Palmerston North City
Māori: Te Papaioea / Pamutana
Location of Palmerston North City
|Photo by Palmerston North|
The city center of Palmerston North
|Council||Palmerston North City Council|
|mayor||Grant Smith (since 2015)|
|founding||October 3, 1866|
|Post Code||4410, 4412, 4414, 4471, 4472, 4475, 4810, 4820|
|Telephone code||+64 (0) 6|
|UN / LOCODE||NZ PMR|
|Highest elevation||103 m|
|Lowest elevation||13 m|
|surface||395 km 2|
|Residents||80 079 (2013)|
|Population density||202.73 inhabitants per km 2|
|Public revenue||NZ $ 107.9 million (2015)|
|Public expenditure||NZ $ 112.2 million (2015)|
|Number of households||31 908 (2013)|
|Ø income||NZ $ 27,000 (2013)|
|Māori population||15.7% (2013)|
Palmerston North , official name Palmerston North City , in Māori Te Papaioea or as transliteration Pamutana , is a city and an independent Territorial Authority (local authority) on the North Island of New Zealand . It is also the seat of the Manawatu-Wanganui region . The center of Palmerston North is The Square , a small park that houses, among other things, a war memorial. All of the city's main streets run around this park.
Origin of name
The city was founded on October 3, 1866, named after Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston , a former Prime Minister of Great Britain . In order to avoid confusion with the place Palmerston on New Zealand's South Island , the suffix " North " was added to the post in 1871 and was officially changed in 1877.
Palmerston North is about 140 km north of Wellington in the center of the Manawatu Plains , an extensive plain around the course of the Manawatu River and its tributaries. The city and has a pure land area of 395 square kilometers belonged to the Census in 2013, 80,079 inhabitants. This makes the city one of the country's medium-sized cities in terms of area and with a population density of 202.9 inhabitants per km² also represents average. Southeast of Palmerston North is the Tararua Range and northeast of the Ruahine Range , both of which only pass through the Manawatu Gorge (gorge) are separated from each other. To the northwest of the urban area is the Manawatu District , to the east is the Tararua District and to the southwest is the Horowhenua District .
Palmerston North consists of the following neighborhoods (clockwise from north): Papaioea , Milson, Roslyn, Kelvin Grove, Brightwater , Hokowhitu, Te Awe Awe , West End, Riverdale , Awapuni , Westbrook , Highbury , Takaro, and Cloverlea . The Ashhurst settlement , which is outside the urban area in the countryside, is also part of the city.
The mean daytime temperatures are between 22 ° C and 23 ° C in summer and around 4 ° C to 5 ° C in winter, with an average of 1850 hours of sunshine per year. The precipitation is around 1200 mm per year with preferred wind directions from the northwest.
On July 23, 1864, the government bought 250,000 acres of land from the local Māori tribe of the Rangitāne in order to sell it to European settlers as settlement land . On October 3, 1866, Palmerston was finally founded. It was named after the British statesman Henry Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston . After being renamed Palmerston North , the city was given Borough status on July 12, 1877 . After the city had exceeded the 20,000 mark in 1930, it was upgraded to a city on August 1, 1930 . In the 1950s and 1960s, the urban area was expanded and restructured in the course of the administrative reform of 1989 to reflect the current status.
Of the city's 80,079 inhabitants in 2013, 12,546 were of Māori origin (15.7%). This means that 2.1% of the country's Māori population lived in the city.
Origin and languages
When asked about ethnic group membership in the 2013 census, 78.9% said they were European, 16.5% said they had Māori roots, 4.5% came from the islands of the Pacific and 9 , 7% came from Asia (multiple answers were possible). 19.2% of the population said they were born overseas and 3.9% of the population spoke Māori , 20.3% of the Māori . The median income for the population in 2013 was NZ $ 27,000 , compared to NZ $ 28,500 national average.
Palmerston North is not divided into different wards like other Territorial Authorities . The City Council , called Palmerston North City Council , is made up of fifteen councilors along with the Mayor. The mayor and councilors are elected every three years. Mayor since 2015 is Grant Smith.
Toyota New Zealand is based in the city .
The city's only daily newspaper is the Manawatu Standard .
The city is connected by the New Zealand State Highways 3 , 54 , 56 and 57 , all of which run through the city except for the latter. The State Highways 57 directly on the southeastern edge of the city center over.
In addition, Palmerston North has a connection to the North Island Main Trunk Railway , which runs from the north to Wellington . Connected to this is the Palmerston North - Gisborne line , which ran through the city center until 1966 and was then moved further north.
North of the city, in the Milson district , there is the Palmerston North Airport, an international airport near the city. RNZAF Base Ohakea , located a good 22 km to the west, serves as an alternative airfield for civil aviation.
The city is home to a technical college, the Universal College of Learning , and the International Pacific College . In addition, Massey University has one campus in Wellington and another in Albany ( North Shore , near Auckland ) and two in Palmerston North . These educational institutions make Palmerston North a relatively high number of young people .
In 2007, a municipal landfill near Palmerston North was renamed " Mount Cleese " after the British comedian John Cleese had previously called the city the "suicide capital of New Zealand" after his New Zealand tour in 2005. After an unfortunate stint in town, Cleese said :
"If you wish to kill yourself but lack the courage to, I think a visit to Palmerston North will do the trick."
"If you want to kill yourself but you don't have the courage to do so, I think a visit to Palmerston North might be helpful."
The truth is, the city's suicide rate is within the New Zealand average.
- Ernest Sutherland (1894–1936), decathlete and javelin thrower
- Thelma Kench (1914–1985), sprinter
- Christopher Small (1927–2011), musicologist, composer and author
- Kenneth Minogue (1930–2013), political philosopher and professor
- Warren Cole (1940-2019), rower
- Sylvia Potts (1943–1999), middle-distance runner
- John Clarke (1948–2017), satirist, screenwriter and actor
- Frank Oliver (1948–2014), national rugby union player
- Grant Major (* 1955), production designer
- Donald Cowie (born 1962), sailor
- Sandra Paintin (* 1963), Australian biathlete
- Kerrin Harrison (born 1964), badminton player
- Scott Ludlam (* 1970), Australian politician
- Metiria Turei (* 1970), politician and environmentalist
- Grant Robertson (* 1971), politician
- Shane Reed (* 1973), triathlete
- Matt Penman (* 1974), jazz bassist
- Matthew Reed (* 1975), triathlete
- Steven Old (* 1986), football player
- George Whitelock (born 1986), rugby union player
- Jacob Spoonley (* 1987), soccer goalkeeper
- Adam Whitelock (born 1987), rugby union player
- James Tamou (* 1988), Australian rugby league player
- Simon van Velthooven (* 1988), track cyclist
- Sam Whitelock (born 1988), rugby union player
- Brendon Hartley (* 1989), racing car driver
- Gemma Dudley (* 1990), cyclist
- Jake Gleeson (born 1990), soccer player
- James Oram (* 1993), racing cyclist
- Luke Mudgway (* 1996), racing cyclist
- Campbell Stewart (born 1998), cyclist
- Homepage . Palmerston North City Council,accessed March 15, 2015.
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Palmerston North City - Population and dwellings . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Palmerston North City Council . In: Local Councils . Department of Internal Affairs , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Our History . Palmerston North City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- PR Chappell : The Climate and Weather of Manawatu-Wanganui . In: NIWA Science and Technologies Series . 2nd Edition. Number 66 . National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research , 2015, ISSN 1173-0382 , p. 15, 22, 27 (English, online PDF 2.5 MB [accessed June 27, 2016]).
- 2013 Census QuickStats about a place : Palmerston North City - Cultural diversity . Statistics New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Mayor and Councillors . Palmerston North City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Janine Rankin: Smith wins another term as Palmerston North mayor. Manawatu Standard, October 8, 2016, accessed March 18, 2017 .
- Sister Cities . Palmerston North City Council , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Topo250 maps . Land Information New Zealand , accessed July 5, 2016 .
- Palmerston North's heap of payback on Cleese . In: The New Zealand Herald . NZME. Publishing , May 22, 2007, accessed March 15, 2015 .