Albin Mueller

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Albin Müller , also known by the stage name Albinmüller , (born December 13, 1871 in Dittersbach ( Erzgebirge ); † October 2, 1941 in Darmstadt ; full name: Albin Camillo Müller ) was a German architect , educator and designer.


From 1884 to 1887, Müller completed an apprenticeship as a carpenter in his father's carpentry workshop . As a journeyman , he first worked in various furniture factories and carpentry shops before studying at the Mainz School of Applied Arts . He also worked as a furniture draftsman.

In 1899, at the “ Heim und Herd ” exhibition in Dresden, he received his first award for interior design .

Albinmüller Tower in Magdeburg

In 1900, Müller became a teacher at the Magdeburg School of Applied Arts and Crafts . With him, a new artistic spirit entered this school. After taking drawing lessons, he also took over the metal design and interior class in 1903 . In 1905 he became head of the newly formed department for interior space and architecture. Originally rooted in Art Nouveau , he found a constructive design and strict, tectonic ornamentation while teaching . In 1905 he created the wedding room in the Magdeburg registry office, which was later destroyed, and the modern style room in the Kaiser Friedrich Museum, which opened in 1906 .

Müller celebrated international success with his furniture designs. For example, he received the Grand Prix at the St. Louis World Exhibition in 1904 for the design and execution of a gentleman's room (the so-called Magdeburg room ) . He received further recognition there for artistic cast iron work (paperweights, candlesticks, etc.).

Müller trained himself as an architect in Magdeburg.

In 1906 he was appointed to the Darmstadt artists' colony , where he became the leading architect after Joseph Maria Olbrich's death (1908). In 1907 he was appointed professor, from 1907 to 1911 he was a teacher of spatial art at the Grand Ducal teaching studio for applied arts . The Darmstadt artist colony disbanded during the First World War . Numerous important designs for the Art Nouveau phase of the Westerwald stoneware industry originate from this period (1906–1912). In 1910 a design (shape and decoration) was carried out by Albin Müller in the Burgau porcelain factory Ferdinand Selle . The table as well as the coffee and tea service were named "Professor Müller". The design, which went into series production, had been rejected by the Meissen porcelain factory a year earlier as not being feasible . In 1910, however, Müller's designs were received with great applause at the Leipzig Autumn Fair , and were even awarded a gold medal at the Brussels World Exhibition in 1910 .

Since 1917 he used the stage name "Albinmüller". After the First World War he published many architecture publications, worked as a painter and designed housing developments.

In 1926, Müller was appointed architect of the 1927 German Theater Exhibition in Magdeburg. He designed the horse gate and the Rotehornpark observation tower in Magdeburg's Rotehornpark, as well as other buildings that have not been preserved. In 1928 Müller conducted studies on sacred buildings and monumental monuments. In 1934 he turned to landscape painting and was also active as a writer.

The cities of Magdeburg and Darmstadt named the Albinmüllerweg after him.

"Neu-Ödernitz" in Niesky

Albin Müller was buried in the Darmstadt forest cemetery (grave site: L 9c 178).

Buildings and designs

Löwentor in Darmstadt (sculptures by Bernhard Hoetger )
Studio building in Darmstadt

inside rooms

  • Dankwarth & Richter's wine bars in Magdeburg (1903/1904, destroyed)
  • Sanatorium Dr. Barner in Braunlage (Harz) (1905, 1913–1914)
Well system on the Mathildenhöhe


  • Garden pavilion on the III. German Arts and Crafts Exhibition Dresden 1906
  • Exhibition building for applied arts and exhibition building for architecture at the Hessian State Exhibition 1908 in Darmstadt, partially preserved
  • Villa for the manufacturer W. Emmelius in Bad Godesberg , Rheinallee 32 (1910–1911)
  • own house in Darmstadt on Mathildenhöhe , Nikolaiweg 16 (1911–1912, destroyed)
  • Ramdohr house in Magdeburg (1911–1912)
  • Sanatorium Dr. Barner in Braunlage (Harz) (1908–1910 / 1911–1914)
  • Residence for the surgeon Prof. Dr. med. habil. Walther Wendel in Magdeburg, Humboldtstrasse 14 (1912)
  • Oppenheimer's house in Darmstadt, Paulusviertel , Roquetteweg 28 (1913–1914)
  • Hahn tomb in Magdeburg (1913–1914)
  • Housing development on the Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt, Olbrichweg (1913–1914, destroyed)
  • Fountain and basin in front of the Russian Chapel on Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt (1914)
  • Swan Temple on Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt (1914)
  • Dismountable and transportable wooden house on Mathildenhöhe in Darmstadt (1914; whereabouts unknown)
  • Crematorium in Magdeburg (1919) (?)
  • Semi-detached house "Neu-Ödernitz" (prefabricated wooden house from Christoph & Unmack ) in Niesky, Christophstraße 11/13 (1921)
  • Conversion of a commercial building for the Deutsche Vereinsbank in Darmstadt, Neckarstrasse (1923–1924)
  • Residential house (today's " Bischof-Wienken-Haus ") in Dresden, Tiergartenstrasse 74 (1925–1926)
  • Lookout tower with café in Magdeburg , on the Elbe island Rotehorn (1927)
  • Villa for Alois Winnar in Ústí nad Labem , Hanzlíčkova 4 (1930–1932)
Boelcke memorial
Horse gate in Magdeburg
Signature of Albin Müller



  • Gentlemen's study ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Wedding room ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Living room and reception room ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Cabinet with inlays ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Serpentine stone work (table clock, desk utensils) ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Baptismal font and radiator cladding ( III. German Applied Arts Exhibition Dresden 1906 )
  • Iron art castings (table mirror, candelabra) (III.Deutsche Kunstgewerbe-Ausstellung Dresden 1906 )

Drafts not executed

  • 1910: Competition draft for a Bismarck national monument on the Elisenhöhe near Bingerbrück (not awarded a prize)
  • 1923: Design for the city theater in Dessau


  • Architecture and space art. Work carried out based on designs by Albin Müller. Baumgärtner, Leipzig undated (1909) ( digitized version ).
  • Works from the Darmstadt exhibition in 1914 and other works based on designs by Albinmüller. Peters, Magdeburg 1917.
  • Wooden houses. J. Hoffmann, Stuttgart undated (1922).
  • Monuments, cult and residential buildings. Wittich, Darmstadt 1933.
  • Out of my life. Manuscript , approx. 1940. (only published in 2007, see literature )
  • Homeland. around 1940.


  • Jürgen Erlebach (Ed.): Westerwald stoneware. The new era. Düsseldorf 1987, ISBN 3-926605-00-6 .
  • Jörg Deist: Albin Müller. Architecture - spatial art - applied arts. In: Bauwelt , 92nd year 2001, issue 9 (from March 2, 2001), p. 2.
  • Jörg Deist: Albinmüller's wooden buildings. A planning methodical study of the development of the wooden buildings by Albinmüller from the period from 1902 to 1929. Dissertation, Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Karlsruhe 2015.
  • Erich Feldhaus: Recent work by Albinmüller. (= Neue Werkkunst ) Friedrich Ernst Hübsch Verlag, Berlin / Leipzig 1927.
  • Babette Gräfe: Albinmüller. Reform culture in the field of tension between tradition and modernity. In: Albinmüller. Out of my life. (Ed. by Norbert Eisold, Gerd Kley and Norbert Pohlmann) Mauritius Verlag, Magdeburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-939884-05-7 .
  • Babette Gräfe: Romanticism is the flywheel of my soul. The dream of an aesthetic alternative world in the architecture of Albinmüller. Justus-von-Liebig-Verlag, Darmstadt 2010, ISBN 978-3-87390-283-1 .
  • Birgitt Hellmann, Bernd Fritz: Porcelain Manufactory Burgau ad Saale. Ferdinand Selle. Exhibition catalog, Jena 1997, ISBN 3-930128-31-4 .
  • Günther Paulke: Albin Müller. In: Guido Heinrich, Gunter Schandera (ed.): Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon 19th and 20th centuries. Biographical lexicon for the state capital Magdeburg and the districts of Bördekreis, Jerichower Land, Ohrekreis and Schönebeck. Scriptum, Magdeburg 2002, ISBN 3-933046-49-1 .
  • Renate Ulmer:  Müller, Albin Camillo. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 18, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1997, ISBN 3-428-00199-0 , p. 346 f. ( Digitized version ).
  • Martin Wiehle : Magdeburg personalities. Published by the Magistrate of the City of Magdeburg, Department of Culture. imPuls Verlag, Magdeburg 1993, ISBN 3-910146-06-6 .

Web links

Commons : Albin Müller  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Information board at the main entrance of the Waldfriedhof Darmstadt
  2. Images in: H. de Fries (ed.): Modern Villas and Country Houses , 3rd Edition, Berlin: Wasmuth 1925, pp. 116–117.
  3. Where life reformers came to rest. on
  4. ^ Wilhelm Thal: Wendel, Walther Paul August Ludwig. In: Magdeburg Biographical Lexicon on the website of Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg , last accessed on August 2, 2018
  6. Max Schmid (ed.): One hundred designs from the competition for the Bismarck National Monument on the Elisenhöhe near Bingerbrück-Bingen. Düsseldorfer Verlagsanstalt, Düsseldorf 1911. (n. Pag.)