North Island (New Zealand)

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North Island
Te Ika-a-Māui
North island
North island
Waters South pacific
Geographical location 38 ° 24 '  S , 175 ° 43'  E Coordinates: 38 ° 24 '  S , 175 ° 43'  E
North Island (New Zealand) (New Zealand)
North Island (New Zealand)
surface 113,729 km²
Highest elevation Ruapehu
2797  m
Residents 3,328,700
29 inhabitants / km²
main place Auckland

The New Zealand North Island ( English North Island , Māori Te Ika-a-Māui  ) is separated from the South Island by the 35 km wide Cook Strait . The North Island is the main settlement area in the country, with the largest city Auckland (1,320,700 inhabitants) and the capital Wellington (448,956 inhabitants). The area is 113,729 km². There are several active volcanoes and geysers in the island's interior . The highest volcano is the Ruapehu with a height of 2797 m.

The Māori name for the north island Te Ika-a-Māui ('The Fish of Māui ') comes from the shape of the island and its mythological history , with Wellington as the head, Taranaki in the west and the East Cape in the east as fins and Northland north of Auckland as the fish's tail.

Cities of the North Island

See also

Web links

Commons : North Island (New Zealand)  - Collection of pictures, videos, and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Carl Walrond : Natural environment - Geography and geology . In: Te Ara - the Encyclopedia of New Zealand . Ministry for Culture & Heritage , February 8, 2005, accessed May 6, 2019 .