Music production

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Music production is the manufacturing process of a musical work that is mostly intended for (commercial) publication. Sound carriers and quality level can vary greatly. In technical jargon, the respective project or result is often simply called "production".


The linchpin of modern music production is the recording studio , in which all processes come together. The recording studio can be a home studio in the hobby cellar, but it can also be a highly professional facility in which entire choirs and orchestras can be recorded with high-quality technology. Nowadays, productions are mainly made directly in the studio on digital audio workstations , but some recordings also take place outside (live or field recording ) and are then post-processed in the studio.

The artistic and technical direction is usually the music producer , whose role in the production is very individual.

The modern technical development has a strong equalizing effect, i. H. With hardware and software worth a few thousand euros, professional results can be achieved at home - assuming know-how and talent . In the past, an expensive professional studio had to be booked for this. Since many professional musicians are now doing at least the preproduction in their own home studio , the utilization and number of large studios has declined.

Main steps of a standard music production

The following demarcation is only schematic, as the individual work steps actually mostly flow into one another. The sequence can also vary depending on the genre and personal preferences of the producer.

  1. Draft / demo recording
  2. Pre-production
  3. Sound recording
  4. Mix
  5. Mastering
  6. CD production


  • Jan-Friedrich Conrad: Recording. An introduction to the technology of music production. PPV media, 6th act. 2006 edition, ISBN 3-937841-28-8
  • Martin Hömberg: Recording Basics - recording practice in a nutshell. PPV Medien, ISBN 978-3-932275-21-0