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Calendar overview 1349
Charles IV is again - this time undisputed -
crowned German king .
|1349 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||797/798 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||12. Feuerstein - Matlactli omome Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 11th tubes - Matlactli ozce Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1892/93 (southern Buddhism); 1891/92 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle
Year of the Earth- Ox 己丑 ( at the beginning of the year Earth-Rat 戊子)
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||711/712 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||749/750 (turn of the year March 21/22)|
|Jewish calendar||5109/10 (September 13-14)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1659/60 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1660/61 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1405/06|
Politics and world events
Pogroms against Jews in the Holy Roman Empire
- January 16 : 50 to 70 people are murdered in the Basel Jewish pogrom . They are locked in a hut on an island in the Rhine and burned alive. Numerous children of Jewish descent are spared, but forcibly baptized and locked in a monastery. When the plague finally broke out in the city in May, their newly acquired religious affiliation was nothing. They are imprisoned and executed after testifying under torture that they were involved in a poison plot against Basel .
- January 22nd : The 400-member Jewish community in Speyer is destroyed by a pogrom during the persecution of the Jews at the time of the Black Death .
- January 30th : Another pogrom against the Jewish population takes place in Freiburg im Breisgau .
- February 14 : During the Jewish pogrom in Strasbourg , almost the entire Strasbourg Jewish community, around 2,000 men, women and children, is burned alive. The murders lasted six days, according to witness statements.
- 23 / August 24 : In St. Bartholomew the mob stormed the Jewish quarter in Cologne , burning it down and killed the majority of the blame for the population, European plague is supplied postponed. Several thousand people are killed.
- In Nuremberg 562 Jews, about a third of the local Jewish community, are murdered in a plague pogrom.
- There are also pogroms in St. Gallen .
Further events in the empire
- January 30th : Günther von Schwarzburg is raised by the Wittelsbachers to the rival king of Charles IV of Luxembourg . However, he dies five months later.
- July 11th : After Günther von Schwarzburg's death, Charles IV is crowned a second time as Roman-German king . This time it is recognized by everyone.
- Despite sympathy for Moritz von Oldenburg , the City Council of Bremen officially committed itself to neutrality in the Bremen archbishop's feud with Gottfried von Arnsberg . In October the papal candidate Gottfried succeeds in gaining the support of the citizens, who storm the council and force them to take sides with Gottfried.
- Ulrich III. from Hanau , Reichs becomes school-hot from Frankfurt am Main .
Other events in Europe
- Epiros is conquered by the Byzantine emperor Johannes Kantakuzenos .
- Peter IV of Aragon drives out Jacob III. and subsequently Mallorca becomes a province of Aragon. Until the autonomy of 1983 the island was ruled from the mainland.
- France acquires the Dauphiné , east of the Rhone .
First documentary mentions
- The Dívčí Kámen is one of the few castles whose founding document has survived: King Charles IV. The family permitted by Rosenberg , the castle to build.
- First documented mention of Kappelrodeck
- The gothic Aachen town hall is completed.
- In England , as a result of the Hundred Years War, French is abolished as a school subject.
- October 20 : Pope Clement VI. forbids flagellancy .
- Wilhelm von Gennep becomes Archbishop of Cologne .
- July 24 : In Frankfurt am Main , a large fire emanating from the town hall destroys part of the adjacent cathedral and practically the entire adjacent Jewish quarter.
- The plague epidemic in Europe is reaching its peak. The Black Death kills around 25 million people between 1347 and 1353. It leads to Geißler platoons and the persecution of Jews for alleged well poisoning .
Exact date of birth unknown
- Andrea de 'Bartoli , Italian painter († 1369 )
- Smil Flaška von Pardubitz , Bohemian high official and writer († 1403 )
- Jefimija , Serbian nun and poet, founder of a center for silk embroidery († 1405 )
- Künga Trashi , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1425 )
- Rendawa Shönnu Lodrö , person of Tibetan Buddhism († 1412 )
Born around 1349
- 1349/ 50 : Albrecht III. , Duke of Austria († 1395 )
First half of the year
- January 24th : Luchino Visconti , regent of Milan (* 1287 )
- between January 18 and 29 : Ludwig II , Lord of Vaud (* between 1283 and 1293 )
- February 8 : Hugh le Despenser , English nobleman (* around 1308 )
- March 21 : Elisabeth of Sicily , Duchess of Bavaria (* around 1310 )
- April 23 : Catherine Grandison , Countess of Salisbury, English noblewoman, mistress of Edward III. of England (* around 1304 )
- May 6th : Heinrich II , abbot of the Cistercian monastery in Ebrach
- May 30th / 31st : Thomas Wake , English nobleman and military man (* 1298 )
- June 14 : Günther XXI. von Schwarzburg-Blankenburg , German nobleman, short-term anti-king of the Luxembourgers (* 1304 )
- June 23 : Pierre Bertrand , French cardinal, theologian and canon lawyer (* 1280 )
Second half of the year
- July 4th : Jehuda ben Ascher , Cologne Talmudist and rabbi in Toledo (* 1270 )
- July 21 : John Lestrange , English nobleman (* around 1306 )
- July 25 : Isabel de Ferrers , English noblewoman (* 1317 )
- before August 10: Alicia Comyn , Scottish noblewoman (* before 1296)
- August 14 : Walram von Jülich , Archbishop of Cologne (* around 1304 )
- August 26th : Thomas Bradwardine , English mathematician, philosopher and theologian (* around 1290 )
- September 7th : Margaret of Luxembourg , Queen of Hungary and Croatia (* 1335 )
- September 11th : Jutta von Luxemburg , Crown Princess of France (* 1315 )
- 28 September : Katharina von Habsburg , mistress of Coucy, countess of Hardegg and castle countess of Magdeburg (* 1320 )
- Sept. 29 : Richard Rolle , English hermit and author (* around 1290 / 1310 )
- September 29th : Margaret Wake , English nobleman (* around 1300 )
- around October 3 : Johannes Hake , Göttingen doctor, bishop of Verden and Freising (* around 1280 )
- 6 October : Joan II , Queen of Navarre and Countess of Champagne (* 1311 )
- Oct. 23 : Nicholas of Lyra , French theologian (* around 1270 / 1275 )
- October 25 : Jacob III. of Mallorca , King of Mallorca, Count of Cerdanya and Roussillon and Lord of Montpellier (* 1315 )
- November 18 : Friedrich the Serious , Margrave of Meißen and Landgrave of Thuringia (* 1310 )
- December 31 : Hermann of Prague , Bishop of Warmia (* around 1280 )
Exact date of death unknown
- July or August: John Pattishall , English nobleman (* around 1293 )
- Sennuccio del Bene , Florentine poet (* around 1275 )
- Johann III. voneckenbrock German knight, droste of the cathedral chapter, councilor, city judge, mayor of the city of Münster and landowner (* before 1295)
- Albrecht II , Count of Regenstein (* around 1293 )
- Eberwin von Rodach , protonotary of Margrave Ludwig von Brandenburg
- Johannes Rode , German lawyer, council secretary (city clerk) of the Hanseatic city of Lübeck and chronicler (* around 1280 )
- Ulrich III. von Neuhaus , Bohemian aristocrat (* 1299 )
Died around 1349
- Agnolo di Ventura , Italian architect and sculptor (* around 1290 )
- 1348/49 : Joan of Burgundy , Queen of France (* around 1293 )