Matthew Csák

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Matthew Csák
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Matthäus Csák ( Hungarian Csák (III) Máté , Slovak Matúš Čák III. ), Also Matthäus Csák von Trenčin ( Hungarian trencséni Csák (III) Máté , Slovak Matúš Čák III. Trenčiansky ) (* around 1260 ; † March 18, 1321 ) was a nobleman and oligarch in the Kingdom of Hungary , who de facto ruled over the north-western and northern parts of the then kingdom (today western, northern Slovakia and northern Hungary).


Matthew was a son of the palatine Peter Csák from the Csák family. In 1291 he took part in a campaign by the Hungarian King Andreas III. against Austria ; the following year he conquered Pressburg Castle for the king , which until then had been ruled by Heinrich Kőszegi . As a reward, Matthew was appointed preacher in Pressburg County. In 1296 he acquired the Rotenstein Castle and the Trenčín Castle , from which his predicate "from Trenčín" is derived. In the same year he became a palatine, but lost this office the following year because of a dispute with King Andrew III.

After Andreas' death in 1301 and the extinction of the Arpaden , Matthew supported the claim of the Bohemian prince Wenceslaus , who was crowned King of Hungary as Ladislaus V in the same year. Matthew, who at the coronation in Székesfehérvár was present, supported Ladislaus V, but after four years, the Holy Crown to the Wittelsbach Otto III. lost. This was rejected by Matthäus Csák, which is why he occupied some castles in the northern part of the Hungarian kingdom. After initially rejecting King Charles I, who had been confirmed by an assembly in 1307 , he was persuaded by Cardinal Gentilis de Montefiori, the legate of Pope Clement V , to recognize the rule of Charles I. Since he still did not want to submit to King Charles I, he organized a campaign to Buda in June 1311 , but was repulsed; then he was excommunicated by Cardinal Gentilis .

At that time, the area he ruled comprised 14 counties and around 50 castles; According to his core areas, he is also known in Slovakia as the “ruler of the Waag and the Tatras ” ( pán Váhu a Tatier ). Csák in the west and the influential Aba family in what is now eastern Slovakia ruled over large parts of what is now Slovakia. His troops supported the Aba family against King Charles I, but lost the Battle of Rozhanovce on June 15, 1312, and the Aba family's property was eventually occupied by royal troops. After this success the royal troops attacked areas of Matthäus Csák several times, but could only occupy peripheral areas; its core area around Trenčín Castle remained untouched. After his death on March 18, 1321, his "province" was occupied by royal troops within a few months.

The (not uniformly defined) name Mattesland reminds of his rule in what is now western Slovakia.

It is not known which woman Matthäus Csák was married to. His son of the same name, Matthäus Csák IV. ( Matúš Čák IV. ) Died in 1318 while his father was still alive. His widowed daughter-in-law Jutta came to Silesia with her two young sons after 1321 , where she married the Münsterberg Duke Bolko II and died in 1342.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. ^ According to she was a daughter of Louis of Savoy, Baron von Vaud
  2. ^ History of Silesia . Volume 1. Historical Commission for Silesia (Ed.). Sigmaringen 1988, ISBN 3-7995-6341-5 , p. 149