|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||484 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||14.68 km 2|
|Residents:||3658 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||249 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||75391|
|Area code :||07056|
|License plate :||CW|
|Community key :||08 2 35 029|
|LOCODE :||DE GEC|
|Address of the
|Calwer Strasse 14
|Mayor :||Jens Häussler|
|Location of the community of Gechingen in the district of Calw|
Gechingen is a municipality in the Calw district in Baden-Württemberg , which is part of the Karlsruhe administrative district . It belongs to the Northern Black Forest region and continues to be on the fringes of the European metropolitan region of Stuttgart .
Gechingen is about 25 km southwest of Stuttgart in the Hecken and Schlehengäu , a few kilometers from the Black Forest and about halfway between Calw and Böblingen / Sindelfingen . The river Irm (Swabian Sau ) flows through Gechingen and flows into the Enz via Aid and Würm . The center itself is in the valley, the extensive new development areas also extend over the slopes (Gailer, Bergwald, Angel, Kirchberg, Hahnenberg / Gänswasen).
Neighboring towns are in the north Althengstett and Ostelsheim , in the east Deufringen , in the south Dachtel (both districts of Aidlingen and in the district of Böblingen ), and in the west Stammheim (district of Calw ).
The municipality includes the village of Gechingen, the village of Bergwald and the farms Berghöfe, Dachtgrubenhöfe and Waldhof.
Even if people probably settled in the region earlier, the oldest secured finds date from the Bronze Age (Kirchhalde). Several burial mounds have been discovered from the time of the Celts . In the neighboring towns (Stammheim, Althengstett) there are larger finds from the late Roman period .
Gechingen is one of the oldest Alemannic villages. Place names on "-ingen" belong to the first settlements that were founded in the 4th to 5th centuries. There are two assumptions about the origin of the place name. One is derived from the name "Gacho". The ending "-ing" was a gender designation. "Gacho-ingen" denotes the plural, ie "among the people of the Gacho" (cf. formations such as " Merovingians " or " Carolingians "). The other interpretation relates to the abundance of water in the place. The prefix “ge” means “many” (like “mountains” equals “many mountains”), “Aach” or “Gach” is the old name for water, from which Gachingen could have originated as “village on the water”.
Gechingen is first mentioned in a Reichenau chronicle from the beginning of 1500. It reports a donation around 830. The sixteen places (some of them from the immediate vicinity) that fell to the Reichenau Monastery at that time are named. “Gaichingen” is also mentioned among them. The donation came from a son of Count Erlafried († 850) named Noting. He was bishop in the northern Italian diocese of Vercelli . Another secure mention was made in 1200. A Marquart von Gechingen gave the Hirsau monastery two hubs . The register of arms of the district of Calw records the year 1150 as the first mention of Gechingen in the Codex Hirsaugiensis .
In the 15th century the Herrenalb Monastery bought Gechingen from the Tübingen Count Palatine. In 1534, the Reformation was introduced in Gechingen under Duke Ulrich . With the accompanying secularization of the Herrenalb monastery, Gechingen became part of Württemberg and remained so until Baden-Württemberg was founded.
In 1881 a large part of the houses at that time fell victim to a major fire as a result of arson. All the houses on today's Gartenstrasse (on the right) fell victim to the flames. Even today it is reported that a man walked around today's property at Dachteler Str. 3 with a Bible and prayed that the house would not also fall victim to the flames. The house had only slight fire damage, with the surrounding houses all burned down to the foundation walls.
On April 20, 1945, shortly before the end of World War II , Gechingen experienced an air raid in which seven people were killed, including a French prisoner of war. All victims were buried in a grave in the Gechingen cemetery. The very next day French soldiers occupied the place without major resistance.
In the 1960s, the Bergwald district emerged as a purely residential area. In the 1970s and 1980s the community expanded through the neighboring settlement of larger companies such as Daimler and IBM .
Gechingen has been evangelical since the Reformation and has a Protestant parish to this day (Dean's Office Calw); Roman Catholic citizens are looked after from Aidlingen. There is also a Seventh-day Adventist Chapel .
Mayor is Jens Häußler. In October 1994, Jens Häußler was elected Mayor of Gechingen with 56 percent of the vote in the second ballot. In 2002 it was confirmed with 83 percent and in 2010 with 92 percent of the votes cast.
The local elections on May 25, 2014 resulted in the following distribution of votes and seats:
|Citizens Union||47.0%||7 seats||± 0|
|Gechinger Free Community of Voters||28.9%||4 seats||+ 1|
|SPD||26.1%||3 seats||- 1|
coat of arms
The coat of arms, awarded in 1955, shows a raised red lion in gold on a blue three-mountain, with a blue abbot's staff in its paws. It contains elements of the Calw coat of arms (lion and three mountain), the abbot's staff indicates the former affiliation to the monasteries Herrenalb and later Merklingen .
Economy and Infrastructure
Gechingen has an industrial park on the outskirts of the town towards Validlingen . The largest company is the medical device manufacturer Dürr Optronik (formerly Gechinger Motoren Dürr + Co), a company of the Dürr Dental Group, there are also smaller craft and service companies. A significant proportion of the working population are commuters to Böblingen , Sindelfingen or Stuttgart.
In terms of traffic, Gechingen is connected via district roads towards Calw and Böblingen . The next motorway junction ( Gärtringen ) is about ten kilometers to the east ( A 81 ). There is a bus route from Böblingen via Aidlingen-Dachtel and Gechingen to Calw.
In Gechingen there is a basic school (Schlehengäuschule) with gym and indoor pool.
Culture and sights
The Martinskirche, built in 1481, is the parish church of the Protestant parish of Gechingen in the church district of Calw-Nagold . Various sources testify that there was an older church in Gechingen before this. The church name is reminiscent of Martin von Tours (around 316–397), so it is likely that the first church was built in Franconian times, around 700, as Martin was the patron saint of Franconia. The patronage was partly held by Baden and the Truchsessen von Waldeck, who handed it over to Württemberg in 1417/28. The Baden share was incorporated into the Catholic Canons of Baden-Baden in 1453 . It was not until 1806 that the church, which had become Protestant with the Reformation in 1534, came to Württemberg. The late Gothic church received a tower in 1568 and a new nave in 1743. Between 1865 and 1867 the church was enlarged by 120 seats. The church tower was increased from 24 to 42 meters in 1876. An organ by the organ builder Johann Viktor Gruol from Bissingen an der Teck from 1842 is now in the Jehle Music History Collection in the Stauffenberg Castle in Albstadt - Lautlingen . The three-part bell was cast in 1495 by the Heilbronn bell caster Bernhart Lachaman . The smallest bell, however, had to be delivered for armaments production both in World War I and - after Neuguss - in World War II . In 1951 the peal was completed again by the casting of the small bell again by the Kurtz foundry in Stuttgart. The church was severely damaged in an air raid towards the end of World War II, and it was not repaired until the early 1950s. In this context, the Stuttgart glass artist Wolf-Dieter Kohler created the lead-glazed round window above the altar in 1954. It contains the symbol of the true Lord of the world, the Majestas Domini , in the middle , surrounded by four biblical scenes: the fall of man as well as the birth, baptism and deposition of Jesus from the cross.
A Catholic service is held in the church about once a month.
The Appeleshof Museum offers insights into the history and way of life of the residents of Gechingen.
Sons and daughters of the church
- Friedrich von Brackenhammer (1810–1889), theologian, general superintendent of Heilbronn
Flood on Friday May 15, 2009
On Friday, May 15, 2009, the area around Gechingen, Althengstett and Ostelsheim was hit by a violent storm that flooded roads and fields. The heavy rain led to a complete flooding from the Dorfäckerstraße, the water masses continued to flow into the town center, past the town hall and on to the Irm. A kind of river had formed through Gechingen. The Irm expanded to 30 meters and continued to flow in the direction of Aidlingen.
Several cellars and garages had been flooded by the flood, and even the cobblestones in the town center were washed away. A grocery store in Gechingen could not be reopened due to a total write-off.
The police had to block all access roads to Gechingen. Several volunteer fire brigades from the district were deployed with around 300 men. Above all, they had to pump empty cellars that were overflowing, which initially caused the biggest problems due to the heating oil tanks being flooded. Several underground car parks, in which some vehicles were parked, were under water up to the ceiling.
According to estimates by the police, the damage is around 4 million euros.
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District . Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 , pp. 475-476
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg ( Memento of the original from December 26, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed December 26, 2014
- Public announcement of the results of the election of the municipal council on May 25, 2014 , accessed December 26, 2014 on the homepage of the Bürger-Union Gechingen
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community Gechingen
- Evangelical Church Community Gechingen - Bell , accessed on October 20, 2017
- Schwarzwaldverein Gechingen eV - HOME MUSEUM. Retrieved on August 16, 2018 (German).
- Floods in Aidlingen, Gechingen, Deufringen . In: Tilo Hensel . May 16, 2009 ( tilo-hensel.de [accessed on August 16, 2018]).
- Fritz Roller: Gechinger Chronik, 1996 (Home History Working Group in the Black Forest Association Gechingen)
- Karl Friedrich Essig: Heimatbuch
- Young Science 113/2017