Napier (New Zealand)
Māori: Te Kaunihera o Ahuiri
Location of Napier City
|Photo by Napier|
The T & G Dome with the ASB Bank in the foreground, both in Art Deco style
|Council||Napier City Council|
|Telephone code||+64 (0) 6|
|UN / LOCODE||NZ NPE|
coat of arms
|nickname||Art Deco Capital of the world
( Art Deco Capital of the World )
|Highest elevation||142 m|
|Lowest point||Height of sea level|
|surface||105 km 2|
|Residents||57 240 (2013)|
|Population density||545.14 inhabitants per km 2|
|Public revenue||NZ $ 86.3 million (2015)|
|Public expenditure||NZ $ 86.5 million (2015)|
|Number of households||24 792 (2013)|
|Ø income||NZ $ 26,000 (2013)|
|Māori population||18.2% (2013)|
|On February 3, 1931, Napier was almost completely destroyed by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 M S.|
Napier , official name: Napier City , on Māori Ahuiri , is a port city and an independent Territorial Authority on the North Island of New Zealand . It houses the Hawke's Bay Regional Council and the administration for the Hawke's Bay region . The city council of Napier , which is also called the City of Napier , is called Napier City Council . Together with the city of Hastings ,which is around ten kilometers to the south, thetwo cities form the fifth largest metropolitan area in New Zealand, which is often referred to in English as " the Twin Cities ".
Origin of name
In February 1854, Alfred Domett , who was the magistrate of Hawke's Bay Province at the time , proposed that the newly founded city be named after the British General Charles James Napier and, accordingly, other places in the region also after prominent personalities involved in the British East Indies. Company deserved.
Napier City is located at the southern end of Hawke Bay on the east coast of the North Island, 145 km northeast of Palmerston North . To the south of the city the Ngaruroro River flows into the Pacific Ocean and 5 km further west the beginning mountainous landscape closes the plain of the narrow coast. The city and has a pure land area of 105 square kilometers belonged to the Census in 2013, 57,240 inhabitants. This makes Napier with 542.9 inhabitants per km² the city with the fourth highest population density in the country. Napier is enclosed to the north, west and south by the Hastings District , while the eastern boundary of the city is formed by the coastline of Hawke Bay .
The mean daytime temperatures are 24 ° C and above in summer and around 6 ° C in winter, with sunshine lasting around 2100 hours per year. The area of Napier City is correspondingly low in rain and only receives 800 mm of precipitation per year.
Of the city's 57,240 inhabitants in 2013, 10,428 people were of Māori origin (18.2%). This means that 1.7% of the country's Māori population lived in the city.
Origin and languages
When asked about ethnic group membership in the 2013 census, 82.2% said they were European, 19.2% said they had Māori roots, 3.1% came from the islands of the Pacific region and 3, 5% came from Asia (multiple answers were possible). 15.4% of the population said they were born overseas and 4.8% of the population spoke Māori , 21.4% of the Māori . The median income for the population in 2013 was NZ $ 26,000 , compared to NZ $ 28,500 national average.
Before Europeans came to New Zealand and also took possession of the Māori land in the Napier region , different Māori tribes lived in the area that is now part of the greater Napier area. Most recently, it was the Ngāti Kahungunu who settled the country, and it was they with whom the first Europeans, such as James Cook , had contact in 1769 and 1770.
Traders, whalers and missionaries were the first Europeans to settle in the lagoon and bay of what would later become Napier after the new country became known . Farmers and hoteliers followed in the 1850s. In 1851 the government bought the so-called Ahuriri block, named after the Māori - Chief Tu Ahuriri and two years later, the government commissioner for land matters bought Donald McLean , the land on which later Napier should arise. At that time, Hawke's Bay was still part of Wellington Province .
In 1854, the government commissioner and later Prime Minister Alfred Domett was appointed magistrate for the Ahuriri land block . His task was to shape a city out of the settlement and to work out building and development plans. He named the settlement after the British general Sir Charles Napier , who had worked for the British crown in colonial India . In 1858, after Hawke's Bay became an independent province, Napier was to become the capital of the new province. In 1874 Napier was raised to a borough , so it got the status of a self-governing city. On January 18, 1875, the first election to the city council was held. Napier was the administrative center of the Hawke's Bay region until 1876 , but with the Abolition of Provinces Act , the administration of the region was returned to Wellington .
The development of the city was largely limited to the areas around the harbor and the development of Scinde Island , which today forms Bluff Hill . However, the settlement area around Napier was spread over a few islands, between which there were extensive swamps. This changed suddenly when Napier and the rest of Hawke's Bay were shaken on February 3, 1931 by an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.8 M S on the Richter scale . Napier was completely destroyed by the quake and the subsequent great fire, and the neighboring city of Hastings was badly hit.
By the earthquake , the soil was raised by some by up to 2.7 meters, so from the Ahuriri -Lagune and from the large tidal flats 40 km² territory emerged. On this land was Napier's new lifestyle -Zentrum Ahuriri . Due to the earthquake, the city also lost its functioning administration and political leadership, so that until 1933 a two-person commission set up by the government determined the fate of the city. After the local elections in 1933, the city got its Borough status back and in 1950 finally received full city rights.
Despite the lingering effects of the Great Depression in the early 1930s, the city of Napier was rebuilt in an Art Deco style. " Let a new era begin ," the message to the people of the city should be. Architecture students and unemployed people from all over the country were sent to Napier and entrusted with the reconstruction. The pastel colors were created out of necessity, whereby the colors were stretched with water. In addition, Art Deco was one of the cheapest ways to rebuild the city, as concrete slabs could be used as an inexpensive building material and the decoration on the houses in this style was relatively easy.
Napier City has twelve Councilors , six of which are elected for the entire city area and the other six are spread over four so-called wards , which represent local electoral districts. They send two councilors each from Nelson Ward and Taradale Ward to the council and one councilor each from Oenkawa / Tamatea Ward and Ahuriri Ward . Together with the Mayor (mayor) they form the City Council (city council). The mayor and the twelve council members are re-elected every three years.
- Victoria , British Columbia ( Canada )
- Lianyungang , Jiangsu Province ( China )
- Tomakomai , Hokkaidō Prefecture ( Japan )
Napier is attracting more and more tourists due to its unique architecture and pleasant climate. The “ Marine Parade ”, a delightful promenade, runs right by the sea . There are several attractions for visitors, such as the well-tended gardens of " Sunken Gardens ", a small golf course and a roller skating rink .
A popular photo motif is the statue of Pania (English Pania of the Reef ), which is assigned a major role in Polynesian mythology . The statue has roughly the same meaning for the city of Napier as the Little Mermaid for Copenhagen .
Because of the favorable climate and the plain of the Heretaunga Plains , Napier and the neighboring Hastings are a center for the cultivation of fruits such as apples , peaches , the kiwi fruit or grapes , as well as the production of wines .
The in Napier based companies are spread over many and various industries. In addition to companies from the electronics sector, there are also large synthetic fertilizer producers and wineries here. Napier has the largest sheep wool processing company in the southern hemisphere. There is also a significant tobacco industry in Napier . With the reference to "falling tobacco consumption", however , British American Tobacco announced that it would relocate the local Rothmans factory to Australia.
In terms of transport, the city is connected by the New Zealand State Highways 2 and 50 , the latter beginning in the city and running parallel to State Highways 2 to the southwest inland. The State Highway 2 connects to the north with the city of Gisborne .
The Art Déco Weekend , organized by the Art Déco Trust, attracts visitors and tourists from all over the world in February. Napier brings the life and culture of the 1930s back to life in various events .
Since 1993, the year is open-air concert Mission Estate Winery Concert in the grounds of Mission Estate Winery near Napier organized. Headliner is usually an internationally known performer. The likes of Ray Charles , Eric Clapton and Tom Jones have performed in the past .
Architecture enthusiasts consider Napier to be the best preserved Art Deco city; only South Beach ( Miami ) has a similar number of Art Deco-style buildings. Although some of the unique buildings were replaced with new buildings in the 1960s to 1980s, most of the city center, which has been a listed building since the 1990s, has been almost completely preserved. Many Art Deco houses have been restored in recent years . Particularly worth seeing are the Masonic Hotel , the Criterion Hotel , the Daily Telegraph Building , the Country Wide Bank , the A&B Building , whose dome has become Napier's landmark , and the theater with its Egyptian-style columns and arches.
- Sidney Charles Bartholemew Gascoigne (1915-2010), astronomer
- Megan Gay (born 1967), actress
- Denis McLean (1930–2011), diplomat, university professor and author
- Homepage . City of Napier,accessed February 28, 2014.
- Homepage . Art Deco Trust,accessed February 28, 2014.
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Napier City - Population and dwellings . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Napier City Council . In: Local Councils . Department of Internal Affairs , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Physical Development of Napier . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- PR Chappell : The Climate and Weather of Waikato . In: NIWA Science and Technologies Series . 3. Edition. Number 58 . National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research , 2013, ISSN 1173-0382 , p. 18, 25, 29 (English, online [PDF; 7.1 MB ; accessed on July 5, 2016]).
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Napier City - Cultural diversity . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Brief History . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- History of Napier City Council . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- M 7.8, Hawke's Bay, February 3, 1931 . GeoNet - GNS Science , accessed on February 28, 2014 (English).
- The Full Story of the Great Earthquake Disaster . In: The Weekender (Overseas Edition) . Christchurch February 25, 1931, p. 1 (English).
- Earthquake 1931 . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Councilors . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Napier Sister City Linkages . Napier City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Topo250 maps . Land Information New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .