The region is characterized by the Eppsteiner slate , weak metamorphic rocks such as phyllites , greenschist and sericite - gneisses . They are colored green by chlorite and epidote . The starting products of these rocks were clay stones and volcanic rocks .
On June 29, 2010 at 2:42 am there was an earthquake about 5 kilometers deep with a magnitude of 3.5.
The annual precipitation is 721 mm, which corresponds roughly to the nationwide average. The driest month is April, with the most rainfall in June. Precipitation varies only minimally and is extremely evenly distributed over the year. Lower seasonal fluctuations are recorded at only 1% of the measuring stations.
Eppstein borders in the northwest on the district Oberjosbach of the community of Niedernhausen ( Rheingau-Taunus district ), in the north on the district Schloßborn of the community Glashütten ( Hochtaunuskreis ), in the east on the districts Eppenhain and Fischbach von Kelkheim , in the south on the districts Lorsbach and Wildsachsen from Hofheim am Taunus , and in the west to the state capital Wiesbaden with the two districts of Auringen and Naurod .
Eppstein consists of five districts: Eppstein, Bremthal , Ehlhalten , Niederjosbach and Vockenhausen . For each of the city districts there is a local district with a local advisory board and a local councilor . The boundaries of the local districts follow the previous district boundaries.
Eppstein Castle was first mentioned in a document in 1122. Its owners, the Lords of Eppstein , were also the ones who founded the place (first mentioned in 1299). Only 20 years later, Alt-Eppstein was granted city rights. Half of Eppstein was sold to the Hessian landgrave in 1492 , the other half with the towns of Bremthal, Ehlhalten, Niederjosbach and Vockenhausen fell to Kurmainz in 1581 after the Eppstein line had died out in 1535. This split into two different domains lasted for several centuries until 1803, when all the spiritual states in Germany were dissolved under French rule. From now on, today's Eppsteiner districts could develop again in the same way. After the end of French rule, they came first to the Duchy of Nassau and then in 1866 to the Kingdom of Prussia. After the end of the Second World War in 1945 they became part of the State of Hesse within the Federal Republic of Germany.
In January 1951, the municipality of Eppstein was granted the right to use the designation “city” by the Hessian State Ministry.
As part of the regional reform in Hesse , the city of Eppstein merged on January 1, 1977 with the previously independent municipalities of Bremthal , Ehlhalten and Vockenhausen to form the new city of Eppstein. Niederjosbach was incorporated into Bremthal as early as 1971 and on January 1, 1977 also became a district of Eppstein.
The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:
||Parties and constituencies||
|CDU||Christian Democratic Union of Germany||42.1||16||41.4||15th||48.1||18th||45.7||17th|
|SPD||Social Democratic Party of Germany||18.0||7th||22.3||8th||22.6||8th||28.1||10|
|GREEN||Alliance 90 / The Greens||12.4||4th||21.3||8th||9.7||4th||9.8||4th|
|FWG||Free voter community Eppstein e. V.||16.9||6th||9.2||4th||11.0||4th||10.0||4th|
|FDP||Free Democratic Party||10.6||4th||5.9||2||8.6||3||6.3||2|
|Voter turnout in%||54.3||52.2||48.2||52.2|
After new elections on September 22, 2013, Alexander Simon (CDU) has been mayor since November 14, 2013.
Immediate predecessors were Ralf Wolter (CDU, 2000 - 2009) and Peter Reus (independent, 2009 - 2013).
coat of arms
Blazon : "Split, in front in blue a lion divided seven times by silver and red, red-tongued and gold-armored lion to the left, behind in silver three red rafters."
The coat of arms, officially awarded on June 2, 1953, has demonstrably been carried by the place since the 16th century.
The flag was approved on April 13, 1955 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.
Flag description: "In the white field bordered by 2 red stripes is the Eppsteiner city coat of arms, which shows the left-facing red-white-striped soaring lions in the front in blue in the split shield and 3 red rafters in the silver field behind."
Sister cities are: Langeais in France (since 1986), Kenilworth in England (since 1994), and Aizkraukle in Latvia (since 1998). Eppstein has been friends with Schwarza in Thuringia since 1989. The town twinning is organized by the Europart Eppstein e. V. supervised.
Culture and sights
- The TSG Eppstein is the biggest club in the city. Handball is particularly popular there. There are also the athletics, lawn power sports, boules, table tennis, triathlon, gymnastics and fitness departments.
- The Eppsteiner Chess Association played 2000-2013 in the highest Hessian league, the Hessenliga , and took 2nd place there in the 2003/04 and 2008/09 seasons.
- There are several clubs in Bremthal, for example the Germania choir , the Liederkranz choir , the small animal breeders ' association, the volunteer fire service association and the SV Bremthal / Niederjosbach 1973 e. V.
- In May 2010 a Lions Club was founded in Eppstein .
- Other associations that are committed to social causes are with one another / for one another and the community foundation .
- A local association of the German Red Cross has its domicile in Vockenhäuser Hauptstraße. The DRK has a second-hand shop on Burgstrasse.
- In the cultural field, clubs such as the Kulturkreis , the Burgschauspieler and the Eppstein-Rossert Music School are active.
Since 1986 TSG Eppstein has organized the "Eppsteiner Burglauf" every June or July. This leads over an old German mile (7.7 km) from the sports field “Am Bienroth” around the castle through the old town and back up to the sports field. The runners have to overcome several hundred meters in altitude.
From 2002 to 2014 a mountain bike marathon race (Taunus-Trails or EppsteinTrails) took place for everyone in the summer.
Every three years a working group of the Eppstein cultural group organizes a wood carving symposium. The fourth symposium will take place in May 2009. Eight to nine selected artists then work on works of art for a week, watched attentively and with interest by visitors. The whole thing takes place in the green area between Eppstein and Niederjosbach.
The Eppstein Photo Group, a meeting place within the Eppstein cultural area, organizes the Eppstein Photo Days every two years.
There are regular events at the castle, for example the castle festival in summer. In the courtyard of the castle, drama groups present open-air theaters with works of well-known classics, but also new productions.
The traditional Eppsteiner Christmas market always takes place on the third Advent (Saturday and Sunday) in the old town, at the foot of the castle.
The television film Klassentreffen (2004) was shot in Eppstein, among others.
- The ruins of Eppstein Castle characterize the old town center of Eppstein.
- From the emperor's temple, built in 1894 , you have a rewarding view over Eppstein up to Bremthal.
- At the foot of the castle in the middle of the historic old town is the talk church . Today it houses the Protestant community of the districts of Alt-Eppstein and Vockenhausen.
- The hundred-year-old station building in Art Nouveau style was completely renovated and has since been used by the city as a citizens' office. It also houses a restaurant.
- The Neufville tower is located behind the station building. From there you have a beautiful view of the castle complex.
- See also: Route of industrial culture Rhein-Main Main-Taunus-Kreis
Eppstein Talkirche Praying Soldier by Lina von Schauroth in memory of the victims of the First World War.
The old cemetery , originally located outside the city, is now a small green area with some historical gravestones. Furthermore, the war memorial for the fallen in World War I is integrated into the facility. The cemetery was used as a cemetery from 1591 to 1891. The current design dates from 1985. The oldest cross dates from 1591/92. The front cross is supposed to represent an atonement cross for a plague survived in 1635. However, today it is assumed that it is older than the cemetery and that it was donated on the occasion of a manslaughter. There is an iron fountain in the foreground of the facility. A cross in the cemetery commemorates the grave of Pastor Jacob Ludwig Fliedner (1764–1813), father of Georg Heinrich Theodor Fliedner .
Economy and Infrastructure
There are two elementary schools and one comprehensive school in Eppstein. The Sparkassenakademie Hessen-Thüringen and the professional association training center Eppstein are also located here. Furthermore, the music school Eppstein-Rossert and the Musikverein Eppstein e. V. musical training on various instruments.
The Burg School is located in Eppstein-Vockenhausen, on the school and sports center on the Bienroth. 275 students, divided into 14 classes from grades 1 to 4, attend the Burg School. The staff consists of 17 teachers (as of the 2017/2018 school year). Another elementary school, the Comenius School, is located on the outskirts of the Bremthal district in the direction of Niederjosbach.
Freiherr vom Stein School
The Freiherr vom Stein School is located at the sports and school center on the Bienroth. 490 pupils, divided into grammar school , secondary school and secondary school , attend the comprehensive school in six grades - from fifth to tenth grade. A special feature of the school are the annual student exchanges with the twin town Kenilworth ( England ) and a school in Tours ( France ). Every two years the school also organizes an exchange with the Bornova Anadolu Lisesi in Izmir ( Turkey ).
An attack was carried out on the school on June 3, 1983. A Frankfurt security guard broke into the school armed in a rampage , seriously injured fourteen people and killed five others. The perpetrator then committed suicide. A memorial cross on the school premises commemorates the deed.
Eppstein has train -connection to Frankfurt (S2 Frankfurt or Dietzenbach and low Hausen, Main-Lahn-web ) and is about 3 km from the A 3 removed. The B 455 runs through Eppstein . The Frankfurt airport is about 20 km from the city center Eppstein removed.
In Eppstein there is a therapeutic facility for women and men who are drug-dependent and multiply addicted. Eppstein no longer has his own hospital; until March 20, 1970 there was a district hospital with about 250 beds at last. Medical care is provided by the Main-Taunus district clinics in Bad Soden and Hofheim. In addition, there are resident doctors for almost all specialties.
One of the largest employers in the city is A. M. Ramp & Co. GmbH, RUCO Druckfarben. Founded in 1857, the company is now a global manufacturer of specialty printing inks for the plastics, printing and paper industries.
Eppstein is one of the few cities where tinfoil is produced. The Stanniolfabrik Eppstein GmbH & Co KG has been operating as EppsteinFOILS GmbH & Co. KG since 2008 after a management buy-out . It is located in the Eppstein district below the castle.
Until 2013, tinsel was made from tinfoil. In addition to tin foil, the company also produces other non-ferrous metal foils for highly specialized applications around the world. Among other things, the company supplied lead foil, which was used in the US show Mythbusters to make a flyable balloon completely out of lead.
The company was founded by Conrad Sachs in 1852 as a lead foil drawing shop and was originally based in Hintergasse. In 1870 the current location was moved. The ban mill of the Eppstein counts has been located here since 1482. The office building was built in 1904 by the architect Carl Wilhelm Plöcker .
sons and daughters of the town
- Johann Kitzel (1574–1627), mathematician and legal scholar
- Johann Adam Freiherr von Ickstatt (1702–1776), director of the University of Ingolstadt, founder of the Bavarian secondary school system.
- Theodor Fliedner (1800–1864), pastor and innovator of the apostolic deaconess office.
- Johannes Schäfer (1908–1988), entrepreneur and politician (CDU)
- Alfred Bickel (1918–1999), Swiss football player and coach.
- Hermann Schmitt-Vockenhausen (1923–1979), German politician ( SPD ), Member of the Bundestag , Vice- President of the Bundestag .
- Christine Aschenberg-Dugnus (* 1959), politician (FDP)
- Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809–1847), musician
- Alfred de Neufville (1856–1900), banker
- Wilhelm Reuter (1888–1948), pastor and dialect poet
- Robert Michel (1897–1983), typographer, graphic artist and test pilot
- Ella Bergmann-Michel (1895–1971), painter, photographer and documentary filmmaker
- Alois Ickstadt (* 1930), composer, conductor, pianist, choir director, music teacher
- Gerhard Schedl (1957–2000), composer, guitarist and violinist
- Frank Stieler (* 1958), German manager
- Andreas Paulus (* 1968), international lawyer and judge at the Federal Constitutional Court .
- Christian Heinz (* 1976), member of the Hessian state parliament
- Alexandre Dumas : Le château d'Eppstein. First edition 1844; New edition 2013: Hachette, Paris, ISBN 978-2011855930 .
- Bertold Picard: Eppstein im Taunus. History of the castle, the lords and the city. Waldemar Kramer publishing house, Frankfurt am Main 1968.
- Bertold Picard: Eppstein Castle in the Taunus, medieval fortifications, residence of the Lords of Eppstein, site of romanticism. 2nd, modified edition. City Magistrate, Eppstein 1986.
- Bertold Picard: 1000 years of Eppstein Castle. Castle and museum guide. City magistrate, Eppstein 2002.
- Regina Schäfer: The Lords of Eppstein. Exercise of power, administration and possession of a noble family in the late Middle Ages. Historical Commission for Nassau , Wiesbaden 2000, ISBN 978-3-930221-08-0 .
- Literature on Eppstein in the Hessian Bibliography
- Literature on Eppstein in the catalog of the German National Library
- Official website of the city of Eppstein
- Eppstein, Main-Taunus-Kreis. Historical local dictionary for Hessen. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
- Eppstein Beautification Association
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- Winkelmann, Michaela: Palynostratigraphische investigations on the southern edge of the Rhenish Massif (Südtaunus, Südhunsrück). Herbert Utz Verlag, 1997, chapter 188.8.131.52 Eppsteiner slate series, p. 9 PDF
- GFZ Potsdam - Earthquake Bulletin
- Granting of the right to use the designation “city” to the municipality of Eppstein, Main-Taunus-Kreis, Reg.-Bezirk Wiesbaden on January 8, 1951 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1951 no. 4 , p. 26 , point 51 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.1 MB ]).
- Law on the reorganization of the Main-Taunus district and the city of Wiesbaden (GVBl. II 330–30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 309 , § 6 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 371 .
- Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
- Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
- Christine Dressler: Eppstein's mayor Peter Reus solemnly adopted. Wiesbadener Kurier , March 25, 2013, archived from the original on August 19, 2013 ; Retrieved August 19, 2013 .
- election in Eppstein, city. Hessian State Statistical Office , accessed in April 2019 .
- Karl Ernst Demandt , Otto Renkhoff : Hessisches Ortswappenbuch. C. A. Starke Verlag, Glücksburg / Ostsee 1956, p. 184.
- Approval to carry a coat of arms to the city of Eppstein in the Main-Taunus-Kreis, Reg.-Bez. Wiesbaden from June 2, 1953 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1953 No. 25 , p. 554 , item 698 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.2 MB ]).
- Approval of a flag for the city of Eppstein in the Main-Taunus district, Wiesbaden administrative district of April 13, 1955 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1955 no. 18 , p. 430 , point 458 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 4.0 MB ]).
- Eppstein Castle School. Retrieved October 19, 2017 .
- The FvSS at a glance. Freiherr-vom-Stein-Schule Eppstein, accessed in April 2019 .
- The intensive class at the FvSS. Freiherr-vom-Stein-Schule, Eppstein, accessed on February 16, 2013 .
- 19 years after the school rampage: "I still dream of the shots today". April 30, 2002; to be read at www.sisol.de ( Memento from September 27, 2007 in the Internet Archive )