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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the Ebhausen community
Map of Germany, position of the municipality Ebhausen highlighted

Coordinates: 48 ° 35 '  N , 8 ° 41'  E

Basic data
State : Baden-Württemberg
Administrative region : Karlsruhe
County : Calw
Height : 460 m above sea level NHN
Area : 24.56 km 2
Residents: 4772 (December 31, 2018)
Population density : 194 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 72224
Primaries : 07458, 07054Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : CW
Community key : 08 2 35 020
Address of the
municipal administration:
Marktplatz 1
72224 Ebhausen
Website : www.ebhausen.de
Mayor : Volker Schuler
Location of the community Ebhausen in the district of Calw
Ostelsheim Enzkreis Landkreis Karlsruhe Landkreis Karlsruhe Landkreis Böblingen Landkreis Tübingen Landkreis Rastatt Landkreis Freudenstadt Pforzheim Bad Herrenalb Dobel Höfen an der Enz Unterreichenbach Schömberg (Landkreis Calw) Oberreichenbach (Schwarzwald) Bad Liebenzell Althengstett Calw Bad Teinach-Zavelstein Bad Wildbad Enzklösterle Neuweiler Simmersfeld Altensteig Rohrdorf (Landkreis Calw) Egenhausen Haiterbach Nagold Wildberg (Schwarzwald) Ebhausen Neubulach Gechingen Ostelsheim Simmozheim Simmozheimmap
About this picture
The Evangelical Church (formerly: Our Lady) in Ebhausen

Ebhausen is a municipality in the Calw district in Baden-Württemberg . It belongs to the Northern Black Forest region .



Ebhausen is in the northern Black Forest at 425 to 595 m above sea level. NN. in the transition area of ​​the Heckengau and Schlehengau , which stretches as a 10 to 15 km wide strip of landscape to the left and right of the Nagold valley towards the northern Black Forest. The soils belong to the position of the lower and middle shell limestone . Between the ridges and mountain peaks formed by the shell limestone, the Nagold river has dug itself into the layer of the Upper Buntsandstein in the Ebhausen area .

Community structure

The formerly independent communities Ebershardt , Rotfelden and Wenden belong to the community of Ebhausen . The former municipality of Rotfelden includes the town of Ziegelhütte, the farm garden and the Schwarzenbachmühle.


Ebhausen and Wöllhausen

During construction work in the Gewann Frauenhof in 1995, fire remains and shards of clay pots were found at a depth of around 1.30 m. Karl Kempf, a historian in Rotfelden, made a preliminary determination of the finds. The rough, unpatterned ceramic was about 1 cm thick. The strong emaciation with mica was striking . The shards had a flat curvature, so that a vessel with a diameter of around one meter could be accepted. An urn cremation burial can be accepted in connection with the remains of the fire. Karl Kempf dated the finds to the early Bronze Age or Neolithic Age. Unfortunately the site was completely demolished due to a misunderstanding. The found finds went to the State Monuments Office.

In 1834, Alemannic row graves with weapons and vessels were found at the southern end of Ebhausen . Similar graves were also found near the church and the school house. It is known that the Alamanni in southern Germany preferred to settle in land that had previously been cultivated. The field name "auf Mauren" in the area of ​​today's cemetery probably refers to the remains of a Roman estate. Since some Roman manors were also found in the surrounding communities, it seems quite possible that Ebhausen was already settled in Roman times. So far, however, there is no evidence to support this assumption.

Ebhausen grew together from the originally independent villages Ebhausen and Wöllhausen. However, both places have always had a common branding. According to the Codex maior traditionum Weingartiensium and the Historia Welforum, the tithe of the church in Wöllhausen (ecclesia in Welnhusen) belonged to the Counts of Buchhorn before 1089. This church, according to later sources St. Martin's Church, was profaned in the 16th century. In a document written in Latin in 1245, in which the knight Heinrich von Nagold prescribes goods as pledge to his wife Adelheid, an "advocatus de Wellehusin", i.e. the Vogt von Wellehusin, is named as a witness with other people. The castle stables on Stuhlberg in Wöllhausen are already described in the Württemberg camp register from 1623 as "completely gone". The coat of arms of the bailiffs of Wöllhausen found its way into the current coat of arms of the Ebhausen community.

Ebhausen was first mentioned in 1275 as "Ebehusen" in the " Liber decimationis " of the Diocese of Constance. Both localities came from Count Burkhard von Hohenberg in 1364 to Count Palatine Ruprecht. This enfeoffed Wetzel von Ebhausen with the local man fief . From the coat of arms of the Wetzel von Ebhausen, the ax also found its way into today's coat of arms of the municipality of Ebhausen. In 1440 the places with Wildberg came to Württemberg .

Coat of arms stone of the former Ebhauser Tor

Ebhausen had two gates, the Ebhauser and the Wöllhauser Tor. From Ebhauser Tor there is still a coat of arms stone in a sandstone wall near the former gate at the crossing Johanniter Straße / Torweg.

The church, consecrated to the Mother of God ("Our Lady" already mentioned around 1400), had a large parish in the Middle Ages . It included the places Rohrdorf (near Nagold), Berneck, Pfrondorf, Gaugenwald, Ebershardt, Wart, Martinsmoos, Zwerenberg, Hornberg, Neuweiler, Oberweiler, Aichhalden, Hofstett, Hünerberg, Aichelberg and Nonnenmiß. This large parish is an indication that Ebhausen was a starting point for the clearing and settlement of the Black Forest in the early Middle Ages. The church set was given to the Kniebis Monastery by the Counts of Hohenberg in 1305 , then to the Order of St. John in Rohrdorf in 1318 , who owned it until 1568. During excavations in the Ebhauser church in 1962 by the State Office for the Preservation of Monuments in Tübingen, the foundation walls of three previous buildings were exposed. The oldest foundation shows a small hall church from Carolingian times.

In the autumn of 1634, after the battle of Nördlingen lost for the Heilbronn Bund , when Württemberg was defenselessly at the mercy of the wandering imperial soldiers, large parts of Ebhausen fell victim to a fire. When the town hall was expanded in 1987, a layer of fire was visible at a depth of 20 to 40 cm, which contained fire debris, roof tiles and stove tiles.

Letter to the Oberamt Wildberg about permission for a fair on Johannis Baptista

The place Ebhausen has market rights . Two market days take place every year. A market is held on the feast of St. John the Baptist on June 24th. The second market is probably older and is held after the harvest festival. In 1730, the mayor and the judges of the Ebhausen community asked the sovereign for permission to hold two annual fairs again. From this it can be concluded that there was a market right in the past. In 1731 this was granted personally by Duke Eberhard Ludwig von Württemberg . However, the timing for the markets has not yet been set. The community is in possession of a letter dated June 17, 1761, in which Duke Carl Eugen von Württemberg granted market rights for St. John's Day. This market does not seem to have taken place for a while, because on July 4th, 1816, the municipal council decided not to hold this market anymore.

The hamlet of Monhardt (today a district of Altensteig ), which was originally an estate, also belonged to Ebhausen until 1834 .

Besides agriculture, the main income of the population was various handicrafts. Within this specialization, which began in the late Middle Ages, the clothing making activity flourished in the 16th century . In the 17th and 18th centuries, the Calw Zeughandlungskompagnie determined production, which the masters in Ebhausen had become dependent on. In the tax register from 1730 the following figures are given for the craftsmen in Ebhausen: 112 men with citizenship, 1 assessor, 10 widows. 77 of the men were craftsmen and 45 of them were craft makers. In the 19th century, sales difficulties led to increased emigration, especially to Poland, Russia and North America. While around 1820 around 80 self-employed masters with 150 looms made their living in Ebhausen, in 1853 there were only ten. At the same time, textile production was advanced using more modern processes. Textile factories were also set up in Ebhausen. Today Ebhausen is a commercial and commuter residential community.

After the establishment of the Kingdom of Württemberg , Ebhausen moved from the dissolved Oberamt Wildberg to the Oberamt Nagold in 1807 . In 1938 Ebhausen was assigned to the district of Calw due to the district reform during the Nazi era in Württemberg . In 1945 Ebhausen became part of the French zone of occupation and thus came to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern , which was incorporated into the state of Baden-Württemberg in 1952.

List of mayors and mayors of Ebhausen

  • 1886–1924: David Dengler
  • 1924–1945: Gottlob Mutz
  • 1945–1948: Karl Schöttle
  • 1949–1950: Wilhelm Dengler
  • 1950–1957: Gottlob Mutz
  • 1957–1991: Hermann Maier
  • since 1991: Volker Schuler

Since December 1, 1930, the mayors have been named mayors.

The current community was formed on January 1, 1975 by the union of the communities Ebhausen, Ebershardt, Rotfelden and Wenden.



George's Church in Rotfelden
Coat of arms Rotfelden.png

The district of Rotfelden lies at 409 to 583 m above sea level. in the valley slope at the southeast end of the Enz-Nagold-Platte.

In the 1960s, fossils from the Triassic period in the red federal sandstone were discovered in the Kössig Quarry in Rotfeld . The skull of an ancient amphibian is outstanding. Rotfelden is counted among paleontologists worldwide as one of the most important fossil sites of the red sandstone age.

A prehistoric find was discovered on the marking of Rotfelden in 1870. In Won Ottenbühl north of the city a skeleton was found in the area of newly created cemetery grounds. The grave contained a stone ax about 10 cm long as an addition. The ax is made of brown and gray gabbron . The find is dated to the Neolithic. Several field names combined with -mauren could indicate Celtic and Roman settlement. A Roman coin was found east and west of the town. The “Alte Weinstraße”, also called “Römerstraße”, which starts from Nagold, touches the western part of the district. Not far from this mountain road was the oldest parish church on the so-called Kirchweg or Totenweg. The “cattle market” was located between this church and the Old Wine Route, because the pastor was responsible for raising cattle. It was first mentioned as ecclesia in the liber decimationis 1275. It was the baptismal and burial church for Rotfelden and Wenden. The Romanesque baptismal font in today's St. George's Church should come from this church. The German King and later Emperor Heinrich II gave “Rahtfelda” to the Stein am Rhein monastery in 1005 . This meant the church with dedicates and tithes. These ecclesiastical rights belonged to the monastery for half a millennium until Württemberg bought them in 1543. In contrast to this old parish church, today's St. George's Church, which emerged from a chapel, never belonged to the Stein / Rhein monastery. Your "St. Jergen ”patronage is first mentioned in 1423. Under the Margraves of Baden it was elevated to a parish church after the Steinische Kirche monastery was abandoned. The noble free "Erlewinus de Ratfelden" mentioned around 1090 as a witness for Hirsau Monastery is closely related or even identical to "Erlewinus de Bernech". On July 4th, 1288 "Reinhardt et Wezele de Rathfelden" witnessed a deed by Count Burkhard (V) von Hohenberg . In 1281 a "Burcardus" is named as a church lord in Rotfelden. In the 13th and 14th centuries Rotfelden belonged to the domain of the Counts of Hohenberg. Together with Altensteig it came to the Margraviate of Baden in 1398 and remained with the Altensteig office. Rotfelden and the Altensteig office came to the Duchy of Württemberg in 1603 through an exchange contract .

Ecclesiastically, Rotfelden belonged to the monastery in Stein am Rhein until the Reformation. These rights were bought in 1543 by Duke Ulrich von Württemberg . Rotfelden formed a Protestant pastoral office with Wenden. In 1559 Rotfelden burned down in whole or in part.

The St. George's Church , which still exists today, was built in 1626 . In the 16th and 17th centuries, in addition to the church and the churchyard, the parsonage with the tithe barn and a separate parsonage, the following public or semi-public facilities existed: A so-called ban forge for the places Rotfelden, Mindersbach and Pfrondorf; a baking kitchen (temporarily); a sacristan's house (temporarily); a school house; a shepherd's house; a shooting range for the shooters; a fool's house; a poor house. Rotfelden has many interesting buildings: The rectory from 1783, the ancestral home of the Zeller family of scholars (old rectory) from the 15th century, St. George's Church, the inn "Zum Hirsch" from the 19th century and the "Bettelhaus" should be highlighted “Which was formerly a poor house . In 1997 this building received the monument protection award of the Swabian Heimatbund . The fountain in the center of the village, with a building inscription from 1828, is made from a single block of sandstone. It is 4.44 m long, 1.62 m wide and 16 cm thick at the top and adorned by a 2 m high fountain column, also made of sandstone.

In Rotfelden were born:

  • Johann Ulrich Zeller (1615–1673), member of the Imperial Chamber of Commerce in Speyer, court attorney in Tübingen, diplomat, ducal Württemberg upper councilor and secret regimental councilor in Stuttgart, beneficiary of a scholarship at the University of Tübingen.
  • Johannes Zeller (1620–1694), brother of the above mentioned, Protestant abbot in Alpirsbach , later in Maulbronn , assessor of the landscape in Stuttgart, ancestor of the Maulbronn line of the Zeller family of scholars.

In the course of the community reform on January 1, 1975, the previously independent community of Rotfelden was incorporated into Ebhausen.

The colors of the Rotfeld coat of arms found their way into the coat of arms of the entire municipality of Ebhausen.


Evangelical Church in Wenden

The place Wenden is 537 to 610 m above sea level. NN on the plateau of the upper Nagold valley towards the outflowing Enz-Nagold plate. Wenden was first mentioned on November 11, 1364, when Volmar von Hornberg, with the consent of his aunt Elsbeth, sold a donation from the "Wernczen Gut in Winden" to the "church" in Wart. It is more than questionable whether the earlier form of the name “Winden” or “Wynna” indicates a possible settlement of a group of Wends , an Elbe Slavic tribe, who settled there in the 9th or 10th century.

In the 13th century the place belonged to the bailiffs of Wöllhausen. Later he belonged to the Vogtsberg rule ( Fautsburg im Enztal) and came with this rule in 1345 through sale to Württemberg. He was first part of the Neuweiler sub-office (in the Calw office). In 1808 he came to the new Oberamt Nagold. From the 15th to the 19th century there were seven estates or fiefs in Wenden. The largest was the so-called Dots Fief, with a total of 273 acres of land.

On April 16, 1945, the small village became a theater of war when it was fired at by French tanks with incendiary grenades. The reason for this were German soldiers who were in the village and offered resistance. 13 houses and nine barns burned down as a result of the fire.

In the course of the community reform on January 1, 1975, the previously independent community of Wenden was incorporated into Ebhausen.


Church in Ebershardt
Coat of arms Ebershardt.png

The 440 to 576 m above sea level. The place located on a plateau was first mentioned in 1312 in a written source as "Ewelhart". Heinrich von Vogtsberg ( Fautsburg im Enztal) sold the place under the seal of his feudal lord Count Burkhard (V) von Hohenberg to the Reuthin monastery . The object of sale, the farm or hamlet "Grashardt" near Ebershardt, has been preserved in a common name in the western forest area of ​​Ebershardt. The historian Hans Peter Köpf is of the opinion that the object of sale was not a place to live, but a forest area for which a usage tax as pasture forest was due. The so-called "Dehmen".

Ebershardt can be seen as the place where Ebhausen was developed around the 9th or 10th century. Ebershardt and the neighboring town of Wart near Altensteig formed a common mark in the Middle Ages. Both places belonged to the parish of Ebhausen. The exact date of the transfer of the place from the ownership of Reutin Monastery to Württemberg is not known, but it must have happened at the end of the 14th century, because the place has had a mayor since the first half of the 15th century.

In 1523 five Erblehenhöfe are mentioned in Ebershardt.

An "Albert von Ebershardt" became provost of the Stuttgart monastery in 1374 . The noble family von "Ewelshart" had a coat of arms, which is known in two variants. In a sign divided by a rafter there are 3 rings or 3 stars in the sub-areas.

In the course of the community reform on January 1, 1975, the previously independent community Ebershardt was incorporated into Ebhausen.


In the area of ​​the former municipality of Ebershardt lies the Grashart desert . In the municipality of Ebhausen in the territory of 1974 are the deserted mountain houses and courtyards, on the mark Rotfelden the deserted Neuhausen. Another desert "Neidling" can be assumed in the forest between Rotfelden and Wenden. The village of Wöllhausen has merged into Ebhausen.


The overwhelming part of the population belongs to the Protestant church due to the historical circumstances . The members of the Roman Catholic Church belong to Rohrdorf. There are also members of the New Apostolic and Muslim religious communities. The evangelical parishes of Ebhausen, as well as Ebershardt, Rotfelden and Wenden belong with Wart to the church district Calw-Nagold of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .


Municipal council

Local election: Local council constitution with a false choice of part of town.

  • Ebhausen: 8 seats
  • Rotfelden: 3 seats
  • Turning: 1 seat
  • Ebershardt: 2 seats

In the run-up to the 2014 local elections, the previous parliamentary group of Free Voters (FW) and the parliamentary group of the Christian-Citizens' Electoral Community (CBW) formed a joint list that ran under the name of the Bürgerliche Wahlgemeinschaft (BWG). The parliamentary group of the Social Democratic Electoral Community (SDW) continued to run with its own list.

The local election on May 26, 2019 resulted in the following distribution of seats:

list percent Seats 2014 result
Civil electoral community (BWG) 72.26% 10 69.09%, 9 seats
Social Democratic Electoral Community (SDW) 27.75% 4th 30.91%, 5 seats


The current mayor, Volker Schuler, was first elected in 1991 and has already been confirmed three times, the last time on January 25, 2015 with 94.38% of the vote and a turnout of 42.37%. Volker Schuler is also the district councilor of the district of Calw and in this capacity the parliamentary group chairman of the Free Voters' Association of the District Council ( FWV ).

Economy and Infrastructure


The country road 362 leading through the village is a main artery of traffic in the northern Black Forest. This gives you a good connection to the federal highway 81 in the state capital to Stuttgart . Other important industrial locations such as Böblingen or Sindelfingen are also easily accessible.

Ebhausen was connected to the rail network from 1891 to 1967 through the Altensteigerle ( Nagold - Altensteig ). The Royal Württemberg State Railways built the station building in 1895/96 as a type IIa unit station .

The railway line through the town is still partially visible, especially in the area of ​​the former train station. In 2010 an original memorial was erected to commemorate the era of rail traffic in Ebhausen, a restored narrow-gauge wagon with a signal mast. This is thanks to the Ebhausen community in cooperation with the local branch of the Black Forest Association.

Educational institutions

Media library (public lending library) of the community of Ebhausen

Ebhausen has had a community school with the "Lindenrainschule" since the school year 2016/17 . Another elementary school is located in the Rotfelden district as a branch of the Lindenrain School .

Furthermore, the community Ebhausen operates in the rooms of the above. Lindenrainschule a modern library (media library) with print media and non-book media. It currently has an inventory of over 11,720 media. In 2017, a total of 30,590 media were loaned out, and the trend is rising. Events all about books take place in the premises.

Energy industry and environmental protection

European Energy Award - 2011 to Ebhausen
Electric vehicle of the Ebhausen community "E-Car Project"

For the first time in 2011, the municipality of Ebhausen was presented with the “ European Energy Award ” for demonstrable and exemplary results in municipal energy policy . Another award ceremony took place on February 24, 2015. The Ebhausen community is committed to climate protection and sustainability. For this purpose, the "Ebhausen FAIRWANDELN" initiative was launched in 2015. The aim is to transform the Ebhausen community piece by piece in order to raise awareness of the fair treatment of the environment as a global citizen. Events are held regularly for this purpose.

Ebhausen participates in the project "50 municipal climate partnerships by 2015". The project has been carried out by the Service Point for Communities in One World (SKEW) of Engagement Global in cooperation with the regional working group Agenda 21 NRW since 2011. The German Association of Cities , the Association of German Cities and Municipalities and the German District Association support the project. The client is the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development . The aim of this project is the cooperation for climate protection and climate adaptation. The partner community of Ebhausen is Lubang in the Philippine province of Occidental Mindoro .

The “E-Car” project was initiated to set new accents in the field of renewable energies . Since the beginning of June 2014, the community of Ebhausen has been making an electric car available as a “citizen's car”. The vehicle's battery is charged by the photovoltaic system on the roof of the town hall . Citizens have the option of using the vehicle as a “community bus” at fixed times. A voluntary driver team has been formed for this purpose. But individual use is also possible. For this purpose, the vehicle can be booked through the municipal administration for a usage fee.


The municipality of Ebhausen has been certified by the district of Calw as a “child and family-friendly municipality in the district of Calw”.

Senior work

In 2015, a senior citizens' fair took place in the Ebhausen community hall for the first time. At the beginning of the year, the community created the position of senior representative. In the meantime, a local seniors' council has been formed to focus on the interests of older people, but also to provide information on existing offers and opportunities for older people.

Club life

In general, Ebhausen also offers a wide range of sporting leisure activities thanks to the local clubs (tennis, volleyball, football, ice stock, sport shooting, table tennis). For Ebhausen, the resident clubs are the Turnverein Ebhausen 1898 e. V., in Rotfelden the Rotfelden e. V. and in Ebershardt the sports association Wart-Ebershardt. There are also numerous clubs in Ebhausen and the suburbs in the musical, cultural and social areas.



As a result of the Reformation, a Protestant parish was established in 1568 together with the town of Wart. Even before the Reformation, there was a chapel in Ebershardt, which was dedicated to St. Aegidius . In 1654 it is described as dilapidated. At the beginning of the 18th century it was in good condition again, a tower clock is also mentioned, but it "doesn't use much". In 1743 a new, simple Protestant church with a turret was built in Ebershardt .


Archaeological excavations in 1961/62 show that there were three previous stone buildings in front of the existing church building. Before the Reformation they were consecrated to St. Mary. Today's nave of the evangelical church Ebhausen was built from 1861 to 1863 east of the Romanesque tower of a tower castle from the 8th century. Epitaphs in the base of the tower and possibly the oldest church bell in Württemberg (from the 14th century) are evidence of earlier centuries. The tendencies in Protestant church building of the 19th century, which were then laid down in the Eisenach regulation of 1861, were already applied when planning the new building in Ebhausen. The hall church was built accordingly in the neo-Gothic style with a retracted choir and a three-sided gallery. In contrast to earlier Gothic churches with slender, high nave windows, which were spanned inside by the galleries, i.e. not divided, the rows of windows here were laid out on two floors. The radical interior redesign of the church in 1962 under the Stuttgart architect Werner Hermann Riethmüller and the artistic and creative direction of Professor Rudolf Yelin the Elder. J. removed the galleries (the west organ gallery was structurally detached from the side walls) and closed the windows on the ground floor. Yelin also had the mural on the choir arch, created by himself thirty years earlier (left: healing of the sick, Sermon on the Mount; right: quadruple field, fig tree without fruits) painted over in favor of a new chancel design. In 1962, between his non-representational colored glazing of the east window and the altar he designed as the rear wall of the choir, Yelin placed a filigree, permeable wall made of molded concrete with the corpus of the risen and blessing Christ in the center. Corresponding to this, the parapet of the same material on the west gallery received four evangelist symbols as an insert. The strong colors of the Yelin choir window enliven the transparent choir wall in front of it. The restrained glazing of the upper nave windows and the colored east gable rosette come from Erich Schwarz from Nagold. When the decision was made to reactivate the six bricked-up lower nave windows, the Stuttgart glass artist Adolf Valentin Saile created lead glass windows in 1986 with the Works of Mercy, the parable of the fourfold field and three baptismal and water stories. In 2019 the interior of the church was renovated and a new lighting concept was implemented in the chancel.


The Protestant St. George's Church was built during the Thirty Years' War in 1626 by the builder Friedrich Vischlin from the Duke of Württemberg according to the Querkirchen concept with pews facing the pulpit on the north wall. Before that, there was the oldest parish church on the so-called Kirchweg or Totenweg, which was first mentioned as the ecclesia (baptismal and burial church) for Rotfelden and Wenden in the Liber decimationis in 1275. The existing Romanesque font should come from this church. In contrast to this old parish church, today's St. George's Church never belonged to the Stein / Rhein monastery. Your "St. Jergen ”patronage is first mentioned in 1423. It was elevated to a parish church under the Margraves of Baden after the Steinish monastery church was destroyed in the village fire in 1559. In 1887 the church was renovated due to moisture damage. Wall paintings from the time the church was built were discovered, but they were whitewashed. The baroque crucifxus, which used to be next to the pulpit on the north wall, has adorned the altar in the eastern choir since the interior of the church was modernized in the 1970s, and since then the stalls facing the new pulpit have been oriented towards this. In this context, the eastern (middle) choir window was provided with an artistic glass design. The church offers 330 seats.


In the village there is a small Protestant church with a rectangular floor plan and a small bell tower clad with wooden shingles. Originally it was a chapel. Their patronage of St. Katharinen is mentioned in 1552. The chapel is first mentioned in 1511. A wooden support beam inside bears the year 1517. Wenden is a branch of Rotfelden and, like this place, belonged to the Stein am Rhein monastery until the Reformation.

Culture, customs and sights


The Ebhausen community maintains a total of five bakeries (Wöllhausen, Ebhausen, Rotfelden, Wenden and Ebershardt). The traditional Bakehouse Festival takes place in Ebhausen every year on the first weekend in May, which is all about bakeries. This festival is a joint project of the Musikverein Ebhausen e. V. and the Turnverein Ebhausen 1898 e. V.


Torch piles for “torchlighting” on Christmas Eve

On Christmas Eve , traditional torches take place in Ebhausen and Ebershardt, which in the past was widespread in the Upper Nagold Valley. For example, torches were fired in Zwerenberg in 1885 and in Berneck in 1890. In Ebhausen this custom goes back to the schoolmaster Steinle. Steinle got to know this custom in Altensteig. Torching was first performed in Ebhausen by his students in 1892 or 1893. This custom was maintained with the exception of the war-related interruption in the years 1939–1944. The Ebhausen torch guild erects a large pile of wood on the grounds of the Stuhlberger, which is lit under the bell ringing of the church on Christmas Eve in the presence of the population who are carrying torches. The custom of torches can also be found in Ebershardt.

Clous drift

Every year on St. Nicholas Day , the custom of cloister driving takes place in the village of Ebershardt . This custom is entirely in the hands of the male village youth. A young, unmarried man is artfully tied into a suit made of straw that completely encloses him. After getting dressed, this, the "Klous", is led through the village. The Klous has two helpers, because due to his straw suit he can hardly see anything. This takes place with violent shouts from the residents who shout hey, hey in chants . After the clous has finished its tour, it is taken to a designated place, stripped of its straw clothes and this dress is publicly burned. This custom was maintained in Ebhausen until the middle of the 20th century. The oldest volume of the Ebhausen Church Convention Protocols already mentions the custom in 1694. The background to this custom is obscure. The folklorist Friedrich Heinz Schmidt describes the cesspools in Ebhausen in detail in his book "Research on Folklore in the German Southwest".

Packed Klous on St. Nicholas Day in Ebershardt



In 1985, knowledge was gained of an underground corridor system in the area of ​​Marktstrasse in Ebhausen, which is located at a depth of around 4 m and whose dimensions are not known. So far, the age, meaning and purpose of this gait system are in the dark. In 1987 an entrance was discovered during the renovation of the Kreissparkasse branch. From the vault of the building, an employee of the monument office and the architect commissioned by the Kreissparkasse descended diagonally into the rock. Three sections of corridors have been discovered. The corridors are 1.5 m high and carved into the massive rock. A corridor was 20 m accessible, then stacked stones blocked the passage. No detailed investigation has taken place so far. The entrance to the corridor system was walled up, so the corridor system is not accessible. It could possibly also be an earth stable .

Sons and daughters of the church

  • Ulrich Carl Schöttle (1813–1886), teacher and pedagogue for the deaf and mute

Persons in connection with Ebhausen


  • Karl Kempf: Ebhausen and Wöllhausen. Anniversary publication for the first written mention of Wöllhausen. Rotfelden 1995, OCLC 312611490 .
  • Gertrud Schmidt: Ebhausen and Wöllhausen, customs hallway and street names. Ebhausen 1995, OCLC 312850034 .
  • Gertrud Schmidt: Ebhauser Sagen Schwänke Sprüch 'and Versle. Geiger-Verlag, Horb am Neckar 1995, ISBN 3-89570-070-3 .
  • Hans Peter Köpf among others: Rotfelden - A Thousand Years of History 1005–2005. Anton H. Konrad Verlag, Weißenhorn 2005, ISBN 3-87437-480-7 .
  • Hans Peter Köpf among others: Ebershardt in the Northern Black Forest. Anton H. Konrad Verlag, Weißenhorn 2016, ISBN 978-3-87437-573-3 .
  • Konrad Dussel and others: Ebhausen. History and present of the Nagoldtal community. Geiger-Verlag Horb am Neckar 2016, ISBN 978-3-86595-628-6 .
  • Burkhart Oertel : Ortssippenbuch Ebhausen 1559-1920, with the district Wöllhausen and church branches, in particular Pfrondorf 1520-1807. Neubiberg: Self-published by the author 2006 (= Württembergische Ortssippenbücher 78)
  • Burkhart Oertel: Ortssippenbuch Rotfelden & Wenden. Self-published, Neubiberg 2003, DNB 96600129X .
  • Burkhart Oertel: Ortssippenbuch Wart & Ebershardt. Self-published, Neubiberg 1995, DNB 944560024 .

Web links

Commons : Ebhausen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
  2. Nagold / Ebhausen “Excavator driver discovers urn grave”. In: Black Forest Messenger. September 14, 1995.
  3. Description of the Upper Office Nagold, published by the Royal Statistical-Topographical Bureau. Stuttgart 1862.
  4. ^ Karl Kempf: Ebhausen and Wöllhausen - Jubilee publication for the first written mention of Wöllhausen. Ebhausen 1995.
  5. Liber decimationis cleri Constanciensis per Papa de anno 1275. In: Freiburger Diözesan-Archiv 1, 1875, p.
  6. kgl. Statistischen Landesamt (Hrsg.): The Kingdom of Württemberg - A description of districts, regional offices and municipalities. Volume 2: Black Forest District. Stuttgart 1905.
  7. Calwer District News. September 11, 1968.
  8. Konrad Dussel - Ebhausen, History and Present of the Nagoldtal-Gemeinde , Geiger Verlag Horb am Neckar 2016, page 112.
  9. ^ A b c Karl Kempf: Ebhausen and its districts - history and sights. Rotfelden 1985.
  10. ^ Karl Kempf: Essay on the history of Ebhausen. Ebhausen 1968.
  11. a b c d Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 489 .
  12. ^ Karl Kempf: Ebhausen and its districts - history and sights. Rotfelden, November 19, 1985 - (all content about Rotfelden)
  13. ^ Description of the Upper Office Nagold, royal statistical = topographical office, Stuttgart 1862.
  14. Schmid Gr. v. Hohenberg Urk. 183
  15. ^ Description of the Upper Office Nagold, royal statistical = topographical office, Stuttgart 1862.
  16. Hans Peter Köpf Ebershardt in the Northern Black Forest Anton H. Konrad Verlag 2016, page 11.
  17. Hans Peter Köpf Ebershardt in the Northern Black Forest Anton H. Konrad Verlag 2016, page 35.
  18. Hans Peter Köpf Ebershardt in the Northern Black Forest Anton H. Konrad Verlag 2016, page 28.
  19. Hans Peter Köpf: "Rotfelden" - A Thousand Year History 1005-2005. Konrad Verlag, Weißenhorn 2005, ISBN 3-87437-480-7 .
  20. ^ The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 , pp. 505-506.
  21. ^ Website of the Evangelical Church Community Ebhausen
  22. ^ Website of the Evangelical Association Church Community of Wart-Rotfelden-Ebershardt-Wenden
  23. ^ Rainer Stein: The Württemberg standard station on branch lines . In: Eisenbahn-Journal Württemberg-Report . tape 1 , no. V / 96 . Merker, Fürstenfeldbruck 1996, ISBN 3-922404-96-0 , p. 80-83 .
  24. https://rp.baden-wuerttemberg.de/rpk/Abt2/Ref23/Fachstelle_Bibliothekswesen/1_bibl_statistik.pdf
  25. Hans Peter Köpf Ebershardt in the Northern Black Forest Anton H. Konrad Verlag 2016, page 95
  26. ^ Rudolf Yelin: The new interior of the church ; in: Heinz Schmidt: A thousand years like a day - Festschrift for the centenary and inauguration of the renewed Evangelical Parish Church in Ebhausen; ed. Ev. Parish office Ebhausen in the Black Forest, Altensteig 1963, p. 15 f
  27. ^ Claudia Lamprecht: Rudolf Yelin (1902-1991): catalog raisonné of the building-related works ; o. O. (Stuttgart), o. J. (1991), p. 25 f
  28. ^ Werther Schneider and Brigitte Schneider: Churches in and around Nagold ; ed. Ev. Nagold Church District, Tübingen 1993, p. 67
  29. Heinz Friedrich Schmidt-Ebhausen, article in the Black Forest Bote. January 9, 1988.
  30. ^ Friedrich Heinz Schmidt-Ebhausen "Research on Folklore in the German Southwest", Silberburg-Verlag, Werner Jäckh, Stuttgart 1963
  31. Article in the Schwarzwälder Boten / Calw of October 22, 2010 https://www.schwarzwaelder-bote.de/inhalt.ebhausen-ein-bauhaus-juwel-in-ebhausen.b0c29e8a-2407-413c-b647-a4b9ff578463.html
  32. Article in the district news from November 24, 1993.