Duchy of Upper Bavaria
The Duchy of Upper Bavaria was a late medieval Wittelsbach part-duchy. It existed from the first division of Bavaria in 1255 to the reunification of Bavaria in 1340 and from the second division of Bavaria in 1349 to the death of Duke Meinhard in 1363. It then fell to Bavaria-Landshut and was later divided into Bavaria-Munich and Bavaria-Ingolstadt .
Later name usage
The Duchy of Bavaria-Munich , which existed as an independent partial duchy until the reunification of Bavaria after the War of Landshut Succession (1504/05), was often shortened to the Duchy of Upper Bavaria, especially after the unification of Bavaria-Ingolstadt in 1447 with Bavaria-Landshut. The designation Duchy of Upper Bavaria remained in use as a term for the area of the two Rentmeisterämter Munich and Burghausen ("Oberland") of the later Electorate of Bavaria until the reorganization of Bavaria under Count Montgelas in 1808 . There has been an administrative district of Upper Bavaria since 1837 in order, according to King Ludwig I, "to trace back the naming of the individual main parts of the country to the venerable basis of history".
List of the dukes of Upper Bavaria
|Ludwig II.||since 1253 Duke of Bavaria and Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1255–1294 Duke of Upper Bavaria||Son of Otto II.|
|Rudolf I.||1294–1317 Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count Palatine near the Rhine||Son of Ludwig II.|
|Ludwig IV.||1294 / 1301–1340 Duke of Upper Bavaria, until 1329 Count Palatine of the Rhine, 1314 / 1328–1347 Roman King / Emperor, 1340–1347 Duke of Upper and Lower Bavaria||Son of Ludwig II.|
|Ludwig V.||1323–1351 Margrave of Brandenburg, 1342–1361 Count of Tyrol, 1347–1349 Duke of Bavaria, 1349–1361 Duke of Upper Bavaria||Son of Ludwig IV.|
|Louis VI.||1347–1349 Duke of Bavaria, 1349–1351 Duke of Upper Bavaria, 1351–1364 / 1365 Margrave and Elector of Brandenburg||Son of Ludwig IV.|
|Otto V.||1347–1349 and 1373–1379 Duke of Bavaria, 1349–1351 Duke of Upper Bavaria, 1351–1373 Margrave and Elector of Brandenburg||Son of Ludwig IV.|
|Meinhard||1361–1363 Duke of Upper Bavaria and Count of Tyrol||Son of Ludwig V.|
Overall Bavarian dukes are shown in light brown, Upper Bavarian orange and Lower Bavarian light green. Blue stands for Bavaria-Landshut and dark green for Straubing-Holland .
- Max Spindler, Andreas Kraus (Hrsg.): Handbook of Bavarian history . 2nd Edition. 2nd volume. CH Beck, Munich 1988, ISBN 3-406-32320-0 .
- Wilhelm Störmer : The Wittelsbach state divisions in the late Middle Ages (1255–1505) . In: Suzanne Bäumler, Evamaria Brockhoff, Michael Henker (eds.): By Kaisers Gnaden. 500 years of Pfalz-Neuburg . House of Bavarian History, Augsburg 2005, ISBN 3-937974-01-6 , p. 17-23 .