Calendar overview 1322
battle of mühldorf that the last battle of knights
without firearms applies, succeeds Louis of Bavaria ,
Frederick the Handsome to capture.
|1322 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||770/771 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||11th house - Matlactli ozce Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 10th Feuerstein - Matlactli Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1865/66 (southern Buddhism); 1864/65 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||66th (67th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||684/685 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||721/722 (turn of the year 19/20 January)|
|Jewish calendar||5082/83 (September 12/13)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1632/33 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1633/34 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1378/79|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire
- Because of his persistent Ghibelline politics, Matteo I. Visconti , Lord of Milan , during a dispute over the occupation of the Milanese bishopric with Pope John XXII. excommunicated by the papal legate Bertrand du Pouget . Shortly before his death on June 24th, he abdicated in favor of his son Galeazzo I. Visconti .
- September 28 : In the Battle of Mühldorf , which is considered the last knight's battle without firearms , the Wittelsbacher Ludwig the Bavarian succeeds in capturing the Habsburg Frederick the Handsome . The disputes that have been going on since 1314 about the succession of the late Henry VII from the House of Luxembourg in the office of the Roman-German king come to a military end here. Despite his victory, however, Ludwig was initially not generally recognized as king. Nevertheless, he took over the power of government and was able to get the Austrians to hand over the imperial regalia. But since other houses are now trying to intervene in the conflict over the imperial candidacy, Ludwig soon tries to find a comparison with Friedrich.
- February 21 : In France , Charles IV the Handsome is crowned king. He succeeds his brother Philip V , who died of dysentery on January 3 at the age of 28, and who left no son with inheritance rights. As Charles I, he also becomes King of Navarre .
- May 19 : Pope John XXII. declares the marriage of Charles IV to Blanka of Burgundy dissolved after her alleged adultery. Blanka is then released from custody in Château-Gaillard and “allowed” to retire to Maubuisson monastery.
Scotland / England
- On March 16, an army of the English King Edward II defeated the army of the rebels led by Thomas of Lancaster, 2nd Earl of Lancaster , decisive in the battle of Boroughbridge . Lancaster, a cousin of the king and England's richest magnate, is captured and executed on March 22nd .
- On October 14th, a Scottish army beats the rearguard of an English army at the Battle of Byland , which had previously led an unsuccessful campaign to Scotland. The English King Edward II , who was staying in the nearby Byland Abbey , barely escaped capture.
- The north of the island of Okinawa fled Prince Haniji founded in opposition to the 1314 incurred Chūzan the state Hokuzan , the second of three states that the island in the Sanzan-time rule.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- Count John I of Saarbrücken-Commercy gives Saarbruecken the town charter .
- Altenhain (Chemnitz) , Grünsfeldhausen and Mittelbronn were first mentioned in a document
- The Haus zum Römer in Frankfurt am Main is first mentioned in a document.
- In the bull Docta sanctorum pactrum , John XXII. the performance of polyphonic singing ( Ars nova ) in the churches and thus takes a stand against the new music direction represented by Philippe de Vitry , among others, in favor of the advocates of the Ars antiqua under their spokesman James of Liège . The new music then found support and support from the court nobility in particular; In this environment, secular forms of music are increasingly emerging.
- The General Chapter of the Franciscans in Perugia under Minister General Michael von Cesena reaffirmed the traditional stance on the issue of poverty .
- The Franciscan Ubertino da Casale defends the spiritual in the Tractatus de altissima paupertate .
- The famine of 1315-17 shows its final aftermath.
Date of birth saved
- January 11 : Kōmyō , Japanese Emperor († 1380 )
- February 12 : Johann Heinrich , son of Johann von Böhmen and brother of Emperor Charles IV († 1375 )
- February 23 : Jan Neplach , abbot of the Benedictine monastery Opatowitz, advisor to Charles IV and Bohemian chronicler († 1371 )
- June 24th : Johanna , Duchess of Brabant and Limburg († 1406 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Nicholas of Luxembourg , Patriarch of Aquileia († 1358 )
- Gerlach von Nassau , Archbishop of Mainz († 1371 )
- at-Taftāzānī , Islamic theologian, logician, legal scholar and Koran exegete († 1390 )
Date of death secured
- January 3rd : Philip V "the Tall One", King of France (* 1293 )
- February 9 : Philip III. , Mr. von Falkenstein (* around 1257 )
- February 25 : Philipp von Rathsamhausen , Cistercian, master of theology and Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt (* around 1242 )
- 13 / March 14 : Roger Damory , English nobleman and courtier
- March 16 : Humphrey de Bohun , English magnate (* around 1267 )
- March 22nd : Thomas of Lancaster , English magnate and rebel (* around 1278 )
- March 23 : John Mowbray , English nobleman and rebel (* 1286 )
- March 23 : Roger de Clifford , English magnate and rebel (* 1300 )
- April 14 : Bartholomew de Badlesmere , English nobleman, military man and rebel (* around 1275 )
- April 22nd : Johann II , Duke of Saxony-Lauenburg (* around 1275 )
- May 6 : John Giffard , English nobleman and rebel (* 1287 )
- June 24 : Matteo I. Visconti , political leader of Milan (* 1250 )
- July 7th : Hermann von Maltzan , Bishop of Schwerin
- July 22nd : Ludwig I , Count of Nevers (* 1272 )
- August 11th : Ulrich von Schlüsselberg , Bishop of Bamberg and Brixen
- August 24th : Beatrix von Schlesien-Schweidnitz , Roman-German queen (* around 1290 )
- September 1st : Robert III. , Count of Flanders (* 1249 )
- September 3 : Gottfried III. von Hohenlohe , Bishop of Würzburg
- September 7th : Heinrich I , Prince of Braunschweig-Grubenhagen (* 1267 )
- November 11th : Widekind von Grafschaft , German nobleman
- November 16 : Nasr , Emir of Granada (* 1287 )
- December 4th : Hugo I , Lord of Arlay and von Vitteaux
- December 25th : Friedrich II. , Count von Rietberg
Exact date of death unknown
- shortly after June 1st : Ferdinand II. de la Cerda , Infant of Castile (* 1275 )
- before October 27th : Joan Martin , English nobleman
- Adalbert von Fohnsdorf , Bishop of Chiemsee
- Gérard de la Guette , French nobleman
- Hugo de Prato Florido , Dominican (* around 1262 )
- Johannes de Samekowe , Councilor of the Hanseatic City of Lübeck
- Conrad III. the Sendlinger , Bishop of Freising
- Lê Văn Hưu , Vietnamese scholar and historian (* 1230 )
- Ma Duanlin , Chinese historian and encyclopaedist (* 1245 )
- Nikolaus von Gützkow , Count von Gützkow
- Romeo Pepoli , banker and politician from Bologna (* around 1250 )
- Sobbo de Svirte , master of swords
- Todor Svetoslav , Tsar of Bulgaria
- Gertrud von Wart , German nobleman
- Zhao Mengfu , Chinese painter (* 1254 )
Died around 1322
- Maud de Chaworth , Anglo-Norman nobleman (* 1282 )
- Mary of Woodstock , English princess and nun (* 1278 )