1941

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1941
Destroyed village in Russia
Operation Barbarossa :
The Wehrmacht invades the Soviet Union .
Attack on Pearl Harbor
After Japan's attack on Pearl Harbor
, the United States enters the war .
1941 in other calendars
Armenian calendar 1389/90 (turn of the year July)
Ethiopian calendar 1933/34 (September 10-11)
Baha'i calendar 97/98 (March 20/21)
Bengali solar calendar 1345/46 (April 14 or 15)
Buddhist calendar 2484/85 (southern Buddhism); 2483/84 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 77th (78th) cycle

Year of the Metal Snake辛巳 ( since January 27 , before that Metal Dragon庚辰)

Chuch'e ideology (North Korea) Chuch'e 30
Chula Sakarat (Siam, Myanmar) / Dai calendar (Vietnam) 1303/04 (turn of the year April)
Dangun era (Korea) 4274/75 (October 2/3)
Iranian calendar 1319/20 (around March 21)
Islamic calendar 1359/60 (January 28-29)
Japanese calendar 昭和Shōwa 16;
Koki 2601
Jewish calendar 5701/02 (September 21/22)
Coptic calendar 1657/58 (September 10-11)
Malayalam calendar 1116/17
Minguo calendar (China) Year 30 of the republic
Seleucid era Babylon: 2251/52 (turn of the year April)

Syria: 2252/53 (turn of the year October)

Suriyakati Calendar (Thai Solar Calendar) 2483/84 (April 1)
Tibetan calendar 1687
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 1997/98 (April)

Events

Politics and world events

Second World War

The Atlantic Charter
Roosevelt and Churchill aboard the Prince of Wales

Under the influence of the German attack on the Soviet Union will meet from 9. bis 12. August the government of the United States , Franklin D. Roosevelt and Britain , Winston S. Churchill , a top-secret on the British battleship HMS Prince of Wales in Placentia Bay off Newfoundland . Here they agree on the Atlantic Charter , which will be published on August 14th and in which they formulate the common principles of their international policy.

Atlantic Charter of August 14, 1941

A total of eight points are recorded, including: renouncing territorial expansion, equal access to world trade and raw materials, renouncing the use of force, the right of nations to self-determination, closest economic cooperation of all nations with the aim of creating better working conditions, economic equilibrium and the protection of workers , Security for the peoples from tyranny, freedom of the seas, disarming of nations to ensure a system of permanent security.

Two of the points relate directly to a world organization. The declaration was signed on September 24th by the Soviet Union and nine (exile) governments of occupied Europe, namely Belgium, Greece, Yugoslavia, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Czechoslovakia and representatives of Free France . The Atlantic Charter thus becomes the fundamental document for the United Nations . It has the aim of improving the world order and leans on the fourteen-point plan of Woodrow Wilson on.

In addition, increased US arms deliveries to Great Britain and the USSR were agreed at the conference, as well as an expansion of the American security zone for these deliveries to Iceland . Discussions that mainly revolve around the situation in the Republic of China and Spain did not lead to any strategic military decisions.

At its 2nd meeting at St. James's Palace in London on September 24th, the Inter Allied Council adopts the general principles of the Atlantic Charter .

On December 22 starts in Washington, DC which, Arcadia Conference , where the Declaration of the United Nations decided. Here also the definition of Europe as the main theater of war by the Allies takes place in order to first eliminate the danger emanating from Germany ( Germany first ).

The war in the Balkans
Bulgaria's declaration of accession
Protest movement in Belgrade on March 27th
László Bárdossy (around 1941)
  • April 3 : After the suicide of Pál Teleki , who advocated a strict course of neutrality, Imperial Administrator Miklós Horthy appoints László Bárdossy as Prime Minister of Hungary . This is preparing Hungary's participation in the coming German Yugoslavia campaign, in which Hungary has been promised extensive territorial gains up to Croatia.
  • April 6 : Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union sign a friendship and non-aggression pact dated the previous day.
Destruction in Belgrade after the air raids
Alexandros Koryzis 1941
Civilians shot dead in Kondomari, June 2, 1941
Kragujevac, October 21, 1941
Soviet Union / "Operation Barbarossa"
The German Eastern Front 1941
German mountain troops marching near the German-Soviet border of interests, June 22, 1941
The ruins of Minsk 1941
The signing of the agreement
Diagram of the Battle of Smolensk
Odessa after the fall
Kiev after the major fire
Effects of the autumn rains off Moscow
The war in the west
The wreck of Hess' Messerschmitt Bf 110
The “final solution to the Jewish question” / persecution of other population groups
Goering's order
Image from the area called "Gypsy Camp"
The war in Africa
Map of the battle area of ​​the 1941/42 Africa campaign
Anglo-Soviet invasion of Iran
Invasion map
Sunk Iranian warship
Second Sino-Japanese War
Southeast Asia and the Pacific
The Japanese conquests of Southeast Asia in 1941
Battle of Ko Chang
Signing of the contract by the Japanese Foreign Minister Matsuoka
The flight routes of the Japanese attackers
Attack on the ships lying in the harbor
Japanese landings on Guam
Franklin D. Roosevelt signs the declaration of war on Japan
Sea warfare in the Atlantic and European waters
Explosion of the hood
Bismarck survivors are rescued by the Dorsetshire

Other events in Europe

United States of America

Roosevelt with his wife Eleanor on their way to the swearing-in
The 33 convicted members of the Duquesne spy ring (FBI photo)

Other events around the world

economy

science and technology

Avro Lancaster
Patrick Henry

Culture

Visual arts

Movie

Movie logo Ohm Krüger

literature

Music and theater

religion

Disasters

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

nature and environment

Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge (Brown Bear)

Sports

Nobel Prizes

Nobel Prizes are not awarded.

Born

January

Johannes Gerster, 2009
Joan Baez, 2005
Faye Dunaway, 2011
Plácido Domingo, 2008
Neil Diamond, 2007
Jochen Busse, 2005

February

Karl Dall, 2008
Klaus Buchner
Nick Nolte, 2000

March

Alexei Mishin
Wolfgang Petersen, 2006
Richard Dawkins, 2010

April

Hans W. Geißendörfer, 2009
Walter Mixa, 2008

May

Eric Burdon, 1973
Senta Berger, 2010
Bob Dylan, 2010

June

Charlie Watts, 1965
Jürgen Prochnow
Ulf Merbold
David Johnston
Otto Sander, 2008

July

Margot Hellwig, 2007
Diethelm Ferner
Frank Farian, 2008

August

Jordi Savall, 2007
Henning Voscherau, 1988
Fritz Wepper, 2006
Lotti Krekel, 2018
Cesária Évora, 2008

September

Ahmet Necdet Sezer
Vadim Glowna
Edmund Stoiber, 2005

October

Jesse Jackson, 2009
Helen Reddy, 1975

November

Angelo Cardinal Scola (2009)

December

Gilbert Gress
Hans Eichel, 2010

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January February

James Joyce, ca.1918
Frederick Banting
Alfonso XIII from Spain

March April

Gutzon Borglum, 1919
Virginia Woolf, 1927

May June

Wilhelm II.

July August

September October

Hans Spemann (before 1935)

November December

Walther Nernst

Exact date of death unknown

Literature for the year 1941

  • Horst Wisser: We from the year 1941 - childhood and youth , Wartberg Verlag, Gudensberg – Gleichen 2019, 19th edition, ISBN 978-3-8313-3041-6 .

Web links

Commons : 1941  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ↑ The fatal weather phenomenon, the day of the war night of 1941 , on spiegel.de