Landskap (Sweden)

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The historical landscapes of Sweden. Colored dark Finland within the borders of the Russian Grand Duchy 1812–1917

Landskap is the Swedish name for a historical province in Sweden and today's Finland , also translated as "landscape". This division was replaced in 1634 by the division into län .

In the Middle Ages, the historical provinces were independent legal areas with their own laws (landskapslag) and political and administrative tasks. With the creation of a feudal system at the end of the 13th century, the historical provinces lost their political and administrative functions and, with the introduction of a land law valid throughout the empire in the middle of the 14th century, gradually lost their independence as areas of law.

Although the historical provinces no longer have any political significance since the 14th century and have been replaced by the fiefdoms (Swedish län ), they are still of great importance in everyday linguistic usage. Many Swedes still identify strongly with their “landscape” today. To this day, the dialects of the Swedish language, costumes and customs are tied to the individual landscapes. The landscape names are also used in tourism advertising. Many other classifications (telephone book regions, regional newspapers, etc.) are also based on the landscapes.

The historic provinces of Sweden and Finland

Sweden's historic provinces

The historical Swedish provinces were / are assigned to the three, until 1809 four parts of the country , Swedish landsdelar :





Until 1809 today's Finland belonged to Sweden as the fourth realm ( Österland ) and was also divided into landskap . These goods:

  • Egentliga Finland (Finnish Varsinais-Suomi )
  • Ingermanland (Finnish Inkeri , Russian Izjorskaja zemlja ) Russian since 1721.
  • Karelia (Swedish Karelen , Finnish Karjala , Russian Karelija ) belonged to Russia from 1721 to 1811, the eastern part was again Russian since 1940.
  • Nyland (Finnish Uusimaa )
  • Satakunda (Finnish Satakunta )
  • Savolax (Finnish Savo )
  • Tavastland (Finnish: Häme )

Svealand - until 1809

  • Åland (Finnish: Ahvenanmaa )

Norrland - until 1809

  • Lapland (Finnish: Lappi ) was administratively part of Norrland until 1809 .
  • Österbotten (Finnish: Pohjanmaa ) belonged administratively to Norrland until 1809 .

See also

Web links

Commons : Historic Provinces of Sweden  - collection of images, videos and audio files