|When Inês de Castro , the lover of his son Peter I , was executed at the instigation of King Alfonso IV , a civil war began in Portugal .|
|1355 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||803/804 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th house - Nahui Calli )|
|Buddhist calendar||1898/99 (southern Buddhism); 1897/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||717/718 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||755/756 (turn of the year January 15/16)|
|Jewish calendar||5115/16 (September 6-7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1665/66 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1666/67 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1411/12|
Politics and world events
Holy Roman Empire / Italy
Charles IV. Is on January 6 in Milan , which is his 1354 started the Italian campaign , the king of no longer opposes Italy crowned. On April 5th he is in Rome by one of Pope Innocent VI. sent Cardinal together with his third wife Anna von Schweidnitz to be crowned Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire . ( At that time, the papal seat is still Avignon ). Karl leaves the peninsula shortly afterwards without having taken care of the order of the situation there.
In Venice , the Doge Marino Faliero is accused of having planned a coup to make himself prince. However, Faliero is already 80 or 81 years old at this point, elected for life and has no male offspring. His alleged co-conspirators, among them the architect Filippo Calendario , are hanged in front of the Doge's Palace on April 16, and Faliero himself is beheaded a day later on the Scala Foscara . He then falls victim to the Damnatio memoriae . Giovanni Gradenigo is hastily elected as his successor .
- September 9th : Bernabò Visconti and Galeazzo II. Visconti murder their brother Matteo II. Visconti because of his “immorality” and subsequently share power in Bologna , Lodi , Piacenza and Parma .
- December 5th : The death of John III. von Brabant without male descendants leads to the Brabant War of Succession between his three daughters and their spouses.
- In the Albertine house rules , Duke Albrecht II of Austria, Styria and Carinthia stipulates that after his death the Habsburg lands should be replaced by his four sons, Rudolf IV , Friedrich III. , Albrecht III. and Leopold III. to be governed together. After his death it is largely ignored.
- January 5th : In the Treaty of Paris , King John II of France approves property consolidation in favor of Savoy under Count Amadeus VI. to.
- The son of the English King Edward III. , called the Black Prince , devastated the French Languedoc in the Hundred Years War .
- January 7 : By the instigation of King . Alfonso IV was carried out execution of Inês de Castro , who loved his son Peter I , begins in Portugal a civil war .
- Stefan Uroš V. , known as “the weak” , already co-regent of his father Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan , will become second tsar of Serbia after his death . He is largely dependent on his mother Helena of Bulgaria and the Serbian princes.
- 1354/55 : During the uprising of the Red Turbans , the Chinese Emperor Toghan Timur from the Mongolian Yuan dynasty deposed his Chancellor Toghta. The central government then completely loses control over the Mongolian warlords in the north of the empire.
City rights and first documentary mentions
- First documented mention of the town of Ruhla , located in the Thuringian Forest , which later became known for its pipe and clock production.
- Elevation Laufs to the city
- First documented mention of the Zollenbrücke as the first canal bridge in Hamburg
Science and culture
- Heinrich von Herford's ( OP ) Liber de rebus memorabilioribus sive Chronicon extends until this year.
- The Muslim explorer Ibn Battuta completes his Rilah , the description of his world tour which he dictated to Mohammed Ibn Juzaj .
- around 1355: Jan van Ruusbroec publishes his little book on Master Eckhart's teachings and their refutation .
- February 10 : The multi-day St Scholastica Day riot between students of the University of Oxford and citizens of the city begins in Oxford , killing 63 students and 30 citizens.
Historical maps and views
Date of birth saved
- January 7th : Thomas of Woodstock , son of Edward III. of England († 1397 )
- January 22nd : Wilhelm II , Count of Namur († 1418 )
- August 16 : Philippa Plantagenet , English nobleman († 1382 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Andrea dei Bruni , Italian painter († 1377 )
- Heinrich VII. , Duke of Liegnitz († 1398 )
- Heinrich von Berching , German theologian († 1412 )
- Gadifer de La Salle , French nobleman († 1422 )
- Mircea cel Bătrân , voivode of Wallachia († 1418 )
- al-Qalqashandī , Egyptian clerk and legal scholar († 1418 )
- Theodor I , Byzantine despot of Morea († 1407 )
Born around 1355
- Friedrich von Blankenheim , Bishop of Basel and Bishop of Utrecht († 1423 )
- Owain Glyndŵr , Welsh national hero († around 1416 )
- Konrad von Jungingen , Grand Master of the Teutonic Order († 1407 )
- Isabella of Castile , Spanish nobleman († 1392 )
- Margaret Stewart , Scottish noblewoman († 1418 )
- Vytautas , Grand Duke of Lithuania († 1430 )
Date of death secured
- January 7th : Inês de Castro , Castilian noblewoman and wife of the heir to the throne and later King Pedro I of Portugal (executed) (* 1320 )
- January 12th : Albrecht I von Hohenfels , Prince-Bishop of Eichstätt
- January 25th : John de Cobham , English nobleman and politician
- March 25th : Ulrich von Lenzburg , Bishop of Chur
- April 14th : Gerlach II , Lord of the City of Limburg
- April 16 : Filippo Calendario , Venetian stonemason, sculptor and architect, alleged conspirator, executed
- April 17th : Marino Faliero , Doge of Venice and alleged conspirator, executed (* 1274 )
- April 22nd : Eleanor of England , Duchess of Geldern (* 1318 )
- May 22nd : Humbert II , Dauphin von Viennois (* 1312 )
- June 25 : Dietrich von Waldeck , provost of the cathedral in the diocese of Münster (* around 1316 )
- September 27th / 28th : Rudmar von Hader , Bishop of Seckau
- September 29 : Matteo II. Visconti , ruler of Bologna, Lodi, Piacenza and Parma (* around 1319 )
- October 3 or 16 : Reinhold Zeller , provost of the Berchtesgaden monastery
- October 14 : John de Lisle , English nobleman and military man (* around 1318 )
- October 16 : Ludwig , King of Sicily (* 1337 )
- October 21 : Bertrand de Déaulx , French bishop, diplomat and cardinal
- November 25th : Amelung von Varendorff , Osnabrück knight as well as episcopal feudal and castle man of Iburg
- December 5th : Johann III. , Duke of Brabant and Limburg (* 1300 )
Exact date of death unknown
- around October: Pierre de Corneillan , Grand Master of the Order of St. John