Municipality of Corinth
Δημοτική Κοινότητα Κορίνθου (Κόρινθος)
|Height above d. M.||
|Post Code||20 100|
|Acrocorinth to Corinth|
Corinth ( Greek Κόρινθος Korinthos ( f. Sg. ), Pronunciation : [ ˈkɔrinθɔs ]) is a Greek city with over 30,000 inhabitants (2011) on the Isthmus of Corinth , i.e. the isthmus , an isthmus that connects the Peloponnese and the Greek mainland. To the west of this isthmus is the Gulf of Corinth . The ancient city of Corinth is about 6 km southwest of the city center of today's city. Corinth is the third largest city in the Peloponnese after Patras and Kalamata and was the administrative seat of the prefecture of Korinthia ( Κορινθία Korinthía ) until 2010 . The city is surrounded by the coastal plain of Vocha in the west, the Gerania Mountains in the east, and the Oneia Mountains in the south. Earthquakes have repeatedly destroyed the city.
Corinth is about 70 km west of Athens . The isthmus was crossed by ships in antiquity by being towed over the rocky isthmus on ship carts in prefabricated ruts. The route to this is known under the name Diolkos . However, the Corinth Canal has been located here since the end of the 19th century .
On February 21, 1858, old Corinth was destroyed by an earthquake and the new city was founded six kilometers to the northeast in the same year. After the planning had been completed, temporary barracks were built in which the authorities were housed. In the following years almost 400 houses were built, into which many residents of Old Corinth moved after initial hesitation.
While the importance of the Corinth Canal for shipping is now almost exclusively limited to tourism, its importance for land transport has increased. In the mid-1990s, the motorway was expanded to the Peloponnese, and since then there has also been the Korinth-West motorway triangle with the fork to Patras ( A8 ) and Sparta / Tripoli A7 .
A few years later, the regular-gauge new railway line followed along the motorway. The Athens – Corinth – Kiato train connection has been expanded since 2010 and is used by the Athens S-Bahn . An extension of the route to Patras is planned , then OSE InterCity trains will also run on the route . The meter-gauge routes were closed.
In 2013 the three-cushion world championship for juniors and the three-cushion world cup took place for the first time . This was donated and organized by the shipowner and passionate billiard player Thanos Athanasiou, who also took part in the World Cup himself. Both tournaments were held in the amusement park "The Ranch".
- George Kollias (* 1977), musician
- Stuart Rossiter: Guide to Greece . 4th edition, ira, Munich 1984, ISBN 3-406-09251-9 .
- Rudolf Scheer: Corinth. In: Siegfried Lauffer (Ed.): Greece: Lexicon of historical sites - from the beginnings to the present . CH Beck, Munich 1989, ISBN 3-406-33302-8 , pp. 338-343.
- Results of the 2011 census. ( Memento from June 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) ( MS Excel ; 2.6 MB) National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΣΥΕ)
- Winifrede M. Wyse (Ed.): An Excursion in the Peloponnesus in the year 1858 by the late Right Hon. Sir Thomas Wyse KCB , London 1865, p. 317 ( online )
- Markus Schönhoff: Greek ship owner is savior in need ( German ) Kozoom.com. January 26, 2013. Archived from the original on February 4, 2013. Retrieved on January 26, 2013.
- Υποδοχή & Μνημόνιο Συνεργασίας Κορίνθου-Λουγκόζ. Retrieved September 15, 2019 .