Červený Kameň Castle
|Červený Kameň Castle
Overall view of the castle complex from Mount Kukla
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The Červený Kameň castle (German Bibersburg , formerly Rotenstein , Hungarian Vöröskő , which is the literal equivalent of the Slovak name (red stone)) is located about 40 km northeast of Bratislava on the wine route in the Little Carpathians in the municipality of Častá , south of the main town .
The current castle stands on the site of an older one, which was built in 1240 by the daughter of the Hungarian king Béla III. was built. It was part of the chain of fortresses between Devín and Trenčín . Until the 16th century it was in the hands of various noble families.
In 1528 it passed into the possession of the Fugger family from Augsburg , who had a fortress built in the Renaissance style around 1537 . The new building served as a fortified trading center and therefore had large storage rooms in the south-western wing with a remarkable defense system (four cannon bastions, etc.) that was based on a theoretical system by Albrecht Dürer .
On June 6, 1583, Nikolaus II. Pálffy married Anna Magdalena Fugger (* 1566, † 1646), who brought the Bibersburg as a dowry into the marriage. The new owners converted the fortress into a renaissance castle. In addition to the previously only south-western wing, there were wings with living spaces around the central courtyard. In 1646 the castle burned down. After further repair work, art objects were added in the interior as well as the unique Sala terrena with stucco and other ornaments. During the last renovation at the time of the Pálffys around 1750, a baroque entrance portal and the stone bridge were added. In 1758 the castle burned down again and had to be reconstructed again. The noble family of the Pálffys owned the castle until 1945, when the castle was expropriated by the state.
After the Second World War, the castle was extensively reconstructed several times. In 1961 it was declared a “national cultural monument”.
Today the castle houses a museum in which (after renovation work since 1992) the living culture of the nobles between the 16th and 20th centuries is presented. In the basement you can see the fortifications, which were also built according to Albrecht Dürer's concepts . A collection of hunting and historical weapons is housed in the former knight's hall . This museum belongs among others to the Slovak National Museum .
- Entry about Cervený Kamen in the scientific database " EBIDAT " of the European Castle Institute
- Main page of the castle in Slovak, English and German
- Červený Kameň Castle on ancient culture in centrope