Calendar overview 1475
|Ștefan cel Mare defeats a superior Ottoman army in the battle of Vaslui .||Sixtus IV appoints Platina Prefect of the Vatican Library .|
Battle of the Planta , the Confederates defeat
together with the Valais Duchess Yolanda of Savoy .
|1475 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||923/924 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||8. Rabbit - Chicuei Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 7th house - Chicome Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||2018/19 (southern Buddhism); 2017/18 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||69th (70th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||837/838 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||879/880 (turn of the year 6/7 May)|
|Jewish calendar||5235/36 (September 1-2)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1785/86 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1786/87 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1531/32 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Central and Western Europe
- May: Charles the Bold of Burgundy breaks off the siege of Neuss that began on June 29 of the previous year after Emperor Friedrich III. entered Cologne after the conquest of Linz on March 21, and then appeared with his army in front of the city. On June 28, a preliminary peace was concluded in Cologne to end the Cologne collegiate feud , in which Karl renounced Neuss .
- June 22nd : Adolf von Kleve is appointed governor- general of the Burgundian Netherlands by Duke Charles the Bold .
- August 29 : England and France sign the Treaty of Picquigny to formally end the Hundred Years War, which had "fallen asleep" in 1453 . The English are paying for their withdrawal and the termination of their alliance with Charles the Bold with a one-off payment of 75,000 gold crowns and an annual pension of 50,000 gold crowns.
- November 13th : In the Battle of the Planta in the Burgundian Wars , the Confederates defeat Duchess Yolanda of Savoy , who was allied with Charles the Bold of Burgundy, together with the Valais . The consequences are devastating for the Duchy of Savoy: In the days after the battle, the Valais conquer the whole of Lower Valais as far as Saint-Maurice and occupy the strategically important Great St. Bernhard Pass without significant resistance. On December 1st, Bern and Freiburg brokered an armistice with the Duchess Yolanda of Savoy.
- December 19 : The King Ludwig XI. Accused of high treason and sentenced to death, Louis I of Luxembourg , a connétable of France , is beheaded on the Place de Grève in Paris.
- January 10th : Ștefan cel Mare , the voivode of the Principality of Moldavia , defeats a superior Ottoman army at Vaslui , which Sultan Mehmed II sent against him .
- Shariff Mohammed Kabungsuwan of Johor , a member of the Malacca royal family , is advancing into central Mindanao in the southern Philippines . There he married a local princess and founded the Sultanate of Maguindanao .
science and technology
- around 1475: The Black Book of Hours is created in Bruges in the vicinity of the illuminator Willem Vrelant . It is one of the few surviving books of hours that was created in an elaborate and unusual way with blackened pages. It is considered to be one of the main works of Gothic book illumination . The illuminator, not known by name, who created the Black Book of Hours of the Morgan Library, is known as the master of the Black Book of Hours . The client is also unknown, he can only be assigned to the circle of the Burgundian court of Charles the Bold.
- March 26 : The death of three-year-old Simon Untouched in Trento leads to a ritual murder legend and to the arrest, torture and execution of several members of the city's Jewish community. The anti-Jewish hate sermons of the Franciscan Bernardine von Feltre resulted in the downfall of numerous Jewish communities , not only in Trento but also in Perugia , Gubbio and Ravenna .
- November 14th : George the Rich , the later Duke of Bavaria-Landshut , takes Jadwiga , the daughter of the Polish King Casimir IV , as his wife. The wedding celebration in Landshut lasts 8 days, 323 oxen, 1,758 sheep, 1,537 lambs, 490 calves and 40,000 chickens are eaten. To this day, this wedding festival is celebrated every four years.
- 1475 is the first of the jubilee years of the Catholic Church established by Pope Paul II in 1470 . From this point onwards, the jubilee year invented by Boniface VIII in 1300 is to take place every 25 years.
- The construction of the Sistine Chapel named after him begins under Pope Sixtus IV . The plans for the construction, completed in 1483 , come from Baccio Pontelli .
- The Dominican Inquisitor Jakob Sprenger founds the second Rosary Brotherhood .
Date of birth saved
- February 25 : Edward Plantagenet, 17th Earl of Warwick , nephew of the last two English kings of the House of York († 1499 )
- May 18 : Alfonso, Infant of Portugal , heir to the Iberian throne († 1491 )
- June 29 : Beatrice d'Este , Princess of Milan († 1497 )
- September 6 : Sebastiano Serlio , Italian architect and architectural theorist († around 1554 )
- September 13 : Cesare Borgia , Italian Renaissance ruler († 1507 )
- October 20 : Giovanni Rucellai , Italian poet († 1525 )
- November 2 : Anne of York , English princess († 1511 )
- November 23 : Clemens Sender , Augsburg historian († 1537 )
- December 11th : Giovanni de 'Medici, under the name Leo X. Pope († 1521 )
- December 24th : Thomas Murner , German writer and theologian († 1537 )
- December 31 : Gendün Gyatsho , second Dalai Lama († 1542 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Gottschalk von Ahlefeldt , last Catholic bishop of Schleswig († 1541 )
- Enrique de Arfe , German goldsmith († 1545 )
- Vasco Núñez de Balboa , Spanish conquistador († 1519 )
- Agnes Frey , Nuremberg art dealer and wife of Albrecht Dürer († 1539 )
- James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Arran , Scottish nobleman († 1529)
Born around 1475
- January 12th : Phélise Regnard , French nobleman and mistress of the heir to the French throne (* around 1424 )
- January 15 : Gendün Drub , Tibetan Buddhist monk, founder and first abbot of Trashilhünpo Monastery, posthumously proclaimed the first Dalai Lama (* 1391 )
- February 3 : Johann IV. , Count of Nassau-Dillenburg (* 1410 )
- February 24th : Charles I , Margrave of Baden (* 1427 )
- May 6 : Dieric Bouts , Dutch painter (* 1415 )
- May 14 : Shinkei , Japanese poet (* 1406 )
- May 25 : Elisabeth von Hanau , Countess von Hohenlohe-Weikersheim (* around 1395 )
- June 13th : Joan of Portugal , Infanta of Portugal and Queen of Castile (* 1439 )
- June 21 : Shin Suk-ju , Korean politician, painter and Neo-Confucian philosopher (* 1417 )
- July 24th : Albrecht von Eyb , German humanist, lawyer and writer (* 1420 )
- September 6th : Adolf II of Nassau , Archbishop of Mainz (* around 1423 )
- September: Henry Holland, 3rd Duke of Exeter , English nobleman and military leader of the House of Lancaster (* 1430 )
- November 4 : Bartolomeo Colleoni , Italian condottiere (* around 1400 )
- November 12th : Johanna von Rosental , Bohemian Queen
- December 10 : Paolo Uccello , Italian painter (* 1397 )
- December 13 : Johann von Pfalz-Simmern , Bishop of Münster and Archbishop of Magdeburg (* around 1429 )
- December 19 : Louis I of Luxembourg , Count of Saint-Pol, Brienne, Conversano and Ligny and Duke of Guise, Connétable of France (* 1418 )
Exact date of death unknown
- Apel Vitzthum the Younger , German knight (* before 1425 )
- Radu cel Frumos , ruler of Wallachia (* 1437 / 1439 )