Hofheim am Taunus
|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Darmstadt|
|Height :||135 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||57.38 km 2|
|Residents:||39,647 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||691 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||65719|
|Primaries :||06192, 06122, 06198|
|License plate :||MTK|
|Community key :||06 4 36 007|
|LOCODE :||DE HFH|
|City structure:||7 districts|
City administration address :
65719 Hofheim am Taunus
|Mayor :||Christian Vogt ( CDU )|
|Location of the city of Hofheim am Taunus in the Main-Taunus district|
In 2014 Hofheim had a purchasing power index of 144 percent of the national average, which is well above the average, making it one of the richest district towns in Germany.
Hofheim borders in the north on the cities of Eppstein and Kelkheim (Taunus) , in the east on the independent city of Frankfurt am Main , the municipality of Kriftel and the city of Hattersheim am Main , in the south on the cities of Flörsheim am Main and Hochheim am Main and in the west the regional capital Wiesbaden .
Hofheim am Taunus consists of seven districts:
|Inner city Hofheim||14494|
Prehistory and early history
The oldest traces of human life to date from the area around Hofheim date from the Paleolithic with the oldest find around 40,000 BC. From the Neolithic Age from approx. 5000 BC. Settlement areas on the banks of the Schwarzbach, on both sides of today's Schmelzweg and on the Kapellenberg were identified. Especially the Michelsberg culture around 4400 to 3500 BC. Chr. Shows through numerous traces of settlement and finds on the Kapellenberg (ring wall system). The area was settled by the Romans around 30/40 AD . a. To secure the Wetterau , to secure the route between Mainz and Nida in today's Frankfurt-Heddernheim as well as to protect the Limes triangle , two forts were built - first an earth fort and from 75 AD under Emperor Vespasian also a stone fort that was built until 110 AD existed.
Middle Ages and Modern Times
The first documentary mention was made in 1254 under the name Hoveheim , the suffix -heim, however, indicates a much earlier Franconian foundation. Hofheim belonged to Count Philip VI. the elder von Falkenstein , when Emperor Karl IV. granted Hofheim city rights on March 21, 1352 under the name Hobeheim . This document gave the gentlemen over Hofheim the right to build walls, gates and bridges, to erect a gallows, to hold court, to do handicrafts and to hold markets. In the imperial war against Philip the Elder of Falkenstein ( Falkensteiner Feud ) the city was conquered by Kurmainz in 1366 , to whom it was subject until 1418. This was followed by the rule of the Counts of Eppstein -Königstein until the family died out in 1535. Only two owners changed during the 16th century. From 1535 to 1574 the rule of Eppstein-Königstein belonged to Count Ludwig von Stolberg, who introduced the Reformation in Hofheim in 1540, and from 1574 to 1581 Christoph von Stolberg. But as early as 1559, Elector and Archbishop Daniel Brendel von Homburg had redeemed an old pledge and thereby got Eppstein and Hofheim back. After the death of Christoph von Stolberg in 1581 the rest of the County of Königstein also went to Kurmainz.
Under the government of Wolfgang von Dalberg , Archbishop and Elector of Mainz , and his successor Johann Adam von Bicken, the witch trials in Kurmainz reached their climax between 1588 and 1602 in the two offices of Höchst and Hofheim. From the remains of old court records, the remains of the Aschaffenburg archives , 23 women could be identified who were accused of witchcraft, 15 of whom were killed at the stake. The city council of Hofheim am Taunus decided on November 3, 2010 to rehabilitate the citizens convicted of witchcraft.
Until the beginning of 1603, Protestantism was the predominant religion among the inhabitants, despite the fact that the city belonged to the Catholic Kurmainz. It was not until June of this year that the Protestant pastor was replaced by a Catholic pastor. During the Thirty Years' War , Spanish, Bavarian, Swedish and French troops occupied, looted and devastated the city and the current districts. Residents were tortured into hiding cattle, horses and household items. In addition to famine, epidemics broke out again and again and in 1635 the plague spread in the region. In Hofheim, the number of men (citizens) in 1635 fell from 76 and 13 widows to 27 people within four years (no division into men and widows). At the end of the Thirty Years' War in 1648 there were finally 40 men and 4 widows. In principle, children, women and inmates were not included in the censuses. From 1665 the plague raged in Mainz and Frankfurt as well as in the region of today's Main-Taunus-Kreis. The following year Hofheim was still plague-free and on July 3, 1666 Pastor Gleidener led the residents in a procession to the "Rabberg" (today Kapellenberg) to take a vow: If the city was spared the plague, in honor of the Holy Virgin Mary a chapel to be built at this point. The chapel was built in 1667 and replaced by a successor in 1774.
With the beginning of the French Revolution in 1789 , a 26-year period of peace ended for Hofheim. The population had reached a modest level of prosperity and had grown to a thousand. With the occupation of the city of Mainz by French revolutionary troops and finally the city of Frankfurt in 1792, the Hofheimers began to suffer for years. Changing troop marches and billeting resulted in looting, famine and epidemics.
In the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803 Hofheim fell to the Principality of Nassau-Usingen . In 1806 it was merged with the Principality of Nassau-Weilburg . Together they formed the Duchy of Nassau . In 1866 it came under Prussian rule and from then on existed as the province of Hessen-Nassau . After Hofheim was out of the way in terms of traffic for a long time, the city was connected to the railway network from 1874 to 1877 with the construction of the Main-Lahn-Bahn between Frankfurt and Limburg . Another economic upswing began. Hofheim also became interesting for Taunus tourists from Frankfurt due to the rail connection.
The First World War 1914–1918 claimed its victims: 121 men died in acts of war. Many residents, especially children, died as a result of malnutrition. After the armistice agreement of November 11, 1918, Hofheim was occupied by French troops on December 2, which lasted until 1929 (officially until 1930). Hofheim was within the thirty-kilometer radius of Mainz, which had to be freed from German soldiers - according to the demands of the victors. In these zones were the cities of Cologne and Koblenz, the area to the right of the Rhine and the city of Kehl (the latter with a smaller radius).
In 1933 the Nazis came to power in Hofheim as well. In the Reichstag election on March 5, 36.91 percent of the residents of Hofheim voted for the NSDAP. In the local elections on March 12, 1933, this won 6 out of 12 seats. The other seats went to the SPD (3) and the Center Party (3). The SPD was banned on June 22nd, and the Center Party disbanded under massive pressure on July 5th. Thus, the NSDAP was the only remaining party in the Hofheim city parliament and from July 24th the only legal party in the German Reich.
By April 11, 1933, the previous mayors in 13 municipalities in the Main-Taunus district had been replaced by NSDAP members. Oskar Meyrer held the mayor's office in Hofheim from 1920 and was to keep it until his death on August 1, 1942. After that, the position was not filled again, but instead continued to be exercised by the local group leader Georg Kaufmann.
With the takeover of power, discrimination and persecution of communists, social democrats, members of the Confessing Church and, above all, Jewish residents began. There had been a Jewish community since the Middle Ages. Around 1800 the members established a synagogue in the former defense tower / Büttelturm. In 1933 the community had about 35 members. In the night of November 9th to 10th 1938 ( Reichspogromnacht ) this synagogue was devastated. Due to the narrow buildings in the old town, lighting was not used. The synagogue in Wallau (a district of Hofheim since 1977) suffered a similar fate. Only some residents were able to save themselves by emigrating abroad; the others were deported and died in concentration camps.
After the end of the Second World War, Hofheim fell to the newly founded state of Hesse.
For January 1, 1980 Hofheim im Taunus new county seat of Main-Taunus district, the final move was made but only in 1987 with the completion of the new circuit house in Hofheim, previously the administrative center was located in Frankfurt's Höchst , who until the incorporation to Frankfurt in 1928 as an independent city Höchst am Main was part of the district.
In 1988 the city of Hofheim was the 28th Hessentagstadt .
On January 1, 1938, Marxheim was incorporated. As part of the regional reform in Hesse , Langenhain was added on a voluntary basis on December 31, 1971, Diedenbergen on April 1, 1972 and Lorsbach on July 1, 1972 . Wallau and Wildsachsen followed by law on January 1, 1977 . Local districts with local advisory councils and local councilors were formed for all parts of the city and the core city .
Around 1900 Hofheim had around 2,800 inhabitants, in 1908 already 4,040, in 1938 then 7,800. In 1972 the number had grown to 27,500, in 1977 to 33,000. It peaked in 2002 with 40,863 inhabitants, after which the number fell. It wasn't until 2017 that the 40,000 mark was exceeded again.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
|Parties and constituencies||2016||2011||2006||2001||1997|
|Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats||Share a||Seats|
|Christian Democratic Union of Germany||CDU||29.6||13||37.3||17th||42.5||19th||41.0||18th||35.8||16|
|Social Democratic Party of Germany||SPD||20.1||9||22.6||10||20.7||9||27.8||13||26.8||12|
|Alliance 90 / The Greens||GREEN||16.1||7th||23.2||10||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Free voter community Hofheim||FWG||11.1||5||6.8||3||10.0||5||11.2||5||19.2||9|
|Free Democratic Party||FDP||8.3||4th||3.8||2||7.8||4th||4.8||2||5.6||2|
|The left||THE LEFT||5.9||3||2.3||1||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Wallau voter community||Wallau flat share||4.7||2||-||-||-||-||-||-||-||-|
|Citizens for Hofheim||BfH||4.2||2||4.0||2||5.0||2||3.8||2||-||-|
|The Greens - Open Hofheimer List||GOHL||-||-||-||-||14.1||6th||11.3||5||12.6||6th|
The mayor has been Gisela Stang ( SPD ) since 2001 . It prevailed in the 2001 election with 50.1 percent, in 2007 with 52 percent and in the re-election in 2013 with 54.5 percent of the valid votes. In the 2018 Hessian state election , Stang was not elected to the state parliament. In advance, she announced that she would not be available for another term of office.
A total of seven candidates ran for the mayoral election on March 24, 2019. Christian Vogt emerged from the first ballot with a clear lead (CDU, 39.8 percent, 6191 votes), followed by Bernhard Köppler (SPD, 19.8 percent, 3077 votes) and Bianca Strauss (Greens, 16.2 percent, 2526 Be right). In the runoff election on April 7, 2019, the CDU candidate Christian Vogt prevailed against Bernhard Köppler with 58.3 percent. Christian Vogt began his term of office on September 13, 2019.
coat of arms
Blazon : Divided and split below by blue and red; above in black the growing, golden nimbly St. Peter in a silver overcoat and blue undergarment, in his right hand a gold book, in his left a gold key; below in front a red armored golden lion between golden shingles, behind a six-spoke silver wheel.
The coat of arms has been officially approved since 1907 and was officially awarded in 1920. It corresponds to older court seals, the oldest of which dates from 1352 after being granted city rights. Mainz was represented with the Mainz wheel and Archbishop Gerlach as count from the House of Nassau with the lion as the temporary local lords of the time .
- Chinon , France, since 1967
- Tiverton , England, since 1980
- Buccino , Italy, since 2008
- Pruszcz Gdański , Poland, since 2012
Culture and sights
- Old town hall from 1529
- City wall and lower gate
- Wasserschloss Hofheim (cellar space)
- Cellar building from 1720
- Witch tower
- City Museum Hofheim am Taunus (Burgstrasse 11)
- Blaues Haus , Kapellenstrasse 11, home of many well-known artists
- Historic Landsberg Inn (upper main street)
- Old town with many half-timbered houses
- Historic cellars in the old town, some from before the Thirty Years War
- cath. Church of St. Peter and Paul from 1642
- ev. Johanneskirche, 1900 by architect Ludwig Hofmann
- Ring wall Kapellenberg
- Meisterturm from 1928 (on the Kapellenberg)
- Cohausen Temple from 1910
- Maria auf dem Berg : pilgrimage chapel from 1772
- Baha'i Temple from 1964 in the Langenhain district, a Hessian cultural monument since 1987, the only Baha'i temple in Europe
- Wandersmann monument in the Wallau district
- Hofheim observatory (Eppsteiner Strasse in the Langenhain district)
Sports and club life
The SG Wallau / Massenheim was a handball sports club, which was located in the Wallau district of Hofheim. The game association was represented in the handball Bundesliga for a long time . The team now plays as HSG Breckenheim Wallau / Massenheim in the district league.
The chess club 1920 Hofheim has a 28-year tradition in the Bundesliga and plays with its first team in the 1st Bundesliga in the 2017/18 season. The women's team has also played in the Bundesliga without interruption since 1999, and even in the 1st women's Bundesliga in the 2017/18 season.
Motorsport has been operated in Hofheim since 1958 by MSC Diedenbergen . The speedway team has been German champions several times and has produced several European and world champions from its ranks, such as Gerd Riss and Egon Müller .
The women's basketball team at TV Hofheim played in the 2nd Bundesliga South until 2008. Since the 2008/09 season, the first team has been playing together with TV Langen in a syndicate, the Rhein-Main Baskets . In the first year of the game, he was promoted to the first women's basketball league .
The table tennis department of the SG Wildsachsen plays in the 2009/2010 season with three men's teams in the association league, district league and district class.
The brass bands in traditional, modern and concert form is indulged in Musikzug Wallau since 1,962th
The Hofheim Art Association has existed since 1966
In 1984 the Hofheimer Fastnachtszug eV was founded as an independent association from the KG1900. The task of the association is to organize the carnival parade in the city of Hofheim, which takes place every two years.
- The cycle race around the financial center Eschborn-Frankfurt , which traditionally takes place on May 1st, often leads through Hofheim.
- The International Music Days Hessen Main-Taunus Hofheim take place in May / June and attract international guests. In addition, the artistic competition for the by Alois Kottmann founded Alois Kottmann Prize performed.
- Every summer, the district town summer, the district town run, the summer certificate festival and in the Langenhain district the Bahai Summer Festival take place in the city center .
- Since 1996, at the end of the summer vacation, the summer festival has been held on the area of the Sportpark Heide in the Marxheim district.
- Every year in September, the Hofheim construction fair takes place under the motto “Build, Live, Renovate, Save Energy” in the Rhein-Main Exhibition Center.
- The Hofheimer Gallusmarkt, a junk market with entertainment area, takes place every year in October after Gallus Day.
Economy and Infrastructure
Hofheim's economic focus is on the Hofheim- Wallau and Hofheim-Nord industrial areas . Some businesses based in the city are of outstanding importance:
- IKEA Germany in Hofheim-Wallau (German headquarters)
- Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV)
- Polar-Mohr , mechanical engineering company for print processing equipment
- Meinhardt city cleaning
- the district hospital as part of the Main-Taunus district clinics
Due to its location in the middle of the Rhine-Main area and the excellent transport links, Hofheim itself does not play a major role in retail. The IKEA furniture store is located in the Hofheim district in Wallau .
Since autumn 2010, the retail landscape in Hofheim's inner city has been expanded over three floors with the roofed Chinon-Center shopping arcade, with around 20 retail stores and a cinema.
Hofheim and its districts are located along the A 66 motorway and are accessible via five driveways. In addition, the districts of Diedenbergen, Wallau and Wildsachsen are still on the A 3 between Cologne and Würzburg .
For local public transport, there is a direct S-Bahn connection ( line S2 ) in the direction of Niedernhausen and via Frankfurt am Main to Dietzenbach at the two train stations Hofheim (Taunus) and Lorsbach on the Main-Lahn-Bahn . The regional train RB 20 and the regional express RE 20 on the Limburg an der Lahn –Frankfurt am Main line also stop at Hofheimer Bahnhof. This means that seven trips per hour in each direction between Hofheim and Frankfurt are possible during rush hour. The districts of Hofheim and the neighboring communities can be reached by numerous bus connections and the shared taxi . There are also two direct bus connections to the state capital Wiesbaden, which run three times an hour during the day.
- Marxheim School (Elementary School, Marxheim)
- Lorsbach School (elementary school, Lorsbach)
- Pestalozzi School (primary school)
- Philipp-Keim-School (elementary school, Diedenbergen)
- Steinberg School (primary school)
- Taunusblickschule (primary school, Wallau)
- Wilhelm Busch School (elementary school, Langenhain)
- Heiligenstockschule (elementary school with special needs )
- Montessori Center Hofheim (private primary school, as well as private integrated comprehensive school with upper secondary school including the Montessori nest for age groups from 11 months to 3 years)
- Comprehensive School Am Rosenberg (cooperative comprehensive school with all-day school)
- Friedrich von Bodelschwingh School (School for Special Education )
- Elisabethenschule (private secondary school )
- Brühlwiesenschule (vocational school; vocational high school , technical college , vocational school )
- Main Taunus School ( grammar school )
In addition to the educational institutions listed above, the district town of Hofheim am Taunus also houses an adult education center, a city library and a city museum.
sons and daughters of the town
- Anna Glitzen (* around 1541, † unknown) from Hofheim, mother-in-law of the pastor from Weilbach, was accused of alleged witchcraft in 1601, imprisoned in the Witches Tower in Hofheim and tortured several times, but she did not confess. Eventually she was released from custody.
- Matthäus Heilmann (1744–1817), Electoral Mainz organ and instrument builder
- Adolf Messer (1878–1954), inventor and industrialist
- Wolfgang Kaus (1935–2018), director and actor
- Berthold Faust (1935–2016), scientific animal illustrator and author
- Ursula Summ (* 1947), author
- Annette Mehlhorn (* 1958), theologian, university lecturer and theater pedagogue
- Jürgen Hardt (* 1963), politician (CDU), member of the German Bundestag
- Constanze Wagner (* 1963), athlete
- Ruth Ziesak (* 1963), singer (soprano)
Personalities related to Hofheim
- Philipp Keim (1804–1884) from Hofheim-Diedenbergen, Nassau poet and newspaper singer
- Elisabeth Winterhalter (1856–1952), first German surgeon
- Ottilie Roederstein (1859–1937), painter
- Richard Zorn (1860–1945), local history researcher and pomologist
- Sophie Reinheimer (1874–1935), children's and youth literature writer
- Paul Bekker (1882–1937), conductor, artistic director and influential music critic
- Ludwig Meidner (1884–1966), expressionist painter and poet, lived in Marxheim from 1953 to 1963
- Anton Flettner (1885–1961), inventor, teacher at the Lorsbach School from 1909 to 1913
- Hanna Bekker vom Rath (1893–1983), patron, collector, art dealer
- Heinrich Weiss (1893–1966), member of the state parliament of the SPD from 1946 to 1966, member of the state assembly advising the constitution , multiple member of the federal assembly and holder of the Great Federal Cross of Merit
- Siegfried Shalom Sebba (1897–1975), painter and sculptor, lived from 1968 to 1975 in Hofheim am Taunus
- Ernst Wilhelm Nay (1902–1968), German painter and graphic artist of classical modernism, lived in Hofheim am Taunus from 1945 to 1952
- Hanns Großmann (1912–1999), senior public prosecutor, 1963 prosecutor in the first Frankfurt Auschwitz trial
- Marta Hoepffner (1912–2000), photo artist and namesake of the Marta Hoepffner Prize for Photography
- Reinhard Dachlauer (1922–1995), sculptor and important animal sculptor, spent childhood and youth in Hofheim am Taunus
- Hermann Haindl (1927–2013), artist
- Ev Grüger (1928–2017), German artist
- Karl Malkmus (1929–1997), artist, painter
- Hermann Krupp (* 1926 in Hofheim am Taunus † 2019 in Braunfels ), academic painter, gallery owner, lived and worked in Weinbach - Elkerhausen since 1993
- Alois Kottmann (* 1929), violinist, music teacher, patron
- Manfred Schell (* 1943), 1989 to May 2008 Federal Chairman of the Union of German Locomotive Drivers (GDL)
- Thilo Götze Regenbogen (1949–2015), artist
- Oskar Mahler (* 1952) artist and actor, spent his youth in Hofheim, headed the youth group of the Kunstverein Hofheim eV for three years
- Dirk Metz (* 1957), former State Secretary D. and former spokesman for the Hessian state government
- Axel Wintermeyer (* 1960), Member of the State Parliament (CDU), Minister of State
- Christian Schneider (* 1962), musician, arranger, composer and music producer
- Nele Neuhaus (* 1967 in Münster ), writer whose crime novels mainly take place in the Taunus
- Alexander Schur (* 1971), football player ( Eintracht Frankfurt )
- Anna Lührmann (* 1983), politician (Greens), member of the Bundestag
- Maurice Wiese (* 1995 in Diedenbergen ), first slackline world champion
- 1325: M. Seelig
- 1369: Mayor Hug
- 1387-1389: Ulyn, HStAW 106-127
- 1401: Hen Hademar
- 1401–1412: Emmerich Gerume, HStAW 106–169
- 1432: Alban von Riffersberg
- 1433–1435: Schmidt (Peder Smydt)
- 1436: Heinrich Wolff (hen)
- 1438: Ludeshen
- 1440: Heinrich Wolff
- 1444: Heinrich Hoxstaid
- 1451: Herman Pastor
- 1451 - 1453: Herman Snyder, Hofh. Court Book II. P. 237 ...
- 1456 - 1460: Peder Kaldebach, Hofh. Court Book II. P. 263 ...
- 1463 - 1477: Matthias Heyer, Hofh. Court Book II. P. 350 ...
- 1479 - 1489: Herman Spar
- 1489 - 1491: Hen Pieffer
- 1528 - 1541: Philipp Spar
- 1560 - 1608: Hieronymus Mergeler, HStAW 106–455
- 1610 - 1656: Hans Caspar Mergeler, HStAW 106-471
- 1657 - 1685: Johann Traudt (Trauth), † October 8, 1691
- 1685 - 1695: Andreas Weppener, † April 18, 1719
- 1696 - 1723: Martin Kirsten, † abroad around 1725
- 1723 - 1731: Andreas Ixstatt, † March 24, 1731
- 1732 - 1782: Anselm Franz Aull, † August 24, 1782
- 1783 - 1802: Andreas Weigand, † June 17, 1804
- 1804 - 1807: Nikolaus Westenberger, † February 16, 1809
- 1807 - 1809: Leonhard Kunz, † October 4, 1809
- 1812 - 1813: Johann Kunz, † February 9, 1813
- 1813 - 1815: Baltharsar Filzinger, † May 8, 1826
- 1817 - 1831: Johann Seelig, † May 18, 1861
- 1832 - 1835: City administrator Everhardi
- 1836 - 1848: Heinrich Josef Wohmann, † May 1, 1856
- 1848 - 1868: Valerius Wollstadt, † June 8, 1870
- 1868 - 1884: Johann Josef Kling, † December 14, 1884
- 1885 - 1891: Johann Baptist Hohfeld, † April 10, 1899
- 1892 - 1919: Heinrich Heß, † December 9, 1935
- 1919 - 1920: Martin Wohmann, Deputy Mayor
- 1920 - 1942: Oskar Meyrer, † August 1, 1942
- 1942 - March 1945: Georg Kaufmann, Deputy Mayor
- April 1945 - May 1945: Willi Oberst, commissioner. mayor
- May 1945 - June 1948: Eduard Schullenberg
- 1948 - 1950: Ernst Nilges, suspended on October 5, 1950
- 1950 - 1953: Jos. Landler + Ad. Stang, Deputy Mayor (Alderman)
- September 1, 1953 - April 30, 1973: Werner Schwichtenberg
- May 1, 1973 - July 3, 1989: Friedrich Flaccus, † July 31, 2013
- September 13, 1989 - September 12, 2001: Rolf Felix, † August 20, 2013
- September 13, 2001 - September 12, 2019: Gisela Stang
- since September 13, 2019: Christian Vogt
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