from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Halmstad coat of arms
Sweden Halland location map.svg
Location of Halland in Sweden
State : Sweden
Province  (län): Hallands Lan
Historical Province (landskap): Halland
Municipality  : Halmstad
Coordinates : 56 ° 40 ′  N , 12 ° 51 ′  E Coordinates: 56 ° 40 ′  N , 12 ° 51 ′  E
SCB code : 3960
Status: Crime scene
Residents : 66,124 (December 31, 2015)
Area : 36.5 km²
Population density : 1812 inhabitants / km²
Postal code : 300 04 - 308 01
List of perpetrators in Halland County

Halmstad [ ˈhalmstɑː (d) ] is a city in the Swedish province of Halland County and the historic province of Halland . It lies halfway between Malmö and Gothenburg at the mouth of the Nissan River and is the capital of the municipality of the same name .


Halmstad Castle
Norre Port city ​​gate in Halmstad

Halmstad was originally located a little further up the Nissan, where the Övraby district is now, which at that time was still an independent village. The village was mentioned as early as the 13th century and received its privileges on May 31, 1307 from Duke Kristofer, later King Christoph II . A little later around 1322, the village was moved to Braktorp at the mouth of the Nissan, where it is still located today. The new town had the name Halmstad at least as early as 1327. The place name Halmstad was mentioned in 1231 as a royal court in the Danish King Waldemar II's earth book . The city soon became the most distinguished on the west coast and therefore also a meeting place for the Scandinavian imperial councils. B. 1435, 1450, 1468, 1483 and 1512.

Following the proposal of the Kalmar Union of 1436 and the treaty of 1450, Halmstad was supposed to hold the king's election, but this never happened. The city had two monasteries, that of the Dominican Order , to which the Church of St. Katarina was consecrated, and that of the Franciscan Order , to which the Church of St. Anne was consecrated. In both 1434 and 1436 Halmstad was conquered by Engelbrekt Engelbrektsson and his troops. In 1534 the city came under a Swedish army under Johan Turesson and the following year a Danish attack under Count Johann von Hoya was repulsed by Jakob Bagge. The peace negotiations took place in the city, but the Nordic Seven Years War broke out and the city was attacked in vain by the Swedish side in 1563, 1566 and 1568.

The palace was only built towards the end of the 16th century, and under Christian IV at the beginning of the 17th century it was further expanded and fortified by the master builder Willem van Steenwinckel . In 1619 Gustav Adolf and Christian IV met in Halmstad. After Halmstad and the rest of Halland had been handed over to Sweden, in 1646 a proposal was made to build a citadel. This was later changed to a section between the castle and the city, so that the work could begin in 1648, but it was not finished before the war Charles X against Denmark.

In 1651 plans for a further improvement of the city were presented, but even after the plan was simplified in 1655 little happened. Halmstad was besieged in 1676 by the Danes under Major General Duncan. In September of that year even by the Danish king personally, but this was not successful either. After the war, the fortification was maintained for some time, but a plan to strengthen it was no longer implemented. In the early 18th century, the fortification was repaired again, but the Reichstag in 1734 approved the razing . Not everything was removed at that time. B. still today the northern gate of the fortification.

In 1883 Halmstad had 8,966 inhabitants.

Culture and sights


The head of a woman by Pablo Picasso

In the city center there is a castle with half-timbered houses .

The woman's head by Pablo Picasso on the river is a symbol of the city, as is Milles' fountain on the market square with the statue Europa with the bull .

One of the city's sights is the three-masted barque Naiaden , which is a museum ship on the Nissan Bridge near the castle.

A little outside the seaside resort of Tylösand , known for its kilometer-long sandy beach, its golf courses and glamorous villas.

Ivars kulle north-east of Halmstad is a burial mound from the Bronze or Iron Age .


The Swedish death metal band Arch Enemy comes from Halmstad. The two guitarists Michael Amott and Christopher Amott live there. In addition, the black metal band Shining was founded in Halmstad in 1996.


Halmstad is the seat of Hallands Fotbollförbund .

The football club Halmstads BK has already won four Swedish championships and is currently (2020) playing in the Superettan , the second highest Swedish football league. Halmstad HF as the successor club to Halmstad Hammers is the local ice hockey club. The Halmstad Eagles are an American football team from Halmstad.

The 2007 Solheim Cup was held in Halmstad. The 2018 World Table Tennis Championships took place in Halmstad.

Halmstad also has a harness racing track.

Economy and Infrastructure


The company HMS Industrial Networks has its headquarters in Halmstadt.


Halmstad University has been in existence in Halmstad since 1983 .


Halmstad has a train station on Västkustbanan . The narrow-gauge Halmstad – Bolmen line also used to exist . Halmstad Airport is located about two kilometers northwest of Halmstad .

Halmstad has three exits from Europaväg 6 . In Halmstad the start Riksväg 25 and Riksväg 26 , the Riksväg 15 ends here.

sons and daughters of the town



Web links

Commons : Halmstad  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b Statistiska centralbyrån : Land area per Tatort, folkmängd and invånare per square kilometer. Vart femte år 1960 - 2015 (database query)