|Province (län):||Östergötland County|
|Historical Province (landskap):||Östergötland|
|SCB code :||1300|
|Residents :||5674 (December 31, 2015)|
|Area :||3.61 km²|
|Population density :||1572 inhabitants / km²|
|List of perpetrators in Östergötland County|
Vadstena is a locality ( Tatort ) in the Swedish province of Östergötland County and the historical province of Östergötland . The place on Vättern is the main town of the municipality of the same name .
Vadstena arose in connection with the establishment of Birgit Tinen monastery in the 14th century and got in 1400 by Queen Margaret , the town charter . The monastery, which in the following century developed into a spiritual center and, thanks to donations, became the largest landowner in Sweden, promoted the development of the city. In addition, Vadstena became an important political meeting place. After the Reformation , the importance of the monastery, which was finally closed in 1595, decreased, but at the same time one of Gustav Vasa`s imperial castles was built in Vadstena . Vadstena was then the royal seat of the Wasa son, Duke Magnus, but after his death the city's population growth began to stagnate: At the end of the 18th century, the population was 1,400.
- The city center, now a pedestrian zone , follows the medieval layout. About twenty buildings from the Middle Ages have survived, including Sweden's oldest town hall, built in the 15th century.
- The city is dominated by the remains of the Vadstena monastery with the monastery church ( Vadstena klosterkyrka ) north of the old town and the Wasaburg Castle Vadstena ( Vadstena slott ) west of the old town.
- There is a large burial ground near Nässja .
Today Vadstena is primarily a service center. Tourism plays an important role in the city's economy.
Born in Vadstena
- Gustaf Bengtsson (1886–1965), composer
- Yngve Zotterman (1898-1982), neurophysiologist
- Örjan Martinsson (1936–1997), football player and coach
- Website of the municipality of Vadstena (Swedish, English)