Günther Maleuda (born January 20, 1931 in Alt Beelitz , district of Friedeberg Nm. , Province of Brandenburg ; † July 18, 2012 in Bernau near Berlin , Brandenburg ) was a German politician of the GDR block party DBD , as its chairman from 1987 to 1990 acted. He was also President of the People's Chamber of the GDR from 1989 to 1990 and a member of the Bundestag from 1994 to 1998 .
education and profession
Maleuda was the son of a working class family. His hometown was one after the war, and integration into Poland for Province Posen . Here he worked as a farm worker on a Polish farm from 1945 to 1947 before he and his family were expelled to Thuringia . From 1948 to 1950 he completed an agricultural apprenticeship on the farm in Henfstädt and in VEG Meiningen and then from 1950 to 1952 he attended the agricultural college in Weimar , which he graduated as a state-certified farmer. From 1952 to 1955 he attended the German Academy for Political Science and Law in Potsdam , which he left with a degree in economics.
Afterwards he was department head at the DBD district board in Potsdam and then from 1957 to 1967 deputy chairman of the council of the Königs Wusterhausen district for agriculture and deputy chairman of the district agriculture council. He also graduated from 1965 to 1967, a post graduate course at the Humboldt University of Berlin , during which he a dissertation for the gradual socialization of production in agricultural production cooperatives (LPG) wrote and those with a doctorate to Dr. agr. graduated. From 1967 to 1976 he was deputy chairman of the council for agricultural production and the food industry of the Potsdam district , from 1975 head of the sector for production and processing of animal products of the council of the Potsdam district .
From 1950 to June 1990 he was a member of the Democratic Peasant Party of Germany (DBD). From October 1976 to 1982 he was chairman of the Halle (Saale) district board of the DBD and a member of the Halle district committee of the National Front of the GDR . He became a candidate for the party executive committee in 1972, its member and member of the executive committee in 1977, secretary of the party executive committee in 1982, deputy chairman in 1984 and, from March 27, 1987, as successor to Ernst Mecklenburg, chairman of the DBD.
When the DBD wanted to merge with the GDR CDU , he criticized this step, resigned from the party leadership of the DBD on June 25, 1990 and did not become a member of the CDU.
Günter Maleuda was from 1958 to 1967 a member of the DBD of the Königs Wusterhausen district council . From 1967 to 1976 he was a member of the Potsdam district assembly and from October 1976 to 1982 a member of the Halle district assembly.
From 1981 to October 1990 he was a member of the People's Chamber of the GDR. Here he was a member of the Committee for Popular Education until 1986 and then Deputy Chairman of the Interparliamentary Group, a member of the Committee for Foreign Affairs and a member of the Presidium of the People's Chamber.
On November 13, 1989, after the resignation of Horst Sindermann, he was elected President of the People's Chamber. His term of office ended on April 5, 1990, when the first democratic people's chamber elected Sabine Bergmann-Pohl as president. As co-initiator of the Central Round Table , he campaigned for a non-violent transition to the system of parliamentary democracy in the GDR.
From April to June 1990 he was parliamentary group leader of the DBD / DFD parliamentary group , then a non-attached member of parliament until the Volkskammer was dissolved.
From 1994 to 1998 Maleuda was a member of the German Bundestag . He was drafted into the Bundestag as a non-party top candidate via the state list Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania of the PDS and worked as an agricultural advisor to the PDS. In 2000/02, Maleuda was an advisor to the party financing commission set up by Federal President Johannes Rau . He was an employee of the Alternative History Forum Berlin in the Society for the Protection of Civil Rights and Human Dignity eV
Günther Maleuda was non-denominational. He was married and had three children. He died after a long and serious illness.
- 1986 - Patriotic Order of Merit of the GDR in gold
- To the tasks and problems of the implementation of the principle of the gradual transition to the LPG of type I in the district of Königs Wusterhausen. Berlin, Humboldt-Univ. 1967 (dissertation)
- Siegfried Kuntsche, Helmut Müller-Enbergs : . In: Who was who in the GDR? 5th edition. Volume 2. Ch. Links, Berlin 2010, ISBN 978-3-86153-561-4 .
- Günther Maleuda: Discovered parliamentarism. The People's Chamber of the GDR in the process of the "Wende" , in: Siegfried Prokop (Ed.): The short time of utopia. The "second GDR" in the forgotten year 1989/90 , Elefanten Press, Berlin 1994, ISBN 3-88520-510- 6th
- Christoph Wunnicke: Günther Maleuda. In: The block parties of the GDR. Continuities and Transformation 1945–1990. Berlin 2014, series of publications by the Berlin State Commissioner for the Records of the State Security Service of the former GDR, Volume 34. pp. 107–111. ( PDF; 434 kB )
- Biography at the German Bundestag
- Irmgard Zündorf: Günther Maleuda. Tabular curriculum vitae in the LeMO ( DHM and HdG )
- Election announcement . In: Freiheit , October 13, 1976, p. 2.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German politician and chairman of the Democratic Peasant Party of Germany (DBD)|
|DATE OF BIRTH||January 20, 1931|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Alt Beelitz , district of Friedeberg Nm. , Province of Brandenburg|
|DATE OF DEATH||July 18, 2012|
|Place of death||Bernau near Berlin , Brandenburg|