|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||584 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||24.69 km 2|
|Residents:||5624 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||228 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postcodes :||75387, 75385|
|Primaries :||07053, 07055|
|License plate :||CW|
|Community key :||08 2 35 047|
|LOCODE :||DE NBL|
|City structure:||5 districts|
City administration address :
|Mayoress :||Petra Schupp|
|Location of the city of Neubulach in the Calw district|
The city of Neubulach is divided into the five districts of Altbulach, Liebelsberg, Martinsmoos, Neubulach and Oberhaugstett. The district of Altbulach is in turn divided into the four sub-districts of Altbulach, Seitzental, Kohlerstal and Teinach station, which are not delimited from one another. The districts are spatially identical to the earlier municipalities of the same name, their official name as well as that of the subdistricts of the district of Altbulach is in the form "Neubulach - district ...". The districts also form residential districts within the meaning of the Baden-Württemberg municipal code, with the Seitzental, Kohlerstal and Teinach sub-districts of the Altbulach district together forming the "Talorte" residential district and the Altbulach sub-district forming the "Altbulach" residential district.
The Altbulach district includes the village of Altbulach, the hamlets of Kohlerstal and Seitzental and the towns of electricity works and marble works. The Liebelsberg district includes the village of Liebelsberg, the Lautenbachhof homestead and the Teinachtal houses. Only the villages of the same name belong to the districts of Martinsmoos and Oberhaugstett. The city of Neubulach and the village of Lochsägmühle belong to the district of Neubulach.
Altbulach was mentioned for the first time in 1390, but it could have originated around 800 and received the prefix Alt- in the place name to distinguish it from the town (Neu-) Bulach, which only emerged in the 13th century. Oberhaugstett was first mentioned in 1355, Liebelsberg in 1374 and Martinsmoos in 1075. All three places are certainly much older, Liebelsberg and Martinsmoos were laid out as Waldhufendorf .
Neubulach, mostly just called Bulach until 1799, is a particularly well-preserved small medieval mining town and was first mentioned in 1275, silver mining in 1286. In the 13th century, mining evidently had its heyday, which perhaps lasted into the 14th century. A mining settlement was probably created in the process, which the Counts of Hohenberg raised to the city of Bulach around 1274 . Occasionally it is assumed that mining could have started before the 13th century, but so far there is no evidence of this. In 1364 the Counts of Hohenberg sold the town and rule of Bulach, including the mine, to the Electors of the Palatinate , who then sold them on to the Counts of Württemberg in 1440 .
Allegedly Neubulach burned down around 1326, a second fire occurred in 1505. During the Peasants' War in 1525, Neubulach was occupied by the peasants. Contrary to what is sometimes claimed, the city was neither set on fire nor the (presumably closed) mine destroyed.
In modern times, mining in Neubulach had long past its heyday, further attempts were made around 1478, in the 1530s, 1551–1553, 1557–1563, 1567–1568, 1594–1608, 1656–1657, 1718–1727, 1747– 1761, 1773–1790 ( excavation of the water tunnel) and finally 1820–1831 (1822–1831 excavation of the Wilhelm tunnel, now known as the Hella Glück tunnel). It was found again and again that the deposit had already been mined so deeply in the Middle Ages that there were no more profitable ores available.
In 1807, when the new administrative structure was implemented in the Kingdom of Württemberg, Neubulach came from the Wildberg Office to the Nagold Upper Office and finally to the Calw Upper Office in 1812 .
In 1916–1932 and 1937–1945, various companies tried to extract gold and bismuth underground, mainly from the old dumps.
After the Second World War, Neubulach fell into the French occupation zone and in 1947 came to the newly founded state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern . In 1952, the provisional post-war state was added to the administrative district of Südwürttemberg-Hohenzollern and has since been part of the new federal state of Baden-Württemberg.
In 1972 a therapy station for the treatment of respiratory diseases was set up in the tunnel of the medieval silver mine "Hella-Glück" .
With the district reform on January 1, 1973 , the district of Calw became part of the newly established Northern Black Forest region , which was assigned to the administrative district of Karlsruhe . Since then, Pforzheim and Karlsruhe have also been involved in the decision-making process for Neubulach.
The present city was re-formed on January 1, 1975 by the merger of the city of Neubulach and the communities of Altbulach, Liebelsberg, Martinsmoos and Oberhaugstett.
In the local elections on May 26, 2019 , the distribution of seats was as follows:
|Party / list||Share of votes||Seats||+/-|
|Independent electoral association||45.5%||8th||47.7%, 10 seats|
|CDU||43.5%||8th||38.4%, 8 seats|
|Independent Green List||11.0%||2||0%, 0 seats|
|Active citizens||0%||0||13.9%, 3 seats|
- from 1975 to 1983: Ernst Braun
- from 1983 to 2007: Siegfried Luz
- from 2007 to January 31, 2015: Walter Beuerle
- since February 1, 2015: Petra Schupp.
In the mayoral election on November 9, 2014, Petra Schupp received 69% of the valid votes.
Coats of arms of the earlier municipalities
The Evangelical Church Community of Neubulach in the Calw-Nagold church district of the Evangelical Church in Württemberg comprises the core city and the districts of Altbulach , Liebelsberg and Oberhaugstett of the city of Neubulach. The Martinsmoos district forms its own parish, which is part of the Zwerenberg network. Since the city was founded, Neubulach was initially a branch of Effringen, then in 1443 it became the seat of the parish instead of Effringen. The parish was finally confirmed after the Reformation.
Economy and Infrastructure
Landesstraße 348 runs through Neubulach and Oberhaugstett from the direction of Calw to Altensteig. The federal highway 463 leads from Horb to Pforzheim through the Nagoldtal and thus over the Neubulacher district . The next motorway connections to the A 81 , around 25 km away, are in Herrenberg and Gärtringen.
Neubulach has a train station on the Nagold Valley Railway from Horb to Pforzheim, which is served every half hour in both directions. The train station is located about 5 km northeast of the city center in the Nagold Valley, so the districts are reached by buses that leave from the train station after most train arrivals. In addition, there are direct buses to Calw, Wildberg and Altensteig from all parts of the city. All public transport in Neubulach is integrated into the community-wide tariff of the transport company Bäderkreis Calw .
The Maschinenfabrik Friedrich Duss was founded in 1920 in Neubulach and is now one of the best known manufacturers of drilling tools.
The company Mineralbrunnen Teinach GmbH is partly located in the Liebelsberg district (the district and municipality boundary runs right through the factory premises or building), and some of the springs are located in the area of the Neubulach municipality.
- Altbulach : Ecclesiastically, Altbulach first belonged to Effringen, then to Neubulach. The place has an old church from the 12th century, which still has a Romanesque nave. In 1445 it was extended by a late Gothic choir with high pointed arched windows with their fine tracery, a sacrament house and the richly decorated net vault, and from 1508 onwards it was called St. Mauritius Church . The earlier importance and then the expansion and upgrading of the church was probably related to the local convent of the pious women’s community of beguines and the support from the Hirsau monastery . After the Reformation, larger window openings were broken into the Romanesque north and south walls of the nave so that more light could flow in and thus the bright light of the Gospel of Jesus Christ was underlined. A fundamental renovation was completed in 1966 with an increase in the nave using old parts of the roof, the removal of the north gallery and old pulpit, changes to the windows and the installation of a new altar. The remaining historical choir window slugs from 1493 were used for the nave and the choir windows were newly colored non-representationally by the Stuttgart glass artist Wolf-Dieter Kohler . The local sculptor Albert Volz created the stone block altar with impressive depictions of the biblical story of creation.
- Liebelsberg : In terms of church, Liebelsberg first belonged to Effringen, then to Neubulach. A branch chapel of St. Bartholomew was mentioned in 1537. It was converted into a school building in 1842. In 1978, a new building with service, parish and ancillary rooms was built on the preserved tower with tower choir. The choir of the Bartholomäuskirche received three choir windows from Wolf-Dieter Kohler (left the Old Testament personalities Moses, Elijah and Isaiah as references to Christ; middle: life and work of Jesus; right the goal of all paths: Last Judgment, fight against evil, rulership of Christ and heavenly Jerusalem). The altar cross with candlesticks was made by the Altbulach sculptor Albert Volz, the wall crucifix by the local sculptor Peter Steyer.
- Martinsmoos : Ecclesiastically, Martinsmoos initially belonged to the Ebhausen parish, from the 16th century to the Zwerenberg parish. The church in Martinsmoos goes back to an originally Romanesque chapel. A new nave was added to the late Romanesque tower of the church originally dedicated to St. Conrad in 1955 and the choir window in the tower choir was designed by Stuttgart glass artist Adolf Valentin Saile with excerpts from the Passion and Easter stories. The crucifix is probably a carving from around 1500.
- Neubulach : A church in Neubulach was probably built when the city was founded. It was initially a branch of Effringen. In 1412 it is referred to as the St. Ulrich's Church, in 1508 St. Jodokus . It came to Konrad Grückler from Stein am Rhein monastery in 1379. In 1443 Neubulach became the seat of the parish instead of Effringen. The parish was finally confirmed after the Reformation. Today's church has a Romanesque tower from shortly after 1200. The Gothic nave, which was built around 1430, was only rebuilt in 1568 and changed in 1683 after the devastating city fire of 1505. Grave slabs and smaller stone sculptures indicate that for 400 years (from 1370 to 1790) Bulach was the "hereditary parish" of the wealthy and art-loving "church gentlemen" family Grückler. Behind the altar crucifix from 1648 is the middle choir window from around 1920 by the Stuttgart artist Rudolf Yelin the Elder. Ä. In memory of those who fell in World War I, it was designed with the image of the risen Lord Jesus Christ. For the light glazing of the two windows to the left and right of it, his son Rudolf Yelin the Elder created J. 1935 Bible texts and New Testament symbols as glass inlays.
- Oberhaugstett first belonged to Effringen, then to Neubulach. The oldest part of the Bartholomäuskirche Oberhaugstett is the Romanesque tower choir with numerous frescoes depicting martyrs, the legend of Martin and the redeemed, who walk towards the heavenly bridegroom. In 1972 a new nave was added to it. The Stuttgart glass artist Anna-Dorothea Kunz-Saile created a choir window as early as 1966 (risen in the midst of the hearing disciples with the doubting Thomas, sent "all over the world", evangelist symbols in the corners of the window point in the four directions of the earth) and then in 1972 New ship building a pulpit window (the word from the cross in Annunciation and Sacrament, fish symbol).
Culture and sights
- Hella-Glück mine , visitor mine and healing gallery
- Mineral museum in the Bailiwick
- Museum Albert Volz, Altbulach
- Water tower Liebelsberg, 30 m high water and observation tower in the Liebelsberg district of Neubulach
- large grocer's market on Easter Monday
- Autumn grocer's market
- Indoor soccer tournament at the end of December
- Maypole festival with May wagon exhibition on April 30th in Altbulach
- Maypole posts on April 30th in Martinsmoos
- every second weekend in July village festival in Martinsmoos
- Weiherfest at the end of July in Liebelsberg, Liebelsberg volunteer fire department
- Wine and onion cake festival at the end of September in Altbulach, volunteer fire brigade
- Neubulach Photo Festival in November (formerly Neubulacher Diatage)
- Spring concert of the music association
- Radish Festival of the Musikverein in July
- International pole vault meeting of TV Oberhaugstett on Whit Monday
- Schnitzel festival of the local DRK club in Neubulach in June
- "Fire brigade broom" with food and drink as well as children's games at the fire station in Oberhaugstett, volunteer fire brigade
- Johannes Brenz , reformer and Lutheran theologian, lived at least temporarily between 1562 and 1570 in the former castle in Neubulach, which he had received in 1562.
sons and daughters of the town
- Hermann Hornbacher (1905–1984), architect, born in Oberhaugstett
- Eugen Breitling (1906–1980), politician (CDU), member of the state parliament
- Eugen Steimle (1909–1987), leading employee in the Reich Security Main Office and convicted war criminal
- Theodor Dieter (* 1951), Protestant theologian
- Jörg Pfrommer (* 1956) holder of the Medal of Merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, chairman of the local DRK association
- Sönke Lorenz, Andreas Schmauder (eds.): Neubulach - A city in a silver shine. Neubulach 2003, ISBN 3-935129-12-2 .
- Wolfgang Werner, Volker Dennert: Deposits and mining in the Black Forest. Freiburg im Breisgau 2004, pp. 147–163.
- Friedrich Neuweiler, Georg Ohngemach: Neubulach home history. Neubulach 1977.
- Albert Volz: Altbulacher Stories 1855–1990. Neubulach 1992.
- Internet presence of the city of Neubulach
- Historical photos from the suburb of Liebelsberg
- Information on the Martinsmoos suburb
- Information on the suburb of Oberhaugstett
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- Main statute of the city of Neubulach of December 9, 2009 (PDF; accessed January 27, 2014).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . Pp. 488-490.
- Pfeiffer, Günter .: The Calw district . Theiss, Stuttgart 1979, ISBN 3-8062-0229-X .
- All information on mining history according to Meyerdirks in Werner / Dennert, pp. 156–162.
- Neubulach's business card at LEO-BW , discover regional studies online, accessed on September 9, 2018
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 488 .
- Official Journal of the City of Neubulach. Edition 06/2015.
- neubulach.de accessed on December 25, 2014.
- Website of the parish of Neubulach, Altbulach, Liebelsberg and Oberhaugstett
- Website of the Evangelical Association Church Community in Zwerenberg
- geoportal-bw.de ( Memento of the original dated May 7, 2016 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. accessed on March 6, 2016.
- Schools. In: neubulach.de. Retrieved October 23, 2015 .
- Reinhard Sayer and Evangelical Parish Office Zwerenberg (ed.): Zwerenberg - 150 years of the church - 500 years of the parish; Reutlingen self-published 1990
- Claudia Lamprecht: Rudolf Yelin (1902-1991): catalog raisonné of the building-related works ; o. O. (Stuttgart), o. J. (1991), p. 65 f
- Water supply on the website of the city of Neubulach
- Manfred Wassner: The parish of Neubulach between the Reformation and the Palatinate War of Succession. In: Lorenz Sönke, Andreas Schmauder: Neubulach - A city in silver shine (= community in transition. 12). Neubulach 2003, pp. 231–246, here p. 237.
- Schwarzwälder Bote, Oberndorf Germany: Neubulach: An outstanding personality - Black Forest Bote. Retrieved August 2, 2019 .