Austrasia or also Austria (from Latin Austrasia or oyster ) denoted the eastern part of the Frankish Empire in contrast to Neustria , the western empire. It can be called the cradle of the Carolingians .
From the death of Clovis I in 511 up to Pippin the Younger, Austrasia (that is, the country in the east) was mostly an independent Franconian kingdom, first with the capital Reims and later Metz . In the beginning, this kingdom was therefore also referred to as the Empire of Metz , until the name Austrasia became established in 584 . The area comprised the Franconian areas around the Rhine , Maas and Moselle and, in addition to Metz, the places Reims, Cologne and Trier , plus the areas of the defeated Germanic tribes: under the first part-king Theuderich I initially only Alemannia , later also Thuringia and Bavaria .
Under the Austrasian King Dagobert I , the Lex Ripuaria (also Lex Ribuaria ) was created in the Rhine-Franconian area at the beginning of the 7th century , which comprises a collection of Latin legal texts of the Rhine Franconia .
After the reunification of the empire under the Carolingians in the 8th century, the names Austrasia and Neustria disappeared from history. As a result of the new divisions of the empire among the descendants of Charlemagne , the new sub- empires of Eastern and Western Franconia emerged in the 9th century .
Kings of Australia
Independent part realm
Part of the realm
- 555 - 561 Chlothar I.
Independent part realm
- 561 - 575 Sigibert I.
- 575 - 596 Childebert II. (From 592 in personal union with Burgundy)
- 596 - 612 Theudebert II.
- 612 - 613 Theuderich II (in personal union with Burgundy)
- 613 - 613 Sigibert II (in personal union with Burgundy)
Part of the realm
- 613 - 623 Chlothar II.
Independent sub-kingdom (up to 639 sub-kingdom)
- 623 - 634 Dagobert I (until 629 sub-king, from 629 king of the entire empire)
- 634 - 656 Sigibert III. (up to 639 lower king)
- 656 - 661 Childebertus adoptivus
- 661 - 662 Chlothar III. (in personal union with Neustria and Burgundy)
- 662 - 675 Childerich II. (From 675 in personal union with Neustria and Burgundy)
- 675-676 Clovis of Austrasia , usurper
- 676 - 679 Dagobert II.
Independent part of the realm
- From 679 onwards, there was normally only one king in charge of the entire Franconian Empire. The partial empires, however, remained independent and were ruled by their own house fights until Karl Martell came to power in 719 .
- 679 - 691 Theuderich III.
- 691 - 695 Clovis III.
- 695 - 711 Childebert III.
- 711 - 715/716 Dagobert III.
- 716 - 720 Chilperich II.
- 721 - 737 Theuderich IV.
- 737-743 Interregnum
- 743 - 751 Childerich III.
Discovered on March 23, 1933, the asteroid of the main inner belt (2236) Austrasia was named after Austrasia.
- Eugen Ewig: The Merovingians and the Franconian Empire , W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart 1997, ISBN 3-17-014867-2 .
- Pierre Auguste Florent Gérard: Histoire des Francs d'Austrasie , 2 volumes, Brussels 1864.
- Jean Grosjean: Austrasie , Paris 1960.
- Alexandre Huguenin: Histoire du royaume mérovingien d'Austrasie , Paris 1862.
- Ulrich Nonn: Die Franken , Stuttgart 2010, ISBN 978-3-17-017814-4 .
- Reinhard Schneider: Das Frankenreich , 4th edition, Munich 2001, ISBN 3-486-49694-8 .
- Peter Truhart: Regents of the Nations , Part III / 2: Western Europe, KG Saur, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-598-10627-0 .
- Erich Zöllner: History of the Franks up to the middle of the sixth century , Munich 1970.
- Régine Lejan: Austrasia - attempt at a definition of terms. In: The Franks. Pioneer of Europe . Catalog for the exhibition of the Reiss Museum Mannheim 8th Sep. 1996 to Jan. 6, 1997, Verlag Philipp von Zabern, Mainz 1996, ISBN 3-8053-1813-8 , pp. 222-226.
- Lutz D. Schmadel : Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . Fifth Revised and Enlarged Edition. Ed .: Lutz D. Schmadel. 5th edition. Springer Verlag , Berlin , Heidelberg 2003, ISBN 978-3-540-29925-7 , pp. 182 (English, 992 pp., Link.springer.com [ONLINE; accessed October 31, 2017] Original title: Dictionary of Minor Planet Names . First edition: Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg 1992): “Named for the eastern kingdom of the Merovingian Franks from the sixth to the eighth centuries. "