Calendar overview 1351
Siam , Prince U Thong founds the city of Ayutthaya
as the capital of the kingdom of the same name .
|1351 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||799/800 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||1. Rabbit - Ce Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 13th house - Matlactli omey Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1894/95 (southern Buddhism); 1893/94 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||713/714 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||751/752 (turn of the year February 27/28)|
|Jewish calendar||5111/12 (September 21/22)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1661/62 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1662/63 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1407/08|
Politics and world events
South and Southeast Asia
- March 4th : In Siam , Prince U Thong elevates the city of Ayutthaya to the capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya . The following Ayutthaya period lasted until the destruction by the Burmese on April 7, 1767 .
- March 20 : After the death of Muhammad bin Tughluq, Mahmud Ibn Muhammad , a distant relative, ruled the Sultanate of Delhi for less than a month. Thereafter, Muhammad's cousin Firuz Shah Tughluq from the Tughluq dynasty becomes the new sultan of Delhi. However, Firuz's right to the throne is contested by Muhammad's sister Khudāvandzādah Malik . She and her husband try to assassinate the newly crowned sultan. The attack fails, however, because her son reveals his parents' plans and thus saves the ruler's life.
Empire of China
- In the empire of China the dams of the Hoang-ho break . The Mongolian Chancellor Toghta then has the official Jia Lu build a new canal in the already impoverished and troubled region south of the Shandong Peninsula. The sect of the White Lotus succeeds there for the first time in organizing resistance among the approximately 150,000 forced laborers. The diversion of the Hoang-ho is successful, but immediately afterwards an uprising of unprecedented proportions begins in the regions. The rebel organization of the Red Turbans has the greatest military effectiveness .
- May 1st : The origins and growth of the Old Confederation : The City of Zurich joins the Swiss Confederation . In autumn Zurich is besieged unsuccessfully by the Habsburgs . Mutual raids in the area follow.
- December 24th : The Mayor of Zurich Rudolf Brun tries a surprise attack on Baden , where Habsburg troops are staying. However, the opponents are warned in good time and retreat behind the city walls. As a result, the people of Zurich burned the Baden baths and on Christmas Day they plundered through the Siggenthal to the Aare , where they destroyed Freudenau Castle .
- December 26th : During the Swiss Habsburg Wars, the people of Zurich win the Battle of Dättwil .
Further events in the empire
- June 3rd : After the death of Mastino II della Scala , his eldest son Cangrande II della Scala becomes co-regent of his uncle Alberto II della Scala in Verona .
- October 25th : The duchies of Pomerania-Wolgast and Pomerania-Stettin defeat Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Stargard in the battle on Schoppendamm near Loitz in the Second War of the Rügen Succession .
- December: In the Luckau Treaty , Ludwig V the Brandenburger gives the Mark Brandenburg to his brothers Ludwig VI. the Römer and Otto V from in order to be able to rule Upper Bavaria alone in return . Ludwig V then combined the administration of Upper Bavaria and Tyrol .
- The Hoya feud between the Hanseatic city of Bremen in alliance with Count Moritz von Oldenburg on the one hand and the Count von Hoya and Gottfried von Arnsberg , the archbishop of Bremen , on the other hand begins.
Teutonic Order State
- Heinrich Dusemer abdicates as Grand Master of the Teutonic Order due to illness and retires to the Ordensburg Bratian. On September 14 will Winrich von Kniprode elected his successor. The heyday of the religious state falls under his rule .
- March 27 : In the time of the Breton War of Succession is halfway between the Breton castles Josselin and Ploërmel the combat of the thirty discharged. After the death of nine knights of the Montfort faction in a tournament , the knights of the Châtillon faction are declared winners.
- Statute of Provisors: In England a ban on papal benefices and appeals to the Curia comes into force.
- During the negotiations with his son Abū ʿInān Fāris over rule in Morocco , Sultan Abu l-Hasan dies , whereupon Abū ʿInān Fāris becomes absolute ruler of the Merinid Empire .
First documentary mentions
- The second hesychastic council in Constantinople confirmed on the initiative of the Byzantine emperor John VI. finally the orthodoxy of the teaching of Gregory Palamas .
- History of Pest : About one-third of Germany's agricultural during the plague epidemic of Black Death desolate 1346-1353.
- October 16 : Gian Galeazzo Visconti , regent in Milan († 1402 )
- November 1st : Leopold III. , Duke of Austria from the House of Habsburg († 1386 )
- Jobst von Moravia , Moravian margrave from the Luxembourg dynasty († 1411 )
- around 1351: Casimir III. , Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from the Greifenhaus († 1372 )
- around 1351: Swantibor I , Duke of Pomerania-Stettin from the Greifenhaus and temporarily governor of the Mittelmark († 1413 )
Date of death secured
- February 19 : Corrado Confalonieri , Italian hermit and Franciscan
- March 20 : Muhammad bin Tughluq , Sultan of Delhi (* around 1300 )
- June 3 : Mastino II. Della Scala , Lord of Verona (* 1308 )
- June 8 : Édouard I. de Beaujeu , Lord of Beaujeu and Lord of Montpensier (* 1316 )
- June 20 : Margareta Ebner , German mystic (* around 1291 )
- August 26th : Ulrich von Wildhaus , Bishop of Gurk
- September 27 : Jan Volek , provost of Vyšehrad, Bishop of Olomouc and Chancellor John of Bohemia
- September 30th : Musō Soseki , Japanese Zen master, political advisor, garden designer and calligrapher; Founder of the Japanese tea ceremony (* 1275 )
- October 25th : Johann V , Count von Gützkow
- November 15 : Johanna von Pfirt , Countess von Pfirt and Duchess of Austria (* 1300 )
- November 25th : Ulrich Pfefferhard , Bishop of Constance
- December 27th : Jean de Marigny , Bishop of Beauvais and Archbishop of Rouen, French military and statesman
- December 27th : Johann I , Bishop of Naumburg
Exact date of death unknown
- Abu l-Hasan Ali ibn Uthman , Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco
- Everwin I. voneckenbrock , German knight, Droste of the cathedral chapter of Münster and landowner (* 1326 )
- Leonor de Guzman , Castilian noblewoman and the mistress of King Alfonso XI. of Castile (* 1310 )
- Heinrich II. , Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* around 1289 )
- Heinrich IV. , Provost of the monastery of Berchtesgaden