Sigmar Polke (born February 13, 1941 in Oels , Lower Silesia , † June 10, 2010 in Cologne ) was a German painter and photographer . His painting can be assigned to post-modern realism ( capitalist realism ) and quotes modes of expression from Pop Art without being assigned to this style. His approach to painting contains strong ironic elements.
After the family was expelled from Lower Silesia to Thuringia in 1945, they fled the GDR to West Berlin in 1953 and then moved to Willich near Mönchengladbach . From 1959 to 1960 Polke completed an apprenticeship in glass painting in Düsseldorf-Kaiserswerth . In 1961 he began studying with Gerhard Hoehme and Karl Otto Götz at the Düsseldorf Art Academy , which he finished in 1967.
In 1963 he founded together with Gerhard Richter and Konrad Lueg the Capitalist Realism , a style of art that the conception and realization of the action Living with Pop - A Demonstration for Capitalist Realism began. Together with Richter, Lueg and Manfred Kuttner , Polke also had his first public exhibition in May of the same year in Kaiserstraße 31A in Düsseldorf. From 1970 to 1971 he was visiting professor at the University of Fine Arts in Hamburg and between 1977 and 1991 professor at the same university. Polke lived and worked for six years from 1972 in Willicher Gaspelshof , where a kind of “artist community” developed together with changing artist friends and guests. In 1978 he moved to Cologne . From 1980 to 1981 Polke made trips to Southeast Asia, Papua New Guinea and Australia.
Sigmar Polke took part in Documenta 5 in Kassel in 1972 in the Individual Mythologies department . He was also represented as an artist at Documenta 6 (1977) and Documenta 7 (1982). In 1982 he took part in the group exhibition Zeitgeist , in 1984 in the exhibition From Here - Two Months of New German Art in Düsseldorf and in 1988 in the exhibition Made in Cologne . Polke promoted the pop-art artist Memphis Schulze in his early years.
Polke received his largest public contract with the renovation of the stained glass windows of the Zurich Great Minster , which he was awarded in 2006 as part of an artist competition. The five glass and seven agate windows were completed in November 2009 and opened to the public.
In 2018 his daughter Anna Polke (* 1964), a studied actress, founded a foundation for the scientific research of the life's work of her father Sigmar Polke.
- 1966: Youth Art Prize
- 1975: Prize for painting at the XIII. São Paulo Biennial
- 1982: Will Grohmann Prize
- 1984 Kurt Schwitters Prize , Lower Saxony Sparkasse Foundation, Hanover
- 1986: Grand Prize for Painting at the XLII. Venice Biennale
- 1993: Lovis Corinth Prize
- 1999: Wolf Prize (acceptance of the award refused)
- 2000: Goslarer Kaiserring
- 2001: Silesian Culture Prize of the State of Lower Saxony
- 2002: Cologne Fine Art & Antiques artist award
- 2002: Praemium Imperiale , category "Painting" (Japan Art Association, Tokyo)
- 2007: Rubens Prize of the City of Siegen
- 2008: Admission to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- 2009: Elected Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Letters
- 2010: Roswitha Haftmann Prize , for the complete work
- 1969: Higher beings ordered: paint the upper right corner black! Fig. ( Museum of New Art , Karlsruhe)
- 1969: Propellerfrau (Museum Trésor des Templiers, Rorschacherberg )
- 1979: Remington's dream museum is the visitor's foam ( Kunstmuseum Bonn )
- 1983: the computer comes
- 1983: Degenerate Art
- 1991: Leave the Lab and enter the Office ( Brooklyn Museum , New York)
- 1994: Laterna Magica cycle (1988–1994) ( Kunstmuseum Walter , Augsburg).
- 1996: Self-Esteem Party Game , plastic seal on polyester fabric, 130 × 150 cm, private collection.
- 1998: Illusionary Reorientation , plastic seal on polyester fabric, 150 × 130 cm, private collection.
- 1998: As long as the Connections to Reality are Missing , plastic seal on polyester fabric, 150 × 130 cm, Sigmar Polke estate, Cologne.
- 2009: Windows of the side aisles in the Grossmünster in Zurich.
The Cologne Museum Ludwig owns the largest collection of Sigmar Polke's editions in Europe as a gift from the Cologne collector Ulrich Reininghaus. These are predominantly works on paper (screen and offset prints, simple copies, photographs, artist books, posters and invitation cards), including numerous overpaintings and thus unique items .
Up to around US $ 27 million have been paid for his works on the art market .
- 1997: Sigmar Polke. The three lies of painting , June 7th - October 12th 1997 Bundeskunsthalle , Bonn
- 2007: Kunsthalle Tübingen Sigmar Polke. Original and forgery , December 8, 2007 to February 24, 2008, Tübingen
- 2015: March 14 - July 5, 2015 Museum Ludwig , Cologne (curated by Barbara Engelbach)
- 2014: Sigmar Polke: Alibis 1963–2010 , April 19 - August 3, 2014 MoMa , New York; October 9, 2014 to February 8, 2015 Tate Modern , London
- 2014: Christie’s , Polke / Richter - Richter / Polke , April 25 - July 7, 2014, Bond Street, London
- 2015: Can the museum be a garden? - Works from the collection of the Serralves Museum (February 6 to September 13, 2015), Museu Serralves , Porto
- 2015: Sigmar Polke. Approaching Venice - Films and Trabants of the 1986 Biennale , Museum Abteiberg , Mönchengladbach
- 2015: Alibis: Sigmar Polke. Retrospective. , Museum Ludwig , Cologne catalog
- 2018: Sigmar Polke. Photographs 70-80. Museum Morsbroich , Leverkusen, May 27 to September 2, 2018
- 2018/2019: Sigmar Polke and the 1970s - Networks, Experiments, Identities , November 4, 2018 to March 10, 2019, Museum für Gegenwartskunst , Siegen
- 2018: I'm a Believer. Pop Art and contemporary art from the Lenbachhaus and the KiCo Foundation, since March 20, 2018, Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus and Kunstbau Munich
- 2019: "The Young Years of the Old Masters": Baselitz, Richter, Polke and Kiefer, April 12 to August 18, 2019, special exhibition at the Staatsgalerie Stuttgart
- Bice Curiger in conversation with Sigmar Polke. A picture in itself is a meanness. Dec. 18, 1984. In: Parkett, No. 26, Zurich 1990, pp. 6-17. (So far only interview of the artist)
- Martin Hentschel: The order of the heterogeneous. Sigmar Polke's work until 1986. Self-published, Darmstadt 1991 (At the same time: Phil. Diss. Ruhr-Universität Bochum, 1991.)
- Russell Ferguson (Ed.): Sigmar Polke. Photoworks. When pictures vanish. Exhibition catalog Museum of Contemporary Art. Scalo, Los Angeles / Zurich 1995, ISBN 0-914357-44-1 , ISBN 1-881616-65-7 .
- David Thistlewood (Ed.): Sigmar Polke. Back to Postmodernity / Tate Gallery Liverpool . Tate Gallery Liverpool critical forum series Vol. 4., Liverpool University Press, Liverpool 1996, ISBN 0-85323-911-8 .
- Sigmar Polke. The three lies of painting . Exhibition catalog Art and Exhibition Hall of the Federal Republic of Germany, Bonn 1997, ISBN 3-88609-419-7 , ISBN 3-931768-13-9 . (Most extensive retrospective to date)
- Jürgen Becker and Claus von der Osten (eds.): Sigmar Polke. The editions 1963–2000. Catalog raisonné . Hatje Cantz, Ostfildern-Ruit 2000, ISBN 3-7757-0956-8 .
- Anita Shah: Seeing things as they are. On Sigmar Polke's painterly work since 1981. VDG, Weimar 2002, ISBN 3-89739-268-2 . (Also: Phil. Diss. Rhein.-Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität, Bonn 1999.)
- Sigmar Polke - original + fake. 2nd revised edition, published on the occasion of the exhibition in the Kunsthalle Tübingen from December 8, 2007 to February 24, 2008, Tübingen 2007
- Sigmar Polke - Windows for the Grossmünster Zurich. Parkett Publishers and Grossmünster Zurich, Zurich / New York 2010, ISBN 978-3-907582-27-5 .
- Klaus Staeck : Sigmar Polke raster search. Steidl, Göttingen 2010, ISBN 978-3-86930-283-6 . (For the exhibition Sigmar Polke - A Hommage , Akademie der Künste Berlin , 2011.)
- Literature by and about Sigmar Polke in the catalog of the German National Library
- Works by and about Sigmar Polke in the German Digital Library
- Sigmar Polke in the catalog of the Cologne Art Library
- Sigmar Polke at kunstaspekte.de
- Pictures in the Museum Frieder Burda
- Sigmar Polke in the IFA database
- Sigmar Polke on the Schirn Magazin
- Materials by and about Sigmar Polke in the documenta archive
- "Higher Beings Commanded: Paint Upper Right Corner Black!" At artnet.com
- Graphic of capitalist realism KP Brehmer , Karl Horst Hödicke , Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter , Wolf Vostell , prints until 1971.
- ksta.de: Portrait: From the life of a magician (accessed on September 24, 2015).
- The joke sensitive. Obituary on Spiegel Online , June 11, 2010.
- Polke's daughter founds a foundation for researching his art by dpa on the website of the art magazine www.monopol-magazin.de ( Monopol-Magazin ), February 6, 2019.
- Anna Polke Foundation Homepage of the Anna Polke Foundation, Cologne, accessed on February 9, 2019.
- FAZ article Waiting for Polke outrage in Israel (accessed on September 30, 2015).
- Honorary Members: Sigmar Polke. American Academy of Arts and Letters, accessed March 19, 2019 .
- Sigmar Polke - Church window Grossmünster ( Memento of the original from October 31, 2010 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Strong Sales in London for Some German Artists , New York Times article , accessed October 22, 2014.
- Sigmar Polke - Dschungel (Jungle), sold for a new record of $ 27,130,000 , website: Art Antiques Ireland, accessed August 15, 2018.
- Abendblatt.de: Bundeskunsthalle: Bonn shows the largest Polke show (accessed on June 19, 2015).
- Catrin Lorch. Velvet-colored skeleton. His art bans the most lucrative life lie of the young Federal Republic: The London Tate Modern celebrates the German master painter and easygoing spirit Sigmar Polke as a subversive in a great show. , in: Süddeutsche Zeitung, No. 235, October 13, 2014, , p. 13.
- Nothing is sacred to him in FAZ of June 17, 2014, page 14.
- DPA Starline: Art: Richter and Polke: Exhibition in London. In: Focus Online . May 4, 2014, accessed October 14, 2018 .
- Information from the museum on the exhibition , accessed on October 30, 2015.
- Message from the museum on the exhibition , accessed on April 20, 2015.
- Message from the museum about the exhibition ( Memento des original from December 8, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed April 20, 2015.
- Lenbachhaus - Art after 1945. Retrieved on March 14, 2019 .
- Angelika Affentranger-Kirchrath: Metamorphoses from light and stone. Book review in: Neue Zürcher Zeitung , December 2, 2010, accessed on April 22, 2012.
|BRIEF DESCRIPTION||German painter and photographer|
|DATE OF BIRTH||February 13, 1941|
|PLACE OF BIRTH||Oels , Lower Silesia|
|DATE OF DEATH||June 10, 2010|
|Place of death||Cologne|