip united his forces with him and together they supported the uprising of Étienne Marcel in 1358 , which spread to the so-called Jacquerie in all of northern France.

After the Hundred Years War came to an end with the Peace of Brétigny in 1360, the House of Navarra-Évreux also reconciled with the French crown. Philipp then took part in the fight against the mercenary gangs ( routiers ) that had become soldless . Philip died after a campaign led by Du Guesclin in the summer of 1363 in the Bayeux and Caen area and was buried in the Notre-Dame church of Evreux.

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