|Full name||Liqui Moly Handball Bundesliga|
German Handball Federation
(Organized by Handball-Bundesliga GmbH)
|Title holder||THW Kiel|
|Record champions||THW Kiel (21 titles)|
|Record player||Carsten Lichtlein (626 games)|
|Record scorer||Kyung-Shin Yoon (2,905 goals)|
↓ 2nd handball Bundesliga (II)
The men's handball Bundesliga (full name after the main sponsor Liqui Moly Handball-Bundesliga ) has been the top division in German handball since 1966 . In the Bundesliga, the German handball champions and the participants in the European Cup competitions are played out in the league system, in which each club competes in home and return matches against every other club . Handball-Bundesliga GmbH has its headquarters in Cologne and Uwe Schwenker has been President of the League Association of the Handball-Bundesliga since 2014 . Frank Bohmann has been the managing director of the Handball Bundesliga since 2003. The most successful club in the Bundesliga is THW Kiel , followed by VfL Gummersbach .
Mode and Orientation
Ascent and descent mode
The first two winners of the 2nd handball Bundesliga were promoted to the 1st handball Bundesliga at the season change. The runners-up played against each other in play-off games - the winner in turn played against the third from bottom of the 1st Bundesliga. The last two in the 1st Bundesliga were relegated directly to the 2nd Bundesliga.
2011 to 2017
Since the 2011/12 season, the last three clubs in the final table have been relegated to the 2nd Bundesliga and the first three clubs in the 2nd Bundesliga have been promoted directly to the 1st Bundesliga.
Special case 2014/15
In 2014/15 there were exceptionally 19 teams and 4 relegated teams. The reason was the withdrawal of the license for HSV Hamburg , which meant that the actual relegated athlete, HBW Balingen-Weilstetten , was awarded the free place. The license withdrawal was later withdrawn, which meant that HSV Hamburg was allowed to play in the Bundesliga again.
From the 2017/18 season there are only two relegated teams to the 2nd handball Bundesliga ; consequently, only two clubs are promoted to the 1st Bundesliga each season. 16 players can now also be used and a uniform hall floor has been introduced.
Special case 2019/20
Due to the COVID-19 pandemic , the 2019/20 season was declared over on April 21, 2020. As a result, a decision by the Presidium of the Handball Bundesliga eV did not relegate any club from the 1st Handball Bundesliga . Nevertheless, both the first and second placed in the 2nd handball league were allowed to move up. Thus, the 1st handball Bundesliga 2020/21 starts the season with 20 teams.
In 1981 the 2nd Bundesliga was introduced, which has since been played in two seasons (north and south), and from 1991–1993 in three seasons, north, middle and south. This was followed as the third league by a regional league of the five regional associations, some of which were two-tiered (Northeast 1992-1999, Southwest 1981-1998, West 1981-2000, South 1991-2000). From 2000 to 2005, the regional associations jointly operated a six-tier regional league. Until 2000, each regional association had its own fourth-class league. The regional leagues were therefore supported by a total of up to 22 upper leagues (situation from 1991 to 2000, before that including the city league Berlin 17 upper leagues), of which the Landesliga Berlin 1991/92 ( Oberliga Berlin only from 1992/93) and the Oberliga Hessen from 1981 played in two seasons until 2000. The structure could therefore have up to 37 leagues or seasons in the top four divisions (season 1991/92 with a two-tier 1st Bundesliga and a three-tier 2nd Bundesliga 2-3-8-24). Until the introduction of the regional league reform in the years 1998 to 2000 and the beginning of the merging of major leagues from 2000, the regular structure was 1-2-9-23 (35 leagues / seasons). Before German reunification , a 1-2-7-17 structure with 27 leagues / seasons was common. Since the comprehensive league reform in 2010 with the creation of the 3rd division in four seasons and the amalgamation of other major leagues, the structure has been streamlined to 1-1-4-12. Only seven regional associations currently maintain a single league. With the merging of the Upper and Middle Rhine upper leagues, this number will drop to five for the 2016/17 season. Only the associations Westphalia, Lower Saxony, Hesse, Bavaria and the Bremen HV, whose upper league, however, the clubs from the western districts of the HV Lower Saxony have been assigned to since 1965 ( North Sea League), will then have a sole responsible upper league. The fifth level currently consists of a total of 28 leagues / relays of the national associations. (For comparison: In football, 22 leagues make up the top five divisions (1-1-1-5-14)).
The Bundesliga was introduced in two seasons with the 1966/67 season. In the two-pronged times, the clubs of the regional associations North and West formed the North Squadron, and representatives of the Southwest and South Associations formed the South Squadron. (Only) Berlin clubs could be assigned to both seasons. In the first three years, the season winners played the German champions in a final. From 1969/70 there was a final round with semi-finals and a final. The 1970 final was held on January 2, 1970 because of the World Cup taking place in January of that year, and the league games had ended in November 1969. With VfL Gummersbach , Grün-Weiß Dankersen , TuS Wellinghofen and SG Leutershausen , four clubs played all eleven double-track seasons in the Bundesliga. Of these, TuS Wellinghofen only failed to qualify for the single-track Bundesliga in 1977 due to the wave of protests initiated by relay rival TuS Derschlag with several cancellations and repeat games (which tragically did not affect the Wellinghofer themselves) and never made it to the top in the following period . With six championship titles, nine finals (always except in 1971 and 1977) and a point average of over 80% (281 of 340 possible points scored), VfL Gummersbach is by far the most successful club of the two-pronged era. A total of 41 clubs played in the double-track Bundesliga from 1966 to 1977, including the Reinickendorfer Füchse as the only club in both seasons.
In 1977 the single-track handball league was introduced. Only THW Kiel and VfL Gummersbach have completed all 42 seasons so far. These two clubs also share twenty-two of the championship titles that have been awarded since then. The most successful club during this time was THW Kiel, which won seventeen of its twenty championships in the single-track Bundesliga, the last one in 2015. Gummersbach won five of its twelve championship titles during this period, the last one in 1991. This title also marks the end of an era , because from 1978 to the 1990/91 season only three teams, Gummersbach, Großwallstadt and TUSEM Essen , managed to win the championship title in the single-track Bundesliga. Since then, however, none of these three previously dominant clubs has been able to become champions or runner-up.
After a “transitional phase ” in which SG Wallau / Massenheim won the title in 1992 and 1993, the 1993/94 season saw a phase of dominance by the quartet from THW Kiel, SG Flensburg-Handewitt , TBV Lemgo and SC Magdeburg . In the twelve consecutive seasons from 1994/95 to 2005/06 at the end of the season at least three of these four teams were always in the top four places, four times even all four. The championship titles after 1993 are also distributed exclusively to these four clubs until 2010, with Kiel winning the title fourteen times, Lemgo twice (1997 and 2003), Magdeburg (2001) and Flensburg (2004) once each. It wasn't until 2011 that another club became German champions, HSV Hamburg .
A total of 95 different clubs and syndicates have played in the Bundesliga so far, 77 of them in the single-track period. Of the clubs that have played in the Bundesliga for at least 20 seasons, HSG Wetzlar (since 1998), SC Magdeburg (since 1991) and TBV Lemgo (since 1983) have never been relegated from the Bundesliga. The SC Magdeburg played from 1956 to the end of 1991 in the GDR Oberliga, so now for 63 years without interruption in its top division.
In the 1991/92 season, the handball Bundesliga played in two seasons because of the reunification . From 1990 to 1992 play-off games for the championship were played.
In the 2014/15 season , 19 instead of 18 teams played in the handball upper house for the first time, as HSV Handball only received the license in the last instance and HBW Balingen-Weilstetten was already legally in the upper house at that time. This was compensated by an additional relegation, so that the league started again with 18 clubs in the 2015/16 season; the 2nd Bundesliga comprised 21 instead of 20 teams this season.
In the 2020/21 season the following 20 clubs will play in the 1st Bundesliga:
- SG Flensburg-Handewitt
- Rhine-Neckar lion
- Foxes Berlin
- SC Magdeburg
- THW Kiel
- TSV Hannover-Burgdorf
- MT Melsungen
- SC DHfK Leipzig
- TBV Lemgo
- Fresh on Göppingen
- HSG Wetzlar
- TSV GWD Minden
- HC Erlangen
- TVB 1898 Stuttgart
- HBW Balingen-Weilstetten
- The owls Ludwigshafen
- Bergischer HC
- HSG Nordhorn-Lingen
- HSC 2000 Coburg
- TUSEM food
On August 21, 2007, the automobile manufacturer Toyota presented a name sponsor for the 1st Bundesliga for the first time. From the 2007/08 season onwards, the Bundesliga handball league was officially called the “Toyota Handball Bundesliga” and received around 2.3 million euros per season, including media services. The contract was initially valid for two years and is said to have washed around 55,000 euros into the coffers of each of the 18 top division clubs. As of the 2012/13 season, Deutsche Kreditbank will act as a name sponsor after Toyota for its part did not renew the contract, so that the league was renamed "DKB Handball Bundesliga". The contract ran for three years and was extended for the 2016/17, 17/18 and 18/19 seasons. Liqui Moly has been a name sponsor since the 2019/20 season . The contract runs for three years, with an option for two more years.
German champions since 1950
The championship titles of Berliner SV 1892 at the 1948 tournament and RSV Mülheim at the finals in 1949 were won before the German Handball Federation was founded in 1949. These zone championships are not recognized by the DHB and are now considered unofficial championships.
|THW Kiel||21st||1957 , 1962 , 1963 , 1994 , 1995 , 1996 , 1998 , 1999 , 2000 , 2002 , 2005 , 2006 , 2007 , 2008 , 2009 , 2010 , 2012 , 2013 , 2014 , 2015 , 2020|
|VfL Gummersbach||12||1966 , 1967 , 1969 , 1973 , 1974 , 1975 , 1976 , 1982 , 1983 , 1985 , 1988 , 1991|
|Fresh on Göppingen||9||1954 , 1955 , 1958 , 1959 , 1960 , 1961 , 1965 , 1970 , 1972|
|TV Großwallstadt||6th||1978 , 1979 , 1980 , 1981 , 1984 , 1990|
|SV Hamburg Police||4th||1950 , 1951 , 1952 , 1953|
|SG Flensburg-Handewitt||3||2004 , 2018 , 2019|
|TUSEM food||3||1986 , 1987 , 1989|
|Rhine-Neckar lion||2||2016 , 2017|
|TBV Lemgo||2||1997 , 2003|
|SG Wallau / Massenheim||2||1992 , 1993|
|GWD Minden||2||1971 , 1977|
|Berliner SV 1892 *||2||1956 , 1964|
Season overview since the introduction of the Bundesliga
Status: October 15, 2019, players still active in the Bundesliga are marked in bold
|1||Jan Holpert||625||TSV Milbertshofen , SG Flensburg-Handewitt||1986-2007|
|2||Carsten Lichtlein||618||TV Großwallstadt , TBV Lemgo , VfL Gummersbach , HC Erlangen||2000-|
|3||Christian Schwarzer||600||VfL Fredenbeck , TV Niederwürzbach , TBV Lemgo , Rhein-Neckar Löwen||1988-2009|
|4th||Volker Zerbe||586||TBV Lemgo||1986-2006|
|5||Stefan Hecker||561||TuSEM Essen , VfL Gummersbach||1979-2004|
|6th||Henning Fritz||557||SC Magdeburg , THW Kiel , Rhein-Neckar Löwen||1992-2012|
|7th||Mattias Andersson||529||THW Kiel , TV Großwallstadt , SG Flensburg-Handewitt||2001-2018|
|8th||Andreas Thiel||528||VfL Gummersbach , TSV Bayer Dormagen||1979-2000|
|9||Holger Glandorf||525||HSG Nordhorn , TBV Lemgo , SG Flensburg-Handewitt||2001-|
|10||Thomas Knorr||500||VfL Bad Schwartau , THW Kiel , SG Flensburg-Handewitt , HSV Hamburg , SC Magdeburg||1988-2014|
- Eternal table of the German handball Bundesliga
- List of the top scorer in the handball Bundesliga
- Eternal goalscorer list of the German handball Bundesliga
- HBL All-Star Game with the awards of the season
- Handball in Germany
- Field handball Bundesliga
- The official website of the Handball Bundesliga
- Comprehensive statistics archive of the national handball leagues
- Current statistics of the Handball Bundesliga (discontinued for the 2013/14 season)
- handball-world.com , editorial portal of the IG-Handball with comprehensive current reporting
- Handball portal with news
- handball-world.com: Uwe Schwenker new President of the Handball Bundesliga on July 3, 2014, accessed on July 3, 2014.
- HSV didn't deserve it. Süddeutsche Zeitung , August 21, 2014, accessed on August 27, 2020 .
- "Three relegated are too many" - from the 2017/18 season only two relegated February 3, 2017, accessed on May 3, 2017.
- sportschau.de: Handball, Bundesliga: top clubs cheer over controversial reform . July 6, 2017 ( sportschau.de [accessed July 9, 2017]).
- Corona pandemic forces national handball leagues to end the season early | LIQUI MOLY HBL. Retrieved July 19, 2020 .
- Toyota becomes the name sponsor of the Handball Bundesliga. Vice-President Markus Schrick: "Long-term cooperation is planned". toyota-media.de, August 21, 2007, accessed on April 15, 2019 .
- Partner overview HBL
- My handball ticket: DKB Handball Bundesliga - spectators 2017/18 , accessed on September 18, 2018.
- The record players of Liqui Moly HBL . accessed on October 15, 2019.