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Heads of State · Nekrolog

The murder of Inês de Castro, historical painting by Columbano Bordalo Pinheiro
When Inês de Castro , the lover of his son Peter I , was executed at the instigation of King Alfonso IV , a civil war began in Portugal .
1355 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 803/804 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1347/48
Aztec calendar 5th rabbit - Macuilli Tochtli (until the end of January / beginning of February 4th house - Nahui Calli )
Buddhist calendar 1898/99 (southern Buddhism); 1897/98 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 67th (68th) cycle

Year of the wood sheep乙未 ( at the beginning of the year wood horse 甲午)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 717/718 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 733/734
Islamic calendar 755/756 (turn of the year January 15/16)
Jewish calendar 5115/16 (September 6-7)
Coptic calendar 1071/72
Malayalam calendar 530/531
Seleucid era Babylon: 1665/66 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1666/67 (turn of the year October)

Spanish era 1393
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1411/12


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire / Italy

Emperor Charles IV and his third wife Anna von Schweidnitz, Karlštejn Castle , mural in St. Catherine's Chapel (around 1357)

Charles IV. Is on January 6 in Milan , which is his 1354 started the Italian campaign , the king of no longer opposes Italy crowned. On April 5th he is in Rome by one of Pope Innocent VI. sent Cardinal together with his third wife Anna von Schweidnitz to be crowned Emperor and Empress of the Holy Roman Empire . ( At that time, the papal seat is still Avignon ). Karl leaves the peninsula shortly afterwards without having taken care of the order of the situation there.

The black banner that hides the portrait of Marino Faliero, Sala del Maggior Consiglio

In Venice , the Doge Marino Faliero is accused of having planned a coup to make himself prince. However, Faliero is already 80 or 81 years old at this point, elected for life and has no male offspring. His alleged co-conspirators, among them the architect Filippo Calendario , are hanged in front of the Doge's Palace on April 16, and Faliero himself is beheaded a day later on the Scala Foscara . He then falls victim to the Damnatio memoriae . Giovanni Gradenigo is hastily elected as his successor .

Coat of arms of the house of the Visconti



Eastern Europe

  • Stefan Uroš V. , known as “the weak” , already co-regent of his father Stefan Uroš IV. Dušan , will become second tsar of Serbia after his death . He is largely dependent on his mother Helena of Bulgaria and the Serbian princes.


City rights and first documentary mentions

  • First documented mention of the town of Ruhla , located in the Thuringian Forest , which later became known for its pipe and clock production.
  • Elevation Laufs to the city
  • First documented mention of the Zollenbrücke as the first canal bridge in Hamburg

Science and culture


Historical maps and views

Balkans and Asia Minor 1355


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1355


Date of death secured

Tomb of Inês de Castro, ca.1360, Alcobaça
The heavily damaged funerary monument to Nicholas Cantilupe in Lincoln Cathedral
Bishop Rudmar von Hader, Seckau basilica , bishop's chapel (depiction around 1595)
Tsar Dušan's sarcophagus in St. Mark's Church in Belgrade .

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1355  - Collection of images, videos, and audio files