Palo Alto

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Palo Alto
Palo Alto - University Avenue
Palo Alto - University Avenue
Seal of Palo Alto
Location in California
Palo Alto (California)
Palo Alto
Palo Alto
Basic data
Foundation : 1894
State : United States
State : California
County : Santa Clara County
Coordinates : 37 ° 26 ′  N , 122 ° 8 ′  W Coordinates: 37 ° 26 ′  N , 122 ° 8 ′  W
Time zone : Pacific ( UTC − 8 / −7 )
Residents : 66,642 (as of 2013)
Population density : 1,087.1 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 66.4 km 2  (approx. 26 mi 2 ) of
which 61.3 km 2  (approx. 24 mi 2 ) is land
Height : 9 m
Postcodes : 94301-94306
Area code : +1 650
FIPS : 06-55282
GNIS ID : 0277572
Website :
Mayor : Sid Espinosa
The garage in Palo Alto, where the Hewlett-Packard company started in 1939 .

Palo Alto is a city with around 67,000 inhabitants (as of 2013), located in the Santa Clara Valley ( Silicon Valley ) in the US state of California , 50 kilometers south of San Francisco and 20 kilometers north of San José . Palo Alto is part of Santa Clara County in the San Francisco Bay Area .

The name Palo Alto means roughly high stake in Spanish and refers to a particularly tall tree called El Palo Alto on the banks of San Francisquito Creek .

Urban area

The city limits extend from San Francisco Bay in the east to the Santa Cruz Mountains in the west and from Menlo Park in the north to Mountain View in the south. The urban area covers an area of ​​about 61 km², about a third of which is undeveloped.


According to the 2010 census , the population was 64,403, around 6,000 more than in 2000. The number of households in 2010 was around 28,000. The majority of the population consisted of white Americans, who made up around two-thirds of the total population. Latinos and other US citizens of Hispanic descent were poorly represented in California's comparison with around six percent of the city's population. Other minorities are African-American and Asian-American Americans. The 2010 census also showed that for every 100 women there were 95.7 men. The average age of the residents was 41.9 years.

According to an estimate by the US Census Bureau , the city had a population of 66,642 in 2013.


The climate is very mild, and thanks to its proximity to the Pacific are temperature changes only slightly ( oceanic embossed Mediterranean climate ). As a result, the seasons are also less pronounced, simplifying the distinction between a rainy and a dry season. The average annual temperature is 15 ° C (10 ° C in the rainy and 20 ° C in the dry season). Average annual rainfall is around 400 millimeters, with 95 percent of rainfall falling between October and April.


Palo Alto is primarily shaped by Stanford University and is the headquarters of well-known companies in the computer industry such as Hewlett Packard Enterprise , HP , Nanosys, Tesla Motors and VMware, as well as research institutions such as the Palo Alto Research Center and the Foresight Institute . Some venture capital firms are based. There are administrative offices of companies from the solar industry, but their production takes place elsewhere. In addition, the headquarters of " Mercedes-Benz Research and Development North America, Inc." is located in Palo Alto. Until 2011, the social network Facebook had its headquarters in Palo Alto.

In addition to the many North American companies known from the IT industry, numerous important German companies with research facilities are based in Palo Alto, including the Bosch Research and Technology Center North America RTC, the software company SAP , the audio company Sennheiser and Electronics Research Laboratory ERL of the Volkswagen Group of America until it moved in 2011.

House prices are among the highest in the United States.

In June 2017 it was announced that Heidelberg would be the new twin town of Palo Alto.

Education and Research

The Institute for the Future , think tank and non-profit organization , has been based in Palo Alto since 1970 .

In April 1967, history teacher Ron Jones, along with students and teachers at Cubberley High School in Palo Alto, carried out the social experiment The Third Wave to warn of the attraction of fascist movements.


sons and daughters of the town

The list contains an alphabetical overview of important personalities born in what is now Palo Alto. Many moved away after their birth and became known elsewhere. The list does not claim to be complete.

Other personalities related to the city


In their song “Palo Alto”, released at the end of February 2019, the Hamburg band Kettcar addresses various jobs that are being lost due to the digital revolution . Many of the companies that drive this are based in the San Francisco Bay Area (see “Economics” section ). In the music video, lead singer Marcus Wiebusch drives to Palo Alto with a former journalist, a former record dealer, an ex-porn actress and a former bank clerk to "smash the algorithms" (lyrics).

Web links

Commons : Palo Alto  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b
  2. Quickfacts: Palo Alto, California (English)
  3. United States Census 2010 ( Memento from February 20, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  5. ( Memento of the original from December 18, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot /
  8. Dream homes for Facebook millionaires. Video on from May 4, 2012 , accessed May 5, 2012
  9. FOCUS Online: City of Heidelberg: Palo Alto (USA) and Hangzhou (China) are Heidelberg's new partner cities . In: FOCUS Online . ( [accessed on July 29, 2017]).
  10. Grand Hotel van Cleef: Kettcar - Palo Alto (Official Video). February 25, 2019, accessed March 3, 2019 .