Heino


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Heino at a Midsummer Night's Dream Munich (2013)

Heino (born December 13, 1938 in Düsseldorf ; actually Heinz Georg Kramm ; also active under various pseudonyms such as Gio Bilk , Bilk Gio, G. Bilk, H. Bilk and others) is a German musician . Known as a pop singer and interpreter of German folk songs , he turned to other genres in the course of his career . His striking appearance with blond hair and black sunglasses as well as his characteristic baritone made Heino a folk music icon. As of 2013, Heino said it had sold over 50 million records.

Origin and education

Heino was born as the son of the dentist Heinrich Kramm and his wife Franziska in the Düsseldorf district of Oberbilk . His father was Catholic, his mother Protestant. His grandfather, Bartholomäus Kramm, was a cantor in Cologne-Dellbrück. His two cousins ​​were pastors. Heino's father, who had a dental practice in Cologne-Kalk , died on August 2, 1941 during World War II . Heino started school in 1944 in Großenhain, Saxony . As a half-orphan , he lived with his mother and sister Hannelore, who was five years older than him, in Pomerania until 1945 , where they were evacuated . After the war ended, the family returned to Düsseldorf.

From August 1952 he completed an apprenticeship as a baker and confectioner in Düsseldorf . He finished his vocational training with the journeyman's examination at the Düsseldorf Chamber of Crafts in June 1955. As a young man he also played football at SC Schwarz-Weiß 06 in Düsseldorf-Oberbilk. He is still in contact with the club today. His first marriage was in June 1959 with Henriette Heppner, then 18 years old. From this marriage the son Uwe was born in 1960, and the divorce took place in 1962. In 1968 he became the father of an illegitimate daughter who committed suicide at the end of November 2003 - just like her mother in 1988, Heino's childhood sweetheart. In 1965 he married his second wife Lilo, from whom he divorced in 1978. Lilo Kramm died on January 28, 2010 of pancreatic cancer.

Because of his protruding eyes , caused by an illness from Graves' disease , Heino has always been wearing very dark sunglasses in public since the 1970s, which, as a kind of trademark, make his appearance unmistakable. On earlier record sleeves, Heino is shown without glasses with blue eyes. The city of Bad Münstereifel issued an identity card with sunglasses on the passport photo , the Federal Ministry of the Interior made it clear after a press report that this was not allowed, but the identity card is still in use and no new one has been issued.

In April 1979 he married his third wife, Hannelore Auersperg , whom he met in 1972 during the Miss Austria election in Kitzbühel . The couple has lived in the historic Kurhaus in Bad Münstereifel since 2009 and ran Heino's Rathaus-Café on the market square from 1996 to 2012 . An externally operated café called HEINOS Café has existed in the historic Kurhaus since 2012 .

Career

Heino with his third wife Hannelore Kramm (May 2008)

In 1961 Heino appeared for the first time with the OK Singers Trio (Dino Engelhardt, Heino, Dieter Wolf), with moderate success. Even so, the OK Singers recorded a record in the 1960s .

Heino's big breakthrough came after he was discovered by pop star Ralf Bendix during a performance with his group “Comedien Terzett” in Quakenbrück in 1965 , who then produced it for 20 years. His first record, Jenseits des Tales (actually the B-side of the single; the A-side was called 13 Mann und ein Kapitän - the cover version of a Freddy Quinn song ), sold more than 100,000 times. His first long-playing record was released in 1967. Numerous other hits followed - with the participation of the songwriter Erich Becht and the lyricist Wolfgang Neukirchner ("Adolf von Kleebsattel") - and many television appearances, including in the ZDF hit parade and in the Star Parade . He reached the peak of his career in the mid-1970s with the hits Blau blooms der Enzian , with which he was also seen and heard in the film Blau blooms der Enzian , and Die Schwarze Barbara . From 1977 to 1979 he was also seen in the 14-part series Sing mit Heino on ZDF .

His songs are mostly folk songs that are interpreted in the style of pop music, for example Blau blooms der Gentian is an adaptation of the folk song When the sun rises at four on Sunday morning (Das Schweizermadel) . He has also recorded classical melodies such as the Ave Maria by Bach / Gounod or Ave verum by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart .

In the 1980s things became a little quieter for Heino artistically. In 1983 he sang the song of the ARD television lottery Sunshine - happiness .

In the early 1990s he achieved success again with his own television series on the private broadcaster Sat.1 ( Hallo Heino und Heino - the show ). The rap versions of his hits Enzian and Schwarzbraun ist die Hazelnut in 1989, with which he also wanted to appeal to young people, also brought him a successful return .

Heino has toured all over the world, but especially in Germany. For his 50th stage anniversary and his 40th anniversary of the record in 2005, Heino hosted the music show Heino - the show on ARD with the two co-presenters Stefan Mross and Maxi Arland . 5.8 million viewers saw the anniversary show, for which a live album and a DVD were also released. In August 2006 he played for the first time at the Chinese Wetten dass ..? (Xiang tiaozhan ma?) At the CCTV-3 transmitter .

On October 22, 2005, Heino began his farewell tour through twenty-five cities in Germany in Trier . In 2009 he started his two-part album project “Die Himmel Rühmen” - Festliche Lieder with Heino, on a classical music tour through classical buildings, including churches. In 2011 a DVD was released with live recordings of this tour.

Heino together with Rammstein at Wacken Open Air 2013

On February 1, 2013, he released the studio album With Kind Regards . The album contains twelve cover versions of well-known German-speaking pop , hip-hop and rock songs . Accompanied by extensive advertising measures, the album caused controversy even before the release date. In the first few days after its release, the album was downloaded from the Internet more often than any other work by a German artist and entered the German album charts at number 1. On August 1st, Heino appeared as a surprise guest at the metal festival Wacken Open Air and played together with Rammstein the song Sonne , which he had covered on the album Mit freundlichen Grüßen .

On December 12th, 2014 Heino released the album Schwarz blooms der Enzian , on which he reinterpreted his hits in metal style. The music and staging deliberately borrowed from Rammstein .

Heino was appointed as a juror for the twelfth season of Deutschland sucht den Superstar , which was broadcast on RTL from January to May 2015 .

In spring 2019 the now 80-year-old Heino completed a farewell tour for his album "und Tschüss" . After he had initially announced that he would not give any more concerts after this tour, he then refrained from these plans due to the positive response. For 2020 he announced a classical tour with an orchestra, during which he would like to interpret classical works by Franz Schubert , Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Johannes Brahms , for example .

Controversy

Heino was criticized when he in 1983 and 1986, a tour of the time because of its apartheid system internationally outlawed South Africa undertook - in spite of the UN - embargo and despite a cultural boycott of many international artists. The fact that Heino sang all three stanzas of the Deutschlandlied on a record produced for teaching purposes at a request of the then Prime Minister of Baden-Württemberg Hans Filbinger in 1977 brought him back then and still brings him criticism. He sees himself innocent and describes a television program about the handover of the records as the cause of the “disgusting scandal”. He had previously secured himself with lawyers and politics, so he was aware of the explosiveness of the subject.

In an interview with the Austrian newspaper Die Presse in April 2014 , Jan Delay described Heino, who covered a song by his band Beginner among other things , as " Nazi " on Mit freundlichen Grüßen 2013 . Heino then filed a complaint against Delay through his lawyer . The legal dispute was settled out of court, with Delay undertaking to pay damages in the amount of 20,000 euros.

In March 2018, Heino gave the North Rhine-Westphalian Home and Local Authority Minister Ina Scharrenbach (CDU) the music album he had sung, The Most Beautiful German Home and Fatherland Songs, for the first NRW Home Congress . Although none of these songs had its origin in the Nazi era , there were several pieces that were also in the SS songbook , such as The God Who Made Iron Grow or When Everyone Is Unfaithful . This fact was criticized in media reports. Heino replied: "The songs can't help it if they have been instrumentalized". Scharrenbach also expressed her lack of understanding of the criticism: "Here an artist has brought a present from a minister, and that is it". In Stern has commented on the criticism of Heino go misses the point: "criticism of it could have been but should express in 1981, appeared as the plate. That this music causes a stir decades later probably has other reasons that have little to do with Heino. "

Others

Due to his striking appearance, Heino is the object of many parodies , including Otto Waalkes in Otto - The Film , where he parodied both him and Michael Jackson's thriller with an idiosyncratic version of Black Brown Is The Hazelnut to the beat of Thriller .

An injunction in 1985 against Norbert Hähnel (guest singer of the group Die Toten Hosen ), who appeared as his doppelganger and “The true Heino”, was successful in court.

Heino is the godfather of a café in the Phantasialand amusement park , which bears the name “Heinos Kaffeehaus”, and has been the official godfather of the Bethel children's hospice for dying children since January 2010 .

In 2010 Heino lost a lawsuit against an insurance company for an amount of three and a half million euros. Heino and the organizer then had to bear the costs for a canceled concert tour.

In 2015, Heino supported the SPD candidate Werner Esser in the election of the mayor of Bad Münstereifel .

Heino made a cameo in the ARD production Willkommen bei den Honeckers , which first aired on October 3, 2017 .

After Mildred Scheel founded the German Cancer Aid in 1974, Heino declared his solidarity with her in the fight against cancer. Like Peter Alexander , Marika Rökk and other stars, he supported the aid organization at events. Most recently, at the age of almost 80, Heino appeared in the 2018 ZDF Gala Welcome to Carmen Nebel for the tenth anniversary, which made a donation of 3.2 million euros for the German Cancer Aid Foundation .

Discography (selection)

Studio albums

year title Top ranking, total weeks, awardChart placementsChart placementsTemplate: chart table / maintenance / without sources
(Year, title, rankings, weeks, awards, notes)
Remarks
DE DE AT AT CH CH
1966 Heino (Columbia) - - -
First published: 1966
Sales: + 850,000
1967 Not a beautiful country at this time DE22 (36 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: September 15, 1967
1968 ... and longing accompanies us DE14 (16 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: October 15, 1968
1970 His great successes DE10 (80 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: June 15, 1970
1971 Dear mother… DE27 (8 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: April 15, 1971
In a bar in Mexico - His great successes 2 DE8 (40 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: September 15, 1971
1972 The most beautiful folk songs in the world DE8 (24 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: May 15, 1972
His great successes 3 DE3 (16 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: November 15, 1972
1973 His great successes episode 4 DE3 (64 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: November 15, 1973
1975 When the heather dreams in the evening DE24 (16 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: April 15, 1975
His great hits episode 5
also known as: Great Hits No. 5
DE12 (36 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: November 15, 1975
Heino (Electrola) - - -
First published in 1975
1978 His great successes 6 - - -
First published: 1978
Hurray, we're going to the countryside
with the Sunday kids
DE9
gold
gold

(9 weeks)DE
- -
First published: October 2, 1978
Sales: + 250,000
1980 The most beautiful German folk songs - - -
First published: 1980
1982 His new great successes - - -
First published: 1982
1984 Love is the gold of life
together with Hannelore
DE39 (6 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: December 24, 1984
1987 Casablanca ... dreams that never go away - - -
First published: 1987
1990 Welcome to Heino - - -
First published: 1990
1991 A song from home - - -
First publication: 1991
1993 The most beautiful songs in the world - - -
First published: 1993
1996 One of us - - -
First published: September 16, 1996
1998 The golden Heino - - -
First published: November 2, 1998
1999 Heino sings the most beautiful marches of the century and hymns - - -
First published: November 29, 1999
2006 Germany, my home DE87 (1 week)
DE
- -
First published: October 20, 2006
2008 It is never too late - - -
First published: September 12, 2008
2009 “The heavens boast” - Festive songs with Heino - - -
First published: September 18, 2009
2010 “The heavens boast 2” - Festive songs with Heino - - -
First published: October 6, 2010
2013 Best regards DE1
platinum
platinum

(36 weeks)DE
AT6 (9 weeks)
AT
CH7 (6 weeks)
CH
First published: February 1, 2013
Sales: + 200,000
2014 The gentian blooms black DE11 (12 weeks)
DE
AT67 (3 weeks)
AT
CH79 (1 week)
CH
First published: December 12, 2014
Sales: + 30,000
2016 Ass card DE32 (2 weeks)
DE
- -
First published: April 29, 2016
2018 ... and bye - the last album DE26 (4 weeks)
DE
- CH94 (1 week)
CH
First published: November 23, 2018

gray hatching : no chart data available for this year

Awards

Heino received numerous gold and platinum records for his music. In addition, the following honors:

  • 1970: Golden Electrola dog for 1 million singles sold
  • 1972, 1973, 1974, 1977, 1980, 1989: Golden Europe
  • 1995: Honorary Lion of Radio Luxembourg
  • 1997: Schlager diamond
  • 2003: Bronze bull of the Hohensalzburg
  • 2010: Düsseldorfer of the year
  • 2019: Steiger Award Lifetime Achievement
  • 2019: Golden One
NoteHeino returned the "Bambi" in protest against the controversial award of the rapper Bushido with the Bambi for "Integration" in November 2011.

Literature and film

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Alan Posener : When Heino Rammstein sings, that's real art . In: The world . February 2, 2013, accessed February 3, 2013.
  2. Jens Maier: Derrr wondrous success of Heinz Georrrg Krrramm . In: Stern.de from February 1, 2013, accessed on February 3, 2013.
  3. ^ Sassan Niasseri: Heino vs. Campino: "I sold 50 million records - they can't do that anymore". In: Rolling Stone . February 21, 2013, accessed February 2, 2019 .
  4. Heino: Mein Weg: Autobiography
  5. ^ Edgar Emken: With concerts against the crisis. ( Memento from February 12, 2013 in the web archive archive.today ), In: Superillu.de from December 8, 2009, paragraph 6
  6. Father from Kalk! Heino es' ne Kölsche. In: Express . May 23, 2009.
  7. sz-online: The second home comes first . In: SZ-Online . ( sz-online.de [accessed on August 17, 2017]).
  8. HEINO, biography
  9. Heino's daughter is dead ( Memento from March 13, 2013 in the Internet Archive ), In: Stern.de from December 1, 2003, accessed on March 30, 2013.
  10. Record cover Dear Mother (1971)
  11. Express.de: Unique: Heino - ID card with sunglasses , Kölner Express , June 18, 2009, accessed on January 27, 2013.
  12. ShortNews.de: Ministry of the Interior orders: Heino has to take off his sunglasses (June 19, 2009) , accessed on January 27, 2013.
  13. New domicile: Heino moves into the Kurhaus , in: ksta.de from October 1, 2008.
  14. After the café in Bad Münstereifel: A visit to Heino and Hannelore , in: rp-online.de of June 17, 2012.
  15. "With kind regards" - hard rocker Heino is kidding the scene , Hamburger Abendblatt , January 25, 2013.
  16. Sales record for pop star - Heino leads download charts , in: Süddeutsche Zeitung from February 4, 2013.
  17. Hardcore: Heino rocks Wacken In: Berliner Zeitung of August 2, 2013.
  18. Heino talks about his new job as a superstar juror. In: RTL website. August 29, 2014, accessed August 30, 2014 .
  19. WORLD: Heino after the farewell tour: «Might like to go on» . April 2, 2019 ( welt.de [accessed December 13, 2019]).
  20. SWR2, SWR2: Heino is going on tour with Schubert, Brahms and Mozart in 2020. Retrieved December 13, 2019 .
  21. Heino, stick to your country songs! , by Michael Pilz, Die Welt December 17, 2014
  22. a b Heino: And yet they love me. Autobiography. Bastei-Lübbe, Bergisch Gladbach 1996, ISBN 3-404-12588-6 ( excerpt online )
  23. ^ Andreas Borcholte: Jan Delays worldview: Hammerhart. In: Spiegel Online. April 25, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014 .
  24. Dispute between the new rockers: Nazi charge - Heino reports Jan Delay. In: Spiegel Online. April 24, 2014, accessed on April 25, 2014 : "His lawyer confirmed the newspaper:" We have filed a criminal complaint against Jan Delay on suspicion of insult, defamation and defamation. "In addition, they demand the submission of a cease and desist declaration and monetary compensation, that Heino will donate "
  25. Jan Delay pays Heino 20,000 euros. In: Zeit Online. May 16, 2014, accessed August 7, 2014 .
  26. Heino gives away songs with an SS past
  27. Debate about Heino's Heimatlieder: "They can't help it". In: Spiegel Online . March 23, 2018, accessed June 9, 2018 .
  28. Heino and Minister of Homeland counter criticism of the gift with SS songs. In: sueddeutsche.de. March 23, 2018, accessed October 7, 2018 .
  29. https://www.stern.de/kultur/musik/heino--warum-die-aufregung-ueber-den-saenger-albern-ist-7912418.html
  30. ^ Karl-Hermann Leukert: The true Heino: There can only be one , berliner-zeitung.de from September 25, 2012.
  31. Children's Hospice Bethel - Heino. Retrieved February 16, 2010 .
  32. Heino comes out as a "red sock". ( Memento from August 21, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) In: Kölnische Rundschau , August 17, 2015. Retrieved on August 17, 2015.
  33. www.tvspielfilm.de: Welcome to the Honeckers , accessed on October 3, 2017.
  34. https://www.krebshilfe.de/informieren/presse/pressemitteilungen/archiv/result-tv-spendengala-2018/ , accessed on November 6, 2018
  35. Sales of black the gentian flourishes
  36. Bad Münstereifel honors citizen Heino
  37. ↑ Folk singer is outraged | Anger over Bushido - Heino returns Bambi , in: Berliner Morgenpost from November 12, 2011, accessed November 12, 2011.
  38. Outraged Heino returns Bambi because of Bushido , in: Die Welt from November 12, 2011.
  39. ard.de
  40. Nina Pauer / Die Zeit December 12, 2013, p. 61: Heino, made in Germany