Bad Soden am Taunus


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coat of arms Germany map
Coat of arms of the city of Bad Soden am Taunus
Bad Soden am Taunus
Map of Germany, position of the city of Bad Soden am Taunus highlighted

Coordinates: 50 ° 9 ′  N , 8 ° 30 ′  E

Basic data
State : Hesse
Administrative region : Darmstadt
County : Main-Taunus-Kreis
Height : 141 m above sea level NHN
Area : 12.55 km 2
Residents: 22,855 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density : 1821 inhabitants per km 2
Postal code : 65812
Primaries : 06196, 06174Template: Infobox municipality in Germany / maintenance / area code contains text
License plate : MTK
Community key : 06 4 36 001
City structure: 3 districts

City administration address :
Königsteiner Strasse 73
65812 Bad Soden am Taunus
Website : www.bad-soden.de
Mayor : Frank Blasch ( CDU )
Location of the city of Bad Soden am Taunus in the Main-Taunus district
Eppstein Kelkheim (Taunus) Bad Soden am Taunus Liederbach am Taunus Schwalbach am Taunus Eschborn Sulzbach (Taunus) Hofheim am Taunus Kriftel Hattersheim am Main Flörsheim am Main Hochheim am Main Wiesbaden Landkreis Offenbach Frankfurt am Main Hochtaunuskreis Rheingau-Taunus-Kreis Wiesbaden Kreis Groß-Geraumap
About this picture
The brine fountain with the statue of Sodenia is a landmark of the city (in the background: the Hundertwasser House).

Bad Soden am Taunus is a town in the Main-Taunus district in the Hessian administrative district of Darmstadt and is located on the southern slopes of the Taunus . The city is part of the Frankfurt metropolitan area , the largest agglomeration in the Rhine-Main area . As an imperial village , it was known for salt and hot springs in the Middle Ages, and later until the 1990s as an internationally known spa town . Today Bad Soden is an important living and working space west of the city of Frankfurt am Main and, like the neighboring cities of Königstein im Taunus and Kronberg im Taunus (both Hochtaunuskreis ), is known for its expensive residential areas with a number of villas. In addition, the city of Bad Soden am Taunus had a purchasing power index of 176.5 percent of the national average in 2017, which is well above the national average and is thus a top national figure.

geography

View of the Taunus from the Soden Wilhelmshöhe
View of the Frankfurt skyline from the Sinaihöhe

Geographical location

Bad Soden am Taunus is located on the southern slope of the Taunus, 15 km northwest of Frankfurt am Main and 20 km northeast of Wiesbaden . The district area of ​​Bad Soden am Taunus covers a total of 1247 hectares. Of this, 231 hectares are forested. The Bad Soden district (core city) has 479 hectares, the Neuenhain district 454 hectares and the Altenhain district 314 hectares. The height varies between 130 and 385  m above sea level. NHN . The lowest point is in the area of ​​the road Auf der Krautweide , the highest point in the area of ​​the intersection B 519 / L 3266 on the northern boundary of the district. Two streams flow through the city. The Sulzbach flows through the city center and the Quellenpark . The second is the Waldbach , which flows through the valley called Im Süßen Gründchen , part of the Neuenhain district . In Schwalbach it flows into the Schwalbach of the same name .

Neighboring communities

Bad Soden borders in the north on the town of Königstein im Taunus ( Hochtaunuskreis ), in the east on the town Schwalbach am Taunus and the community Sulzbach (Taunus) , in the south on the community Liederbach am Taunus and in the west on the town Kelkheim (Taunus) .

City structure

The city of Bad Soden has consisted of the three districts Altenhain , Bad Soden and Neuenhain since the territorial reform of 1977 .

The incorporation of the community of Sulzbach , originally planned by the state of Hesse , was not implemented. Due to the resistance of the population and politics in Sulzbach and the comparatively good financial situation of the community through the Main-Taunus-Zentrum , the preservation of independence was enforced. In the Middle Ages, the hamlet of Beidenau existed in Altenhain area , which has been a desert since the 16th century .

history

Roman times and first mention

In Bad Soden there are springs in many places, including many hot and salt springs . This was also the case in Roman times. It is believed that the Romans bathed in sod in the warm springs and sometimes used it to extract salt . However, there is no documentary mention from this time. When drilling at springs VI and VII one found fragments of clay vessels, which were probably the work of the Romans . Furthermore, there are old remains of a castle on the castle hill in Soden, some of which were apparently built from old Roman bricks. However, no other evidence has survived. No evidence of sod was found for the time of the Great Migration .

The village of Soden was mentioned for the first time in 1190 in a document from the Retters monastery , which listed its goods. A vineyard of the monastery was located on today's castle hill . Between 1222 and 1475 several nobles from Sulzbach are named who owned a castle in Soden, which was located on the castle hill.

Soden as "Reichsdorf"

Emperor Sigismund in a portrait from 1436

In 1434, Emperor Sigismund raised Soden and Sulzbach and the villages of Sennfeld and Gochsheim (near Schweinfurt) to imperial villages. As a free imperial village , it was not subject to any direct state rule until 1803. In 1437 the Soden salt springs were mentioned in an imperial document. In 1486 the first salt sod was built in Soden and in 1494 the Gesundbrunnen was provided with an enclosure. On May 24, 1547, General Count Maximilian von Egmond had the villages of Soden and Sulzbach set on fire because Frankfurt refused to march through and deliveries. A short time later, Albrecht von Brandenburg-Kulmbach also had the two imperial villages burned down due to an unsuccessful siege of Frankfurt .

During an examination of the village of Soden, builders found four salt springs and one warm spring. In 1605 the Gaiß brothers got permission from the city of Frankfurt to build a salt works . But there were many obligations to be fulfilled for its edification. The focus was on meeting the city of Frankfurt's salt requirements. In addition, the saline could only be sold by the Senate. Until then, many tried to build a salt works. But nothing could be built without an agreement with the City of Frankfurt's Magistrate. At first the citizens of Soden were calm. Gradually, however, a dissatisfaction arose as they saw their property rights violated. In December 1612 there was a riot. The population cut the lines to Frankfurt. After the military could not suppress the riot either, an agreement was reached with the city of Frankfurt to reduce the salt supply and to give the Soden saltworks more freedom.

During the Thirty Years' War (1618-1648), Soden was also a victim of pillage and pillage. Dozens of houses, mostly made of wood, were burned down. The war peoples crossed the village and plundered the population.

In 1680 David Malapert bought the salt works. He built a new saltworks "in the Sältz". In 1715 the foundation stone was laid for the Protestant church in the old town. Barely a year later, it was officially opened. In 1770 the first inn, later known as the Nassauer Hof, was built. In 1792 the French general Custin occupied the Mainz area and had Soden and the neighboring cities robbed and burned down.

19th century and the beginning of the spa business

Portrait of Duchess Pauline von Nassau , builder of the Paulinenschlösschen
The
Kurhaus built in 1849
Former Kurpension Nassovia - built in 1820, Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy was a guest here in 1844/45.
The old drinking hall opened in 1887 (replaced by a new building in 1955)

From 1806 Soden belonged to the Duchy of Nassau . The road from Höchst to Königstein (today's Königsteiner Strasse ) was built in 1817, and in 1847 the Soden Railway opened from Soden to Höchst. Soden had 500 souls in 1820. In 1828 the first house was built on Königsteiner Strasse in Bad Soden, the “Zum Adler” inn. In 1817 and 1847 there were bad harvests in the Bad Soden area due to bad weather. As a result, the prices for bread and other staple foods rose sharply. But Duchess Pauline von Nassau helped the people of Soden. Since she moved to the Paulinenschlösschen in 1847 , she had eleven Malter (approx. 1100 kg) potatoes distributed to the citizens. In 1840 the new Soden cemetery was laid out, which is located on today's Niederhofheimer Straße. From 1841 the doctor Otto Thilenius was appointed to Soden and acted as a well doctor.

There has been a spa in Soden since 1701. The first spa and bath house was built in 1722. At first this building was known as the "Bender'sche House". In 1813 it was renamed “Frankfurter Hof” and is now part of the Hundertwasserhaus as “Haus Bockenheimer” and is located at today's Franzensbader Platz. In 1822 the old spa park was laid out in the style of an English garden. In 1849 the New Kurhaus was built and opened in the Swiss style on the Old Kurpark.

In the middle of the 19th century, Soden was already an international health resort with prominent guests from all over Europe. Famous visitors and spa guests in the 19th century were for example Duchess Pauline von Nassau (1844), August Heinrich Hoffmann von Fallersleben (1844), Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1844/1845), Victoire von Sachsen-Coburg-Saalfeld - mother of the British Queen Victoria (1847), Otto von Bismarck and Johanna von Bismarck (1856), Friedrich Stoltze (1860), Richard Wagner (1860), Kaiser Wilhelm I (1861).

While only 360 spa guests visited the spa town in 1839, there were already 2,840 in 1865. In order to accommodate this large number of guests, numerous spa villas and spa hotels were built in the mid-19th century. The largest were initially the Kurhaus am Alten Kurpark (demolished in 1971), the “European Court” on Königsteiner Strasse (demolished in 1965), the “Colloseus” hotel (destroyed in 1945), the “Frankfurter Hof” (today “Haus Bockenheimer” ) and the "Nassauischer Hof" (demolished in 1900). There were also a lot of smaller villas like those in today's Alleestraße ("Villa Stolzenfels", "Villa Rheinfels", "Villa Sanssouci" and "Villa Westfalia") or the villas on Königsteiner Straße ("Hotel Adler", " Haus Quisisana "," Parkhotel "or" Haus Haßler ").

In 1870 a gas factory was built in Bad Soden, which was built for street lighting. In 1897 street lighting was switched from gas to electricity. This made Bad Soden the first municipality in Nassau with electric street lighting. When the Franco-Prussian War began in 1870 , 29 men were called up in Bad Soden, but only one of them died. During the war, prayer services were held every 14 days. The bathhouse was inaugurated in 1871 and the first independent Catholic parish was established. After the war was won in 1871, a pageant took place on March 4, followed by a fire on the Dachberg. In the following years, the bathing establishments were expanded, with an inhalatorium in the old "Krug Haus" in the old spa gardens. Today's "Medico Palais" was built later in today's Parkstrasse . Furthermore, the well water dispatch was expanded and the first Soden pastilles were produced, which helped with coughs and hoarseness. In 1885, the "Wilhelmsplatz" was inaugurated in the Eichwald, where the Bismarck and Friedrichs oaks were. In 1887 the pump room at Quellenpark was inaugurated.

20th century

Overview of Bad Soden with evangelical church 1906 - The chimney belongs to the former "Soden pastilles factory".
View from 1937 - in the foreground today's Alleestraße (then Lindenweg )

The 1900 census counted 1,768 inhabitants in Bad Soden. Furthermore, it was the same year the castle hill tower opened on Castle Hill. In 1909 the city acquired the Paulinenschlösschen and set up the town hall here. In 1911 the water tower was opened on Wilhelmshöhe.

With the outbreak of World War I , the number of spa guests declined. Hotels and restaurants were temporarily empty. The first French prisoners of war helped out on various farms in Neuenhain . During the march back of the German troops, they also partially crossed Bad Soden. The entire old spa park was filled with old carts, injured soldiers and horses. Königsteiner Straße was also used to park artillery shells and other military weapons. In December 1918, the French occupied the entire Mainz area . This also included Bad Soden, Neuenhain and Altenhain . At that time, Königsteiner Strasse was often used for parades to demonstrate the strength of the occupiers. Furthermore, all persons over the age of twelve had to carry a multilingual identity card with them, and all correspondence had to be written in German and French.

The Israelitische Kuranstalt in Talstrasse (destroyed in 1938) - view from Dachbergstrasse
War destruction on Königsteiner Straße - on the right the old spa gardens , on the left the current location of the Soden town hall.

Soden Bad has been allowed to call itself since 1922 . The British took over this area in 1926. In 1927 the outdoor pool was opened in the Altenhain Valley.

The construction site of the St. Katharina Church

During the time of National Socialism , the Jewish population of Bad Soden was humiliated. In 1935 the “Aspira” rest home, which had been built by the Jewish doctor Kallner in 1911, was confiscated. The German Labor Front (DAF) then moved into the building. On November 10, 1938, the Israelite sanatorium in Talstrasse was set on fire and shortly afterwards demolished. During the Second World War there were occasional attacks in Bad Soden as well. The first bomb attack hit the city on the night of 7/8 July 1941. The area by the swimming pool and the Jung nursery were badly damaged. On the night of August 24th to 25th, 1942, the area around the old spa park and Kronbergstrasse was bombed. The Frankfurt children's home on Kronbergerstrasse was destroyed, and several children were killed. The bathhouse was also hit and the windows shattered all over the area, z. B. in the Catholic Church or in the Kurhaus . The greatest destruction was caused by an attack by American bombers. In the night of February 2 to 3, 1945, a large part of the buildings on Königsteiner Strasse , such as the “Colloseus” hotel (today's location of the town hall) and the former park inhalatorium, were destroyed. The bathhouse in the old spa park was also partially destroyed. Also the old cath. Church on the edge of the old spa park badly damaged.

After the war, the municipality of Bad Soden / Taunus was given the designation city by the Hessian State Ministry by a cabinet decision of May 21, 1947 . In 1955, construction began on the new Catholic church near the train station. At the same time, the New Kurpark was laid out and opened to the public in 1961. From the 1960s onwards, the city developed into the preferred place to live in the west of Frankfurt. In 1970 the district hospital was opened. Since November 6, 1972, the Soden train station has been served by the Limes Railway , giving the city another train connection to Frankfurt am Main (previously only to Höchst ). Since 1978 this has been running as the S-Bahn (S3) directly to Frankfurt (initially only to Hauptwache , from 1997 to Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof ).

In 1991 the construction of the Hundertwasser House began, which was opened shortly afterwards. It is located at today's Quellenpark . By 1997, the entire old town was renovated, with the streets being repaved and the old water pipes replaced.

21st century

Today Königsteiner Straße unites buildings from the period of late classicism to the architecture of the 1980s

In 2001 the Kur-GmbH was dissolved and a short time later the thermal baths were closed. This ended the almost 200-year history of the city of Bad Soden. In 2004 the ecological educational park "Rohrwiese" was created. Here you can explore the “pond” ecosystem and bee nests. In 2006/2007 the outdoor pool was renovated and renamed "FreiBadSoden". On the night of June 10th to 11th, 2007, there was a major storm in and around Bad Soden. It is estimated that up to 60 liters per square meter fell on the earth. Masses of water rolled down from Königsteiner Strasse into the city center. A large part of the old town was ankle-deep under water. 130 cellars and underground garages were full.

By the end of 2011, Salinenstrasse was redesigned, with the design of the parking lot being changed and a number of new houses being built. The new headquarters of the Messer Group was inaugurated at the train station in 2011. There are currently two urban renewals in Bad Soden. First, the station area is to be renovated and a new parking garage built. The planning of a new town hall is also under discussion.

Incorporations

As part of the regional reform in Hesse , the city of Bad Soden (Taunus) merged on January 1, 1977 with the previously independent communities and today's districts of Neuenhain and Altenhain to form the new city of Bad Soden am Taunus.

Outsourcing

On August 1, 1972, an area with then almost 200 inhabitants was assigned to the neighboring town of Königstein im Taunus.

Population development

Population development of Bad Soden am Taunus.svg Population development of Bad Soden am Taunus - from 1871
Population development of Bad Soden am Taunus. Above from 1500 to 2016. Below an excerpt from 1871
year Residents
1500 200
1600 300
1760 400
1797 447
1820 500
1830 639
1836 637
1854 1,290
year Residents
1864 3,750
1940 6,247
1950 6,918
1960 7,503
1961 7,626
1970 10,076
1975 10,528
1977 1 18.163
year Residents
1980 18,646
1986 19,959
1998 20,218
2005 21,295
2010 21,644
2012 21,223
2016 22,393
2017 22,563

1 after the incorporation of Neuenhain and Altenhain

religion

The Catholic St. Katharina Church in the New Kurpark
New Apostolic Church on Joseph-Haydn-Strasse

Evangelical parish

The Protestant parish consists of approx. 3,600 parishioners (as of the end of 2013). The parish is looked after by Pastor Achim Reis (since August 1997) and Pastor Andreas Heidrich (since April 2002). The church council consists of 14 members, the chairman is Sabine Korthals. The services take place i. d. Usually on Sundays at 10 a.m. in the church.

Jewish community

Bad Soden had a larger Jewish community until the mid-1930s. This community owned a synagogue, a religious school and, from 1873, a Jewish cemetery on Niederhofheimer Strasse. The synagogue was inaugurated in 1846 and was located in today's Enggasse. In 1938 it was destroyed inside during the Reichspogromnacht . The building was later used as a warehouse and was demolished in 1981 as part of the renovation of the old town. Today there is a retirement home here.

Catholic parish

The Catholic churches are consecrated to the names of St. Katharina (Bad Soden), Maria Hilf (Neuenhain), Maria Birth (Altenhain). The services in Bad Soden take place every second Saturday at 6 p.m. and on Sundays at 11 a.m.

The Church of St. Katharina is a building from the 1950s and was donated personally by Privy Councilor Max Baginski .

New Apostolic Congregation

The first New Apostolic Church in Bad Soden was built in 1970 on Joseph-Haydn-Straße. 30 years later, a new building was built on the same site. Today the community has exactly 130 members. At present, Priest Ohland is the head of the parish.

politics

City Council

The local elections on March 6, 2016 produced the following results, compared to previous local elections:

Distribution of seats in the 2016 city council
      
A total of 37 seats
Parties and constituencies %
2016
Seats
2016
%
2011
Seats
2011
%
2006
Seats
2006
%
2001
Seats
2001
CDU Christian Democratic Union of Germany 36.9 14th 36.8 14th 50.2 19th 40.9 15th
BSB Bad Soden citizens 13.9 5 21.4 8th - - - -
GREEN Alliance 90 / The Greens 12.8 5 17.3 6th 9.0 3 8.6 3
SPD Social Democratic Party of Germany 14.6 5 15.3 6th 19.1 7th 23.3 9
FDP Free Democratic Party 11.8 4th 9.1 3 11.5 4th 10.7 4th
AfD Alternative for Germany 10.0 4th - - - - - -
dfb THE FREE CITIZENS - - - - 5.5 2 8.5 3
FuS For our city - - - - 2.7 1 4.6 2
FWG Free voter community Bad Soden - - - - 2.0 1 3.4 1
total 37 37 37 37
Voter turnout in% 50.4 51.1 42.7 53.7

mayor

The town hall on Königsteiner Straße (former location of the Hotel Colosseus )

Mayor from 1806:

  • 1806: Christian Langhans
  • 1806–1809: Caspar Diehl
  • 1809–1818: Peter Jung
  • 1818–1826: Peter Diehl
  • 1826–1827: Peter Jung
  • 1827–1833: Friedrich August Dinges
  • 1833: Peter Jung
  • 1833-1848: Friedr. Wilh. Christian. Langhans
  • 1848–1876: Friedrich Dinges
  • 1876–1890: Peter Butzer
  • 1890–1893: Ludwig Schilling
  • 1893–1912: Georg Busz
  • 1912–1920: Friedrich Höh
  • 1920–1923: Lower school
  • 1925–1937: Alfred Benninghoven
  • 1937–1939: Jakob Rittgen
  • 1939–1945: Karl Bohle
  • 1945–1948: Kuno Mayer
  • 1948–1957: Gilbert Just
  • 1957–1967: August Karl Wallis
  • 1967–1973: Helmuth Schwinge
  • 1973–1977: Hans-Helmut Kämmerer
  • 1977–1985: Volker Hodann
  • 1985–1986: Hans Jörg Röhrich (State Commissioner)
  • 1986-1992: Berthold R. Gall
  • 1992-2004: Kurt E. Bender
  • 2004–2017: Norbert Altenkamp (1)
  • since March 1, 2018: Frank Blasch
(1) Norbert Altenkamp (CDU) was confirmed on September 27, 2009 with 58.8% for his second term.

coat of arms

Bad Soden am Taunus coat of arms
Blazon : "In blue a red, golden frosted orb crowned with a golden clover leaf cross."

The imperial orb has appeared on boundary stones as a place symbol since 1725, and in 1809 it is referred to as the old village coat of arms. In the literature it appears in different colors; Hupp depicted it in gold and assumed that it originally meant a bushel with a match. Today's pricing was confirmed in 1938 by the district president of Wiesbaden. The symbol is explained by the former character of Soden as an imperial village , which could be maintained for centuries. The coat of arms dates from the time when Emperor Sigismund raised Bad Soden to the status of an imperial village (1434).

flag

The flag was approved on April 26, 1954 by the Hessian Ministry of the Interior.

Flag description: "On the dividing line of the two-field blue and gold flag cloth, the city coat of arms: in blue a red, gold frosted orb, crowned with a gold clover."

Town twinning

City partnerships with:

Attractions

The Burgberg Tower
The Hundertwasser House at the Quellenpark
The water tower at Wilhelmshöhe

Buildings

Bathhouse

The bath house is a former spa building in the heart of the old spa park. It is located on the former site of the salt works. The building was built in 1870/71 and continually rebuilt and expanded. The city museum and the city library have been located here since 1997.

Station building

The Bad Soden station building was built in 1847. Since then it has been expanded several times, with the clock tower and an annex added in 1914. The building has hardly changed since then. It is located in the city center, near Königsteiner Strasse. Today two trains stop here, the S-Bahn line S3 (to Darmstadt via Frankfurt) and the regional train line RB 11 (to Frankfurt-Höchst via Sulzbach).

Burgberg Tower

The 10 m high Burgberg tower is an observation tower that was built in 1900 by the Taunus Club . It is located above the old spa park.

Protestant church

The Evangelical Church is located in Bad Soden's old town right next to the Quellenpark . The first church building in the form of a chapel was built on the site of today's church in 1482/83. The sacristy is the oldest part of the current church building and dates from 1510. The rest of the church building without a bell tower was built in 1715. The bell tower was added in 1878. In 1995/96 it was extensively renovated, and old baroque panels from around 1720 were found. At the end of 2011 and beginning of 2012 the roof structure was extensively renovated.

House Reiss

The house Reiss is a mansion from the 19th century. Construction of the building began in 1839 on behalf of the Frankfurt merchant Enoch Reiss . Pauline von Nassau also lived in the house for a short time . In 1941 the building was badly destroyed in an air raid, but it was quickly rebuilt. Haus Reiss is located in Soden's old town, Zum Quellenpark 8 .

Hundertwasser House

The Hundertwasser House was designed by Friedensreich Hundertwasser , who died in February 2000 . The Viennese artist is known worldwide for his colorful painting. Since 1983 he has also designed houses architecturally, the best known are the "Hundertwasser-Wohnhaus" and the "Kunst-Haus-Wien" in Vienna. The house, the cornerstone of which was laid in November 1990, includes the first Bad Soden spa house, Haus Bockenheimer, dating from 1722. 17 completely different apartments from 120 to 230 square meters are located in the house, which has a nine-story, 30-meter-high tower. The rooms are generously proportioned, often merge into one another and are equipped with parquet floors that are partially interrupted by tiles. In addition, 650 square meters of usable space are available for commercial space.

Medico Palace

The Medico-Palais was once the largest inhalatory in Europe. The building was built on Parkstrasse in 1912 on the initiative of the doctors at the time. Today there is still an inhalatorium and several doctor's offices here.

Paulinenschlösschen

The Paulinenschlösschen is now a listed building in the city center of Bad Soden and houses the citizens' office.

The building itself was built in 1847 at the request of Pauline von Nassau , as she chose Bad Soden as her summer residence. After her death, the Paulinenschlösschen was used as a hotel and from 1909 as the town hall of Bad Soden. The entire complex also includes the Krug'sche Villa and the Park Villa.

St. Catherine Church

The St. Katharina Church is a Catholic church in the New Kurpark. It was built in 1957 and was personally sponsored by Privy Councilor Max Baginski . On January 1st, 2012 the parishes of Bad Soden, Neuenhain , Altenhain and Sulzbach decided to become “St. Marien and St. Katharina Parish "merged. With 8,394 Catholics, this parish is the largest in the Main-Taunus district.

Water tower

The Bad Soden water tower is now a listed building on the outskirts of Niederhofheimer Straße. The tower was built in 1911 for the Sinai nursery. In 2000 it was completely renovated and is now used as a lookout tower and as an exhibition room for natural history topics.

For other buildings see: List of cultural monuments in Bad Soden am Taunus

Parks

View from the bathhouse to the old spa gardens
The new spa park

Old spa park

The Alte Kurpark is located in the city center, directly on Königsteiner Strasse. It was laid out from 1823 in the style of an English landscape park . There are numerous exotic trees and several fountains, such as the sulfur fountain or the "New Spring". The Kurhaus , which was demolished in 1971, was also located here and is now the “Ramada Hotel” in its place.

There is also the bathhouse in the old spa park , which was built earlier during spa times. Today the city archive, the city library and the city museum are located here. Furthermore, the Paulinenschlösschen and the concert shell are located here , where concerts and events (such as public viewing or church services) are regularly offered.

There is also the sulfur fountain, the Wilhelmsbrunnen (out of operation since 2001) and the “Neue Sprudel”.

New spa park

The new spa park was laid out in 1961 and has an area of ​​43,884 m². It is located between the oak forest and the inner city area. You can find the Catholic Church of St. Katharina and the St. Katharina Kindergarten . However, no spa or spring facilities can be found here. On the edge of the park there are numerous Wilhelminian style villas and the former spa hotels.

Spring park

The Quellenpark is located in the old town of Bad Soden. It was created in 1872 after the city acquired the necessary land. The centerpiece of the park is the brine well , which was previously used for salt production. Today it is used as a spa and drinking fountain. The statue Sodenia is today a landmark of the city of Bad Soden. The Sulzbach flows through the Quellenpark. The "Haus Bockenheimer" is located directly at the park. This building was the city's first bathhouse. In 1813 it was renamed "Frankfurter Hof". The Sauerbrunnen is on the other side .

Wilhelmspark

The Wilhelmspark was created in 1911 on behalf of the municipality by the garden architects Gebrüder Siesmayer. The Franzensbader place and the road to source Park disconnect it from the source Park. There are three fountains in Wilhelmspark, including the Winkler fountain , bell fountain and champagne fountain . Until 1924 it was called "Kaiser-Wilhelms-Park". Since 1987/88 it has been called "Wilhelmspark" again.

Natural monuments

  • The three lime trees in the Neuenhain district.

Culture

City Gallery

Year-round interesting and worth seeing exhibitions, mostly on a monthly basis, have shown works by regionally and nationally known artists with paintings, drawings, graphics and sculptures in the city gallery since 2000. The bathhouse, located in the old spa gardens, houses the city gallery on the first floor with spacious, light-flooded rooms.

city ​​Museum

The city museum has been located in the bathhouse in the old spa park since 1998 . Various finds from prehistoric times are exhibited here, as well as the history of the Neuenhain and Altenhain districts. An exhibition is also dedicated to the former salt works in Bad Soden, which was a major economic factor until 1812. Further special exhibitions take place on the upper floor of the building.

Regular events

The concert shell in the old spa gardens, concerts, church services and public viewing take place here regularly.
Christmas market 2012

Soden Wine Days

This event takes place in the old spa gardens for ten days and begins on the Friday before Pentecost. Wine growers from the Rheingau, Franconia and the Moselle offer their various wines.

Midsummer Night Festival

The summer night festival is a cultural highlight in Bad Soden. It takes place on the third Saturday in August. The festival extends from the old spa park over to the old town: Adlerstrasse, Königsteiner Strasse and “Zum Quellenpark”.

Christmas Market

The Bad Soden Christmas market takes place annually on the second weekend in Advent. Just like the aforementioned festivals, the Christmas market also takes place in the old spa gardens. It offers plenty of mulled wine stands as well as a Christmas crib and a petting zoo.

Sports

The Hasselgrundhalle in Gartenstrasse
  • Soccer : SG Bad Soden 1908 e. V. / football club 08 Neuenhain e. V.
  • Athletics : Athletics Community LG Bad Soden / Neuenhain
  • Riding : Riding and Driving Association Bad Soden am Taunus e. V.
  • Swimming : ESSC - First Soden Swimming Club 1927 e. V. - swimming for beginners, swimming competitions, synchronized swimming, indoor sports
  • Volleyball : TG 1875 Bad Soden am Taunus e. V .: The first women's team of the TG Bad Soden competes in the 2nd Bundesliga volleyball . The home games are played in the Hasselgrundhalle. Other women's teams play in the Oberliga Hessen and the Kreisliga, plus there are a number of youth teams in different age groups.

education

Schoolyard of the Theodor Heuss School

Bad Soden has four primary schools

  • Drei-Linden-School (Neuenhain)
  • Altenhain Primary School (Altenhain)
  • Theodor Heuss School (Bad Soden)
  • Otfried Preußler School (Bad Soden, since 2015)

fire Department

The voluntary fire brigade of the city of Bad Soden is subdivided into three fire brigades and maintains a location in each district.

economy

The new main building of the Messer Group

There are ten state-approved medicinal springs in Bad Soden am Taunus. With a purchasing power index of 176.5 percent of the national average, the city of Bad Soden am Taunus has the highest per capita income in the Main-Taunus district. Bad Soden am Taunus thus occupies a top position nationwide.

The Kartographische Verlage Haupka and, for a time, Ravenstein's Geographische Verlagsanstalt (under the name CartoTravel ) had their headquarters in Bad Soden, which were taken over and liquidated by MairDumont ( Falk Plans ) in 2007 .

The district hospital in Bad Soden is part of the clinics in the Main-Taunus district .

The Messer Group has had its headquarters in the city center since September 2011, directly between the old and new spa gardens. The Messer Group is one of the largest industrial gas specialists in the world.

traffic

The old station building

Local public transport in Bad Soden is operated on behalf of and at the tariffs of the Rhein-Main-Verkehrsverbund (RMV). From the Bad Soden terminus , the regional train line RB 11 connects south via Sulzbach and Sossenheim to Frankfurt-Höchst and with the S-Bahn east via Schwalbach, Eschborn ( Limesbahn , Kronberger Bahn ) and Frankfurt Hauptbahnhof to Langen and Darmstadt Hauptbahnhof . There are connections by bus to Frankfurt-Höchst (line 253), Königstein (lines 253, 803 and 811), to the Main-Taunus-Zentrum (lines 253 and 803), to Eschborn (lines 810, 812 and 813) and Hofheim am Taunus (line 812). The city also offers the 828 city bus, which runs through the entire residential area from the train station.

The A 66 runs to the south of the village, to the west is the four-lane B 8 , via the L 3014 in an east-west direction and the L 3266 in a north-south direction to reach the town center. The nearest airport is Frankfurt am Main Airport .

Personalities

The Reiss house in the street Zum Quellenpark , summer residence of the Reiss family.

Honorary citizen

  • Enoch Reiss (1802–1885), banker and founder of the “Bethesda” bath for the poor (1867) ¹
  • Paul Reiss (1846–1926), lawyer and patron (1921)
  • Adolf Reiss (1877–1962), lawyer and patron (1952)
  • Henry Hughes (1860–1952), doctor and co-founder of the Burgberg Inhalatorium (1950)
  • Max Baginski (1891–1964), entrepreneur and founder of the Catholic Church (1956)
  • Otto Raven (1895–1983), pastor in Neuenhain and local history researcher (1979)
  • Adolf Kromer (1899–1981), 1st city councilor and member of the board of the cath. Community and activity at Caritas (1980)
  • Peter Scharp (1912–1994), member of the city council and supervisory board of the former Kur GmbH (1984)
  • Eric Karry (1909–1995), Honorary Chairman of the European Academy of Hesse (1991)
  • Sigrid Pless (1911–2005), bequeathed her complete Meissner porcelain collection to the city of Bad Soden (1996)
  • Karl-August Haupt (1911–1999), doctor (1992)
  • Kurt E. Bender (1938–2006), Honorary Mayor

¹The numbers in brackets indicate the year in which the letter of honor was received.

sons and daughters of the town

Other personalities related to Bad Soden

  • Ludwig Börne (1786–1837), German writer, stayed several times in Soden for a cure and wrote several of his texts here (later known as the Soden diary )
  • Giacomo Meyerbeer (1791–1864), German composer; During the cure in 1843, he is said to have partly composed his opera Le prophète here.
  • Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809–1847), German composer; several spa stays, composed several songs, organ and orchestral pieces in Soden.
  • Friedrich Stoltze (1816–1891), poet in Frankfurt dialect; repeated spa stays, wrote several poems about sod.
  • Eduard Iwanowitsch Totleben (1818–1884), Russian general; died during a spa stay in Soden.
  • Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenew (1818–1883), Russian writer; was in Soden for a cure in 1860, wrote his work Spring Waves here , which is about the landscapes around Soden.
  • Leo Tolstoy (1828–1910), on cure in 1860; wrote the novel Anna Karenina , which is partly set in Soden.
  • Friedrich Christoph Hausmann (1860–1936), Austrian sculptor; lived in Soden from 1904, died in Bad Soden.
  • Maximilian Klewer (1891–1963), draftsman, painter and professor at the Berlin University of the Arts ; lived in Bad Soden from 1946 until his death.
  • Hans Wagner (1905–1982), German sculptor and painter. Designed the mosaics in the cath. Church , he died in Soden.
  • Rudolf Schucht (1910–2004), German graphic artist and painter. Lived in Soden from 1957 until his death. He worked as an art director at Hoechst AG .
  • Otto Greis (1913–2001), painter of informal art ; lived in Bad Soden from 1945 to 1957.
  • Heinz Müller-Pilgram (1913–1984), German painter and draftsman. Lived in Soden from 1968 until his death.
  • Wolfgang Mischnick (1921–2002), politician of the FDP and a member of the German Bundestag from 1957 to 1994, lived in Bad Soden for many years and died there.
  • Helmut Caspary (1927–1985), German painter; lived in Soden for 20 years and drew many of his works here.
  • Harald Sommer (1930–2010), German painter (mainly porcelain art), put together an art exhibition of Russian artists in Bad Soden in 1991.
  • Heiner Kappel (* 1938), pastor and politician, former member of the Hessian state parliament lives in Bad Soden.
  • Viswanathan Anand (* 1969), Indian chess player and world champion 2007-2013, lives temporarily in Bad Soden and owns an apartment here.

literature

  • Joachim Kromer: November 10, 1938 (= materials on Bad Soden's history. Issue 4). Ed .: Working group for Bad Soden history supported by the magistrate, Bad Soden 1988, DNB 880631791 .
  • Gunther Krauskopf: Bad Soden am Taunus. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2009, ISBN 978-3-86680-386-2 .

Web links

Commons : Bad Soden am Taunus  - Collection of images

Individual evidence

  1. Hessian State Statistical Office: Population status on December 31, 2019 (districts and urban districts as well as municipalities, population figures based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
  2. a b Frankfurt Chamber of Commerce and Industry in Figures 2017 | 2018. (PDF) In: frankfurt-main.ihk.de. Chamber of Commerce and Industry Frankfurt am Main , p. 5 , accessed on January 31, 2019 .
  3. ^ A b Carl Oppermann: Kronik Bad Soden, Taunus . Ed .: Working group for Bad Soden history (=  materials for Bad Soden history . Issue 7). Bad Soden a. Ts. 1990, DNB  900817143 .
  4. a b c d e Joachim Kromer: Bad Soden am Taunus. Consists of history . tape 2 . Waldemar Kramer Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 1991, ISBN 978-3-7829-0414-8 .
  5. ^ Gunter Krauskopf: Bad Soden am Taunus. Sutton Verlag, Erfurt 2009, ISBN 978-3-86680-386-2 .
  6. Awarded the name "City" to the Bad Soden / Taunus community on July 4, 1947 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1947 no. 28 , p. 287 , item 382 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 6.2 MB ]).
  7. Bad Sodener Echo. June 22, 2007.
  8. Green light for the new parking garage.  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. In: Frankfurt New Press@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.fnp.de  
  9. Law on the reorganization of the Main-Taunus district and the city of Wiesbaden (GVBl. II 330–30) of June 26, 1974 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): Law and Ordinance Gazette for the State of Hesse . 1974 No. 22 , p. 309 , § 4 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 1.5 MB ]).
  10. a b c d Federal Statistical Office (Hrsg.): Historical municipality register for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 370 f .
  11. ^ Gunter Krauskopf, Joachim Kromer: Soden in Nassauer time. 1985, OCLC 180514926 .
  12. The German home guide. Volume 12, Rhein-Main 1940.
  13. Year history 1980 Bad Soden am Taunus
  14. ^ Synagogue Bad Soden
  15. ^ Result of the municipal election on March 6, 2016. Hessian State Statistical Office, accessed in April 2016 .
  16. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 27, 2011
  17. ^ Hessian State Statistical Office: Result of the municipal elections on March 26, 2006
  18. Seal-coat-of-arms-flag. In: bad-soden.de. Bad Soden am Taunus, accessed on September 9, 2017 .
  19. ^ Klemens Stadler : The municipal coat of arms of the state of Hesse . New edition of the collection of German local coats of arms by Prof. Otto Hupp on behalf of HAG Aktiengesellschaft in Bremen, edited by Dr. Klemens Stadler, drawings by Max Reinhart (=  German coat of arms - Federal Republic of Germany . Volume 3 ). Angelsachsen-Verlag, Bremen 1967, p. 19 .
  20. Approval of a flag for the city of Bad Soden in the Main-Taunus-Kreis, Wiesbaden administrative district of April 26, 1954 . In: The Hessian Minister of the Interior (ed.): State Gazette for the State of Hesse. 1954 No. 20 , p. 483 , point 429 ( online at the information system of the Hessian state parliament [PDF; 2.9 MB ]).
  21. ^ City partnerships ( Memento from November 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  22. ^ Bad Soden am Taunus. (No longer available online.) In: www.bad-soden.de. Formerly in the original ; accessed on September 22, 2016 .  ( Page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.bad-soden.de  
  23. ^ Website of the city of Bad Soden ( Memento from November 23, 2015 in the Internet Archive )
  24. Make one out of four. ( Memento from September 29, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) In: Frankfurter Neue Presse.
  25. ^ Official website ( memento of January 6, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) of the SG Bad Soden
  26. ^ Official website of FV 08 Neuenhain
  27. Handball department TG Bad Soden
  28. Official website of the riding and driving club Bad Soden am Taunus e. V.
  29. German amateur chess championship RAMADA Cup 6³ on Ramada Cup
  30. Official website of the ESSC
  31. ^ Official website of the TG Bad Soden, volleyball department
  32. Official website of the German Volleyball League
  33. Bad Soden am Taunus volunteer fire department. Retrieved March 23, 2018 .
  34. ^ Voluntary fire brigade Neuenhain im Taunus 1895 e. V. Accessed March 23, 2018 .
  35. Altenhain fire brigade in the Taunus. Retrieved March 23, 2018 .
  36. Press release  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. of the Messer Group@1@ 2Template: Dead Link / www.messergroup.com  
  37. transport links
  38. ^ Curriculum vitae of Olaf Koch
  39. Zeit interview with Magnus Carlsen