|Geoffrey Chaucer marries the lady-in-waiting Philippa Roet .|
|1366 in other calendars|
|Armenian calendar||814/815 (turn of the year July)|
|Aztec calendar||3rd house - Jei Calli (until the end of January / beginning of February 2nd Feuerstein - Ome Tecpatl )|
|Buddhist calendar||1909/10 (southern Buddhism); 1908/09 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )|
|Chinese calendar||67th (68th) cycle|
|Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam)||728/729 (turn of the year April)|
|Islamic calendar||767/768 (turn of the year 6/7 September)|
|Jewish calendar||5126/27 (September 6/7)|
|Seleucid era||Babylon: 1676/77 (turn of the year April)
Syria: 1677/78 (turn of the year October)
|Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar)||1422/23|
Politics and world events
Republic of Venice
- February 5th : Five new providers arrive in Crete . You have a free hand to suppress the last remnants of the uprising of the Venetian settlers .
- April: The uprising in Crete is finally put down after three years. Leading men of the uprising fall into Venetian hands and are executed.
- January: The crusade against Alexandria, led by King Peter I of Cyprus, raids and sacked Tripoli and Tartus before the European participants of the crusade return to their respective homeland. Peter I tries not to hold Tripoli or Tartus, especially since the cities have no city walls.
Holy Roman Empire
- July 11th : With a peace treaty brokered after lengthy negotiations, the Falkensteiner feud, begun in 1364 between Philip VI. from the Licher line of the Lords of Falkenstein on the one hand, the Wetterau bailiff Ulrich III. from Hanau and the imperial cities of Frankfurt , Friedberg , Wetzlar and Gelnhausen on the other side. The Falkensteiners keep Lich , but without Warnsberg Castle . Hofheim stays with Kurmainz , which conquered the city at the beginning of the year.
Other events in Europe
- King Charles II of Navarre issues a letter of protection to Geoffrey Chaucer , who is on the diplomatic mission of the English king, and three companions, granting them safe conduct through his kingdom to the Castilian border.
- The Kilkenny Statutes are adopted at a meeting of the Irish Parliament in Kilkenny , chaired by the son of King Edward III. enacted by England, Lionel, Duke of Clarence . With them the English crown aims to separate the English upper class from the population of the conquered or yet to be conquered lordship of Ireland . Above all, the familial mixing of the alleged master with the (expressly so-called) enemy people is to be prevented. By creating social spheres that are as unconnected as possible, the opposition between the Gaelic-Irookeltic indigenous population on the one hand and the society of the originally Anglo -Norman conquerors on the other should be cemented.
First documentary mentions
- Beavers are first mentioned in a document.
science and technology
- The Kochbrunnen in Wiesbaden is first mentioned as "Brühborn". It brings together 15 sources and was the center of the Wiesbaden drinking cure in the 19th century. The 66 ° C sodium chloride thermal baths are the city's best-known spring and deliver 346 liters of healing water per minute.
- Geoffrey Chaucer marries Philippa Roet , a lady-in-waiting of the English royal consort Philippa of Hainaut .
- In Vadstena , Sweden , the order of knights is founded by the Most Holy Redeemer and Saint Brigitta of Sweden .
The Frankfurt patrician Jakob Neuhauß donates with the consent of the Bartholomäusstift a small chapel in the eastern Neustadt of Frankfurt am Main near the Rieder Tor of the Frankfurt city fortifications . It is the first church in this part of the city that was officially approved in 1333 . Neuhauß, who had recently entered the clergy, receives at his request on September 12th from the Bartholomäusstift the privilege transferable to his heirs to appoint the clergy at this chapel . Only after twelve consecutive appointments should this right revert to the monastery.
nature and environment
- The Kilkenny statutes also prohibit the Celtic-Irish sport of hurling on the grounds that it leads to neglect of military duties. It is to be replaced by archery and fighting with the lance. The ban does not affect the popularity of the game.
Date of birth saved
- March 22 : Thomas Mowbray , English magnate, diplomat and military man († 1399 )
- March 31 : Peter of Navarre , Count of Mortain († 1412 )
- April: Marie de Coucy , French noblewoman († 1405 )
- May 11th : Anne of Bohemia , first royal consort of Richard II of England († 1394 )
- August 28 : Jean II. Le Maingre , Marshal of France († 1421 )
- August 28 : Konrad Kyeser , German nobleman and war technician of medieval Europe († after 1405 )
Exact date of birth unknown
- Agnes of Nuremberg , Abbess of the Hof Monastery († 1432 )
- Francesco I. Gonzaga , Count of Mantua († 1407 )
- Miran Shah , Timurid governor († 1408 )
- Dietrich von Quitzow , robber baron († 1417 )
Date of death secured
- January 6th : Peter Thomas , French clergyman, Carmelite, papal legate, crusade preacher, bishop and Latin Patriarch of Constantinople; Saint of the Catholic Church (* around 1305 )
- January 8 : Thomas Ringstead , Bishop of Bangor
- January 25 : Heinrich Seuse , German Dominican and mystic, blessed of the Catholic Church (* 1295 )
- February 13th : Johann II , Lord of Lichtenberg (* before 1295)
- March 31 : Otto von Ziegenhain , German canon in the cathedral chapters of Mainz and Cologne and provost of the Petristift in Fritzlar (* 1304 )
- April 26 : Simon Islip , Archbishop of Canterbury and Lord Seal Keeper of England
- May 19 : Friedrich II. Von Truhendingen , Prince-Bishop of Bamberg
- May 21 : Hemming , Bishop of Turku (* around 1290 )
- June 5th : Agnes von Hohenberg , Duchess von Teck
- August 17th : Johann II. Hut , Bishop of Osnabrück
- September 28th : Gerhard II of Schauenburg , Bishop of Minden
- September 29 : Walram II , Count of Zweibrücken and governor in Lorraine (* around 1298 )
- 8 / October 19 : Peter Tyrgilsson , Archbishop of Uppsala (* around 1300 )
- October 13 : Ibn Nubata , Arabic poet (* 1287 )
Exact date of death unknown
- September: Cono , German Cistercian monk, titular bishop of Megara, auxiliary bishop in the diocese of Cammin, in the diocese of Hildesheim, in the archbishopric of Cologne and in the diocese of Liège
- December: Otto der Schütz , Landgrave of Hesse
- Arnaud de Cervole , French brigant during the Hundred Years War (* 1300 )
- William de la Pole , banker to the King of England
- Alamand de Saint-Jeoire , Bishop of Geneva
- Taddeo Gaddi , Italian painter (* 1290 )
- Ulrich IV. , Count of Württemberg
- Tidemann Warendorp , Mayor of Lübeck (* 1310 )
Died around 1366
- Nardo di Cione , Italian painter and architect (* around 1320)