1931

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1931
Mass rush to a savings bank in Berlin
The global economic crisis is reaching its peak in Germany.
Emergency kitchen in Berlin
Emergency kitchen in Berlin .
Sale of a shop in Friedrichstrasse
Business liquidation due to high rents.
The Empire State Building opens.
1931 in other calendars
From urbe condita 2684
Armenian calendar 1379-1380
Ethiopian calendar 1923-1924
Badi calendar 87-88
Bengali calendar 1337-1338
Berber calendar 2881
Buddhist calendar 2475
Burmese calendar 1293
Byzantine calendar 7439-7440
Chinese calendar
 - era 4627-4628 or
4567-4568
 - 60 year cycle

Metal horse (庚午, 7) -
metal sheep (辛未, 8)

French
revolution calendar
CXXXIX - CXL
139-140
Hebrew calendar 5691-5692
Hindu calendar
 - Vikram Sambat 1987-1988
 - Shaka Samvat 1853-1854
Iranian calendar 1309-1310
Islamic calendar 1349-1350
Japanese calendar
 - Nengō (era): Shōwa 6
 - Kōki 2591
Coptic calendar 1647-1648
Korean calendar
 - Dangun era 4264
 - Juche era 20th
Minguo calendar 20th
Modern Olympics IX
Seleucid calendar 2242-2243
Thai solar calendar 2474

events

Politics and world events

German Empire

Other events in Europe

The British Commonwealth

America

Ricardo Alfaro Jované

Asia

Soldiers from the Japanese 2nd Division entered
Mukden on November 19 .

business

Great Depression

Business start-ups

  • January 1: The Swiss airline Swissair is founded through the merger of two other airlines.
  • May 31: The German-Chinese airline Eurasia starts operations.

miscellaneous

  • March 18: The first electric shaver comes on the market.
  • JUNE 20: The Schneefernerhaus on the Zugspitze is the mountain station of the Bavarian Zugspitze Railway opened.
  • August 27: The Dornier Do X flying boat , the largest aircraft of its time, lands in New York City after several months of travel and is greeted with great cheers.
  • August 28th: ​​Merger of the trade health insurance fund in Leipzig, founded in 1904, and the Vag zu Barmen association in 1922 as Barmenia insurance bank for medium-sized companies and civil servants to form the Leipzig Association - Barmenia health insurance for civil servants, independent professions and medium- sized businesses a. G. as a forerunner of today's Barmenia health insurance a. G.
  • August 31: After built 4,320,446 vehicles, the Ford Motor Company production of the Model A a. Model B replaces the series.
  • September 21: Great Britain leaves the gold standard , the pound sterling becomes free currency.

science and technology

  • March 10th: In Egypt, the Tebtunis lunar calendar is displayed in the remains of a temple complex from the second century BC. Discovered.
Manhattan, 1931
Piccard's stratospheric balloon at the launch site

Culture

architecture

Visual arts

The Christ statue on Corcovado

Movie

literature

Music and theater

Program leaflet for the world premiere

religion

Disasters

The destroyed post office in Hastings
  • February 3: The Hawke's Bay earthquake and subsequent fire largely destroyed the New Zealand cities of Hastings , Havelock North and Napier , with 256 people losing their lives. Numerous aftershocks, which culminated on February 13 with the 7.3 earthquake, did not allow the region to calm down for weeks.
  • March 31: Earthquake measuring 5.6 in Nicaragua , killing around 2,400
  • June 6th: The Munich Glass Palace is burned to death. 3,000 paintings including the complete works of the special exhibition German Romantics burn with the exhibition building.
  • August: Around 1.4 million people are killed in China when the Yangtze River floods .

Minor accidents are listed in the sub-articles of Disaster .

Sports

Nobel Prizes

price person country Reason for awarding the prize image
Nobel Price for physics not awarded
Nobel Prize in Chemistry Carl Bosch
(1874-1940)
German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire "For their services to the discovery and development of high pressure chemical processes" Carl Bosch
Friedrich Bergius
(1884–1949)
German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire Friedrich Bergius
Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine Otto Warburg
(1883-1970)
German EmpireGerman Empire German Empire "For the discovery of the nature and the function of the respiratory ferment " (note: the term ferment is hardly used today - it has been replaced by the term enzyme ) Otto Heinrich Warburg
Nobel Prize in literature Erik Axel Karlfeldt
(1864–1931)
SwedenSweden Sweden "Erik Axel Karlfeldt's poetry" Erik Axel Karlfeldt
Nobel Peace Prize Jane Addams
(1860-1935)
United States 48United States United States President of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom Jane Addams
Nicholas Murray Butler
(1862-1947)
United States 48United States United States sat down for the Kellogg-Briand Pact , a Nicholas Murray Butler

Born

January

Johannes Rau , 1986
  • January 31: Léon Wurmser , American psychiatrist, psychoanalyst and author († 2020)

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

Ruth Maria Kubitschek, 2011

September

Freddy Quinn , 1971

October

November

December

Exact date of birth unknown

Died

January

Martinus Willem Beijerinck

February

Charles Parsons

March

Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau

April

May

Self-portrait of Maria Slavona, 1887

June

July

August

September

October

Thomas Alva Edison, around 1922

November

December

Exact date of death unknown

Web links

Commons : 1931  - collection of pictures, videos and audio files