Län ( Swedish ) is the name of a province in Sweden . The provincial organs perform state administrative tasks at the regional level (with the exception of financial, judicial and military administration). There are currently 21 provinces.
These organs do not include the provincial councils (Swedish landsting ), which, as so-called secondary municipalities, perform tasks within the framework of local self-government and are therefore independent of the state administration, even if their territorial boundaries mostly coincide with those of the provinces.
In the wake of the political reforms of Gustav II Adolf , the political and administrative division of the country was also renewed in 1634, and provinces (swedish län ) were created, which were administered by a governor (swed. Landshövding ). Major changes happened in 1810 when Finland was ceded to Russia and the present-day provinces were created in Norrland , and in the 1990s when the two present-day provinces of Skåne län (1997 by the merger of the provinces of Malmöhus län and Kristianstads län ) and Västra Götalands län (1998 through the union of the provinces Göteborgs och Bohus län , Älvsborgs län and Skaraborgs län ).
At the head of the provincial administration is the district president (Swedish Landshövding ), who is appointed by the government for a term of six years. The district president is the chairman of the provincial government (swed. Länsstyrelse ), which has been elected by the provincial parliaments since the 1970s. The internal organization of the provincial government and its offices is now left to them, so that there is no uniform model.
The provincial governments have two central tasks: on the one hand they are representatives of the state power in their region, on the other hand they should represent the regional interests of the province.
The administrative tasks cover a broad spectrum, from civil defense to spatial planning, transport, agriculture and fishing, animal welfare to environmental protection, culture and the like. a. The provincial governments are also responsible for policing and elections.
|coat of arms||Length||Residential city||Part of the country||Letter||SCB code||Residents||Area (km²)||Inhabitants
|Västra Götalands län||Gothenburg||Götaland||O||14th||1,725,881||28,778||60|
Note: The letter corresponds to the second part of the provincial ISO 3166-2 code .