Calendar overview 1406
Yongle begins building the Forbidden City in Beijing .
|1406 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||854/855 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||4th house - Nahui Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 3rd Feuerstein - Jei Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1949/50 (southern Buddhism); 1948/49 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||768/769 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||808/809 (turn of the year June 17th / 18th)|
|Jewish calendar||5166/67 (September 12/13)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1716/17 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1717/18 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1462/63 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
England / Scotland
- April 4th : Due to the death of his father Robert III. James I becomes formally King of Scotland . However, he has been in captivity by King Henry IV of England since March 22nd . His uncle Robert Stewart , who has taken over the reign of the Kingdom of Scotland , takes his time to send the requested ransom.
- English law provides that all elections are free and sealed with a charter signed by all voters. The right of the election examination originally belongs to the king. In a law, Heinrich IV instructs the traveling assistant judges to review the election reports.
Holy Roman Empire
- July 15 : After the death of Wilhelm the Friendly , the Habsburg inheritance is redistributed between his two brothers. Leopold the Fat , previously Count of Tyrol, takes over the guardianship of his nephew Albrecht V and the regency for the Duchy of Austria ; Ernst der Eiserne becomes Duke of Inner Austria , consisting of Styria , Carinthia and Krain and Friedrich with the empty pocket receives the county of Tyrol in addition to his previous possession of Vorderösterreich , which forms the administrative unit of Upper Austria .
- August 23 : The Tyrolean nobility founds the Society of the Elephant for five years to support each other . After a short military conflict with Appenzeller lansquenets within the Appenzeller wars , which the Arlberg to Imst have penetrated, further as a result of conflicts between the ducal brothers Leopold the thicknesses and Ernst the iron, to 21 nobles unite led by Ulrich von Mätsch to a Adelsbund , the Sankt Jörgenschild , for their well-acquired professional rights both against the Tyrolean sovereign Friedrich with the empty pocket, as well as against the governor Heinrich VI. of Rottenburg to defend.
- October 9 : After a six-month siege, Pisa , which has risen against the occupation by the Florentine agent Gino Capponi , is handed over to Florence by Giovanni Gambacorti . The city is not looted, but many citizens are expelled or forcibly moved to Florence. Florence now has a large sea port and is therefore able to conduct sea trade directly.
- December 25th : Johann II, just 22 months old, succeeds his late father on the throne of Castile . When he was a minor, his mother Katharina von Lancaster and his uncle Ferdinand von Antequera ran the government. This double reign turns out to be very conflictual and divides the country into two camps.
- The Chinese Emperor Yongle announced that he would move the capital of the empire from Nanjing to the north of the country and began building the Forbidden City in Beijing .
First documentary mentions
- Saxon coin history # Groschenzeit : After the death of Landgrave Balthasar of Thuringia , the Sangerhausen mint is closed.
- After July 10: The Château Saint-Maire in Lausanne , commissioned by Bishop Guillaume de Menthonay , will be completed after around nine years of construction under his successor Guillaume de Challant . De Menthonay was murdered by his hairdresser shortly before completion.
- March 13th : Pope Innocent VII, expelled by the Romans, returns to Rome . He dies on November 6th . After a twelve-day conclave , Angelo Correr, the Patriarch of Venice, was named Gregory XII. elected the new Pope on November 30th . His pontificate is shaped by the occidental schism . His plan to meet with antipope Benedict XIII in Savona . to meet is prevented by his own supporters, who fear that the aged Pope is not up to the younger Benedict.
- May 15th : The Canonia B. Mariae in Gaesdonck prope Goch , a monastery of the Regulated Canons of St. Augustine of the Congregation of Windesheim is consecrated.
- The Lords of Hirschhorn donate the Carmelite monastery church of the Annunciation and the neighboring monastery in Hirschhorn am Neckar, directly below Hirschhorn Castle . Konrad von Hirschhorn is canon in Speyer and probably the driving force behind the founding of the monastery, which was approved by Pope Innocent VII in 1405 .
- The Dominican monastery of San Domenico in Fiesole is founded.
- A Danish chronicle tells of the plague after a flood of rain in Denmark, Sweden and Norway, in which around a tenth of the population is killed .
nature and environment
Date of birth saved
Exact date of birth unknown
- Joan Beaufort , Queen of Scotland († 1445 )
- Louis I. de Bourbon, comte de Montpensier , French nobleman, Count of Montpensier and of Clermont-en-Auvergne from the House of Bourbon († 1486 )
- Geoffrey Boleyn , Lord Mayor of London († 1463 )
- Maffeo Gherardi , Patriarch of Venice († 1492 )
- Johann , Margrave of Brandenburg-Kulmbach († 1464 )
- Bartolomeo Roverella , Italian cardinal, Archbishop of Ravenna († 1476 )
- Shinkei , Japanese poet († 1475 )
- Ulrich II of Cilli , Count of Cilli († 1456 )
First half of the year
- January 17th : Raimondo Orsini del Balzo , Count of Soleto, Duke of Benevento, Prince of Taranto, Count of Lecce, Duke of Bari
- March 17th : Ibn Chaldun , Islamic historian and politician (* 1332 )
- April 4th : Robert III. , King of Scotland (* 1337 )
- April 5th : Konrad Torer von Törlein , Bishop of Lavant
- May 4th : Coluccio Salutati , Italian humanist (* 1331 )
- May 16 : Walter Fitzwalter, 5th Baron Fitzwalter , English nobleman (* 1368 )
- May 18 : Balthasar of Thuringia , Margrave of the Wettins (* 1336 )
- June 30th : Otto II. Von Braunschweig-Lüneburg , Archbishop of Bremen (* around 1364 )
Second half of the year
- 9 / 10 July : Guillaume de Menthonay , Bishop of Lausanne
- July 15 : Wilhelm von Habsburg (Wilhelm of Austria), Duke of Austria (* around 1370 )
- September 16 : Kiprian , Metropolitan of Kiev and Moscow, Hagiograph (* around 1330 )
- October 6 : Henning von Rentelen , Mayor of Lübeck (* around 1360 )
- November 6th : Pope Innocent VII (* 1336 )
- December 1 : Johanna , Duchess of Brabant and Limburg (* 1322 )
- December 7th : Peter III. von Rosenberg , Bohemian Aliger (* 1381 )
- December 25th : Heinrich III. , King of Castile and León (* 1379 )
- December 28th : Marquard von Randegg , Bishop of Minden and Constance