Oberreichenbach (Black Forest)
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||626 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||35.99 km 2|
|Residents:||2831 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||79 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||75394|
|Primaries :||07051, 07053, 07084|
|License plate :||CW|
|Community key :||08 2 35 055|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Karlheinz Kistner|
|Location of the municipality of Oberreichenbach in the district of Calw|
The community is naturally located on the Enz-Nagold-Platte between 588 and 745 meters above sea level, about 6 km from the district town of Calw and Bad Liebenzell . It belongs to the Northern Black Forest region . More than 70% of the municipal area is forested . The place name comes from the nearby Reichenbach, which is called Schweinbach after crossing into the Hirsau district .
It border the areas of the municipalities
to the municipality of Oberreichenbach.
The following former municipalities and their suburbs belong to the municipality of Oberreichenbach:
- Oberreichenbach with the hamlet Siehdichfür
- Hedgehog hole with the Unterkollbach homestead
- Würzbach with the hamlet of Naislach
Spatial development of the municipal area
The village of Eberspiel, which was dissolved in Oberkollbach, was an independent municipality from 1835 to 1838.
In the course of the municipal reform in Baden-Württemberg 1974/75, the municipalities of Oberkollbach and Igelsloch were incorporated into Oberreichenbach on December 1, 1974. Today's community was created on January 1, 1975 through the union of Oberreichenbach and Würzbach. In the former municipality of Würzbach lies the desert of Oberwürzbach.
The Protestant residents of the main town of Oberreichenbach belong with those of Calw-Altburg to the Protestant parish Altburg & Oberreichenbach in the church district of Calw-Nagold . The Protestant residents of the suburbs Igelsloch (with Siehdichfür), Oberkollbach and Würzbach (with Naislach) have belonged to the common parish of Würzbach & Oberkollbach / Igelsloch since the last change in 2015.The common pastoral office was moved back to Würzbach after a short transition period at the beginning of 2020 Oberkollbach moved back.
The Catholic residents belong to the pastoral care unit Calw-Bad Liebenzell.
The municipality of Oberreichbach belongs to the agreed administrative community of Calw / Oberreichenbach.
The local council in Oberreichenbach has 12 members. The local elections on May 29, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result. The turnout was 69.4% (2014: 58.0%). The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Political party||be right||Seats||2014 result|
|Citizen List||48.8%||6th||6 seats|
|Free voters||30.1%||3||6 seats|
|More closeness to the citizen||13.2%||2||0 seats|
Karlheinz Kistner was re-elected in January 2017.
coat of arms
Blazon : Divided by a lowered blue wavy bar; above in gold (yellow) four rooted green fir trees, below in two rows of gold (yellow) and red (ten places). The four fir trees stand for the four districts and the Black Forest. The chess of gold and red is the coat of arms of the Zavelstein rule.
Culture and sights
- In the main town of Oberreichenbach there has been the Protestant St. Luke Church in tent form since 1970 with a community hall that was added later. The Stuttgart artist Adolf Valentin Saile created the baptismal window with the motif of Christ's baptism and missionary commission as well as a wall mosaic to the parable of the prodigal son for the new building.
- The Johanniskirche was built in Oberkollbach in 1952 by the architect Hermann Hornbacher . The choir window with the life stages of Jesus up to the crucifixion and resurrection was designed and manufactured by Adolf Valentin Saile.
- The Leonhardskirche Igelsloch seems to have had its origins before the 13th century. It was first mentioned in 1420 and rebuilt in 1954. She received a colored choir window from the Stuttgart glass artist Wolf-Dieter Kohler .
- The originally late Gothic Nikolauskirche Würzbach from 1411 was renewed in 1860.
Between Würzbach, Oberreichenbach and Siehdichfür lies the nature reserve and protected forest area of the Würzbacher Moor .
The former nuclear protection bunker of the Baden-Württemberg state government is located in Oberreichenbach and has been used as a high-security data center for EDP failure prevention by a state- related private company (COMback GmbH) since 1994 .
Economy and Infrastructure
In addition to COMback GmbH, Elektro Groß is the only larger company in Oberreichenbach. There are also hairdressing salons, restaurants and gas stations. In the districts of Oberkollbach and Würzbach there are also some shops, including smaller department stores.
A kindergarten is located in the village. A primary school can be found in the Würzbach district.
- Raik Dittrich (* 1968), German biathlete
- Frank Hölzle (* 1968), full professor of oral and maxillofacial surgery
- Karl Greiner , local history of the municipality of Oberreichenbach
- Helga Hagenlocher-Lörcher, Oberreichenbach local history
- Hans Büxenstein, Igelsloch and Unterkollbach - an 800-year-old community of fate
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . Pp. 499-500
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 488 f .
- Wüstung Oberwürzbach: Research in an abandoned settlement in the northern Black Forest.
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community Altburg & Oberreichenbach
- Website of the Evangelical Church Community of Würzbach & Oberkollbach / Igelsloch
- Black Forest Bote January 28, 2020, see