Miami Beach

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Miami Beach
Nickname : The Beach


County and state location
Miami-Dade County Florida Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Miami Beach Highlighted.svg
basic data
Foundation : March 26, 1915
State : United States
State : Florida
counties : Miami-Dade County
Coordinates : 25° 49′  N , 80° 8′  W Coordinates: 25° 49′  N , 80° 8′  W
time zone : Eastern ( UTC−5 / −4 )
Population :
–  Metropolitan area :
87,779 (as of 2010)
5,564,635 (as of 2010)
population density : 4,823 inhabitants per km 2
Area : 48.5 km 2  (approx. 19 mi²)
of which 18.2 km 2  (approx. 7 mi²) are land
height : 1 m
Postcodes : 33109, 33139, 33140, 33141
area code : +1 305
FIPS : 12-45025
GNIS ID : 0286750
site :
Mayor : Dan Yellow

Miami Beach (southern tip)

Miami Beach is a very densely populated city in Miami-Dade County in the US state of Florida with 92,307 inhabitants (as of 2017).

Miami Beach is home to hundreds of hotels, vacation homes, restaurants and nightclubs. Well-earning people, such as some movie stars, have bought apartments here. The main attraction of Miami Beach is the Art Deco district of South Beach and the very long sandy beach in front of the hotels , which forms the entire eastern border of the city.


Miami Beach is located on an elongated island between Biscayne Bay and the Atlantic Ocean . The metropolitan area extends from the southern tip to 87th Street, so does not include the entire island. Surrounding communities are the two towns of Surfside and Bal Harbour , bordering on the same island to the north, as well as the island of Indian Creek and Miami on the other side of the bay. Sea level has risen by 23 cm since about 1920.


The climate is tropical and therefore warm all year round. Statistically, it rains on average 40 percent of the days in the summer months – albeit only briefly. Daily temperatures range from May to October at an average of 31 °C. In the coldest months from December to February, there is pleasant warmth with average daily temperatures of 24 °C. In summer, the high humidity in particular means that the perceived temperatures are significantly higher than the actual temperature.



The first structure erected on the island was a shipwreck shelter built by the United States Life-Saving Service (which later became the United States Coast Guard ) in 1876 at what is now 72nd Street. In the 1880s, a coconut plantation was established by Ezra Osborn and Elnathan Field, but it was uneconomical and soon had to be abandoned. One of the investors in this project was entrepreneur John S. Collins , who later found more success growing avocados and mangoes.

With the beginning of the railroad age and the founding of the city of Miami in 1896 on the other side of Biscayne Bay, the port developed at the same time , in the course of which the construction of the Government Cut in 1905, a canal connecting the ocean and the bay, formed the newly formed island Fisher Island was separated from the main island in the south.

In the early 20th century, the Collins family of entrepreneurs, the Lummus brothers (two Miami bankers) and Indianapolis entrepreneur Carl G. Fisher recognized Miami Beach's potential as a tourist destination. On June 12, 1913, the Miami-island ferry service was replaced by the 2.5-mile Collins Bridge , which was the longest wooden bridge in the world when it opened. In 1915, Brown's Hotel (112 Ocean Drive) was the first hotel built on the island, which still exists today. At this point, much of the landmass still consisted of mangrove swamps, and draining them was a tedious task in the years that followed. In 1926, instead of the Collins Bridge , the Venetian Causeway was built, which leads over the Venetian Islands , which were artificially created in 1920 .

since the founding of the city

devastation in 1926

The City of Miami Beach was incorporated on March 26, 1915 and officially registered as a City in 1917. In the 1920s, Carl Fisher was instrumental in developing the town as a winter retreat for wealthy industrialists from the North and Midwest of the United States. In addition to the construction of five more hotels, the island's west side was fortified on his initiative and several artificial islands were raised in the bay. These include Star Island , Palm Island and Hibiscus Island , the Sunset Islands , the Normandy Isle and most of the Venetian Islands .

The Miami hurricane of 1926, like all of South Florida, put an abrupt end to the city's prosperous development. In the 1930s, the town became a popular tourist destination again. During this time, the well -known Art Deco district was built by investors. In the decades following World War II , Miami Beach's population, like the region as a whole, multiplied with influx from the north. In addition, there was a large number of Cuban exiles after the Cuban Revolution in 1959.

The Miss Universe pageant was held in Miami Beach from 1959 to 1971 . In 1964, the first historic boxing match between Cassius Clay and Sonny Liston was held in Miami Beach. In 1968 the Republican Party and in 1972 the Democratic Party held their nominating conventions in Miami Beach, at which presidential candidates Richard Nixon (1968-1972) and George McGovern (1972) were nominated.

South Beach, the southern portion of Miami Beach up to 23rd Street, is one of the most popular areas in the city today. Although topless bathing is illegal for women in the United States, it is officially tolerated here. The television series Miami Vice contributed significantly to the high profile of South Beach. Other well-known films shot here include Scarface and The Birdcage .

After the real estate bubble burst in 2007, the market recovered significantly. Prices in excess of ten million dollars are being paid for new exclusive condominiums in Miami Beach. The number of tourists has also risen to new highs in recent years.


In Miami Beach there are two churches, the Miami Beach Community Church and the St. John Baptist Cathedral (as of 2007). The area around 41st Street is bustling with Jewish life , with shops and synagogues to match .

Miami Beach is home to the Miami Beach Holocaust Memorial .

Demographic Data

Beach at South Beach

According to the 2010 census, the then 87,779 inhabitants were spread over 67,499 households. The population density was 4,823 people per square kilometer. 87.4 percent of the population identified themselves as White, 4.4 percent as African American , 0.3 percent as Native American , and 1.9 percent as Asian American . 3.5 percent stated that they belonged to another ethnic group and 2.7 percent to several ethnic groups. 53.0 percent of the population was Hispanic or Latino .

In 2010, 15.0 percent of all households had children under the age of 18 and 23.4 percent of all households had people aged 65 or over. 38.9 percent of the households were family households (consisting of married couples with or without children or one parent with children). The average statistical size of a household was 1.84 people and the average statistical family size was 2.70 people.

14.1 percent of the population was younger than 20 years old, 35.3 percent were 20 to 39 years old, 29.2 percent were 40 to 59 years old and 21.3 percent were at least 60 years old. The median age was 40 years. 52.4 percent of the population was male and 47.6 percent female.

The average annual income was US$ 42,411  , with 15.0 percent of the population living below the poverty line .

In 2000, English was the native language of 32.75 percent of the population, Spanish spoke 54.89 percent, and 12.36 percent had another native language.


Former Mayor Matti Herrera Bower

The city has what is known as a Council Manager Government . The city is governed by the mayor and four members of the city council. The term of office of the mayor is two years, he may hold the office for a maximum of three terms at a time. The members of the city council are elected for four years with a maximum of two terms. Philip Levine served as mayor from 2013 to 2017 . After a two-year term in office, he was re-elected for a further two years in 2015. Topics in the election campaign were the traffic situation, conversion of the Convention Center, improvement of North Beach and adaptation to rising sea levels . The acting mayor is Dan Gelber. The administrative business is carried out by a senior city manager who is appointed by the city council and the mayor.

town twinning

Miami Beach maintains the following city ​​partnerships :

Culture and sights

Art Deco district

The Art Deco District in South Beach

The Art Deco district of Miami Beach has the largest contiguous area of ​​houses in this style after Napier (New Zealand)  . Most of the buildings date from the 1930s and 1940s. They were built on the southern tip of Miami Beach to about Dade Boulevard in the north and should be demolished in the meantime. This was prevented by protests by citizens' groups. These one-of-a-kind architectural gems are located within a 1-square-mile zone established by the Miami Design Preservation League and other conservationists . The Art Deco District was declared a US historic district in 1979 as the Miami Beach Architectural District . The area lies between the Atlantic Ocean, 5th Street, Alton Road and the Collins Canal. It includes 960 historic buildings.

Ocean Drive , Miami Beach 's boulevard, runs right through the Art Deco District. Many of the Art Deco buildings are now used as hotels. There are also many Art Deco buildings outside the district.

LGBT scene

The musical Wild Side Story 1973 in Miami Beach with Cuban amateurs from the drag scene

The Miami region was already considered a particularly attractive travel destination for gay people in the 1970s . Exiled Cubans are considered a crucial factor in contemporary gay literature, "the result [because of exiled Cubans] is more gay places than ever and a hotter Miami for gay men". In addition to the general scene, a specific Cuban subculture emerged with its own "underground clubs", which was only occasionally visible to the city or to tourists. An example was the 1973 camp travesty musical Wild Side Story , which was covered in the local mainstream media. During the 1980s and 1990s, Miami Beach's distinct gay and lesbian scene continued to develop. The scene renewed the cityscape of South Beach and established new businesses. Various personalities from the scene are also involved in local politics.

There are a number of trendy bars and organizations in the city, and various community events also take place here. The inauguration of LGBT-friendly Mayor Matti Bower bolstered a scene that had previously experienced a brief decline in the 2000s. Police harassment has temporarily spoiled the image of a city open to homosexuals. In February 2010, the American Civil Liberties Union said it would pursue a lawsuit against the city due to ongoing police crackdown. According to her, the police are notorious for arresting gay men simply because of their looks. The city's police chief said the incidents were isolated cases, but promised to work to improve the situation. In January 2010, the city enacted legislation that strengthened existing protections for LGBT people and made local politics one of the most progressive in terms of tolerance.

Although Miami Beach has been a center of attraction for homosexuals since the 1980s, it was not until April 2009 that a gay pride event was held for the first time.

music and art

New World Center

The New World Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Michael Tilson Thomas , was formed in Miami Beach in 1987. In 2011, it moved to the Frank Gehry -designed New World Center .

December hosts the well-known Art Basel Miami Beach art exhibition , which is one of the largest in the United States. The main event is held annually in the Art Deco District; In addition, several smaller campaigns are taking place across the Miami area. There is also the Miami Beach Festival of the Arts , which has been held annually since 1974, and the Sleepless Night multimedia arts festival . The World Erotic Art Museum Miami is an international art museum for erotic art in Miami Beach.


1111 Lincoln Rd

The following objects are listed on the National Register of Historic Places :

The multi-storey car park at 1111 Lincoln Road was opened in 2010 and was designed by the renowned Swiss architects Herzog & de Meuron .

parks and sports facilities

There is a wide range of different city parks as well as several sports facilities, as well as playgrounds and camping opportunities. Sports facilities include volleyball, inline skating, tennis, softball, baseball, football, basketball, soccer, golf and swimming. In March 2011, Miami Beach became one of the few cities in the United States to open public bike rentals. The so-called deco bikes are distributed in many places in the Art Deco district.

Regular events

Economy and Infrastructure

The main branches of employment are:

  • Education, health and social affairs (14.7%)
  • Trade and retail (10.5%)
  • Future technologies, management and administration (14.2%)
  • Arts, entertainment, food and restaurants (19.7%)


Interstate 195 ( Julia Tuttle Causeway ) to Miami Beach

Miami Beach is connected to the mainland by four crossings of Biscayne Bay. They are located at 5th ( MacArthur Causeway ), 17th ( Venetian Causeway ), 41st ( Julia Tuttle Causeway , SR 112 ) and 71st ( John F. Kennedy Causeway ) streets. Florida State Road 907 runs within the metropolitan area . Miami International Airport is located about 20 km west of the city. Miami Beach is part of the Miami-Dade Transit bus network.

Public facilities

  • Mount Sinai Medical Center (one of the largest hospitals in Miami-Dade County)
  • Three public libraries (largest at 22nd Street and Collins Avenue)
  • Jewish Museum of Florida


The schools in Miami Beach are:

  • Biscayne Elementary School, approximately 1150 students
  • North Beach Elementary School, approximately 1150 students
  • Treasure Island Elementary School, approximately 1100 students
  • Fienberg-Fisher Elementary School, about 800 students
  • Miami Beach Senior High School, approximately 2600 students
  • South Pointe Elementary
  • Nautilus Middle School

Florida International University has a campus in Miami Beach.


The crime rate in 2010 was in the high range at 616 points (US average: 266 points). There were eight murders, 39 rapes, 352 robberies, 465 assaults, 1,192 burglaries, 6,957 thefts, 594 theft cars, and nine arson attacks.


Born in Miami Beach:

Known Residents:

web links

Commons : Miami Beach  - Collection of images, videos and audio files
Wikivoyage: Miami Beach  - Travel Guide


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