Joan Baez

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Joan Baez performing in New York, 2016

Joan Chandos Baez [ dʒəʊn baɪəz ] (* 9. January 1941 in Staten Iceland , New York City ) is an American folk - singer and - guitarist , civil rights activist and pacifist , which from the late 1950s clear above all by its soprano voice and her political engagement against the Vietnam War and racial segregation became known.


Childhood and adolescence

Joan Baez was born in 1941 in Staten Island, the second daughter of Albert Baez and Joan Bridge . Her paternal grandfather left the Catholic Church in Mexico , became a Methodist pastor, and moved to New York City in 1914. Her parents were originally Methodists as well, but entered Quakerism in Joan Baez's early childhood .

Her mother was Scottish and born in Edinburgh . Her father, a physicist, gave up his work in the arms industry . This idealistic attitude of the father may have influenced Baez's later political engagement against the Vietnam War and for civil rights . Because of her darker skin color , she was often referred to as a " nigger " during her childhood ; Neighborhood children were not allowed to play with her. The family moved frequently for professional reasons of the father. Stations included Palo Alto , Boston , Paris , Rome and Baghdad . When her father got a position as a lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology , the whole family moved again in the late summer of 1958, this time to Belmont , Massachusetts .

In 1956 she heard the young Martin Luther King speak for the first time and received a guitar from her parents ; this laid the foundation for the two most important activities of her life. She had previously taught herself to play the ukulele . She later bought a Gibson guitar with her first self-earned income. The folk musicians Pete Seeger and the singer Harry Belafonte produced the first musical influences from records that Joan Baez heard at home . On some early recordings she audibly imitated Belafonte's calypso sound; Baez and Belafonte came closer in later years through joint political activities. According to her own statements, rhythm and blues also became important for the young singer , just as the music of black America influenced her more than that of white.

Musical career

Even as a schoolgirl, Baez had entertained her classmates with schoolyard concerts. After graduating from high school , she enrolled at Boston University , but soon concentrated only on her singing career. This began in 1959 with a few appearances at Club 47 , a folk club in Cambridge , the stronghold of the US folk - revival . Film recordings from this period show the singer performing sad-melancholy traditionals ; She didn't have her own songs or songs by colleagues of her time in her repertoire . Soon she had first fans and participated in the recordings of the LP LP Folk Singers' Round Harvard Square in part, performing in a small music label from Boston appeared. Also in 1959 it reached a larger audience for the first time at the renowned Newport Folk Festival . Together with Bob Gibson , who brought Baez onto the stage as an unannounced surprise guest during his performance, she sang two duets ( Virgin Mary Had One Son , We Are Crossing the Jordan River ), which, according to her autobiography, made her an acclaimed folk star overnight.

In the early years of her career, Joan Baez suffered from severe stage fright attacks, at times exacerbated by agoraphobia . Sometimes she had to interrupt a concert out of sheer fear, refreshed herself with water in the washroom, cried a little and then went back on stage. Nobody noticed or wanted to notice anything. Sometimes the fear of a concert got so great that she couldn't even leave her parents' house. Only her sister Mimi, who accompanied her to the concerts, knew about it and supported her in overcoming this problem. The stage fright accompanied her for a long time. Today she is released from it and goes on stage relaxed.

Joan Baez and Bob Dylan in 1963 in the
March on Washington organized by the Civil Rights Movement

Her first solo LP was released a year later under the title Joan Baez on Vanguard Records . The follow-up album Joan Baez Vol. 2 (1961) received gold status in the USA , as did both parts of Joan Baez in Concert from 1962. In 1961 she also went on a tour of the USA and met Bob Dylan , who was the support act for John Lee Hooker appeared. She began to interpret his songs and introduced the still little-known folk musician to a wide audience as a surprise guest in her concerts. The initially professional relationship soon turned into a private relationship; the two became a couple. Baez described meeting Dylan in the documentary Joan Baez by Mary Wharton in 2009 as her artistic breakthrough. In the same film, Dylan mainly remembers the harmonious harmony of their voices and what is special about Baez 'sometimes complicated guitar playing, which no one except her has mastered in this form. At the suggestion of Sharon Isbin , for example, John W. Duarte composed a Joan Baez suite in honor of the great folk guitarist and singer.

In the first half of the 1960s she was at the forefront of the folk movement. At that time, her style was already influencing artists such as Joni Mitchell , Bonnie Raitt and Judy Collins . In 1962, on a tour through the southern states , she decided to only perform where there were no racial barriers. This left her with only black universities in the USA. On August 28, 1963, she sang the famous We Shall Overcome at the Civil Rights March , which in the following years became her vocal trademark. She also performed there with Dylan. With reference to the 1960s in particular, she was referred to in retrospect as the “voice and conscience of her generation”.

In 1966 she met the GDR dissident and songwriter Wolf Biermann in East Berlin .

Joan Baez (1966)

Like Dylan, she was influenced by the British Invasion and began to amplify her acoustic guitar with bass and electric guitar , which can already be heard on Farewell, Angelina (1965). Shortly before, Dylan had begun to combine folk with rock music by amplifying his guitar electrically and performing with a backing band. Since Baez felt neglected by Dylan on his tour of England in 1965, and he never asked her to perform with him, the relationship fell apart the following year. According to her own account, Baez, who did not take any drugs herself , also had problems with the high drug consumption of the band members during the tour.

Towards the end of the decade, Baez experimented with lyrics , heard on Baptism; A Journey Through Our Time (1968). The album is a collection of poems that were either spoken or performed with orchestral accompaniment. In the same year she married David Harris , a well-known opponent of the Vietnam War and conscientious objector from California . As a fan of country music , he influenced their music in this direction, which can be heard on David's 1969 album . This album includes the Traditional Poor Wayfaring Stranger , on which she is accompanied by her sister Mimi Fariña , and Will the Circle Be Unbroken with Elvis Presley's former backing singer The Jordanaires .

In 1969 she performed at the Woodstock Festival . The pregnant singer used this large forum to denounce the abuses in the world. She also discussed the imprisonment of her husband, who was serving a 15-month prison sentence at the time and who had initiated a hunger strike among inmates after he was transferred from a district prison to a more closely guarded federal prison. Then she took her guitar and sang the gospel swing low, Sweet Chariot . After her son was born, she took him to visit his father in prison. The marriage with Harris was divorced in 1973.

In 1971 she covered The Night They Drove Old Dixie Down by The Band and had a top 10 hit in the US. With the 1972 album Come From the Shadows , she joined A & M Records , where their music toward mainstream - Pop changed and she began even songs for the 1975 feature album Diamonds & Rust to write. The theme song deals with her failed love affair with Bob Dylan. The line "My poetry was lousy you've said." ("My poetry was miserable, you told me.") Also indicates artistic differences between the two. Diamonds & Rust stayed on the US charts for 46 weeks and was a huge hit both critically and commercially. Alongside Speaking of Dreams , the title song is one of Baez's most famous original compositions. It has been covered several times, including in 1977 by Judas Priest and in 2003 by Blackmore's Night .

In the early 1970s, Joan Baez worked on the soundtracks of two internationally successful cinema productions. In 1971 she sang the songs of the Italian-French judicial drama Sacco e Vanzetti (cf. Sacco and Vanzetti ) by director Giuliano Montaldo to the music of Ennio Morricone . From this film, the song Here's to you, widely used as a kind of hymn for the victims of political justice , became world-famous and widely adapted. In 1972 she sang the lyrics of the songs composed by Peter Schickele in the ecologically ambitious American science fiction film Silent Running (German title: Lautlos im Weltraum ), shot by Douglas Trumbull .

In 1972 Joan Baez performed with BB King and the Voices of East Harlem in Sing Sing Prison in New York State. Unlike many of their colleagues, they were ready to support a film project group from prison and take part in a final concert. There Baez advocated tolerance and understanding for prisoners. For the film, which consists of interviews with the prisoners and prison staff, recordings of the preparations for the concert and the performances of the artists themselves, she recorded the title song Sing Sing Ossining .

1975 and 1976 followed with the Rolling Thunder Revue, their second tour with Dylan. On this tour, which was apolitical and contained many clownish elements, Baez was, according to Dylan, as carefree and inwardly relaxed as never before. Film recordings show Joan Baez dancing, jumping and fooling around, contrary to her habit in crazy outfits, heavily made up, with costume jewelry and painted fingernails. Baez recalls that she found this politically light-hearted tour relaxing; However, she would not have endured an apolitical way of life for a longer period of time. In 1978, Baez starred as "Woman in White" with Dylan's ex-wife Sarah in his film Renaldo and Clara . At the time in Argentina, the junta imposed a ban on them from appearing and reporting.

She briefly switched to CBS Records , but was without an American label for her Live Europe '83 from 1984. To do this, she opened the Live Aid concert in 1985 , after having toured Europe again with Dylan the year before. In 1987 the next album followed in the USA, Recently on the Gold Castle Records label . In 1988 she performed under the name 3 Voices at several concerts with Konstantin Wecker and Mercedes Sosa . She celebrated her 30th stage anniversary in 1989 with the album Speaking of Dreams . For the 1992 album Play Me Backwards , she changed the record company again, this time she went to Virgin Records . Play Me Backwards earned Joan a Grammy nomination.

Joan Baez in Charlotte (2003)

Shortly before her 50th birthday in 1991, she hired a manager for the first time and took singing lessons. She also underwent psychotherapy . Since then she has rarely played instruments on recordings, but concentrates far more on her singing. She continues to play the guitar herself on live tours. Ring Them Bells , a highly regarded live album, was released in 1995 together with a number of friends ( Dar Williams , Indigo Girls , Tish Hinojosa , Janis Ian , Mary Black , Kate & Anna McGarrigle and Mary Chapin Carpenter ) and her sister Mimi Fariña. She has performed several times with the Indigo Girls, with Janis Ian in 1994 at a benefit concert for the National Gay and Lesbian Task Force .

In 2004 and 2005 she toured the USA, in 2006 through several cities in Germany, in 2008 she gave concerts at the Glastonbury Festival in England and at the Montreux Jazz Festival in Switzerland . In 2009 she was on stage at the 50th anniversary of the Newport Folk Festival, which had given her her breakthrough 50 years earlier. Her interpretations include classic US traditionals and folk songs such as House of the Rising Sun , Barbara Allen , songs by Pete Seeger , Woody Guthrie and Bob Dylan, but also numerous songs in Spanish and occasionally in other languages ​​such as Italian, French, Russian and German ( children of Bettina Wegner ).

Baez does not restrict himself to traditional songs: She interprets on her album Day After Tomorrow (2008) contemporary folk songs, including written by Steve Earle , who is also the album produced . This album was also nominated for a Grammy. For the first time in many years, Baez was back on the Billboard charts. She also interpreted the popular folk song about the American labor leader Joe Hill with the title I Dreamed I Saw Joe Hill Last Night penned by Alfred Hayes and Earl Robinson . She also made a significant contribution to making the originally Yiddish song Donna Donna known worldwide.

In 2016 the 75th Birthday Concert was released on CD and DVD; the concert, recorded in New York at the Beacon Theater, was also broadcast on PBS and Arte and is a live recording with celebrity duet partners such as Paul Simon , Damien Rice , Indigo Girls and Emmylou Harris . In 2017, Baez was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame . The studio album Whistle Down the Wind will follow in 2018 . The grammy-nominated album reached chart positions in Germany, Great Britain and the USA. Baez was on the Fare Thee Well tour in 2018 and 2019 with 118 sold-out concerts in Europe and the USA.

Political commitment

In addition to her music, Joan Baez became politically active at an early age and campaigned for minorities around the world, for pacifism and against racial segregation in her homeland. Lasting impact, it was by the African-American speaker of the US civil rights movement (Civil Rights Movement) Martin Luther King, whom she heard speak at a Quaker seminary as a student for the first time. Baez remained connected to King until his assassination and worked with him on numerous political campaigns.

Her political involvement began in 1957 when she refused to leave the classroom during an air raid drill out of civil disobedience because the exercise was pointless. She and her father had previously calculated that it would be impossible for the students to reach the shelters before, as suggested in the exercise, missiles from the Soviet Union had reached Palo Alto , California, where they lived at the time. The incident involving the “know-it-all” schoolgirl was made big in the local press and earned Baez the reputation of being a communist . The family left the place shortly afterwards. In the same year she met Ira Sandperl (1923-2013), a peace activist in Menlo Park , California , who referred to the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi and became her mentor as an activist . Through his views on pacifism, he also helped her to improve the sometimes difficult relationship with her sister Mimi. According to Sandperl, Joan Baez should always imagine that it was the last hour of her life, which apparently helped her in dealing with Mimi. In addition, he founded together with her, the California Institute for the study of non-violence , The Institute for the Study of Nonviolence , which later became the Resource Center for Nonviolence was the 2005 on the Gulf War reported and its effects.

Non-violence became an important vocabulary in Joan Baez's political vocabulary, also towards the political opponent and, for example, during demonstrations , towards the police. Civil rights activist Jesse Jackson , companion and friend, recalls in Mary Wharton's Joan Baez documentary that at political events, even under difficult, politically and emotionally charged conditions (e.g. stones were thrown at black students who were in a white Went to school), Joan Baez had always urged to weave this word into the speeches several times in order to de-escalate the tense situation .

Joan Baez appears at the March on Washington for Work and Freedom on August 28, 1963
Joan Baez at the Frankfurt Easter March 1966

In the 1960s, she paid a large part of her wage tax to a blocked account so as not to finance the Vietnam War , supported the Free Speech Movement - a student organization that campaigned for freedom of expression and against the war in Vietnam - and took part in Easter marches in Germany. In 1963 she refused to appear on ABC shows because the station boycotted left-wing musician Pete Seeger . In the same year she also sang with Bob Dylan at the Lincoln Memorial on the occasion of the March on Washington and the rally with Martin Luther King. After she was sentenced to 10 days' imprisonment while participating in a blockade of the access to an army complex in 1967 , all of her records were removed from PX stores in Europe. She was arrested a second time and spent a total of one month in prison. She also founded the West Coast Division of Amnesty International . In 1967 the conservative women's association Daughters of the American Revolution denied her an appearance in Constitution Hall , as this women's association had already done in 1939 with Marian Anderson because of the color of her skin.

Joan Baez was involved in numerous protest marches and other political actions against the Vietnam War. In 1972 she traveled to North Vietnam with a delegation from the peace movement over the Christmas period . There she was surprised by the US military operation Operation Linebacker II (also known as Christmas Day Bombing ), during which the US Air Force massively bombed Hanoi for twelve days ; many people were killed and the city was badly damaged. Baez and her fellow travelers survived the attack. According to her own account, she was severely traumatized by the experience . The 1973 album Where Are You Now, My Son? In the poem of the same name, which is accompanied by live tape recordings of the events on site, the impressions of Joan Baez's experience in Hanoi are about 21 minutes long. Even after the end of the Vietnam War, Baez continued to be involved in Southeast Asia . In the 1980s, she traveled to Cambodia with a humanitarian organization to bring food and medicine to the particularly distressed west of the country.

When her sister Mimi founded the organization Bread & Roses in 1972 , Joan Baez helped intensively. The organization has held concerts in hospitals and prisons ever since. In August 1975 she received an award for her public service at the first Rock Music Awards and was also honored with a holiday ( Joan Baez Day , August 2, 1975) in Atlanta . After saying in an interview in 1972 that she had had a lesbian relationship ten years earlier and that she sees herself as bisexual , in 1978 she gave some benefit concerts against Proposition 6 , the so-called Briggs Initiative , which allows all homosexual teachers to attend public schools wanted to ban in California. In the same year she took part in memorial marches for the politician Harvey Milk , who was killed in an assassination attempt together with George Moscone , the mayor of San Francisco , who had come out as a gay.

In Madrid in 1977 after the end of Francisco Franco's dictatorship , she sang the song We Shall Not be Moved (Spanish No nos moverán ), which had been banned in Spain for 40 years . She sang against dictatorships and military coups in South America and founded the human rights organization " Humanitas International Human Rights Committee " in 1979 , which looked after boat people from Vietnam. She headed the organization until it ceased its services in 1992.

In the 1980s she supported the peace movement. She played on the Conspiracy of Hope tour organized by Amnesty International in 1986 with Sting , Peter Gabriel and others. Václav Havel said it had a "decisive influence on the velvet revolution " in Czechoslovakia in 1989. In the same year she released the protest song China , in which she denounced the bloody suppression of the popular uprising on Tian'anmen Square ( Tian'anmen massacre ). In 1992 she was one of the first artists to visit Bosnia-Herzegovina . In war-torn Sarajevo , she walked through the streets , protected by a bulletproof vest , escorted, talked to people and made music, among other things. with the street musician Vedran Smailović, known as a cellist from Sarajevo .

In 2003 she gave concerts against the use of landmines with Steve Earle, Emmylou Harris and Billy Bragg . She also spoke out against the Iraq war in August 2005 when she visited Cindy Sheehan , the mother of a killed soldier, at her camp at the entrance to George Bush's ranch . She is also to this day sponsor of the Central Committee on Conscientious Objectors in the United States. In 2008 she supported Barack Obama's presidential candidacy . In 2010, Baez was publicly critical of the new, stricter immigration law for Mexicans in the US state of Arizona and used concert appearances in her home country, for example in Salt Lake City in July 2010 .


Baez has a sister two years older than him; a second sister, Margarita Mimi , who was four years younger and also a singer and guitarist, died in 2001. The Swallow Song is a duet between the two sisters on the 1995 Baez live CD Ring them Bells. The mathematical physicist John Baez is her cousin. In December 1969, Joan Baez gave birth to their son Gabriel Earl from marriage to David Harris . Gabriel accompanied her as a percussionist in her band.

After the divorce from Harris, she had short and changing relationships with various partners, including Steve Jobs , but has lived single since then. After all, she lived with her son Gabriel, daughter-in-law and granddaughter in Woodside , California . Her mother also lived with Baez until her death in 2013, shortly after her 100th birthday. Baez had a tree house on her property, where she spent much of her free time, meditating and writing.

On her 80th birthday, Joan Baez opened an exhibition in a Californian gallery with realistic portraits by, among others, Kamala Harris , Greta Thunberg , Václav Havel , Nelson Mandela , Ruth Bader Ginsberg , the young Bob Dylan and a self-portrait in which Rüdiger Schaper “a pensive, dark Latino beauty ”sees.

Joan Baez Award

On the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the human rights organization Amnesty International , Joan Baez was the first to receive the award named after her on March 18, 2011 in San Francisco . She received this honor for her outstanding work in the global fight for human rights and her courageous human rights work at Amnesty International. In the coming years, this award will be given to artists from the fields of music, film and the like who work in a similar way for human rights.



Studio albums

year title Top ranking, total weeks, awardChart placementsChart placements
(Year, title, rankings, weeks, awards, notes)
1963 Joan Baez DE38 (4 weeks)
- - UK9

(18 weeks)UK

(64 weeks)US
First published: October 1960
Producer: Maynard Solomon
chart entry in DE and UK only in 1965
Joan Baez, Vol. 2 - - - - US21st

(36 weeks)US
First published: September 1961
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1964 Joan Baez / 5 - - - UK3 (27 weeks)
US12 (66 weeks)
First published: October 1964
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1965 Farewell, Angelina DE30 (2 weeks)
- - UK5 (23 weeks)
US10 (27 weeks)
First published: October 1965
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1967 Joan - - - - US38 (20 weeks)
First published: August 1967
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1968 Baptism - - - - US84 (25 weeks)
First published: June 1968
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1969 Any Day Now - - - - US30th

(20 weeks)US
First published: December 1968
Producer: Maynard Solomon
David's album - - - - US36 (14 weeks)
First published: May 1969
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1970 One day at a time - - - - US80 (14 weeks)
First published: January 1970
Producer: Maynard Solomon
1971 Blessed Are ... - - - - US11

(23 weeks)US
First published: July 1971
Producer: Norbert Putnam
Carry it on - - - - US164 (5 weeks)
First release: December 1971
Soundtrack for the film of the same name
Producer: Christopher Knight
1972 Come from the shadows - - - - US48 (24 weeks)
First published: May 1972
Producer: Joan Baez
1973 Where Are You Now, My Son? - - - - US138 (9 weeks)
First published: March 1973
Producers: Joan Baez, Norbert Putnam, Henry Lewy
1975 Diamonds & Rust - - - - US11

(46 weeks)US
First published: April 1975
Producer: David Kershenbaum
1976 Gulf Winds - - - - US62 (17 weeks)
First published: October 1976
Producer: David Kershenbaum
1977 Blowin 'away - - - - US54 (14 weeks)
First published: June 1977
Producers: David Kershenbaum, Bernard Gelb
1979 Honest Lullaby - - - - US113 (7 weeks)
First published: July 1979
Producer: Barry Beckett
2008 Day After Tomorrow DE95 (1 week)
- - UK100 (1 week)
US128 (1 week)
First released: September 9th, 2008
Producer: Steve Earle
2018 Whistle down the wind DE8 (8 weeks)
AT23 (2 weeks)
CH13 (5 weeks)
UK47 (1 week)
US88 (3 weeks)
Initial release: March 2nd, 2018
Producer: Joe Henry

gray hatching : no chart data available for this year


  • Daybreak - An Intimate Journal . The Dial Press, New York, NY 1968.
    • translated by Jörg Fauser: daybreak . Two thousand and one, Frankfurt am Main 1978, 1982 DNB 209321598 .
  • And a Voice to Sing With: A Memoir . Century Hutchinson, 1987, London. ISBN 0-7126-1827-9 .
  • At seventeen you still have dreams. It was wonderful in prison . Interview in: KulturSPIEGEL with Dominik Baur, October 27, 2008, issue 11/2008, page 62 (with one photo each by Joan Baez in 1958 and from 2008).
  • with Yoko Ono and others: Memories of John Lennon , with an introduction by Yoko Ono, translated by David Alleckna. Schwarzkopf and Schwarzkopf, Berlin 2005, ISBN 978-3-89602-679-8 .


  • Jens Rosteck : Joan Baez. Portrait of an indomitable. Osburg, Hamburg 2017, ISBN 978-3-95510-142-8 .
  • Carl-Ludwig Reichert: Folk . From Joan Baez to Adam Green. dtv, Munich 2007, ISBN 978-3-423-24587-6 .
  • Markus Jäger: Joan Baez and the Issue of Vietnam. Art and activism versus conventionality. Ibidem, Stuttgart 2003. ISBN 3-89821-297-1 , (English).
  • David Hajdu: Positively 4th Street - The Lives And Times Of Joan Baez, Bob Dylan, Mimi Baez Fariña And Richard Fariña. Farrar, Straus & Giroux, New York, 2001 ( excerpt - review )
  • Wolfgang Biederstädt: Joan Baez (= Fischer paperback 2299). Fischer-Taschenbuch-Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1987, ISBN 3-596-22996-0 .
  • Jutta Kamke: School of Nonviolence. The Palo Alto model. With an afterword by Theodor Ebert. Hoffmann and Campe, Hamburg 1974, ISBN 3-455-09095-8 .
  • "I've tried relationships all my life, none has ever worked . " In: Der Spiegel . No. 9 , 2018 ( online - Joan Baez in an interview with Philipp Oehmke ).


Web links

Commons : Joan Baez  - Collection of Images, Videos and Audio Files

Individual evidence

  1. , Corso , January 9, 2016, Knut Benzner: Unbroken Combatious (January 9, 2016)
  2. ^ The Joan Baez Web Pages. May 6, 2015, accessed January 9, 2021 .
  3. : Joan Baez (biography) . Retrieved June 21, 2009
  4. ^ Documentary by Mary Wharton (2009).
  5. Jens Rosteck: Bob Dylan. Life - work - effect. Suhrkamp Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2006, ISBN 978-3518182185 , p. 32.
  6. ^ Hannes Fricke: Myth guitar: history, interpreters, great hours. Reclam, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-15-020279-1 , p. 138.
  7. ^ Hannes Fricke: Myth guitar: history, interpreters, great hours. Reclam, Stuttgart 2013, ISBN 978-3-15-020279-1 , p. 209.
  8. ^ Iain Blair: The Voice Of Joan Baez , The Chicago Tribune, June 28, 1987, accessed February 10, 2015.
  9. ^ Giuliano Montaldo: Sacco e Vanzetti. Jolly Film, Unidis, Theater Le Rex SA, March 16, 1971, accessed January 9, 2021 .
  10. Here's to you in the original version (, accessed on November 29, 2014)
  11. «The junta does not want the Beatles» . In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . Vienna June 19, 1978, p. 8 ( - the open online archive - digitized).
  12. more on "The Institute for the Study of Non-Violence" by Court Tefft , on Wikispaces (accessed on May 22, 2016)
  13. Andreas Margara : Where Joan Baez started against US bombs SPIEGEL ONLINE (accessed December 19, 2016)
  14. Text of the title Where Are You Now, My Son? , online at (accessed on February 26, 2014)
  15. Jens Uthoff: Joan Baez on the anti-weapons movement: "This generation gives us hope" . In: The daily newspaper: taz . May 29, 2018, ISSN  0931-9085 ( [accessed May 30, 2018]).
  16. Dave Boyce: Mother of Joan Baez dies at 100. In: Palo Alto Online , April 25, 2013 (English)
  17. ^ Rüdiger Schaper: Music and civil rights. Joan Baez on her 80th birthday. In: Der Tagesspiegel , January 8, 2021, p. 19. ( online version under different title )
  18. Joan Baez Award from Amnesty International 2011 ( Memento of March 14, 2011 in the Internet Archive )
  19. Your official Rock Hall class of 2017 roster . Hall of Fame website, accessed December 22, 2016
  20. New Members. Retrieved May 1, 2020 .
  21. Singer Joan Baez receives Woody Guthrie Prize , published and accessed July 22, 2020
  22. Chart sources: Singles Albums DE AT CH UK US
This version was added to the list of articles worth reading on September 28, 2005 .