Calendar overview 1358
Jacquerie peasant uprising in north-eastern France
is bloodily crushed by the nobility.
|1358 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||806/807 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8th house - Chicuei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 7th Feuerstein - Chicome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1901/02 (southern Buddhism); 1900/01 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||720/721 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||759/760 (turn of the year 2/3 December)|
|Jewish calendar||5118/19 (September 3-4)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1668/69 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1669/70 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1414/15|
Politics and world events
Jacquerie in France
- February: The Parisian trades under the Prévôt des marchands Étienne Marcel rise up against the nobility .
- May 21 : In Compiègne , the peasant uprising in northeastern France, called Jacquerie , begins . The reason for this is the devastation that Charles the Evil of Navarre wrought in the area around Paris during the Hundred Years War and which hit the peasant class particularly hard. The insurgents lay hundreds of castles in ruins, murder noblemen and commit numerous atrocities. The uprising was bloodily suppressed by the nobility by June 10th . The rebels suffer terrible revenge for the destruction they wreaked. As a result, the area northeast of Paris remained completely devastated for decades.
- Jeanne de Bourbon , wife of the Dauphin Charles , and her family, who are in captivity in the castle of Meaux, is by Gaston III. de Foix freed from the hands of the insurgent Parisians .
Holy Roman Empire
- July 26th : Elisabeth of Pomerania is engaged to the Margrave Otto von Brandenburg in order to confirm a treaty concluded to end one of the many wars between Pomerania and Brandenburg . But since new arguments will soon begin, the marriage will not take place.
- Albrecht I , Duke of Bavaria-Straubing and Count of Holland and Hainaut takes The Hague ('s-Gravenhage) as his residence.
- The Habsburg Duke Rudolf IV of Austria commissioned the Privilegium Maius , a forged document by means of which he wanted to elevate the duchy to the archduchy and to grant him electoral rights, as it were.
- February 18 : The Zadar Peace, concluded in the sacristy of the monastery of St. Francis of Assisi, ends the Venetian War 1356-1358 between the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia in personal union with Hungary . The Republic of Venice renounces the whole of Dalmatia and the northern Croatian coast from the Kvarner Bay in the north to the Bay of Kotor in the south and the coast to Durrës in today's Albania . Furthermore, the Doge of Venice is no longer allowed to bear the title Duke (dux) of Dalmatia . Istria, on the other hand, remains in the hands of the Venetians. The Croatian-Hungarian King Ludwig von Anjou is personally present when the contract is signed. With the Peace of Zadar, for the first time since the reign of King Dmitar Zvonimir (1075-1089), the entire Croatian coast is again in possession of the Croatian-Hungarian crown. Only the city of Dubrovnik , as the Republic of Ragusa, retains a special status as an autonomous municipality.
- Abū ʿInān Fāris , Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco , succeeds in taking Tunis and driving out the Abdalwadids , but he has to flee to Morocco when the Arab auxiliaries refused to pay homage to him. In the same year he is murdered in a palace conspiracy. The Wattasids gain influence in Morocco as viziers over the next few years .
First documentary mentions
- Bremen becomes a member of the Hanseatic League .
- The Hanseatic League has imposed a trade embargo on the city of Bruges because it tried to collect taxes from Hanse merchants.
Culture and society
- Emperor Karl IV had a hunting lodge built at the warm springs in the later town of Karlsbad .
- The Codex Chronicon Pictum for King Ludwig I of Hungary is drawn up.
- In gratitude for escaping slavery among the Turks, Bonifacio Rotario d'Asti climbed the Rocciamelone , which at the time was considered the highest mountain in the Alps . The first ascent is considered to be one of the birth hours of alpinism .
Date of birth saved
- March 19 : Elisabeth of Luxembourg-Bohemia , Duchess of Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola and Countess of Tyrol etc. († 1373 )
- August 24 : John I , King of Castile and León († 1390 )
- September 17 : Basil Comnenus the Younger , Crown Prince in the Empire of Trebizond († 1377 )
- September 25 : Ashikaga Yoshimitsu , Japanese ruler, Shogun († 1408 )
- December 3 : Sheikh Bedreddin , Ottoman legal scholar, Sufi and rebel († 1420 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Elisabeth von Hohenzollern-Nuremberg , Roman-German Queen and Electress of the Palatinate († 1411 )
- Maria de Luna , Queen of the Crown of Aragon († 1406 )
- Gobelin person , German historian and church reformer from the Prince Diocese of Paderborn († 1421 )
Born around 1358
Date of death secured
- January 20 : Jakob von Bludau , priest of the Teutonic Order and Bishop of Samland
- February 28 : Fides von Klingen , princess abbess of the Fraumünster monastery in Zurich
- April 23 : Nikolaus , Duke of Münsterberg (* between 1322 and 1327)
- June 5th : Ulrich von Friedingen , Bishop of Constance
- June 7th : Ashikaga Takauji , Japanese Shogun (* 1305 )
- June 10th : Guillaume Caillet , middle class peasant and leader of the first open peasant revolt against the aristocratic manorial power in French history
- July 20 : Albrecht II , Duke of Austria (* 1298 )
- July 30th : Nicholas of Luxembourg , Patriarch of Aquileia (* 1322 )
- July 31 : Étienne Marcel , merchant and head of the citizenship of Paris (* between 1302 and 1310)
- August 7th : Walpurgis II. Von Rosdorf , German noblewoman (* around 1290 )
- August 22nd : Isabelle de France , Queen of England (* around 1295 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Abū ʿInān Fāris , Sultan of the Merinids in Morocco (* 1329 )
- Albrecht II of Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Bishop of Halberstadt (* around 1294 )
- Gregory of Rimini , philosopher and theologian (* around 1300 )
- Isabella Bruce , Queen of Norway (* around 1280 )
- Casimir I , Duke of Teschen (* around 1280 / 90 )
- Künga Gyeltshen Pel Sangpo , person of Tibetan Buddhism (* 1310 )
- Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah , Sultan of Bengal