North Island (New Zealand)
29 inhabitants / km²
The New Zealand North Island ( English North Island , Māori Te Ika-a-Māui ) is separated from the South Island by the 35 km wide Cook Strait . The North Island is the main settlement area in the country, with the largest city Auckland (1,320,700 inhabitants) and the capital Wellington (448,956 inhabitants). The area is 113,729 km². There are several active volcanoes and geysers in the island's interior . The highest volcano is the Ruapehu with a height of 2797 m.
The Māori name for the north island Te Ika-a-Māui ('The Fish of Māui ') comes from the shape of the island and its mythological history , with Wellington as the head, Taranaki in the west and the East Cape in the east as fins and Northland north of Auckland as the fish's tail.
- Cities of the North Island