Martin Bitschnau

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Martin Bitschnau (* 1949 in Innsbruck ) is an Austrian historian .


Martin Bitschnau studied history at the University of Innsbruck . From 1982 to 2014 he was a research assistant at the Tyrolean State Museum Ferdinandeum and from 1989 to 2007 he was head of the museum's library. His main research interests are medieval archeology and castle research .

Bitschnau made a particular contribution to researching medieval castles in Tyrol , using the inner-Alpine example - based on the observations of the Tyrolean art historian Josef Weingartner - to highlight the phenomenon of vertical displacement , i.e. the shift in height of manors in the 12th and 13th centuries. Bitschnau focused on examining the building history of Schloss Tirol .

Bitschnau also publishes, together with Hannes Obermair, the Tiroler Urkundenbuch , a systematic, historical-critical collection of sources from the North, East and South Tyrol region in the early and high Middle Ages.

Fonts (selection)

  • Castle and nobility in Tyrol between 1050 and 1300. Basics for their research . Publishing house of the Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-7001-0520-7 .
  • Farmhouses and related building types from the Middle Ages in Tyrol and Vorarlberg . In: Cultural exchange in rural house building. Inner alpine - transalpine . Imhof, Petersberg / Arbeitskreis für Hausforschung (AHF), Sobernheim 2003, ISBN 3-935590-99-7 (Imhof) and ISBN 3-926157-08-9 (AHF), pp. 77-92.
  • The Schlossberg near Seefeld in Tyrol . Results of the archaeological emergency investigation in 1974 . Golf-Verlag, Innsbruck 2007, ISBN 978-3-900773-88-5 .


  • Harald Stadler (Ed.): Between the written source and the masonry. Festschrift for Martin Bitschnau . Golf-Verlag, Innsbruck 2012.

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