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Heads of State · Nekrolog

Giotto: Pope Boniface VIII proclaims the holy year
Pope Boniface VIII proclaims the Holy Year .
1300 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 748/749 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1292/93
Aztec calendar 2nd tubes - Ome Acatl (until the end of January / beginning of February 1st rabbit Ce Tochtli )
Buddhist calendar 1843/44 (southern Buddhism); 1842/43 (alternative calculation according to Buddhas Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 66th (67th) cycle

Year of the Metal Rat庚子 ( at the beginning of the Earth Pig year 己亥)

Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 662/663 (turn of the year April)
Iranian calendar 678/679
Islamic calendar 699/700 (turn of the year September 15th / 16th)
Jewish calendar 5060/61 (September 14/15)
Coptic calendar 1016/17
Malayalam calendar 475/476
Seleucid era Babylon: 1610/11 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 1611/12 (New Year October)

Spanish era 1338
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1356/57


Politics and world events

Holy Roman Empire


  • Around 1300: The English kingdom under Edward I developed in an even more pronounced way than France into a corporate state, in which, in addition to the monarchical top, the corporate representation exercised a considerable influence on government activities.


City rights, first documentary mentions, population figures


  • Around 1300: The trade fairs in Bruges (stacking place for English wool), Antwerp , Lyon and Geneva are becoming increasingly important.
  • around 1300: Ypres develops into one of the most populous cities in Europe in fierce competition with the other cities in Flanders .
  • from 1300: With the first construction of steel mills, which have a distant similarity to blast furnaces, the production of cast iron succeeds in Europe .
  • around 1300: In many cities of the Middle Ages prostitutes were united to form guilds .

science and technology

Ebstorf world map
Hereford card



  • February 22nd : Pope Boniface VIII proclaims the first holy year in Rome from the loggia of the Lateran , which begins on Christmas in 1300. The papal bull Antiquorum stipulates that all Romans who visit the basilicas of St. Peter and St. Paul thirty times, and all foreign pilgrims who visit these places fifteen times, should be granted a perfect indulgence . Five times the number of usual pilgrims will come to Rome this year (a total of 200,000 according to the chronicler Giovanni Villani ), so that the Pope is forced to stipulate a regulation for the use of the Angel Bridge : the pilgrims have to drive on the left . The city suffers from two famines due to the large number of pilgrims, one in late spring and one in autumn.
  • Pentecost: At the general chapter of the Dominicans in Marseilles it is decided that all convent priorities of the province of Teutonia should be discharged from their offices. If Meister Eckhart remained prior of the Erfurt Convention after 1298 , he must now give up this office at the latest.
  • July 18 : Gerardo Segarelli , the founder of the Church-critical Brothers of the Apostles , is burned at the stake in Parma for heresy . In several letters, Fra Dolcino declared himself the new leader of the movement.
  • after 1300: William of Paris (see 1299 ), also a member of St. Jacques, writes a catechetical manual Dialogus de septem sacramentis , which is widely distributed.

Historical maps and views

Extension of London in 1300
East Frisia at the time of the chiefs around 1300
The principalities of Mecklenburg and Werle around 1300


Date of birth saved

Exact date of birth unknown

Born around 1300


First half of the year

Second half of the year

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1300  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files