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A hymn (masculine, ancient Greek ὕμνος hýmnos , German ' tone structure' , post-Christian Latin hymn as a loan word with the meaning "praise God with song" or "song with praise God") or a hymn (feminine, secondary from the plural hymns ) is originally a solemn song of praise and praise. This gave rise to the hymn as a poem form as a spiritual song or a religious, lyrical poem (in contrast to epic, didactic and profane poetry). Hymns are an expression of great enthusiasm and admiration. In the Hymnology spiritual hymns and others are hymns explored. A distinction is also made between liturgical, extra-liturgical and Greek (or Syrian) hymns.

In addition, hymn is short for a national anthem or similar chants.


Canticle or poem: hymn - hymn

Other meanings


Web links

Wiktionary: Anthem  - explanations of meanings, word origins, synonyms, translations

Individual evidence

  1. Clemens Blume: Hymn. In: Michael Buchberger (Ed.): Kirchliches Handlexikon. A reference book on the entire field of theology and its auxiliary sciences. Volume 1: A-H. Allgemeine Verlags-Gesellschaft, Munich 1907, Sp. 2064 f.
  2. ^ "Hymne", in: Wolfgang Pfeifer et al., Etymological Dictionary of German (1993), digitized version in the Digital Dictionary of the German Language, revised by Wolfgang Pfeifer, < > , accessed on January 19, 2020.
  3. See Duden online: Hymne and Hymnus
  4. Clemens Blume: Hymn. 1907.
  5. ^ Duden online: Hymnology
  6. Clemens Blume: Hymn. 1907.
  7. ^ Duden online: National anthem
  8. Clemens Blume: Hymn. 1907.
  9. Reinhard Müller:  Psalms (AT). In: Michaela Bauks, Klaus Koenen, Stefan Alkier (eds.): The scientific biblical dictionary on the Internet (WiBiLex), Stuttgart May 1, 2013, accessed on January 19, 2020.
  10. ^ Kurt Schlueter: The English Ode. Studies of their development under the influence of the ancient hymn. Bonn 1964.
  11. Duden online: hymn of praise