Calendar overview 1418
civil war of the Armagnacs and Bourguignons
, the Bourguignons succeed in taking Paris.
|1418 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||866/867 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3rd house - Jei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February: 2nd Feuerstein - Ome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1961/62 (southern Buddhism); 1960/61 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||68th (69th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||780/781 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||820/821 (turn of the year 7/8 February)|
|Jewish calendar||5178/79 (August 31 / September 1)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1728/29 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1729/30 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1474/75 (turn of the year April)|
Politics and world events
Hundred Years War in France
- February: In the civil war of the Armagnacs and Bourguignons , the French Queen Isabeau defected to the Bourguignons and, with the help of Burgundian experts, established a government against that of the Armagnacs in Paris in Troyes .
- May 28th / 29th : During the night the Bourguignons succeed in taking Paris , supported by townspeople who open a gate to the town for officer Jean de Villiers de L'Isle-Adam . This is followed by a three-day massacre of the supporters of the Armagnacs . Their head, Bernard VII d'Armagnac , is murdered on June 12th . The 16-year-old Dauphin, who later became King Charles VII , managed to escape with the help of Tanneguy du Chastel and went to Bourges .
- Henry V of England renews the war with France ; another large part of France is conquered by the English. The siege of Rouen begins in July.
- The Portuguese under João Gonçalves Zarco and Tristão Vaz Teixeira landed Porto Santo for the first time on an island in the Madeira archipelago in order to examine a possible settlement . Among other things, a pregnant rabbit is abandoned for this purpose.
Other events in Europe
- April 16 : After the death of Theodor II , his son Johann Jakob becomes Margrave of Montferrat .
- October 4th : Werner von Falkenstein , Archbishop and Elector of Trier , dies. Ten days later, his nephew Otto von Ziegenhain was elected as his successor.
- In the dispute over land between the diocese of Cammin and Duke Bogislaw VIII of Pomerania-Stolp , Bishop Magnus managed at the Council of Constance that Bogislaw, who had resisted the harshest ecclesiastical censorship, was banned from the Papal. He was sentenced to surrender the monastery property and to pay the procedural costs of 40,000 guilders. But before the verdict is announced, Bogislaw dies. He is succeeded by his underage son Bogislaw IX. temporarily under the tutelage of his mother Sophie. The two continue the Camminer diocese dispute.
Empire of China
- The Chinese Admiral Zheng He reached at its fifth trip commissioned by the Emperor Yongle with his ship as far as Mogadishu in today's Somalia.
- June: Taejong , king of the Joseon Dynasty in Korea , is angry about the behavior of his firstborn son and designated successor Yangnyeong, and appoints his third son, Chungnyeong, to be crown prince. King Taejong abdicates in August and Chungnyeong is enthroned in September. The name Sejong , which translated means something like: epochal ancestor , was only given to him after his death due to his work for the people and science.
- After the death of his wife Anna , Vytautas , Grand Duke of Lithuania , wants to marry his niece in law Uljana Olschanski . Peter of Krakow , the Bishop of Vilnius, refuses to perform the wedding and insists that the Pope's consent must first be obtained. Finally, the pair of I. John , the Bishop of Wloclawek , married before Christmas, and Vytautas gained by Pope Martin V later the matrimoniale dispensation .
- Arnold Stoltevoet is elected bishop of the Diocese of Reval to succeed Johannes Ochmann, who died in spring . At the Council of Constance , Pope Martin V confirmed him in his office on April 18 . On the return journey to his diocese , he was accepted into the order on July 17th by the Grand Master of the Teutonic Order Michael Küchmeister at the Marienburg and consecrated as bishop.
- After the death of Sebastian Stempfl on April 12, the cathedral chapter, under the influence of Duke Friedrich IV of Tyrol , elects Bertold von Bückelsburg as his successor as Bishop of Brixen . On July 11, the confirmation was given by Pope Martin V , and Bertold was not ordained a bishop until the following year.
Date of birth saved
- January 6th : Hans III. zu Rodenstein , German nobleman († 1500 )
- January 11th : Hans Feer , Lucerne mayor, small councilor, bailiff, bailiff and diary delegate († 1484 )
- March 12 : Philip II , Count of Nassau-Weilburg († 1492 )
- July 7th : Peter II , French Duke of Brittany († 1457 )
- September 24 : Anne de Lusignan , Duchess of Savoy († 1462 )
- December 18 : Albrecht VI. , Duke of Austria († 1463 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Neri di Bicci , Italian painter († 1492 )
- Andrea Bregno , Italian sculptor († 1503 )
- Olivier de Coëtivy , French Seneschal of Guyenne and Saintonge († 1480 )
- Agostino di Duccio , Italian sculptor († around 1481 )
- Friedrich II , German Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg († 1478 )
- Johannes Hinderbach , Bishop of Trient († 1486 )
- Johann V , German Duke of Mecklenburg († around 1443 )
- Ludwig I , Constable of France († 1475 )
- Isotta Nogarola , Italian humanist and author († 1466 )
- Josef della Reina , cabbalistic-messianic enthusiast in Galilee († 1472 )
Born around 1418
- 1417 /1418: Thomas Pirckheimer , German jurist and early humanist († 1473 )
- Philippe de Crèvecœur , Marshal of France († 1494 )
First half of the year
- January 10th : William II , Count of Namur (* 1355 )
- January 31 : Mircea cel Bătrân , ruler of Wallachia (* 1355 )
- February 11th : Bogislaw VIII. , Duke of Pomerania-Stolp and administrator in the diocese of Cammin
- March 22nd : Dietrich von Nieheim , German historian (* around 1345 )
- March 23 : Margaret Stewart, Countess of Angus , Scottish noblewoman (* around 1355 )
- April 12th : Sebastian Stempfl , Bishop of Brixen
- April 16 : Theodor II , Margrave of Montferrat (* around 1364 )
- before April 18: Johannes Ochmann , Bishop of Reval
- June 2 : Catherine of Lancaster , Queen of Castile (* around 1373 )
- June 12 : Bernard VII , Count of Armagnac, Connétable of France (* around 1360 )
Second half of the year
- July 16 : Ahmad al-Qalqaschandi , Egyptian scribe and mathematician (* 1355 )
- July 31st : Anna , Grand Duchess of Lithuania
- August 5 : Lambert van Duren , Mayor of Cologne (* 1371 )
- August 16 : Angelo Barbarigo , Italian cardinal (* around 1350 )
- August 20 : Burkhard II von Lützelstein , provost of the bishopric of Strasbourg and Elekt of Strasbourg
- September: Antoine de Challant , archbishop of Tarentaise and Cardinal (* 1350 / 60 )
- October 4th : Werner von Falkenstein , Archbishop of Trier (* around 1355 )
- around November 30th : Heinrich II. von Nauen , Canon and Bishop of Schwerin
Exact date of death unknown
- Margaret of Joinville , Countess of Vaudémont and mistress of Joinville (* 1354 )
- Otto II , Margrave of Hachberg and Lord of Höhingen
- Gjin Zenevisi , Albanian magnate and military leader in northern Epirus