|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Karlsruhe|
|Height :||483 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||9.5 km 2|
|Residents:||2936 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||309 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||75397|
|Area code :||07033|
|License plate :||CW|
|Community key :||08 2 35 067|
|LOCODE :||DE SZM|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Stefan Feigl|
|Location of the community Simmozheim in the district of Calw|
Simmozheim is located 423 to 589 meters above sea level on the federal highway 295 between Weil der Stadt and Althengstett , in the Heckengau and Schlehengäu . The community consists of two separate areas.
Until the 20th century
Simmozheim was first mentioned in a document in 985. From 1320 the place belonged to the Lords of Kröwelsau . In 1626 76 people died of the plague, in 1634 44 buildings were destroyed by fire in the Thirty Years War. In 1699 Waldensians came to the village as religious refugees, after a short time they were settled in today's Neuhengstett , which was founded in 1700. Simmozheim had to cede parts of its district to Neuhengstett and has since been divided into two unconnected areas. In 1808 Simmozheim came to the Oberamt Calw .
Around 1900 most of the residents were day laborers and small farmers. On April 16, 1945, six people lost their lives in an air raid.
Before the Reformation, the parish was an early mess and always had its own pastor afterwards; except in 1630, when the pastor at that time was dismissed as a result of the edict of restitution and the community was taken care of from Möttlingen. The parish was also without a pastor in the years 1636–1651, when the population was weakened by the Thirty Years' War. At that time the place belonged to Althengstett. With the introduction of the Reformation in Merklingen , Simmozheim also became Protestant in 1535 . Today's Protestant parish includes the parish of Simmozheim and the Büchelbronn district, which was founded in 1802. It belongs to the church district Calw-Nagold in the Evangelical Church in Württemberg .
In addition to the facilities of the Protestant parish, there is a parish hall of the Liebenzeller community . Approx. 500 residents are Catholic . In addition, a Kingdom Hall of Jehovah's Witnesses was built around 1960.
- 1748: 513 inhabitants
- 1950: 1050 inhabitants
- 1991: 2489 inhabitants
- 1995: 2630 inhabitants
- 2005: 2749 inhabitants
- 2010: 2814 inhabitants
- 2015: 2894 inhabitants
The municipal council in Simmozheim has 12 members. The local elections on May 29, 2019 led to the following preliminary final result. The turnout was 67.2% (2014: 57.5%). The municipal council consists of the elected voluntary councilors and the mayor as chairman. The mayor is entitled to vote in the municipal council.
|Political party||be right||Seats||2014 result|
|Independent electorate Simmozheim||56.79%||7th||6 seats|
|active for Simmozheim||43.21%||5||0 seats|
|Free community of voters||0%||0||3 seats|
|List village and environment||0%||0||2 seats|
Economy and Infrastructure
Simmozheim has two kindergartens, one with toddler care , and a primary school with all-day care. The former forest kindergarten in the Simmozheimer Justice Forest was taken over by the Althengstett community in 2013. A secondary school, a Werkrealschule and a secondary school are available in the neighboring town of Althengstett , as well as grammar schools in the next towns of Weil der Stadt and Calw .
Simmozheim is crossed by the Gäurandweg , a long-distance hiking trail run by the Black Forest Association . Furthermore, the Huguenot and Waldensian Trail, a cultural route of the Council of Europe , leads through the town.
The Evangelical Trinity Church is the most striking landmark of the place. It stands slightly elevated on the northern edge of the valley floor. At night, too, its square tower is brightly lit and can be seen from afar. In 1299 the predecessor church came to Württemberg as Count Vaihingen's fiefdom of the Urbach family. In 1391 the Stuttgart monastery bought the Simmozheim church, probably donated by a member of the Conz family, from Pfaff Konrad von Weil. In 1482 the church was sold by the Stuttgart monastery to the Herrenalb monastery for 1200 guilders. In 1497 the monastery replaced the dilapidated church with a new building. The small nave between the nave and the tower still bears witness to this church. According to old descriptions, it was surrounded by a wall and a moat.
A large nave was added to the existing small nave in 1748. The old tower remained standing then and was rebuilt from 1758 to 1766 after a lightning strike. Originally the church with the gallery had 350 seats. The last exterior renovation took place in 1963 and was carried out by architect Werner Hermann Riethmüller under the artistic direction of Professor Rudolf Yelin the Elder. J. also an extensive interior renovation to take place in 1964, with the main entrance was moved from the west side to the east side of the tower. After the community gallery was removed and the organ gallery significantly expanded, Yelin's altar, baptismal font (now replaced) and pulpit found their place on the west side. His large, silver cross in front of a colored background (representation of the heavenly Jerusalem) is now the eye-catcher behind and above the altar. These changes were intended to symbolize a completely new beginning after the Second World War. The church also received new glazing and electric heating. The two large bells from 1524 and 1525 come from the Sydler bell foundry in Esslingen. A third from 1889 had to be delivered during the Second World War. In 1984, when the wooden bell cage was replaced by one made of steel, two new, smaller bells were commissioned. At Easter 1985 the four-note bell rang for the first time. The pneumatic organ from the Esslingen company Weigle dates back to 1907.
The parish has had a parish hall since December 1994, which was built in the former parish garden next to the rectory.
Sons and daughters of the church
- 1765, June 5, Johann Gottlieb Friedrich von Bohnenberger , † April 19, 1831 in Tübingen, astronomer and mathematician
- 1803, October 16, Karl Georg Haldenwang , † August 30, 1862 in Heilbronn, Protestant pastor and reform pedagogue in education for the disabled
- Georg Friedrich Müller (1804–1892), doctor and founder of the Stetten Diakonie
- 1952, June 11th, Gerhard Ehninger , physician and co-founder of the German bone marrow donor database
- State Statistical Office Baden-Württemberg - Population by nationality and gender on December 31, 2018 (CSV file) ( help on this ).
- The state of Baden-Württemberg. Official description by district and municipality. Volume V: Karlsruhe District Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1976, ISBN 3-17-002542-2 . P. 477
- Ulrich Brandl and Emmi Federhofer: Ton + Technik. Roman bricks. Theiss, Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-8062-2403-0 ( publications from the Limes Museum Aalen. No. 61)
- Plan of the Neu-Hengstett Merklinger Oberamts district , Baden-Württemberg State Archives, accessed on April 1, 2017.
- Website of the parish of Simmozheim
- Bettina Bausch: Forest kindergarten is secured. In: Black Forest Messenger. December 5, 2012, accessed June 20, 2017 .
- On the trail of the Huguenots and Waldensians. Retrieved March 10, 2017 .
- Protestant churches and Christian art in Württemberg 1957-1966. A cross section ; Ed. Association for Christian Art in the Protestant Church of Württemberg - Adolf Gommel; Stuttgart 1966, fig. 20 ff
- Simmozheim civil parish and evangelical parish (ed.): Simmozheim . Self-published by the municipality of Simmozheim, 1997, p. 133 .
- Short biography of Karl Georg Haldenwangs , Heilbronn City Archives