Anne of Bohemia

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The coronation of Richard II of England and his first wife Anna of Bohemia. Illustration from the Liber regalis , 14th century.

Anne of Böhmen LG (born May 11, 1366 in Prague ; † June 7, 1394 in Sheen (now part of London)) was Queen from January 20, 1382 to June 7, 1394 through her marriage to King Richard II of England of England, she was crowned on January 22nd, 1382. The marriage had no children.


She was the eldest daughter of the Roman-German Emperor Charles IV with his fourth wife Elisabeth of Pomerania , sister of the later Emperor Sigismund and half-sister of King Wenceslas of Bohemia.

On January 20, 1382, through the mediation of the papal legate Cardinal Pietro Pileo di Prata , she married the fifteen-year-old English King Richard II in Westminster Abbey . Biographers describe the marriage as happy, and Anne became very popular in England over time People. When she was killed by the plague , according to reports from the chroniclers, Richard became "wild with grief" and had the residence in Sheen, where she died, and the surrounding buildings demolished.

It is believed that accompanying Bohemian nobles and the increase in Bohemian students at English universities contributed to the dissemination of the ideas of the reformer John Wyclif in Bohemia with the corresponding influence on the later Hussite movement .

The so-called Palatinate Crown , which is now kept in the Residenz Museum in Munich , is said to come from Anne's possession ; it is the oldest surviving crown in England.


Henry VII
Margaret of Brabant
Wenceslas II, King of Bohemia (1271–1305)
Guta von Habsburg
Wartislaw IV.
Elisabeth of Silesia
Casimir of Poland
Anna of Lithuania
Johann of Luxembourg
Elisabeth Přemyslovna of Bohemia (1292-1330)
Bogislaw V. of Pomerania
Elisabeth of Poland
Charles IV
Elisabeth of Pomerania
Anne of Bohemia

Web links

Commons : Anne of Böhmen  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Ostbairische Grenzmarken: Passauer Jahrbuch für Geschichte, Kunst und Volkskunde , Volumes 12-13, Verlag des Verein für Ostbairische Heimatforschung, 1970, page 12; (Detail scan)
  2. cf. Martin Nodl: The Kuttenberg decree of 1409 (=  research on the history and culture of Eastern Europe, vol. 51 ). Böhlau, Cologne / Weimar / Vienna 2017, ISBN 978-3-412-50565-3 , p. 161 .
  3. ^ Alfred Thomas: Anne's Bohemia: Czech Literature and Society, 1310-1420. Medieval Cultures . tape 13 . University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, London 1998, ISBN 0-8166-3053-4 , pp. 44-45 .
  4. František Šmahel: Heresy and Premature Reformation in the Late Middle Ages , Volume 39 of: Writings of the Historical College Munich , p. 105 u. 106, Oldenbourg Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-486-56259-2 ; (Digital scan)
predecessor Office Successor
Philippa of Hainaut Queen Consort of England
Isabelle de Valois