|Lithuanian prince Gediminas defeated a force of southern Rus -Fürstentümer in the Battle of Irpen .|
|1321 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||769/770 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||10. Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 9th Pipes - Chicuhnahui Acatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1864/65 (southern Buddhism); 1863/64 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||683/684 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||720/721 (turn of the year January 30/31)|
|Jewish calendar||5081/82 (23/24 September)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1631/32 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1632/33 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1377/78|
Politics and world events
In the Despenser War , rebellious English barons plundered the possessions of the royal favorite Hugh le Despenser in Wales from May 4th to 13th . On August 14, the barons force Despenser and his father to be exiled by King Edward II , but the king takes action against the rebels as early as October and can put down the rebellion in Wales by the end of December.
- October 29th: After the death of Stefan Uroš II. Milutin , his son Stefan Uroš III. Dečanski ruler of the Serbian kingdom of Raszien , but first has to assert himself against a number of other heir apparent.
- The first Byzantine civil war begins.
The Lithuanian prince Gediminas defeated after he Brest Ovruch and Zhitomir conquered, a force of southern Rus -Fürstentümer in the Battle of Irpen in Kiev , what a vast area profit for the Grand Duchy of Lithuania means and the beginning of its rise as a great power. The Kiev prince Stanislav flees to the principality of Ryazan after the lost battle . Gediminas then conquered the Principality of Pereyaslavl and began the invasion of other principalities such as Chernigov and Kiev . During his campaign he conquered the cities of Pereyaslav , Putivl , Vyshgorod , Kanew and Belgorod .
City rights and first documentary mentions
- January 10th: Gundelshalm is first mentioned in a document. Friedrich von Maihingen, provost of Herrieden , acquires several hubs in the village from the Eichstätt monastery .
- Count Engelbert II. Von der Mark confirms the city of Bochum's existing powers of the mayor in a document . This is often referred to as granting city rights .
- Altrei is first mentioned in a document.
- The village of Our Lady in the Forest is mentioned for the first time as a cheese dairy.
science and technology
- The water-powered hammer mill is known in Germany.
Shortly before his death in exile with Guido Novello da Polenta in Ravenna , Dante Alighieri completed the Divina Commedia ( Divine Comedy ). It is considered to be the most important poetry in Italian literature and at the same time establishes the Italian language as a written language. It is also considered to be one of the greatest works in world literature .
In autumn Guido sends Dante on a diplomatic mission to Venice, from which the poet returns sick and dies on the night of September 14th.
- The Bohemian country table is set up, a register in which the nobility records their important legal transactions. In the land tables, it is above all aristocratic property that is recorded. Despite the name, no wooden panels are used, but register books.
- September 14th: The Ménéstrandise is founded in Paris , a guild of musicians, jugglers and Ménestrels that existed until 1776 .
- As the successor of the deceased on September 20, Dietrich II. Itter is Bernard V of Lippe Bishop of Paderborn . Under his two predecessors, he was tutor and defensor in the secular rule of the bishop and thus the actual ruler in the emerging Paderborn bishopric .
- After the conquest of Kiev by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania under Grand Duke Gediminas , the Roman Catholic Diocese of Kiev was founded .
- The Serbian King Stefan Uroš II Milutin founds the Gračanica Monastery .
- Wilhelm Belibaste , the last Cathar bishop , is arrested and burned at the stake in Villerouge-Termenès .
- The poverty dispute gains a new quality, the phase of the " theoretical poverty dispute " begins .
Date of birth saved
- July 5: Johanna Plantagenet , Queen of Scotland († 1362)
- August 29: Jean d'Artois , Count of Eu († 1387)
Exact date of birth unknown
- al-Mansur Abu Bakr , Sultan of the Mamluks († 1341)
- Klara , Countess of Freiburg († 1368)
- Mohammed ibn Juzayy , Arab-Andalusian scholar, poet and historian († 1357)
- Nikolaus von Holstein , Count of Holstein-Rendsburg († 1397)
- Peter von Thorberg , Swiss knight, Vogt in Entlebuch and founder of the Thorberg monastery († 1400)
- Francesco Traini , Italian painter of the Trecento († 1365)
Born around 1321
- Robert FitzPayn , English nobleman († 1393)
- John III , Emperor of Trebizond († 1362)
- Henry Percy , English magnate († 1368)
- Waldemar IV , King of Denmark († 1375)
First half of the year
- January 10: Maria von Brabant , Queen of France (* 1254)
- February 22nd: Dietrich von Rinteln , councilor and governor of Hanover
- March 18: Matthäus Csák , nobleman and oligarch in the Kingdom of Hungary (* around 1260)
- April 19: Gerasimos I , Patriarch of Constantinople
- April 27th Niccolò Alberti , Italian cardinal and bishop of Spoleto (* around 1250)
- April: Johannes Tarchaneiotes , Byzantine aristocrat and general
- May 28th: John Iweyn , English knight
- May 31: Birger Magnusson , King of Sweden (* 1280)
Second half of the year
- July 1: Maria de Molina , Queen of Castile and León (* around 1265)
- July 19: Siegfried von Gelnhausen , Bishop of Chur
- July 23: Thomas de Berkeley, 1st Baron Berkeley , English nobleman (* 1245)
- July 31: Ibn al-Banna 'al-Marrakuschi , Moroccan mathematician and astronomer (* 1256)
- August 18: Rinaldo da Concorezzo , Archbishop of Ravenna (* around 1250)
- August 31: Ludeko , Bishop of Pomesania
- before September 13: Edmund Butler, Earl of Carrick , Anglo-Irish nobleman and civil servant
- September 14: Dante Alighieri , Italian poet and philosopher (* 1265)
- September 20: Dietrich II. Von Itter , Bishop of Paderborn (* around 1260)
- October 17th: Lamba Doria , fleet leader of the Republic of Genoa (* before 1250)
- October 17th: Johann von Konstanz , auxiliary bishop in Cologne
- October 29th: Stefan Uroš II. Milutin , King of Serbia (* 1253)
- November 9: Walter Langton , Lord High Treasurer and Bishop of Coventry and Lichfield
- November 25: Nicholas Seagrave, 1st Baron Seagrave of Barton Segrave and Stowe , English military and nobleman (* after 1256)
- November 27: Kunigunde of Bohemia , Bohemian princess and abbess of St. George's Monastery in Prague Castle (* 1265)
- Autumn: Wilhelm Belibaste , last wandering basket of the Cathars in the Langudoc (* around 1280)
Exact date of death unknown
- Johann II. , Count of Holstein-Kiel (* 1253)
- Bartolomeo da Varignana , city doctor, professor of medicine and court official in Bologna
Died around 1321
- Yunus Emre , Turkish poet and mystic