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Linkoping coat of arms
Sweden Östergötland location map.svg
Localization of Östergötland in Sweden
State : Sweden
Province  (län): Östergötland County
Historical Province (landskap): Östergötland
Municipality  : Linkoping
Coordinates : 58 ° 24 '  N , 15 ° 38'  E Coordinates: 58 ° 24 '  N , 15 ° 38'  E
SCB code : 1152
Status: Crime scene
Residents : 106,502 (December 31, 2015)
Area : 37.77 km²
Population density : 2820 inhabitants / km²
Height : 45  m ö.h.
Postal code : 581 80 - 589 57
List of perpetrators in Östergötland County

Linköping ( pronunciation ? / I , [ ˈlinɕøːpiŋ ]) is a town in the Swedish province of Östergötland County and the historic province of Östergötland . The university and industrial city is the capital of the municipality of the same name . It is the seventh largest city in Sweden. Audio file / audio sample



Linköping is located in a fertile area along the Stångån River ( Kinda Canal ) and not far from Lake Roxen . In the north, the city is affected by the European route E4 , which connects the port city of Helsingborg in the south with Stockholm . It is 200 km to the capital and 40 km to Norrköping .

Over the years, the city has expanded geographically that resembles an upside-down "V" on the map. The former military training area, which is to be developed into a nature reserve, separates the legs of the "V" from each other and prevents traffic communication between the southwest and southeast foothills of the city. The establishment of the nature reserve is seen as important in order to protect the extensive oak landscape that exists here .


Linköping has been a central place for the church in Östergötland since the 12th century. The nearby Vreta Monastery was founded in 1128 and the oldest parts of Linköping Cathedral date from this period. Construction of the castle began in the next century. The building Längtan in the street Agata probably belonged to a monastery Magnus Ladulås was built in the 13th century. As an important church site, Linköping was visited by the newly elected Swedish kings at their Eriksgata .

At the bridge over the Stångån in 1598 the Catholic King Sigismund III. Vasa beaten by his uncle Charles of Södermanland . Five royal councilors were executed two years later in an action dubbed the Linköping Bloodbath. The battle marked the beginning of a war between Sweden and Poland that lasted until 1629.

On January 29, 1700, the city was struck by a devastating fire, which, with the exception of the cathedral and the castle, destroyed almost all buildings in the place.

In 1885 Linköping had 11,284 inhabitants who were engaged in arable farming, horticulture, shipping and tobacco production. In the 20th century there was a noticeable economic upswing, especially through the establishment of an aircraft factory by Saab (1937) and the establishment of the university (1975).

Culture and sights

Gamla Linköping - Old Linköping

Worth seeing

The open-air museum Gamla Linköping (Old Linköping) is located southwest of the city center. It consists of around 90 houses, some of which are more than 250 years old. Set up like a small town, there are cafes, a post office, a fire station , a pharmacy and a police station as well as numerous (arts) craft businesses. Some of the houses used as residential buildings can also be entered. Despite the name, Gamla Linköping is not an original district of Linköping. Most of the houses were moved from the city center to their new location.

The cathedral church of Linköping's bishopric towers over the city and is one of the most important buildings in Scandinavia. It was built between 1150 and 1499, its tall tower was built between 1747 and 1756. The nearby church of Kaga has Romanesque roots.

The city is also the "birthplace" of the roundel dog .

See also: List of Linkoping Bishops


The LHC ice hockey club was founded in 1976. After intensive investments in the club in the 1990s, the first team in the Elitserien established itself . In 2004 the new arena Cloetta Center was completed.

The women's team Linköpings FC is very successful in football . She plays in the Damallsvenskan . The sports club LLK (Linköpings Långfärdsskridskoklubb) is the second largest club for cross-country skating in Sweden with around 2000 members and the largest voluntary association in Linköping.

The largest concrete skateboard park in Scandinavia (Fun SkatePark) has been located in the city since 2003 , where several international competitions have already been held.

Economy and Infrastructure

Linköping is an industrial and shopping city. The Saab aircraft works are a major employer . Saab operates two airports, the civil Linköping City Airport in the east with manufacturing facilities for aircraft and a military airfield, the Malmen Air Base in the west of the city. The Swedish Air Force Museum is located on its northern edge .

Adjacent to the university campus is the "Mjärdevi Science Park", a technology center with around 4,000 employees.


Since June 20, 2005, the world's first biogas train has been running between Linköping and the Baltic city of Västervik, 80 kilometers away . In order to equip passenger trains with the environmentally friendly fuel, conventional Fiat railcars were converted by the operating company "Svensk Biogas". Two Volvo gas engines replace the old diesel engine. The eleven bottles of biogas on board the train are sufficient for a distance of 600 kilometers.


The Linköping University is one of the most important universities in Sweden.

Panorama picture Linköpings, with the Domkyrka as the largest elevation in the center of the city

Town twinning


sons and daughters of the town

People connected to the city

Web links

Commons : Linköping  - album with pictures, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Linköping  - travel guide

Individual evidence

  1. a b Statistiska centralbyrån : Land area per Tatort, folkmängd and invånare per square kilometer. Vart femte år 1960 - 2015 (database query)
  2. Postcode ZIP code Linköping, Sweden - GeoPostcodes. Retrieved February 16, 2018 .
  3. Värmlands brandhistoriska klubb - Fires in Sweden before 1950 ( Memento from January 3, 2007 in the Internet Archive )