from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Sting at the premiere of the science fiction film " Moon " (April 30, 2009)
Sting emblem (no autograph )

Sting , stage name of Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner CBE (born October 2, 1951 in Wallsend , Tyne and Wear , England ) is a British musician , composer and actor .

life and work

Life before fame

Gordon Matthew Thomas Sumner was born the son of a milkman in Wallsend, a suburb of Newcastle upon Tyne . He attended by Jesuit -led, Catholic St Cuthbert's High School and was growing up as an altar active. From 1971 to 1974 he trained as a teacher of English and music at the Northern Counties Teacher Training College . He then worked for two years as a teacher at the Catholic St Paul's First School in Cramlington.

Before his career as a professional musician, Gordon Sumner also worked as a construction worker and bus driver. In his spare time he played in local jazz groups such as the Phoenix Jazzmen, the Newcastle Big Band and Last Exit. It was during this time that he received his nickname “Sting”: He once appeared in a yellow and black striped sweater in which, according to his bandmate, he looked like a wasp. According to Sting's own statement, he pointed to the sweater and shouted: “Gordon's got a sting!” This is how Gordon Sumner became Sting (German: (wasp) sting ). Since then he has been using this stage name except on official documents.

In 1977 Sting worked on the recordings of the anti-nuclear project Radio Actors , initiated by Nik Turner ( Hawkwind ) and Harry Williamson ( Mother Gong ), together with Steve Hillage , Gilli Smyth (1933-2016), Steve Broughton and Mike Howlett on the song Nuclear Waste with. In the same year Mike Howlett put together the short-lived band "Strontium 90" with Sting, Stewart Copeland and Andy Summers , in which the later line-up of "The Police" was represented for the first time. From 1977 to 1979 he worked temporarily for the German composer Eberhard Schoener .

Band: "The Police"

Stings Fender Stratocaster from the Police era

In 1977 Sting, Stewart Copeland and Andy Summers (initially Henry Padovani ) formed the rock-pop band " The Police " in London . The group topped the charts with several albums starting in 1978 and won six Grammys in the early 1980s . Their last album together, Synchronicity , came out in 1983. The Police got together again in 1986 to re-record their song Don't Stand So Close to Me , and played in 1992 at Sting's wedding with Trudie Styler . Only years later did the quarreling band members reconcile. After an appearance at the 2007 Grammy Awards, a world tour was announced that started in Canada on May 28 of the same year and was very successful. However, no further projects are planned. In 2020, Sting reiterated that there will be no revival for The Police group.

Sting as an actor

Sting worked as an actor in several movies. He made his film debut in 1979 with Quadrophenia . In addition to appearing as a kind of devil in Brimstone and Treacle (1982), one of his most famous roles is that of "Feyd-Rautha Harkonnen" in the 1984 film Dune . In the film Stormy Monday (1987), Sting was a jazz club owner in Newcastle. In Guy Ritchie's comedy Bube, Dame, König, grAs (1998) he played a bar host. On television he was seen in guest appearances at the Simpsons , Ally McBeal or Little Britain as well as on stage. For CD recordings, he took on the role of the soldier in Igor Stravinsky's story of the soldier in 1988 and that of the narrator in Sergei Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf in 1991 . Most of his work for film and television is in music.

Solo career and political work

The Dream of the Blue Turtles was Sting's first solo album in mid-1985. From this he coupled the single If You Love Somebody Set Them Free , which was a great success. Within a year, the album went triple platinum through sales. In 1986 Sting released the live album Bring On the Night with Police and Sting songs. Most of the songs on this album were recorded in December 1985.

In the fall of 1987, Sting released … Nothing Like the Sun with the songs We'll Be Together, Englishman in New York and Be Still My Beating Heart, which he dedicated to his mother, Audrey, who had recently died. The album went double platinum and was one of the most important albums of the 1980s. With these first two solo albums, Sting built a bridge to jazz , which was mainly formed through the participation of jazz musicians such as Branford Marsalis , Kenny Kirkland , Darryl Jones and Omar Hakim . In 1987 there was a collaboration with the big band arranger Gil Evans . Sting and Evans recorded a live album together at the Jazz Festival in Perugia (Italy). His live concert with chansons by Kurt Weill with Gianna Nannini and Jack Bruce also became legendary .

In the late 1980s, Sting devoted himself intensively to supporting environmental protection projects and human rights , including the Amnesty International group . With his then-girlfriend and current wife Trudie Styler and Raoni, the chief of the Kayapo Indians of Brazil , founded in 1987 after a sting ayahuasca -Experience the Rainforest Foundation Rainforest Foundation.

Sting and Dominic Miller
Sting with Bono from U2 on the Conspiracy of Hope Tour (1986)

In the same year, together with Gianna Nannini and Jack Bruce , he sang songs by Brecht / Weill and Hanns Eisler , which were recorded for ARD (first broadcast April 30, 1987), under the direction of Eberhard Schoener .

He dedicated Sting's album The Soul Cages (1991) to his father Ernie, who had recently died. It includes the top 10 song All this Time and the theme song that won it a Grammy . The album went platinum. From The Soul Cages on, Sting worked with guitarist Dominic Miller . The following year, Sting married Trudie Styler and received an honorary degree in music from Northumbria University ; He also released the successful single It's Probably Me with Eric Clapton . In the spring of 1993, Sting released the successful Ten Summoner's Tales album , which went platinum three times. In May of the same year, Sting released a remix of the title track Demolition Man from the film of the same name.

Sting's success reached a peak in the spring of 1994. Together with Bryan Adams and Rod Stewart he sang the theme song All for Love from the film The Three Musketeers . The title stayed at the top of the German charts for five weeks and went platinum. In February 1994, Sting won two more Grammys and was nominated for three more. The Berklee College of Music awarded him the second honorary doctorate in May 1994. Finally, in November 1994, Sting released his greatest hits collection Fields of Gold: The Best of Sting, which went double platinum.

Sting's 1996 album Mercury Falling was received positively by the critics, but only stayed briefly in the charts. With two singles he made it into the top 40: You Still Touch Me (June) and I'm So Happy I Can't Stop Crying (December); the song I Hung My Head was later covered by Johnny Cash . He interpreted the standard It Ain't Necessarily So by George Gershwin in 1997 on the Joe Anderson album Porgy and Bess .

Sting made a commercial comeback in September 1999 with the album Brand New Day , with the releases Brand New Day and especially Desert Rose, which made it into the top 10 and stayed there for a few weeks. Sting received three platinum platinum awards by January 2001. At the presentation of the Grammy Awards 2000 , Sting was recognized for the album and the title track. At the award ceremony he played Desert Rose together with Cheb Mami . This performance earned Sting the Khalil Gibran Spirit of Humanity Award from the Arab-American Institute Foundation.

Sting began 2001 with an appearance on the Super Bowl halftime break . He won another Grammy in February. His song After The Rain Has Fallen was in the Top 40. On the evening of September 11th, a small gig in Italy was planned. Sting asked the audience if they should play at all after the events in New York City and Washington. The audience chose the concert, and Sting dedicated the evening to the victims of the terrorist attacks. Sting later contributed his song Fragile to the benefit album America: A Tribute to Heroes . The live album ... All this Time was released in November 2001, but sold disappointingly.

2002 was a year of prizes for Sting. He won a Golden Globe and was nominated for an Oscar for the song Until ... from the film Kate & Leopold . In June he was inducted into the Songwriter's Hall of Fame . Later that year it was announced that The Police would be inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in March 2003 . For his song They Dance Alone from 1987 in honor of the mothers of the victims (" Desaparecidos ") of the Chilean Pinochet dictatorship, Sting was honored in 2001 with the Gabriela Mistral Prize for Culture. In the summer of 2003 he was appointed Commander of the Most Excellent Order of the British Empire (CBE) .

Although Sting owns several properties in the UK and the US , he has spent most of his time in Tuscany since 1999 .

On September 22nd, 2003, Sting started his Sacred Love tour (for the album of the same name, Sacred Love ) in Paris, which took him through five continents for almost two years. The band consisted of Sting (vocals, bass), Dominic Miller (guitar), Rhani Krija (percussion), Kipper (keyboards, vocals), Joy Rose (backing vocals), Donna Gardier (backing vocals) and Keith Carlock (drums).

In the summer of 2004, Sting toured with Annie Lennox ( Eurythmics ) . The climax of the summer double tour popular in the United States was the duet We'll Be Together between the two of them. In the same year he was named "Person of the Year" by MusicCares in the USA .

On March 28, 2005 Sting started his Broken Music tour with the musicians Dominic Miller (g), Shane Fontayne (g), Josh Freese (dr). Without a keyboard or additional sound effects, but with two guitars, Sting rehearsed an unusually large number of songs from The Police a month beforehand , but also songs from his solo career that hadn't been heard for a long time. The concept of this concert tour went back to his 2003 autobiography Broken Music . During the six-week tour through the USA, Sting played in smaller halls and clubs. One of the special elements of this tour was Sting's lectures at universities and colleges, which he gave on invitation to students on literature and music. One lecture was recorded by, the college music spin-off of MTV , and broadcast live on television and the Internet. Sting described these lectures as an attempt to reach listeners and skeptics alike simply as musicians and to get away from the common "well-trodden fan-paths". According to the industry journal and the organizer "Clear Channel Entertainment", the "Broken Music" tour in the United States made more than 105 million dollars. About two million people attended the 181 concerts.

On July 2, 2005, Sting performed at the Live 8 concert in London's Hyde Park. He played Message in a Bottle , Driven to Tears and Every Breath You Take, which Sting sang with slightly different lyrics. Apart from that, he played the same songs as at the Live Aid concert . In contrast to 1985, when Sting performed solo, only accompanied by saxophonist Branford Marsalis , this time the musicians of the Broken Music tour were there.

On September 24, 2005, the telecommunications company Orange held a “Free Concert” at the “Służewice” racecourse near Warsaw (Poland), where Sting performed with the musicians from Live8 in London, with the exception of Kippers. The station Polsat TV recorded the concert and sent it partially live.

Sting - Live in Milan (2006)

In 2006 Sting played as part of the "Broken Music" tour in Trinidad and Tobago, at the jazz festival in Montreux , at the Rock in Rio festival in Lisbon and in many European countries, including France, Luxembourg, Denmark and Finland , Austria, Holland, Latvia and Russia. The band for this part of the tour consisted of Sting (b, voc), Dominic Miller and Lyle Workman (both git) and Abe Laboriel Jr. (dr).

On July 8, 2007, Sting performed with his ex-colleagues Andy Summers and Stewart Copeland at the environmental concert of initiators, including Al Gore, in New York and ended the worldwide concert marathon “Live Earth” after more than 24 hours . The musicians around Sting played the hit Message in a Bottle together with the rapper Kanye West . "Live Earth" was supposed to advertise climate protection. After the concert, Sting, Summers and Copeland went on a world tour together again as The Police , as they had already announced in February. The tour was an immense success and ended in August 2008.

Sting and Andy Summers (2008)

Sting has already dealt with classic models on earlier studio albums: In Russians (1985, on The Dream of the Blue Turtles ) he used a melody from the second movement of Sergeij Prokofiev's Lieutenant Kijé Suite, for The Secret Marriage (1987, on ... Nothing Like the Sun ) he took over the song An den kleine Radioapparat by Bertolt Brecht and Hanns Eislers and exchanged the text for his own. During this time he was also intensively involved with the music of Kurt Weill . For the Grammy-winning duet with Mary J. Blige Whenever I Say Your Name (2003, on Sacred Love ), Johann Sebastian Bach's Praeambulum 1 in C major (BWV 924) from the piano book for Wilhelm Friedemann Bach served as the basis, without that he commented on this makeover.

In 2006 Sting released together with the Bosnian lutenist Edin Karamazov an album entitled Songs from the Labyrinth with songs by the English composer John Dowland (1563-1626). The CD, which was released by Deutsche Grammophon in October of that year , mainly contains lute vocals, but also instrumental pieces. The German Grammophon published in 1993 a recording of Prokofiev's Peter and the Wolf , conducted by Claudio Abbado with Sting in the role of the narrator. On October 4th and 9th 2006 concerts took place in London and New York, in which Sting and Edin Karamazov together with the vocal ensemble Stile Antico presented the album live for the first time. The London concert at St Luke's Church was recorded on BBC Radio 3. On October 23, 2006 there was a concert with this program in Berlin. In 2006 he played the song Fragilidad on the album Rhythms del Mundo with the Buena Vista Social Club . In February and March 2007, Sting went on a four-week European tour with Edin Karamazov, which included Germany. In October 2009 the album If on a Winter's Night was released, a collection of songs that deals with winter in the broadest sense: Sting's declared favorite season.

In 2009, Sting performed at a festival that Gulnora Karimova , the daughter of the Uzbek dictator , organized in Uzbekistan . He later apologized and said he thought the event was sponsored by UNICEF.

During a visit to São Paulo in November 2009, together with Chief Raoni Metyktire , with whom he had fought against a dam in the Xingu area 20 years earlier, he called on the Brazilian government to stop building the world's third largest reservoir. The “Belo Monte” project was to be built there in the Amazon region , which would have had serious ecological consequences in the area inhabited by numerous species, as large areas of the primeval forest were to be flooded. It also threatens the livelihoods of the local Indians, who are made up of 24 ethnic groups.

From June 2, 2010 to July 31, 2011, Sting was on a symphonicity world tour with the Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra under the direction of Steven Mercurio to present Sting and The Police hits in a new form. Parallel to this world tour, the studio album Symphonicities was released on the Deutsche Grammophon and Cherry Tree label on July 6, 2010 . As part of the world tour, Sting performed under the direction of Steven Mercurio with local symphony orchestras such as the Federal Youth Orchestra (May 2010 in Wolfsburg , Germany ) or the Royal Moroccan Symphony Orchestra on May 29, 2010 in Rabat , Morocco at Rabat's Mawazine Festival “Rhythms of the World ” .

On November 26, 2010 a DVD and audio CD of the Symphonicity concert was released in the O 2 World in Berlin on September 21, 2010 with the title Sting - Live in Berlin (featuring The Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra) with guest star Branford Marsalis .

On the occasion of his 25-year solo career, Sting started the new world tour Back To Bass on October 21, 2011 , on which he presented selected songs from his work with a five-piece band. Sting is supported by his long-time friend and guitarist Dominic Miller , guitarist Rufus Miller, Vinnie Colaiuta (drums), Peter Tickell (violin) and Jo Lawry (vocals & violin). The CD / DVD collection Sting: 25 Years - The Definitive Box Set Collection will be released with various CD releases.

Sting Live (2013)

After a songwriting break of several years, Sting released his new album The Last Ship in September 2013 . The songs for this album were created during three years of work on the Broadway musical of the same name, which premiered in 2014. The Last Ship is about the decay of the once important shipbuilding industry in Newcastle, Northern England, which was also featured in the The Soul Cages album. This album is officially the first since Sacred Love (2003), on which Sting released new songs. The Last Ship is not an album accompanying the musical, but an independent work that also contains several songs that were not integrated into the musical. Well-known local musicians such as Brian Johnson , Jimmy Nail , Kathryn Tickell, Rachel and Becky Unthank contributed to the development of The Last Ship .

From February 2014, Sting went on tour together with Paul Simon with the project Paul Simon & Sting: On Stage Together to present their most famous songs both together and individually. In the same year, Sting was awarded the Kennedy Prize .

In June 2016, Sting went on a North American tour with Peter Gabriel . This tour was called the Rock Paper Scissor Tour.

One year after the terrorist attacks in Paris, which left 130 dead, Sting opened the Bataclan club with a concert on November 12, 2016 . In 2017 the artist undertook a tour through North America and Europe, named after his last album "57th & 9th", on which he was accompanied by his son Joe and The Last Bandoleros , an American Tex-Mex band.

For the song The Empty Chair , which was used for Brian Oake's documentary Jim: The James Foley Story , Sting received another Oscar nomination in 2017 together with J. Ralph . In 2017 he was also awarded the Swedish Polar Music Prize .

Bass game

During his time at The Police , Sting played mostly fretless bass with a plectrum.

After that he mainly played fretted bass with his thumb, also known as the muted thumb technique ; he often uses his Fender Precision Bass from 1953.


Sting married actress Frances Tomelty in 1976. The two have two children, Joseph (* 1976) and Fuchsia Katherine (* 1982). The marriage ended in divorce in early 1984. Sting and his second wife Trudie Styler (married since 1992) have four children, Bridget Michael (* 1984), Jake (* 1985), Eliot Paulina (* 1990) and Giacomo Luke (* 1995).

Jake's birth in March 1985 can be seen on the concert video Bring On the Night . Styler's labor began immediately after a concert in Paris, and Sting spontaneously decided to take the film crew who had recorded the concert that evening to the clinic at night.

Sting's eldest son Joe followed his father as a musician and founded the band "Santa's Boyfriend", which was later renamed "Fiction Plane". His daughter Eliot Paulina, who calls herself Coco, is also a musician. She was initially successful under the band name I Blame Coco and has appeared under her real name Eliot Sumner since 2014 .



Studio albums

Concert albums

  • 1986: Bring on the Night
  • 1991: Acoustic Live in Newcastle
  • 1997: Last Session (Sting and Gil Evans live at the Perugia Jazz Festival 1987, DVD)
  • 1997: Strange Fruit (Sting and Gil Evans live at the Perugia Jazz Festival 1987, DVD)
  • 2000: Live at Universal Amphitheater
  • 2001: ... All This Time
  • 2010: Live in Berlin (featuring The Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra) (special guest Branford Marsalis, audio CD + DVD)

Compilations / Best Of

  • 1993: Demolition Man
  • 1994: Fields of Gold: The Best of Sting (1984-1994)
  • 1997: Sting at the Movies
  • 2000: Brand New Day: The Remixes
  • 2001: Still Be Love in the World
  • 2002: The Very Best of Sting & The Police
  • 2003: Songs of Love
  • 2005: My Funny Valentine: At the Movies
  • 2011: 25 Years (3 CDs + DVD)

Speaking roles

Other Projects

  • 1995: The Living Sea
  • 2000: Dolphins


  • 1985: Bring on the Night ( VHS )
  • 1988: Sting: The Videos (VHS)
  • 1991: Sting Unplugged ( MTV Unplugged Concert , VHS)
  • 1991: The Soul Cages Concert (VHS)
  • 1993: Ten Summoner's Tales (VHS)
  • 1994: The Best of Sting: Fields of Gold 1984–1994 (double video CD )
  • 1995: The Living Sea ( IMAX , music for the documentary Wunderwelt der Meere )
  • 1995: All This Time ( CDROM - music video )
  • 1995: Summoner's Travels (VHS)
  • 1997: The Very Best of Sting & The Police (VHS)
  • 2000: Dolphins (DVD)
  • 2000: The Brand New Day Tour - Live from the Universal Amphitheater (DVD)
  • 2001: ... All This Time (DVD)
  • 2002: Sting Acústico (excerpts from the MTV unplugged concert & interviews, DVD)
  • 2003: Dolphins ( IMAX , music for the documentary Delfine )
  • 2003: Inside the Songs Of Sacred Love (DVD)
  • 2005: Bring on the Night (Documentation and concert excerpts from 1985, DVD)
  • 2005: Inside Out on the Sacred Love Tour (DVD)
  • 2006: Strange Fruit (Sting and Gil Evans live at the Perugia Jazz Festival 1987, DVD)
  • 2007: The Journey and the Labyrinth: The Music of John Dowland (DVD)
  • 2007: Sergei Prokofiev : Peter and the Wolf : A Prokofiev Fantasy (DVD)
  • 2009: Twin Spirits: Sting performs Schumann (DVD)
  • 2009: A Winter's Night… Live from Durham Cathedral (DVD)
  • 2010: Englishman in Japan (DVD)
  • 2010: Symphonicities +3 [Ltd. Edition] ( audio CD incl. 3 bonus tracks & DVD with studio documentation and interviews)
  • 2010: Live in Berlin (Featuring The Royal Philharmonic Concert Orchestra) (special guest Branford Marsalis , DVD + Audio-CD + Blu-ray )
  • 2011: Rough, Raw & Unreleased: Live at Irving Plaza (DVD), part of the Best Of-Collection 25 Years (3 CDs + DVD)
  • 2014: The Last Ship - Live at the Public Theater (DVD)
  • 2017: Live at the Olympia Paris (DVD)

Note on discography

There are numerous bootlegs from Sting that were or are available in various countries. The American lingerie company Victoria's Secret has also released some CDs that contain songs by Sting. The concert on his 40th birthday, which Sting gave on October 2, 1991 at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, was released in early 1992 under the title "Happy Birthday Sting" in a limited vinyl press. Sting contributed the songs Angel Eyes, My One and Only Love and It's a Lonesome Old Town to the soundtrack of the film Leaving Las Vegas (with Nicolas Cage and Elisabeth Shue ) . There is also a five-part CD series with the title I Shall Be Released IV, on which a total of almost one hundred songs (original compositions, cover versions, live recordings, film music, etc.) that Sting has recorded since 1976 can be heard.

Sting was also a guest musician with many of his colleagues. From 1977 to 1979 he worked in Munich with the German composer Eberhard Schoener and can be heard on his LPs Flashback and Video Magic . He worked in the 1980s with the Dire Straits ( Money for Nothing on the Brothers in Arms album ), Phil Collins (Long Long Way to Go and Take Me Home on the No Jacket Required album ) and Arcadia ( The Promise on the Album So Red the Rose) . On Frank Zappa's album Broadway the Hard Way (1989) , Sting sings the Police song Murder by Numbers, which has been slightly rearranged by Zappa, and dedicates it to the television preacher Jimmy Swaggart in an angry announcement .

The soundtrack of a film adaptation of Brimstone and Treacle contains the titles Brimstone & Treacle, Only You, Spread a Little Happiness, You Know I Had the Strangest Dream and Brimstone 2 as well as a short story by Sting. These titles cannot be found on any of his studio albums. In addition, the soundtrack also includes some titles from The Police .

Over the course of his career, Sting has retained his openness to different styles of music. He is a welcome guest on projects, collaborations and duets. Examples are the piece All for Love , which he recorded for the film The Three Musketeers with Bryan Adams and Rod Stewart , his singing on the Chieftains record Tears of Stone and two pieces on the sampler with shanties and pirate ballads called Rogue's Gallery, which in the "Wake" of the second part of Pirates of the Caribbean - Pirates of the Caribbean 2 was published.

Filmography (selection)


See also

Web links

Commons : Sting  - collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikiquote: Sting  - Quotes

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sting with orchestra in the town hall. Retrieved March 28, 2020 .
  2. Sting movie? Retrieved January 24, 2020 .
  3. Sting talks about his ayahuasca experience . 2013; Sting about ayahuasca.
  4. Review: The rocking provocation: How 54-year-old Gianna Nannini made headlines with her baby bump and her new CD . ( Memento from February 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Title thesen temperamente, January 23, 2011.
  5. Super Bowl Entertainment .
  6. Analysis of the piece in: Michael Custodis: Chapter Sting as a songwriter between Prokofiev, Eisler, Bach and Dowland. In: Classical Music Today. A search for clues in rock music. Transcript-Verlag, Bielefeld 2009, ISBN 978-3-8376-1249-3 .
  7. Robert Levine: Stars with Dictators: Party beasts . In: Die Zeit , No. 11/2014
  8. ^ Gary Duffy: Sting Urges Brazil to Listen to Tribal dam Fears . BBC News, November 22, 2009.
  9. 12/9/11 Sting - Back To Bass - New Tour Announced! ( Memento of January 6, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
  10. New album 2013 - The Last Ship. Official announcement
  11. "Sting Discusses Featured Musicians on 'The Last Ship' Album ..."
  12. "Sting and Paul Simon Will Tour Together ..."
  13. Peter and Sting Tour 2016
  14. Sting in the Bataclan: Celebrating Life. In: Spiegel Online . November 12, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2017 .
  15. Sting and Wayne Shorter for Polarpriset 2017 , , accessed on February 7, 2017.
  16. Christian Jahl: Sting: The music of a rock star . ibidem-Verlag / ibidem Press, 2003, ISBN 978-3-8382-5317-6 ( [accessed on March 29, 2020]).
  17. ^ By Mathias van Hulst: The Police, Sting & Roxanne. June 27, 2015, accessed on March 29, 2020 (German).
  18. by Markus Setzer: Bass Masterclass: Sting. December 4, 2015, accessed on March 29, 2020 (German).
  19. ^ Wensley Clarkson: Sting, the Biography. Blake Publishing, London 2000, ISBN 1-85782-319-2 .
  20. Official website of Fiction Plane
  21. I Blame Coco at Discogs (English)
  22. Eliot Sumner at Discogs (English)
  23. Alexander forehead: Masiakasaurus knopfleri: A dinosaur plays rock'n'roll. In: Spiegel Online . January 24, 2001, accessed January 7, 2017 .