|coat of arms||Austria map|
|Political District :||Kitzbühel|
|License plate :||KB|
|Residents :||8,239 (January 1, 2021)|
|Postal code :||6370|
|Area code :||05356|
|Community code :||7 04 11|
|Address of the
|Mayor :||Klaus Winkler ( ÖVP )|
Municipal Council : (Election year: 2016)
|Location of Kitzbühel in the Kitzbühel district|
Center with a view of the parish church "Zum Heiligen Andreas" and Liebfrauenkirche from the Vorderstadt
|Source: Municipal data from Statistics Austria|
Kitzbühel [ ˈkɪtsbyːl ] ( dialect Kitzbichi [ ˈkxɪtsb̥ɪxɪ ]) is a municipality with 8,239 inhabitants (as of January 1, 2021) in north-eastern Tyrol in Austria . Kitzbühel is located around 95 kilometers east of the provincial capital Innsbruck in the Leukental on the Kitzbüheler Ache in the middle of the Kitzbühel Alps and is the seat of the district administration of the district of the same name . The municipality is located in the judicial district of Kitzbühel . The sophisticated city is internationally known as one of the most important winter sports locations in the Alps.
Kitzbühel is located in the Leukental of the Kitzbüheler Ache , which flows northwards from the Thurn Pass , between the Hahnenkamm towering to the west and the Kitzbüheler Horn, which dominates to the east, in the middle of the Kitzbühel Alps . The old town is located on a high terrace west of the Kitzbüheler Ache and extends north to a southern branch of the Lebenberg.
Average monthly temperatures and precipitation for Kitzbühel
Around the year 15 BC The Romans under Emperor Augustus spread over the Alps and established the province of Noricum . After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area was settled by Bavarians around 800 and cleared the forests.
Around 1178–1182 the name Chizbuhel was first mentioned in a Chiemsee document (there is talk of a Marchwardus de Chizbuhel ), with Chizzo designating a Bavarian clan and Bühel the geographical location of the settlement on a hill. A hundred years later, a source testifies to the bailiwick of Bamberg Abbey in Kicemgespuchel ; in the town registry of 1271 the place was named Chizzingenspuehel .
Kitzbühel came to Upper Bavaria in 1255 with the first division of Bavaria , Duke Ludwig II granted Kitzbühel town charter on June 6, 1271, and the city was fortified with a defensive wall. Since Kitzbühel established itself as a trading and market place between Pass Thurn and Chiemgau in the next few centuries , grew steadily and was spared from armed conflicts, the walls at the level of the first floor were removed and used to build apartments.
The marriage of Margarete von Tirol to the Bavarian Duke Ludwig the Brandenburger in 1342 temporarily united Kitzbühel with Tyrol, which through the marriage became a Bavarian side country until the death of Ludwig until the city was ceded to Bavaria again after the Schärdinger Peace in 1369.
Through the division of Bavaria, Kufstein came to the Landshut line of the Wittelsbach family . During this time, mining was systematically promoted in Kitzbühel and comprehensive mining law was issued, which later became important for the entire Bavarian duchy.
On June 30, 1504 Kitzbühel became permanently to Tyrol, after King Maximilian in return for his Cologne arbitration award which is the Landshut War of Succession ended, formerly Landshut offices Kitzbühel, Kufstein and Rattenberg had reserved. In the three court districts mentioned , however, the land law of Ludwig of Bavaria continued to apply until the 19th century , so that they had a special legal position within Tyrol.
Maximilian pledged Kitzbühel, and so it was under the local rule of the Counts of Lamberg at the end of the 16th century until the last remnants of feudal rule were solemnly lifted on May 1st, 1840. From the Swedish War (1630–1635) the inscription “The Swedish horsemen got here and no further” (historically not attestable) in the Swedish Chapel testifies.
The wars of the 18th and 19th centuries passed the city by, although Kitzbühel residents also took part in the Tyrolean liberation struggles. Kitzbühel came back to Bavaria when Emperor Franz I ceded Tyrol to Bavaria in the Peace of Pressburg . After the fall of Napoleon , it was reunited with Austria at the Congress of Vienna .
When Emperor Franz Joseph finally arranged the confused constitutional relationships and the Salzburg-Tyrolean Railway was completed in 1875 , the city experienced an economic and industrial boom. In the 20th century, Kitzbühel became the place of the rich and beautiful , where many celebrities live.
On February 7th and 8th 1925 the championship of Germany and Austria in skiing took place in Kitzbühel.
During the Nazi era from 1938 to 1945, Kitzbühel was a vacation spot for leading Nazis. Among others Albert Speer , Hermann Göring and Leni Riefenstahl were guests; Foreign Minister Joachim von Ribbentrop bought a farm in Bichlach between Oberndorf and Reith near Kitzbühel. At the same time, a communist resistance group organized illegally in Kitzbühel with ties to Robert Uhrig from Berlin . Five members of the group, Anton Rausch , Andreas Obernauer, Josef Pair, Viktor da Pont and Ignaz Zloczower, were arrested and murdered in 1942 after being spied on by the Gestapo .
After the Second World War, Kitzbühel experienced a renewed rise as a winter sports resort. The ski school in Kitzbühel, which has been headed by Karl Koller for 25 years since 1950 , introduced numerous innovations in skiing , including: the uniform clothing of the ski instructors with red pointed hat and red sweater, which led to the name "Red Devils" for the Kitzbühel ski instructors. The Hahnenkamm race , which is held in Kitzbühel every month of January, became an international social event again after the war.
The municipality has been a member of the Tyrol Climate Alliance since 2000 .
Culture and sights
Museums and exhibitions
The Kitzbühel Museum offers all visitors an insight into the history and culture of the city and region of Kitzbühel. On the top floor of the house is the Alfons Walde gallery , where 30 of his works are exhibited.
In the winter of 2004 the community succeeded in bringing the Buddy Bear exhibition to Kitzbühel before it was shown in many cities around the world under the name The Art of Tolerance .
- Katharinenkirche, built 1360–1365, high Gothic church with coppersmith altar, distinctive tower with pointed helmet and carillon that sounds at 11:00 am and 5:00 pm
- City parish church and Church of Our Lady
- Groeben Chapel
- Christ Church , 1962 by Clemens Holzmeister built
- The Grand Hotel Kitzbühel opened in 1903 , built by Otto Schmid in the local style
- Tanzcafé Reisch, built in 1928 by Lois Welzenbacher (architect of Tyrolean modernism); The doctor's house in Plahl also comes from him
- Berghaus Holzmeister on Kitzbühel's local mountain, Hahnenkamm ; built in 1930 as a guest house by Clemens Holzmeister
- Mountain house by Alfons Walde
- Fresco by Max Weiler (1951) in the elementary school in Kitzbühel
- 3S cable car from Doppelmayr
Left the tower of the Liebfrauenkirche (14th century), right the parish church "Zum Heiligen Andreas"
As part of the European competition “ Entente Florale Europe ”, Kitzbühel was awarded a silver medal in the city category in 1998.
From 2007 to 2013 a writer was able to live and work in Kitzbühel for two months with the Kitzbüheler Stadtschreiber- Literature Prize.
Economy and Infrastructure
Franz Reisch made the first documented skiing in 1892 on the Kitzbühler Horn . The Grand Hotel Kitzbühel , which is surrounded by a spacious park and built by Otto Schmid , opened splendidly on July 1, 1903 and was primarily used for summer holidays . With the opening of the Hahnenkammbahn in 1928, intensive ski tourism to Kitzbühel began. The project planning of the cable car was largely sponsored by Alfons Walde , who also designed the relevant logo .
Kitzbühel, at the foot of the Hahnenkamm ( ) and the Kitzbüheler Horn ( ) has been one of the most important winter sports centers in Austria. Together with the ski slopes and lifts in neighboring Kirchberg in Tirol , Jochberg and Pass Thurn , Kitzbühel has one of the largest connected ski areas in Austria. With around 9,000 hotel and guesthouse beds, Kitzbühel and its neighboring towns also have an unusually high density of beds for foreigners.
Holidaymakers in Kitzbühel have 53 cable cars and lifts and 170 kilometers of slopes at their disposal in the local ski area, plus 32 kilometers of trails for cross-country skiers.
In summer there are 120 km to explore by mountain bike and 500 km with hiking boots.
Tourism in the high-price segment deserves a special mention, as many celebrities and the jet set come here at the time of the Hahnenkamm race, among other things.
In addition, Kitzbühel is a member of the Best of the Alps association with 12 other holiday resorts in the Alps . KitzSki, Kitzbühel's most important ski lift operator, has managed to defend the title of “World's Best Ski Resort Company” for the seventh time in a row at the World Ski Awards 2020.
Numerous successful sports clubs and major sports events make Kitzbühel well known. These include in particular:
- the Hahnenkamm race ( downhill skiing on the Streif , slalom on the Ganslernhang , Super G on the Streif), which attracts 80,000 to 100,000 visitors annually and adds around 30 million euros in added value for the region. In 2015, 700 media representatives from 35 nations reported on the races.
- the Generali Open Kitzbühel (men's ATP tennis tournament), which takes place every year in July or August.
- the EC Kitzbühel , which currently plays in the Alps Hockey League AHL (2nd league). Since December 2006 the EC Die Adler Kitzbühel has been playing in the new ice rink in the sports park.
- the KCC (Kitzbühel Curling Club), which is considered the most famous curling club in Austria.
- the Kitzbühel Triathlon , where races in the " ITU Triathlon World Cup" have been held since 2007 and where the European Triathlon Championships will take place for the second time since 2014. World Cup triathlons were held
at Kitzbühel Schwarzsee in 2007 and 2008 ; from 2009 to 2013 the location was one of eight venues for the triathlon world championship series, and the only one that is not located in a city of millions.
- Every year in January, one week before the Hahnenkamm race, the world's largest snow polo tournament with players from all over the world takes place on the Münichauer Wiese .
- In addition, one stage of the Austria Tour leads to the Kitzbüheler Horn every year .
In addition to the Kitzbühel train station, there are two other stops on the Salzburg-Tyrolean Railway : Hahnenkamm and Kitzbühel Schwarzsee . While the Hahnenkamm and Schwarzsee stops are only served by local trains, long-distance trains from Innsbruck and Graz also stop at Kitzbühel station . The Kitzbühel train station was rebuilt from 2009 to 2011 and equipped with barrier-free platforms , passenger tunnels and lifts .
badges and flags
|Blazon : "Above the sloping green three-mountain a silver-reinforced black soaring chamois."|
|Justification of the coat of arms: The city coat of arms, which first appeared in 1365, symbolizes the place name with a fawn on a mountain as a talking coat of arms .|
The municipal council consists of 18 members and has been made up of mandates from the following parties since the municipal council election on February 28, 2016:
- 10 ÖVP (Mayor List Dr. Klaus Winkler, Kitzbühel first - Kitzbühel People's Party - VP) - provides the mayor and the first vice mayor
- 3 SPÖ ( We for Kitzbühel, Party Free and Kitzbühel Social Democrats ) - provides the second Vice Mayor
- 3 independent Kitzbühel residents (UK)
- 2 FPÖ and non-partisan citizens of Kitzbühel
- 1 Green City of Kitzbühel - The Greens
The city council consists of four members and is currently composed of the following city councils:
- Klaus Winkler (Mayor)
- Gerhard Eilenberger (first Vice Mayor)
- Walter Zimmermann (second vice mayor)
- Ellen Sieberer (City Councilor)
The mayor's office is held by the tax advisor Klaus Winkler (ÖVP). He was elected in the mayoral elections on February 28, 2016 with 59% of the vote (2,479 votes). He is supported by Gerhard Eilenberger (ÖVP) as first vice mayor and Walter Zimmermann (SPÖ) as second vice mayor.
- Greenwich in the United States, since 1961
- Yamagata in Japan since 1963
- Sun Valley in the United States, since 1967
- Sterzing in South Tyrol, since 1971
- Rueil-Malmaison in France, since 1979
- Bad Soden am Taunus in Germany, since 1984
Historic sister cities
Cities that, like Kitzbühel, were granted city rights by Munich in 1393 :
|Ingolstadt in Bavaria|
|Landshut in Bavaria|
|Kufstein in Tyrol|
|Rattenberg in Tyrol|
Sons and daughters of the township
- Georg Grünwald (≈1490–1530), reformer
- Andreas Faistenberger (1646–1735), sculptor
- Benedikt Anton Aufschnaiter (1665–1742), composer
- Simon Benedikt Faistenberger (1695–1759), painter
- Eberhard Ruedorffer (1701–1765), Roman Catholic theologian, university professor and Benedictine priest
- Gottlieb von Zötl (1800–1852), forest scientist
- Max Werner (1893–1972), politician
- Peter Aufschnaiter (1899–1973), mountaineer, Tibet researcher, agricultural engineer and cartographer
- Sigi Engl (1911–1982), ski racer and US ski school director
- Ferdinand Friedensbacher (1911–1987), ski racer and ski jumper
- Thaddäus Schwabl (1917–1993), ski racer and trainer
- Karl Koller (1919–2019), ski racer and ski instructor
- Pepi Salvenmoser (1926–2016), ski racer and trainer
- Maria Schwarzenbacher (1926–2003), ski racer
- Ernst Insam (1927–2014), artist
- Johann Grander (1930–2012), entrepreneur
- Fritz Huber (1931–2017), ski racer
- Anderl Molterer (* 1931), ski racer
- Rosi Sailer (* 1931), ski racer
- Ernst Hinterseer (* 1932), ski racer
- Hias Leitner (* 1935), ski racer
- Toni Sailer (1935–2009), ski racer and film actor
- Guido Eilenberger (* 1940), business economist and university professor
- Christl Haas (1943–2001), ski racer
- Rainer Steffen (* 1943), German actor
- Rainer Brandner (* 1944), geologist and paleontologist
- Jörg Friedrich (* 1944), writer and hobby historian
- Herbert Huber (1944–1970), ski racer
- Wolfgang Nairz (* 1944), alpinist and Himalayan expedition leader
- Rudolf Sailer (* 1944), ski racer
- Roman Johann Strobl (* 1951), sculptor
- Hansi Hinterseer (* 1954), ski racer and pop singer
- Klaus Sulzenbacher (* 1965), Nordic combined athlete
- Markus Gandler (* 1966), cross-country skier
- Peter Huber (* 1967), diplomat, ambassador in Berlin
- Georg Haderer (* 1973), crime novelist
- Martin Comploi (* 1975), racing cyclist
- Sebastian Meise (* 1976), film director
- Eva Ganster (* 1978), ski jumper
- Valentin Schreyer (* 1978), actor
- David Kreiner (* 1981), Nordic combined athlete
- Andreas Hölzl (* 1985), soccer player
- Alois Eberl (* 1986), trombonist
- Lukas Hinterseer (* 1991), soccer player
- Willi Steindl (* 1992), racing driver
- Lisa Hauser (* 1993), biathlete
- Tim Wafler (* 2002), cyclist
Well-known residents of Kitzbühel
- Josef Martin Lengauer (1727 / 1728–1793), sculptor
- Matthias Kirchner (1735–1805), baroque painter
- Alfons Petzold (1882–1923), writer, bookseller and councilor in Kitzbühel
- Alfons Walde (1891–1958), painter and architect
- Leopold Pischl (1891 – after 1980), ski functionary
- Maria Hofer (1894–1977), pianist, organist and composer
- Hilde Goldschmidt (1897–1980), painter
- Leni Riefenstahl (1902–2003), filmmaker, photographer, film actress, dancer
- Ian Fleming (1908–1964), British secret agent, author and creator of James Bond
- Heinrich Harrer (1912–2006), researcher, mountaineer and author
- Trude Lechle (1919–2014), ski racer, film actress, camerawoman
- Peter Thomas (1925-2020), film composer
- Christian Pravda (1927–1994), ski racer; grew up in Kitzbühel
- Heino & Hannelore (* 1938 / * 1942), pop singer
- Michael Killisch-Horn (1940–2019), spa director, The Voice of the Hahnenkamm
- Maria-Elisabeth Schaeffler (* 1941), shareholder of Schaeffler AG
- Uschi Glas (* 1944), German actress
- Werner Baldessarini (* 1945), former CEO of Hugo Boss AG
- Franz Beckenbauer (* 1945), ex-soccer player, coach and functionary (until 2015)
- Xaver Schwarzenberger (* 1946), director
- Ireen Sheer (* 1949), pop singer
- Susanne Klatten (* 1962), German entrepreneur
- Haddaway (* 1965), musician and singer
- Axel Naglich (* 1968), extreme athlete
- Fiona Griffini-Grasser (* 1965), entrepreneur and fashion designer
- Maria Höfl-Riesch (* 1984), German ski racer
- Gertrud Heß-Haberlandt: Farm life. A folklore of the Kitzbühel area. Haymon, Innsbruck 1988, ISBN 3-85218-035-X .
- Kitzbüheler Ski Club (publisher): Hahnenkamm. Chronicle of a Myth. Knowledge Media, Gütersloh / Munich 2003.
- Emil Arnim Pfeifer: Kitzbühel. Sun and powder snow. Association "Alte Kitze - Old Kids", Kitzbühel 1992.
- Wido Sieberer (Ed.): Kitzbühel's way into the 20th century. Sparkasse Kitzbühel, Kitzbühel 1999.
- Wido Sieberer: City Guide Kitzbühel. Tyrolia, Innsbruck 2006, ISBN 3-7022-2700-8 .
- Wolfgang Straub: Kitzbühel. With photos by Gerhard Trumler. Brandstätter Verlag, Vienna 2005, ISBN 3-85498-425-1 .
- Eduard Widmoser (Ed.): City book Kitzbühel. Kitzbühel Municipality, Kitzbühel 1967–1971.
Further content in the
sister projects of Wikipedia:
|Commons||- Media content (gallery)|
|Commons||- Media content (category)|
|Wiktionary||- Dictionary entries|
|Wikisource||- Sources and full texts|
|Wikivoyage||- Travel Guide|
|Wikidata||- knowledge database|
- Entry on Kitzbühel in the Austria Forum (in the AEIOU Austria Lexicon )
- Website of the municipality of Kitzbühel
- Kitzbühel gigapixel panorama (20,000 megapixels)
- Martin Bitschnau , Hannes Obermair (edit.): Tiroler Urkundenbuch , II. Dept .: The documents on the history of the Inn, Eisack and Pustertal valleys , Volume 2: 1140–1200. Wagner, Innsbruck 2012, ISBN 978-3-7030-0485-8 , p. 272 No. 744 (b).
- The Unknown Horseman. In: haben.at .
- Celebrity hustle and bustle in the Alps. In: Nordkurier , January 27, 2015.
- Kitzbühel - skiing holidays in Tyrol between the rich and the beautiful. In: skitravel.de , December 5, 2008.
- Kitzbühel , in the history database of the association "fontes historiae - sources of history"
- Karl Prieler: Kitzbühel and memory . In: City of Kitzbühel. City administration bulletin . Volume 17, 9 (September 2013) - ( kitzbuehel.at ).
- Welcome: Kitzbuehel Film Festival. In: ffkb.at. Retrieved September 17, 2020 .
- Alfons Walde biography , aufonswalde.com
- Kitzbühel member at Best of the Alps
- World Ski Awards 2017 . Retrieved December 8, 2020.
- fights in Kitzbühel. In: sport.tirol , 2017.
- Nadja Schilling: New era for Valartis Bank Snow Polo World Cup Kitzbühel. August 17, 2016, accessed October 6, 2019 .
- ( page no longer available , search in web archives: tt.com )
- Eduard Widmoser: Tyrolean coat of arms primer . Tyrolia-Verlag, Innsbruck 1978, ISBN 3-7022-1324-4 , p. 34 .
- University of Rostock: Guido Eilenberger
- High Snowciety. In: Manager Magazin , No. 1/2016, pp. 112–119.
- Beckenbauer sells a farmhouse in Oberndorf. In: Tiroler Tageszeitung , November 27, 2015.