Calendar overview 1326
|Schleswig and Holstein are with Gerhard III. first united under one ruler.||Edward II is captured.|
|1326 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||774/775 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||2nd house - Ome Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 1st Feuerstein - Ce Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1869/70 (southern Buddhism); 1868/69 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||688/689 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||726/727 (turn of the year November 26-27)|
|Jewish calendar||5086/87 (August 29/30)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1636/37 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1637/38 (turn of the year October)
|Bikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1382/83|
Politics and world events
- September 24 : The British Queen Isabelle ends up with a small army in southeast England to the Günstlingsherrschaft the Despensers, the minions of her husband King Edward II. To end. The king's reign collapses quickly and the king fled west with the Despensers.
- November 16 : King Edward II of England is captured in South Wales after his rule collapsed after an army invaded by his wife Isabelle de France and her lover Roger Mortimer, 1st Earl of March .
Holy Roman Empire / Denmark
- March 3 : A Treaty called Herring ends the months of war between the four lords in the Duchy of Lorraine .
- King Christoph II of Denmark is led by a coalition of rebellious nobles under the leadership of Count Gerhard III from Holstein . defeated from the house of the Schauenburgers and flees the country. Gerhard raises his twelve-year-old nephew Waldemar III. , the son of Duke Erich II of Schleswig as King of Denmark. On August 15 , he can be sure of this with the Duchy of Schleswig belehnen . Schleswig and Holstein are thus united under one ruler for the first time.
- The Roman-German King Ludwig the Bavarian supports the anti-papal opposition in Imperial Italy .
- The War of the Rügen Succession , a dispute between the Duchy of Pomerania and the Duchy of Mecklenburg over the succession in the Principality of Rügen after the death of Wizlaw III. , the last Prince of Rügen, begins.
- Halberstadt , Quedlinburg and Aschersleben found the Halberstadt Tri-City Association .
- April 6 : Orhan , son of Sultan Osman I , conquers the city of Bursa in Asia Minor . Subsequently, it temporarily becomes the capital of the Ottoman Empire .
First documentary mentions
- Pilis is first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- Clare College is established at the University of Cambridge as the second college after Peterhouse .
Culture and society
The trial against Meister Eckhart
- Early summer: Heinrich II. Von Virneburg , Archbishop of Cologne , opens the trial against Meister Eckhart .
- September 26th : Eckhart defends himself with his response before the commissioners of the Inquisition Court.
Metropolitan Kiev and Moscow
- August 4th : Ivan Kalita lays the foundation stone of the first stone church in Moscow, the Assumption Cathedral , in the Moscow Kremlin . The inauguration takes place after a year of construction on August 4, 1327. The chronicler connects the church building with the relocation of the metropolitan seat to Moscow and the personal wish of Metropolitan Peter.
- The Metropolitan of Kiev , Peter, moves his seat to Moscow . With his decision to move the seat of the head of the Russian Church to Moscow , he played a decisive role in the political upgrading of this originally insignificant princely seat in the northeast.
- December 20th : Metropolitan Peter dies in Moscow. He is one of the national saints of Moscow Russia.
- The annates collected from England, Scotland and Ireland since 1306 are of John XXII. extended to all benefices vacant at the curia .
- Marsilius of Padua fled with Johann von Jandun from Paris to Munich to the court of Ludwig IV.
- around 1326: The first history of the Franciscan order , Historia septem tribulationum of Angelus Clarenus , comes into being.
nature and environment
- Seegfrörni : Lake Constance is completely frozen over.
Date of birth saved
- March 5 : Ludwig I , King of Hungary and Poland († 1382 )
- March 30 : Ivan II , Russian Grand Duke of Vladimir Moscow († 1359 )
- May 8 : Joan I , Queen of France († 1360 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Beatrix of Sicily-Aragon , Countess Palatine near the Rhine († 1365 )
- Charles de la Cerda , Connétable of France and Count of Angoulême († 1354 )
- Imagawa Sadayo , Japanese prince and writer († 1420 )
- Isaak ben Sheschet , Jewish scholar († 1408 )
- John I , Count of Auvergne and Boulogne († 1386 )
- Johann I , Duke of Mecklenburg († 1392 )
- Manuel Kantakuzenos , Despot of Morea († 1380 )
- Wartislaw V , Duke of Pomerania († 1390 )
Born around 1326
First half of the year
- January 7th : Pietro Colonna , Cardinal of the Catholic Church (* 1260 )
- January 18 : Robert Fitzwalter , English nobleman and military man (* 1247 )
- February 5 : Ralph de Cobham , English nobleman and military man (* around 1276 )
- February 5th : Heinrich von Helfenberg , Bishop of Lavant and Gurk
- March 26th : Alessandra Giliani , anatomist or pathologist (* 1307 )
- April 27 : Eudo Zouche , English nobleman (* 1298 )
- May 6 : Bernhard II , Duke of Schweidnitz-Jauer (* around 1288 )
- May 25 : Eberhard von Neisse , Bishop of Warmia (* around 1250 )
- May 31 : Maurice de Berkeley, 2nd Baron Berkeley , English nobleman and rebel (* 1271 )
- June 6 : David de Moravia , Bishop of Moray
Second half of the year
- August 1st : Wartislaw IV. , Duke of Pomerania-Wolgast
- August 3 : Roger Mortimer of Chirk , English nobleman and rebel (* around 1256 )
- August 8th : Konrad , Bishop of Olomouc
- September 15 : Dimitri II , Grand Prince of Vladimir (* 1299 )
- October 9 : Rainald I , Count of Geldern (* around 1255 )
- October 27 : Hugh le Despenser, the Elder , English magnate, diplomat and military man (* 1261 )
- November 24th : Hugh le Despenser the Younger , favorite of Edward II of England (* 1286 )
- November 25th : Koreyasu , Shogun in Japan (* 1264 )
Exact date of death unknown
- April: Blanka of Burgundy , Queen of France (* 1295 )
- before May: William de Braose , English nobleman (* 1261 )
- Barbara von Gützkow , Countess von Gützkow and Abbess of the Krummin Monastery
- Berthold VI. von Wintzingerode , Catholic clergyman and diplomat
- Richard Og de Burgh , 2nd Earl of Ulster (* 1259 )
- Khruea , king of the northern Thai kingdom of Lan Na
- Mondino dei Luzzi , Italian anatomist and professor of medicine (* around 1275 )
- Sherab Mebar , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1267 )
- Wilhelm von Brescia , physician and professor (* 1250 )